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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Unrelated individuals
under age 65 (4)
 
People in families
39,151 4,670 6,573 8,583 10,519 12,461 13,987 30,568 28,633 26,691 25,164

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 6,253 20,051 39,790 64,110 93,917 121,617 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 36,368 1,339 3,051 4,636 6,095 7,537 8,695 45,277 47,489 49,827 51,750
  Standard error (19) 242 32 44 48 48 51 54 289 304 321 337
With zero income 2,266 2,266 2,266 2,266 2,266 2,266 2,266 0 0 0 0
With negative income 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 3,668 8,778 18,125 32,211 52,421 72,745 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 83.5 58.7 43.8 45.6 50.2 55.8 59.8 84.6 85.1 85.5 85.7
Mean 30,373 785 1,336 2,112 3,062 4,207 5,201 38,309 40,407 42,589 44,366
  Standard error (19) 221 25 32 41 45 51 56 265 279 294 308
Recipient families number 30,254 1,287 2,124 3,199 4,452 5,958 7,199 27,056 25,802 24,296 23,055
Percent of all unrelated individuals 77.3 27.6 32.3 37.3 42.3 47.8 51.5 88.5 90.1 91.0 91.6
Mean amount 39,305 2,851 4,132 5,666 7,235 8,798 10,105 43,283 44,839 46,786 48,423
  Standard error (19) 264 52 58 65 63 65 66 286 296 310 323

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
67,761 114 919 1,740 2,605 4,093 5,129 66,021 65,156 63,668 62,632
Percent of total income 4.8 1.8 4.6 4.4 4.1 4.4 4.2 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8
Mean 1,731 24 140 203 248 328 367 2,160 2,276 2,385 2,489
  Standard error (19) 94 15 17 17 16 18 19 120 128 137 145
Received positive amount number 2,202 157 290 405 495 643 728 1,797 1,707 1,559 1,474
Percent 5.6 3.4 4.4 4.7 4.7 5.2 5.2 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.9
Aggregate 68,366 400 1,208 2,059 2,923 4,443 5,560 66,307 65,442 63,922 62,806
Mean 31,047 2,549 4,161 5,078 5,903 6,912 7,641 36,908 38,342 41,000 42,598
  Standard error (19) 1,526 160 183 192 191 204 216 1,841 1,931 2,100 2,213
Received negative amount number 119 51 53 59 59 64 74 61 61 56 45
Percent 0.3 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Aggregate -604 -286 -290 -318 -318 -351 -431 -286 -286 -254 -173
Mean -5,066 -5,632 -5,443 -5,430 -5,430 -5,506 -5,788 -4,714 -4,714 -4,563 -3,866
  Standard error (19) 381 637 622 599 551 509 472 522 522 564 598

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
3,263 5 -7 4 4 77 120 3,259 3,259 3,186 3,143
Percent of total income 0.2 0.1 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mean 83 1 -1 0 0 6 9 107 114 119 125
  Standard error (19) 20 3 3 4 3 4 5 26 27 29 31
Received positive amount number 312 12 18 29 40 61 77 283 271 251 234
Percent 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Aggregate 3,356 21 21 42 42 115 160 3,314 3,314 3,240 3,196
Mean 10,772 1,811 1,206 1,453 1,039 1,891 2,064 11,724 12,221 12,931 13,648
  Standard error (19) 2,373 718 562 746 512 712 728 2,601 2,703 2,912 3,101
Received negative amount number 54 10 20 21 21 21 23 33 33 33 31
Percent 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aggregate -92 -16 -28 -38 -38 -38 -39 -54 -54 -54 -53
Mean -1,709 -1,676 -1,418 -1,817 -1,817 -1,770 -1,689 -1,641 -1,641 -1,669 -1,725
  Standard error (19) 557 692 615 874 804 788 726 753 753 764 811

