U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with a householder
under age 65 (10)
 
Total, families
12,980 285 467 816 1,279 1,862 2,644 12,164 11,701 11,118 10,336
People in families 30,789 733 1,284 2,266 3,484 4,914 6,736 28,523 27,305 25,875 24,053

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) 790,095 812 2,686 7,422 15,326 26,966 45,109 782,673 774,769 763,129 744,986
Mean 60,872 2,852 5,753 9,097 11,984 14,483 17,061 64,345 66,216 68,641 72,079
  Standard error (19) 586 227 253 241 206 184 162 612 630 654 691
With zero income 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 0 0 0 0
With negative income 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
267,956 203 424 1,009 2,173 3,626 6,195 266,947 265,783 264,330 261,761
Percent of total income 33.9 25.0 15.8 13.6 14.2 13.4 13.7 34.1 34.3 34.6 35.1
Mean 20,644 714 908 1,236 1,699 1,948 2,343 21,946 22,715 23,776 25,326
  Standard error (19) 472 145 135 153 140 128 128 501 519 544 582
Recipient families number 5,703 39 76 141 250 373 541 5,562 5,453 5,330 5,162
Percent of all families 43.9 13.8 16.3 17.3 19.6 20.0 20.5 45.7 46.6 47.9 49.9
Mean amount 46,986 5,178 5,566 7,150 8,685 9,725 11,455 47,996 48,743 49,592 50,708
  Standard error (19) 962 610 511 645 510 444 436 982 999 1,018 1,047

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
24,627 -22 -19 78 170 301 486 24,549 24,457 24,327 24,141
Percent of total income 3.1 -2.7 -0.7 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mean 1,897 -76 -40 96 133 161 184 2,018 2,090 2,188 2,336
  Standard error (19) 139 130 93 68 48 38 34 148 154 161 174
Received positive amount number 821 5 10 20 33 50 72 801 788 771 749
Percent 6.3 1.7 2.1 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.7 6.6 6.7 6.9 7.2
Aggregate 24,862 32 55 152 244 377 581 24,710 24,618 24,485 24,281
Mean 30,280 6,712 5,535 7,652 7,358 7,579 8,050 30,841 31,243 31,743 32,421
  Standard error (19) 1,922 2,873 1,851 1,162 885 663 638 1,965 1,994 2,033 2,088
Received negative amount number 43 4 6 6 6 10 13 36 36 33 30
Percent 0.3 1.5 1.4 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -235 -54 -74 -74 -74 -76 -95 -161 -161 -159 -140
Mean -5,525 -12,472 -11,695 -11,695 -11,695 -7,837 -7,391 -4,452 -4,452 -4,842 -4,720
  Standard error (19) 693 1,983 1,452 1,452 1,336 1,934 1,482 618 618 643 706

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
6,900 -3 -3 -3 -3 -13 -4 6,902 6,902 6,913 6,904
Percent of total income 0.9 -0.3 -0.1 -0.0 -0.0 -0.0 -0.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Mean 532 -9 -5 -3 -2 -7 -2 567 590 622 668
  Standard error (19) 161 27 17 10 6 9 7 172 179 188 202
Received positive amount number 142 0 0 0 0 0 2 142 142 142 140
Percent 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4
Aggregate 6,971 0 0 0 0 0 9 6,971 6,971 6,971 6,963
Mean 49,264 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 5,765 49,264 49,264 49,264 49,739
  Standard error (19) 13,586 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 1,498 13,586 13,586 13,586 13,723
Received negative amount number 17 0 0 0 0 1 1 17 17 16 16
Percent 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Aggregate -71 -3 -3 -3 -3 -13 -13 -69 -69 -59 -59
Mean -4,101 -10,000 -10,000 -10,000 -10,000 -9,999 -9,999 -4,013 -4,013 -3,629 -3,629
  Standard error (19) 1,210 (X) (X) (X) (X) 0 0 1,203 1,203 1,155 1,155

