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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Unrelated individuals (4)
 
People in families
51,534 5,129 7,526 10,710 14,135 17,526 20,225 40,823 37,399 34,008 31,308

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 7,039 24,136 54,539 96,059 146,258 193,577 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 34,107 1,372 3,207 5,092 6,796 8,345 9,571 41,719 44,429 47,383 49,957
  Standard error (19) 201 31 41 43 40 40 42 239 256 276 296
With zero income 2,439 2,439 2,439 2,439 2,439 2,439 2,439 0 0 0 0
With negative income 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 3,714 8,867 18,351 32,656 53,211 74,295 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 70.7 52.8 36.7 33.6 34.0 36.4 38.4 71.9 72.8 73.8 74.7
Mean 24,122 724 1,178 1,713 2,310 3,036 3,673 30,001 32,365 34,988 37,331
  Standard error (19) 182 23 29 34 35 39 42 220 236 255 272
Recipient families number 32,075 1,309 2,156 3,259 4,561 6,143 7,490 28,816 27,514 25,932 24,585
Percent of all unrelated individuals 62.2 25.5 28.7 30.4 32.3 35.1 37.0 70.6 73.6 76.3 78.5
Mean amount 38,755 2,837 4,112 5,631 7,160 8,662 9,919 42,502 43,993 45,884 47,540
  Standard error (19) 259 52 57 64 62 64 66 279 289 303 316

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
78,434 85 842 1,677 2,548 4,106 5,195 76,758 75,887 74,329 73,239
Percent of total income 4.5 1.2 3.5 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.7 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7
Mean 1,522 17 112 157 180 234 257 1,880 2,029 2,186 2,339
  Standard error (19) 81 14 15 14 12 13 13 102 112 123 133
Received positive amount number 2,503 157 294 416 511 671 773 2,087 1,992 1,832 1,730
Percent 4.9 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.8 3.8 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.5
Aggregate 79,142 400 1,212 2,076 2,947 4,537 5,714 77,066 76,195 74,605 73,428
Mean 31,614 2,549 4,121 4,989 5,765 6,756 7,389 36,921 38,247 40,726 42,441
  Standard error (19) 1,546 160 182 190 188 200 209 1,831 1,913 2,070 2,183
Received negative amount number 145 54 61 67 67 72 84 78 78 73 61
Percent 0.3 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Aggregate -707 -315 -370 -399 -399 -431 -519 -308 -308 -276 -188
Mean -4,889 -5,865 -6,042 -5,982 -5,982 -6,010 -6,167 -3,953 -3,953 -3,785 -3,113
  Standard error (19) 349 621 583 564 519 484 441 445 445 468 476

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
4,597 -26 -51 -40 -38 41 96 4,637 4,634 4,556 4,501
Percent of total income 0.3 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Mean 89 -5 -7 -4 -3 2 5 114 124 134 144
  Standard error (19) 18 6 5 4 3 3 4 22 24 27 29
Received positive amount number 386 12 18 29 41 63 83 358 345 324 303
Percent 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0
Aggregate 4,751 21 21 42 44 123 179 4,709 4,707 4,628 4,572
Mean 12,297 1,811 1,206 1,453 1,075 1,958 2,157 13,173 13,642 14,302 15,074
  Standard error (19) 2,169 718 562 746 503 696 681 2,331 2,408 2,556 2,713
Received negative amount number 66 13 24 25 25 26 28 41 41 41 39
Percent 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aggregate -155 -47 -72 -82 -82 -82 -84 -73 -73 -73 -71
Mean -2,329 -3,709 -2,973 -3,249 -3,249 -3,179 -3,011 -1,765 -1,765 -1,789 -1,839
  Standard error (19) 597 1,639 1,148 1,196 1,100 1,084 1,021 657 657 665 697

