Skip Main Navigation Skip To Navigation Content
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with a householder
under age 65 (10)
 
Total, families
65,894 3,105 5,144 7,331 9,885 12,374 15,129 58,563 56,010 53,521 50,766
People in families 217,512 10,905 18,102 26,298 35,512 44,670 54,400 191,214 182,000 172,842 163,112

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 12,925 38,344 77,844 135,644 205,340 294,377 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 83,330 4,162 7,455 10,618 13,723 16,595 19,458 92,433 95,615 98,759 102,365
  Standard error (19) 347 84 90 97 92 97 100 373 384 396 411
With zero income 723 723 723 723 723 723 723 0 0 0 0
With negative income 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 6,538 22,066 48,150 89,745 142,062 210,369 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 84.6 50.6 57.5 61.9 66.2 69.2 71.5 84.9 85.0 85.2 85.3
Mean 70,461 2,106 4,290 6,568 9,079 11,481 13,905 78,460 81,294 84,097 87,316
  Standard error (19) 321 72 89 99 98 104 108 347 358 369 384
Recipient families number 59,708 1,259 2,698 4,407 6,512 8,660 11,077 55,301 53,196 51,048 48,631
Percent of all families 90.6 40.5 52.5 60.1 65.9 70.0 73.2 94.4 95.0 95.4 95.8
Mean amount 77,762 5,195 8,179 10,926 13,781 16,404 18,991 83,089 85,595 88,172 91,149
  Standard error (19) 340 124 118 118 108 110 112 357 367 378 391

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
280,344 53 1,298 4,014 7,622 12,005 16,463 276,330 272,722 268,339 263,881
Percent of total income 5.1 0.4 3.4 5.2 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Mean 4,254 17 252 547 771 970 1,088 4,719 4,869 5,014 5,198
  Standard error (19) 113 43 39 43 40 42 41 127 132 138 146
Received positive amount number 7,403 147 326 539 808 1,080 1,352 6,864 6,595 6,323 6,051
Percent 11.2 4.7 6.3 7.3 8.2 8.7 8.9 11.7 11.8 11.8 11.9
Aggregate 282,680 694 2,073 4,828 8,462 12,931 17,456 277,852 274,218 269,748 265,223
Mean 38,185 4,730 6,369 8,963 10,475 11,977 12,915 40,478 41,579 42,660 43,830
  Standard error (19) 907 389 329 349 299 302 284 972 1,009 1,049 1,093
Received negative amount number 394 64 86 97 102 116 128 298 292 278 267
Percent 0.6 2.0 1.7 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Aggregate -2,336 -641 -775 -814 -840 -927 -994 -1,522 -1,497 -1,410 -1,343
Mean -5,925 -10,096 -8,966 -8,422 -8,208 -7,994 -7,791 -5,114 -5,125 -5,063 -5,032
  Standard error (19) 254 723 653 628 566 523 487 262 264 270 278

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
23,323 29 86 173 287 681 952 23,151 23,036 22,643 22,371
Percent of total income 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mean 354 9 17 24 29 55 63 395 411 423 441
  Standard error (19) 40 18 14 14 12 17 17 45 47 49 52
Received positive amount number 1,022 15 30 46 68 103 128 976 954 919 894
Percent 1.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Aggregate 23,947 67 129 244 377 793 1,084 23,704 23,571 23,155 22,863
Mean 23,431 4,601 4,371 5,311 5,500 7,686 8,459 24,283 24,719 25,199 25,578
  Standard error (19) 2,354 2,707 1,805 1,636 1,302 1,666 1,653 2,457 2,511 2,599 2,666
Received negative amount number 172 5 7 11 16 19 22 161 156 152 150
Percent 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -624 -37 -43 -71 -90 -112 -132 -553 -534 -512 -492
Mean -3,635 -7,132 -6,016 -6,641 -5,623 -5,818 -6,066 -3,434 -3,431 -3,358 -3,282
  Standard error (19) 464 1,701 1,771 1,807 1,498 1,352 1,250 474 483 485 487

