U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Unrelated individuals
age 65 and over (4)
 
People in families
12,382 458 953 2,127 3,616 5,065 6,238 10,255 8,766 7,317 6,145

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) 333,818 786 4,085 14,749 31,949 52,341 71,960 319,069 301,869 281,477 261,858
Mean 26,959 1,715 4,285 6,934 8,835 10,334 11,536 31,113 34,436 38,467 42,616
  Standard error (19) 329 100 103 75 57 53 54 384 439 513 595
With zero income 173 173 173 173 173 173 173 0 0 0 0
With negative income 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
53,915 45 89 225 446 790 1,551 53,690 53,470 53,125 52,365
Percent of total income 16.2 5.7 2.2 1.5 1.4 1.5 2.2 16.8 17.7 18.9 20.0
Mean 4,354 98 93 106 123 156 249 5,235 6,100 7,260 8,522
  Standard error (19) 202 29 23 19 16 16 20 243 283 337 399
Recipient families number 1,820 22 32 60 109 185 291 1,760 1,711 1,636 1,530
Percent of all unrelated individuals 14.7 4.8 3.4 2.8 3.0 3.7 4.7 17.2 19.5 22.4 24.9
Mean amount 29,617 2,036 2,782 3,744 4,088 4,274 5,334 30,502 31,243 32,482 34,232
  Standard error (19) 1,207 378 439 421 367 293 297 1,243 1,273 1,324 1,403

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
10,673 -29 -77 -64 -57 13 66 10,737 10,730 10,661 10,607
Percent of total income 3.2 -3.6 -1.9 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.1 3.4 3.6 3.8 4.1
Mean 862 -62 -80 -30 -16 3 11 1,047 1,224 1,457 1,726
  Standard error (19) 163 41 33 15 8 8 7 197 230 276 328
Received positive amount number 301 0 4 11 16 29 46 291 285 273 256
Percent 2.4 0.0 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.7 2.8 3.3 3.7 4.2
Aggregate 10,776 0 4 17 24 93 154 10,759 10,752 10,683 10,622
Mean 35,756 (X) 1,000 1,590 1,488 3,264 3,372 36,999 37,674 39,158 41,535
  Standard error (19) 6,370 (X) 0 417 277 766 532 6,590 6,708 7,003 7,446
Received negative amount number 25 3 8 8 8 8 10 17 17 17 16
Percent 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Aggregate -103 -29 -81 -81 -81 -81 -88 -22 -22 -22 -15
Mean -4,053 -9,999 -9,999 -9,999 -9,999 -9,999 -9,094 -1,278 -1,278 -1,278 -959
  Standard error (19) 855 0 0 0 0 0 695 314 314 314 190

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
1,333 -31 -44 -44 -42 -37 -25 1,378 1,375 1,370 1,358
Percent of total income 0.4 -3.9 -1.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.0 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Mean 108 -67 -46 -21 -12 -7 -4 134 157 187 221
  Standard error (19) 36 59 34 15 8 6 5 44 51 61 73
Received positive amount number 75 0 0 0 1 2 6 75 74 73 69
Percent 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1
Aggregate 1,396 0 0 0 2 8 20 1,396 1,393 1,388 1,376
Mean 18,648 (X) (X) (X) 2,600 4,203 3,425 18,648 18,856 19,006 19,907
  Standard error (19) 5,148 (X) (X) (X) (X) 1,787 655 5,148 5,206 5,262 5,519
Received negative amount number 12 3 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8
Percent 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aggregate -62 -31 -44 -44 -44 -44 -44 -18 -18 -18 -18
Mean -5,036 -10,000 -10,000 -10,000 -10,000 -10,000 -10,000 -2,278 -2,278 -2,278 -2,278
  Standard error (19) 1,700 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,270 1,270 1,270 1,270