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
69,076 401 630 932 1,526 2,388 3,464 68,144 67,550 66,688 65,612
Percent of total income 3.9 5.7 2.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.8 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2
Mean 1,340 78 84 87 108 136 171 1,669 1,806 1,961 2,096
  Standard error (19) 32 8 7 6 6 6 6 41 44 49 53
Recipient families number 21,115 674 1,013 1,609 2,446 3,519 4,469 19,506 18,669 17,596 16,646
Percent of all unrelated individuals 41.0 13.1 13.5 15.0 17.3 20.1 22.1 47.8 49.9 51.7 53.2
Mean 3,271 595 622 579 624 678 775 3,493 3,618 3,790 3,942
  Standard error (19) 77 53 46 37 32 28 27 83 87 92 97

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
18,146 -45 48 100 169 330 476 18,046 17,977 17,816 17,670
Percent of total income 1.0 -0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Mean 352 -9 6 9 12 19 24 442 481 524 564
  Standard error (19) 19 6 5 5 4 4 4 24 26 29 31
Received positive amount number 1,954 44 81 130 177 256 337 1,824 1,777 1,698 1,618
Percent 3.8 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.7 4.5 4.8 5.0 5.2
Aggregate 19,017 42 142 237 350 552 714 18,779 18,666 18,465 18,303
Mean 9,730 961 1,757 1,826 1,979 2,155 2,119 10,294 10,503 10,873 11,315
  Standard error (19) 453 264 304 248 224 202 171 482 494 514 537
Received negative amount number 201 20 21 27 39 55 60 174 162 146 141
Percent 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Aggregate -871 -87 -95 -137 -182 -222 -238 -733 -689 -649 -633
Mean -4,333 -4,465 -4,592 -5,022 -4,617 -4,022 -3,949 -4,225 -4,264 -4,451 -4,498
  Standard error (19) 244 723 731 665 593 466 434 265 267 286 294

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
176,165 1,007 5,469 19,189 38,828 60,406 78,658 156,976 137,337 115,760 97,508
Percent of total income 10.0 14.3 22.7 35.2 40.4 41.3 40.6 9.2 8.3 7.2 6.2
Mean 3,418 196 727 1,792 2,747 3,447 3,889 3,845 3,672 3,404 3,114
  Standard error (19) 29 14 26 36 38 39 40 36 38 39 40
Recipient families number 13,738 308 1,001 2,614 4,432 6,146 7,445 11,124 9,306 7,593 6,293
Percent of all unrelated individuals 26.7 6.0 13.3 24.4 31.4 35.1 36.8 27.2 24.9 22.3 20.1
Mean amount 12,823 3,271 5,463 7,340 8,760 9,829 10,565 14,112 14,758 15,246 15,494
  Standard error (19) 53 129 82 54 44 43 44 57 66 78 92

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
103,776 178 667 1,359 2,640 4,483 7,148 102,417 101,135 99,293 96,628
Percent of total income 5.9 2.5 2.8 2.5 2.7 3.1 3.7 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.2
Mean 2,014 35 89 127 187 256 353 2,509 2,704 2,920 3,086
  Standard error (19) 36 5 9 10 10 11 12 45 49 53 58
Recipient families number 6,705 75 175 320 592 1,008 1,513 6,385 6,112 5,697 5,191
Percent of all unrelated individuals 13.0 1.5 2.3 3.0 4.2 5.8 7.5 15.6 16.3 16.8 16.6
Mean amount 15,478 2,384 3,810 4,252 4,456 4,447 4,724 16,040 16,547 17,430 18,613
  Standard error (19) 208 171 192 187 155 124 113 216 223 235 250

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
13,125 511 4,931 8,190 10,033 10,787 11,382 4,935 3,093 2,338 1,743
Percent of total income 0.7 7.3 20.4 15.0 10.4 7.4 5.9 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
Mean 255 100 655 765 710 615 563 121 83 69 56
  Standard error (19) 7 9 26 24 19 16 15 6 5 5 5
Recipient families number 3,175 418 1,144 1,812 2,181 2,361 2,497 1,362 994 814 677
Percent of all unrelated individuals 6.2 8.2 15.2 16.9 15.4 13.5 12.3 3.3 2.7 2.4 2.2
Mean amount 4,134 1,222 4,309 4,519 4,600 4,569 4,557 3,623 3,112 2,874 2,575
  Standard error (19) 80 96 112 95 84 83 83 145 174 192 207

Poverty Footnotes

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