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
130,302 220 439 756 1,035 1,342 1,916 129,545 129,266 128,960 128,386
Percent of total income 2.4 1.7 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Mean 1,977 71 85 103 105 108 127 2,212 2,308 2,410 2,529
  Standard error (19) 44 9 10 10 8 7 7 49 52 54 57
Recipient families number 34,655 352 608 980 1,451 2,014 2,778 33,675 33,203 32,641 31,877
Percent of all families 52.6 11.3 11.8 13.4 14.7 16.3 18.4 57.5 59.3 61.0 62.8
Mean 3,760 624 722 772 713 666 690 3,847 3,893 3,951 4,028
  Standard error (19) 83 73 76 67 50 40 36 85 86 88 90

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
35,189 33 -5 17 137 184 326 35,173 35,052 35,006 34,864
Percent of total income 0.6 0.3 -0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
Mean 534 11 -1 2 14 15 22 601 626 654 687
  Standard error (19) 23 6 7 9 8 8 8 26 27 29 30
Received positive amount number 3,780 29 59 89 137 189 251 3,690 3,643 3,590 3,528
Percent 5.7 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.7 6.3 6.5 6.7 7.0
Aggregate 39,630 43 57 187 366 541 755 39,443 39,263 39,088 38,875
Mean 10,485 1,485 969 2,100 2,674 2,857 3,007 10,688 10,779 10,888 11,018
  Standard error (19) 364 417 247 449 391 357 319 372 377 382 388
Received negative amount number 805 3 9 22 33 51 65 783 772 754 740
Percent 1.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Aggregate -4,440 -9 -62 -170 -229 -357 -429 -4,270 -4,211 -4,083 -4,011
Mean -5,513 -3,581 -6,794 -7,625 -6,868 -6,994 -6,581 -5,452 -5,454 -5,412 -5,419
  Standard error (19) 171 3,095 2,240 1,029 818 684 660 173 175 176 176

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
110,512 1,030 3,818 7,833 12,834 18,601 24,924 102,679 97,678 91,911 85,588
Percent of total income 2.0 8.0 10.0 10.1 9.5 9.1 8.5 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6
Mean 1,677 332 742 1,068 1,298 1,503 1,647 1,753 1,744 1,717 1,686
  Standard error (19) 22 31 40 43 40 40 40 25 25 26 27
Recipient families number 7,538 180 489 862 1,275 1,690 2,108 6,676 6,263 5,848 5,430
Percent of all families 11.4 5.8 9.5 11.8 12.9 13.7 13.9 11.4 11.2 10.9 10.7
Mean amount 14,661 5,719 7,804 9,091 10,063 11,008 11,824 15,379 15,597 15,716 15,762
  Standard error (19) 109 284 194 176 150 147 144 118 124 131 138

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
127,483 225 527 1,045 1,768 2,823 5,094 126,437 125,714 124,659 122,389
Percent of total income 2.3 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.7 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4
Mean 1,935 73 103 143 179 228 337 2,159 2,245 2,329 2,411
  Standard error (19) 36 13 14 15 14 15 18 41 43 45 47
Recipient families number 5,677 58 104 185 279 398 600 5,492 5,399 5,279 5,078
Percent of all families 8.6 1.9 2.0 2.5 2.8 3.2 4.0 9.4 9.6 9.9 10.0
Mean amount 22,455 3,881 5,068 5,657 6,349 7,093 8,496 23,021 23,287 23,614 24,104
  Standard error (19) 305 445 445 354 291 286 287 312 316 322 332

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
28,426 2,808 5,596 8,456 10,976 12,591 14,492 19,970 17,450 15,835 13,934
Percent of total income 0.5 21.7 14.6 10.9 8.1 6.1 4.9 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Mean 431 904 1,088 1,153 1,110 1,018 958 341 312 296 274
  Standard error (19) 10 44 41 40 32 28 25 10 10 10 10
Recipient families number 3,974 687 1,160 1,551 1,926 2,152 2,428 2,423 2,049 1,823 1,546
Percent of all families 6.0 22.1 22.5 21.2 19.5 17.4 16.1 4.1 3.7 3.4 3.0
Mean amount 7,152 4,086 4,825 5,450 5,700 5,851 5,968 8,242 8,517 8,688 9,011
  Standard error (19) 111 126 119 127 114 111 107 162 182 198 223

Poverty Footnotes

[PDF] or PDF denotes a file in Adobe’s Portable Document Format. To view the file, you will need the Adobe® Reader® Off Site available free from Adobe.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)