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
36,076 100 184 316 609 1,181 1,865 35,760 35,467 34,894 34,211
Percent of total income 10.8 12.7 4.5 2.1 1.9 2.3 2.6 11.2 11.7 12.4 13.1
Mean 2,913 218 193 148 168 233 299 3,487 4,046 4,769 5,568
  Standard error (19) 98 47 28 15 12 12 13 118 137 163 192
Recipient families number 6,312 96 210 451 913 1,484 2,047 5,861 5,399 4,828 4,265
Percent of all unrelated individuals 51.0 20.9 22.0 21.2 25.3 29.3 32.8 57.2 61.6 66.0 69.4
Mean 5,715 1,047 879 699 666 796 911 6,101 6,570 7,228 8,022
  Standard error (19) 186 197 111 63 42 36 35 199 215 239 267

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
9,442 -6 -4 5 31 146 242 9,436 9,411 9,295 9,200
Percent of total income 2.8 -0.8 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.3 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.5
Mean 762 -14 -5 2 8 29 39 920 1,074 1,270 1,497
  Standard error (19) 59 17 9 14 9 8 8 71 83 99 118
Received positive amount number 714 11 21 41 70 111 169 673 644 603 545
Percent 5.8 2.4 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.7 6.6 7.3 8.2 8.9
Aggregate 9,609 8 11 56 98 220 326 9,552 9,511 9,389 9,282
Mean 13,455 723 514 1,377 1,398 1,972 1,934 14,187 14,766 15,577 17,018
  Standard error (19) 889 287 220 433 295 251 206 935 970 1,028 1,117
Received negative amount number 60 6 7 12 19 27 31 48 41 33 29
Percent 0.5 1.4 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5
Aggregate -167 -14 -15 -51 -67 -74 -84 -116 -100 -94 -83
Mean -2,790 -2,249 -2,234 -4,219 -3,563 -2,722 -2,722 -2,430 -2,435 -2,847 -2,864
  Standard error (19) 416 111 107 1,035 878 674 588 446 441 516 587

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
145,329 578 3,231 12,297 27,229 45,082 60,883 133,032 118,100 100,247 84,446
Percent of total income 43.5 73.6 79.1 83.4 85.2 86.1 84.6 41.7 39.1 35.6 32.2
Mean 11,737 1,261 3,390 5,781 7,530 8,901 9,760 12,972 13,472 13,700 13,743
  Standard error (19) 63 107 113 88 69 63 61 68 77 91 105
Recipient families number 11,061 176 601 1,684 3,081 4,499 5,611 9,377 7,980 6,561 5,450
Percent of all unrelated individuals 89.3 38.3 63.1 79.2 85.2 88.8 89.9 91.4 91.0 89.7 88.7
Mean amount 13,139 3,290 5,376 7,302 8,838 10,019 10,851 14,188 14,800 15,279 15,495
  Standard error (19) 57 173 100 65 51 48 49 60 68 80 94

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
68,320 65 294 637 1,304 2,448 4,297 67,683 67,016 65,872 64,023
Percent of total income 20.5 8.3 7.2 4.3 4.1 4.7 6.0 21.2 22.2 23.4 24.4
Mean 5,518 142 308 299 361 483 689 6,600 7,645 9,002 10,419
  Standard error (19) 111 36 42 30 26 25 27 131 150 175 202
Recipient families number 4,833 24 83 168 359 679 1,087 4,665 4,474 4,154 3,746
Percent of all unrelated individuals 39.0 5.2 8.7 7.9 9.9 13.4 17.4 45.5 51.0 56.8 61.0
Mean amount 14,136 2,731 3,555 3,794 3,630 3,606 3,954 14,509 14,980 15,857 17,091
  Standard error (19) 232 311 248 225 176 128 109 239 246 259 279

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
2,571 34 360 1,208 2,021 2,137 2,323 1,363 550 434 248
Percent of total income 0.8 4.3 8.8 8.2 6.3 4.1 3.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1
Mean 208 74 378 568 559 422 372 133 63 59 40
  Standard error (19) 12 26 53 43 33 24 21 11 9 10 10
Recipient families number 706 25 103 340 495 538 581 366 211 168 124
Percent of all unrelated individuals 5.7 5.4 10.8 16.0 13.7 10.6 9.3 3.6 2.4 2.3 2.0
Mean amount 3,643 1,359 3,487 3,557 4,086 3,972 3,997 3,723 2,605 2,588 1,990
  Standard error (19) 153 378 334 186 166 159 156 247 319 377 434

Poverty Footnotes

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