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
33,000 301 446 617 917 1,207 1,599 32,384 32,083 31,794 31,402
Percent of total income 2.3 4.8 2.2 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4
Mean 843 64 68 72 87 97 114 1,059 1,121 1,191 1,248
  Standard error (19) 29 7 7 6 7 7 7 36 39 42 44
Recipient families number 14,803 579 803 1,157 1,532 2,035 2,422 13,645 13,271 12,768 12,381
Percent of all unrelated individuals 37.8 12.4 12.2 13.5 14.6 16.3 17.3 44.6 46.3 47.8 49.2
Mean 2,229 520 555 533 599 593 660 2,373 2,418 2,490 2,536
  Standard error (19) 74 51 51 45 44 40 40 80 82 85 88

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
8,704 -39 52 95 138 184 234 8,610 8,566 8,521 8,471
Percent of total income 0.6 -0.6 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Mean 222 -8 8 11 13 15 17 282 299 319 337
  Standard error (19) 17 6 6 5 5 5 5 22 23 25 26
Received positive amount number 1,240 33 60 89 107 145 168 1,151 1,133 1,096 1,072
Percent 3.2 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.3
Aggregate 9,408 34 131 181 253 332 387 9,227 9,156 9,076 9,021
Mean 7,586 1,039 2,188 2,032 2,359 2,295 2,303 8,016 8,080 8,285 8,414
  Standard error (19) 486 337 384 299 311 301 273 522 529 546 557
Received negative amount number 141 13 14 15 20 28 29 126 121 113 112
Percent 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Aggregate -704 -73 -79 -86 -114 -148 -153 -617 -589 -555 -550
Mean -4,988 -5,536 -5,748 -5,656 -5,589 -5,270 -5,254 -4,907 -4,886 -4,918 -4,919
  Standard error (19) 281 902 905 822 735 545 540 301 303 324 325

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
30,836 429 2,238 6,892 11,599 15,324 17,775 23,944 19,237 15,512 13,061
Percent of total income 2.2 6.9 11.2 17.3 18.1 16.3 14.6 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.0
Mean 788 92 341 803 1,103 1,230 1,271 783 672 581 519
  Standard error (19) 18 10 20 30 31 31 31 21 21 21 21
Recipient families number 2,678 132 400 930 1,351 1,646 1,835 1,747 1,326 1,032 843
Percent of all unrelated individuals 6.8 2.8 6.1 10.8 12.8 13.2 13.1 5.7 4.6 3.9 3.4
Mean amount 11,515 3,245 5,594 7,407 8,583 9,309 9,689 13,703 14,503 15,036 15,486
  Standard error (19) 130 193 138 97 87 91 94 171 217 270 317

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
35,456 113 374 722 1,336 2,035 2,851 34,734 34,120 33,421 32,605
Percent of total income 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Mean 906 24 57 84 127 163 204 1,136 1,192 1,252 1,296
  Standard error (19) 29 4 8 9 10 11 13 38 40 43 45
Recipient families number 1,872 51 93 152 233 329 426 1,720 1,639 1,542 1,445
Percent of all unrelated individuals 4.8 1.1 1.4 1.8 2.2 2.6 3.0 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.7
Mean amount 18,943 2,221 4,038 4,758 5,730 6,181 6,687 20,195 20,823 21,667 22,557
  Standard error (19) 433 200 287 299 263 246 266 458 475 495 517

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
10,554 477 4,571 6,982 8,012 8,650 9,059 3,572 2,543 1,904 1,496
Percent of total income 0.7 7.6 22.8 17.5 12.5 9.2 7.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
Mean 270 102 695 813 762 694 648 117 89 71 59
  Standard error (19) 8 10 29 28 23 21 19 7 6 6 6
Recipient families number 2,469 393 1,041 1,473 1,686 1,823 1,916 996 783 646 553
Percent of all unrelated individuals 6.3 8.4 15.8 17.2 16.0 14.6 13.7 3.3 2.7 2.4 2.2
Mean amount 4,275 1,214 4,391 4,741 4,751 4,745 4,727 3,586 3,249 2,948 2,707
  Standard error (19) 93 99 118 108 97 97 97 177 203 221 234

Poverty Footnotes

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