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
71,944 52 126 186 287 518 908 71,757 71,657 71,426 71,036
Percent of total income 9.1 6.5 4.7 2.5 1.9 1.9 2.0 9.2 9.2 9.4 9.5
Mean 5,543 184 270 229 224 278 343 5,899 6,124 6,425 6,873
  Standard error (19) 160 41 53 34 30 27 25 170 176 185 198
Recipient families number 8,015 67 115 198 324 502 827 7,816 7,691 7,512 7,187
Percent of all families 61.7 23.5 24.7 24.3 25.3 27.0 31.3 64.3 65.7 67.6 69.5
Mean 8,976 783 1,097 940 886 1,032 1,097 9,180 9,317 9,508 9,884
  Standard error (19) 251 145 190 125 109 92 73 257 261 266 278

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
17,139 -14 -10 -3 19 28 88 17,142 17,121 17,111 17,051
Percent of total income 2.2 -1.7 -0.4 -0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3
Mean 1,320 -47 -21 -4 14 15 33 1,409 1,463 1,539 1,650
  Standard error (19) 81 59 37 23 15 13 13 86 90 94 101
Received positive amount number 1,156 7 8 12 25 40 58 1,144 1,131 1,115 1,097
Percent 8.9 2.3 1.7 1.5 1.9 2.2 2.2 9.4 9.7 10.0 10.6
Aggregate 17,506 10 13 20 42 63 133 17,485 17,464 17,443 17,372
Mean 15,148 1,475 1,667 1,679 1,685 1,557 2,287 15,291 15,443 15,638 15,832
  Standard error (19) 797 624 531 563 366 340 364 804 812 821 833
Received negative amount number 123 3 3 4 4 6 10 119 119 117 113
Percent 0.9 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Aggregate -367 -23 -23 -23 -23 -35 -46 -343 -343 -332 -321
Mean -2,986 -8,129 -8,129 -5,502 -5,502 -6,311 -4,662 -2,896 -2,896 -2,829 -2,841
  Standard error (19) 321 1,316 1,316 2,222 2,044 1,759 1,235 321 321 318 328

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
245,500 493 1,783 5,008 10,519 18,801 31,716 240,492 234,981 226,699 213,784
Percent of total income 31.1 60.6 66.4 67.5 68.6 69.7 70.3 30.7 30.3 29.7 28.7
Mean 18,914 1,730 3,818 6,138 8,225 10,098 11,996 19,771 20,083 20,391 20,684
  Standard error (19) 107 224 242 215 175 161 149 109 112 116 123
Recipient families number 11,594 87 235 521 941 1,463 2,169 11,073 10,653 10,131 9,425
Percent of all families 89.3 30.6 50.3 63.9 73.6 78.6 82.0 91.0 91.0 91.1 91.2
Mean amount 21,174 5,659 7,597 9,604 11,175 12,853 14,624 21,719 22,058 22,376 22,682
  Standard error (19) 101 471 282 183 140 129 119 102 104 108 115

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
137,428 34 98 306 696 1,325 2,478 137,122 136,732 136,103 134,950
Percent of total income 17.4 4.1 3.6 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.5 17.5 17.6 17.8 18.1
Mean 10,588 118 210 375 544 712 937 11,273 11,686 12,242 13,057
  Standard error (19) 167 49 57 64 59 61 60 176 182 190 201
Recipient families number 6,337 12 25 63 136 245 433 6,274 6,201 6,092 5,903
Percent of all families 48.8 4.2 5.3 7.7 10.7 13.1 16.4 51.6 53.0 54.8 57.1
Mean amount 21,687 2,788 3,933 4,853 5,101 5,416 5,716 21,856 22,051 22,340 22,859
  Standard error (19) 277 739 656 512 355 330 264 279 281 284 290

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
5,701 33 236 668 1,095 1,833 2,496 5,033 4,606 3,868 3,204
Percent of total income 0.7 4.1 8.8 9.0 7.1 6.8 5.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4
Mean 439 117 506 819 856 984 944 414 394 348 310
  Standard error (19) 23 46 91 100 78 75 66 23 24 23 23
Recipient families number 748 15 50 107 181 272 345 641 567 476 403
Percent of all families 5.8 5.1 10.7 13.1 14.2 14.6 13.1 5.3 4.8 4.3 3.9
Mean amount 7,623 2,301 4,715 6,238 6,042 6,734 7,233 7,854 8,128 8,131 7,957
  Standard error (19) 277 611 483 438 344 339 347 315 345 387 418

Poverty Footnotes

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