U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Nonfamily householders
 
People in families
38,331 2,631 4,291 6,709 9,372 11,978 14,110 31,622 28,959 26,353 24,221

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 4,212 16,060 38,921 70,916 109,241 146,316 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 36,563 1,601 3,742 5,801 7,566 9,120 10,369 43,090 45,948 49,037 51,823
  Standard error (19) 248 46 55 52 45 45 46 287 307 331 355
With zero income 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 0 0 0 0
With negative income 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
937,774 1,868 4,279 9,077 16,682 28,771 41,763 928,697 921,091 909,002 896,011
Percent of total income 66.9 44.4 26.6 23.3 23.5 26.3 28.5 68.2 69.2 70.3 71.4
Mean 24,465 710 997 1,353 1,780 2,402 2,960 29,368 31,807 34,494 36,994
  Standard error (19) 226 33 36 39 39 44 48 266 286 308 330
Recipient families number 22,160 647 1,063 1,645 2,370 3,331 4,190 20,515 19,790 18,829 17,970
Percent of all unrelated individuals 57.8 24.6 24.8 24.5 25.3 27.8 29.7 64.9 68.3 71.4 74.2
Mean amount 42,319 2,888 4,026 5,518 7,039 8,637 9,967 45,270 46,543 48,278 49,863
  Standard error (19) 343 75 82 91 88 90 91 362 372 386 401

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
65,135 -63 380 942 1,669 2,646 3,357 64,193 63,466 62,489 61,778
Percent of total income 4.6 -1.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.9
Mean 1,699 -24 89 140 178 221 238 2,030 2,192 2,371 2,551
  Standard error (19) 103 24 22 19 16 16 16 125 137 150 163
Received positive amount number 1,956 88 172 258 332 441 522 1,698 1,624 1,515 1,435
Percent 5.1 3.3 4.0 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.7 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.9
Aggregate 65,788 207 702 1,291 2,017 3,027 3,825 64,498 63,771 62,762 61,963
Mean 33,629 2,358 4,073 4,996 6,070 6,857 7,335 37,986 39,269 41,431 43,187
  Standard error (19) 1,876 220 241 244 242 246 252 2,141 2,233 2,383 2,507
Received negative amount number 119 36 42 45 45 50 63 74 74 69 57
Percent 0.3 1.4 1.0 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2
Aggregate -654 -270 -322 -349 -349 -381 -468 -305 -305 -273 -185
Mean -5,476 -7,407 -7,730 -7,730 -7,730 -7,594 -7,492 -4,107 -4,107 -3,941 -3,259
  Standard error (19) 386 656 593 576 530 482 438 459 459 485 501

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
3,587 -25 -50 -40 -37 41 96 3,627 3,625 3,546 3,491
Percent of total income 0.3 -0.6 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Mean 94 -9 -12 -6 -4 3 7 115 125 135 144
  Standard error (19) 21 12 9 7 4 5 5 26 28 31 33
Received positive amount number 312 6 6 11 16 34 54 301 295 278 258
Percent 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Aggregate 3,734 15 15 35 37 116 172 3,700 3,697 3,619 3,562
Mean 11,982 2,622 2,622 3,197 2,275 3,439 3,207 12,300 12,521 13,016 13,806
  Standard error (19) 2,425 905 905 1,592 1,091 1,172 992 2,508 2,551 2,701 2,896
Received negative amount number 59 8 19 20 20 20 22 39 39 39 37
Percent 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Aggregate -147 -39 -65 -74 -74 -74 -76 -73 -73 -73 -71
Mean -2,491 -5,186 -3,358 -3,686 -3,686 -3,686 -3,431 -1,870 -1,870 -1,870 -1,927
  Standard error (19) 664 2,400 1,417 1,456 1,340 1,340 1,246 689 689 689 724

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
64,147 318 530 774 1,302 2,078 3,119 63,374 62,845 62,069 61,028
Percent of total income 4.6 7.5 3.3 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.1 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.9
Mean 1,674 121 124 115 139 174 221 2,004 2,170 2,355 2,520
  Standard error (19) 42 14 11 9 8 8 9 51 55 60 66
Recipient families number 18,136 502 772 1,269 1,997 2,916 3,790 16,867 16,139 15,219 14,346
Percent of all unrelated individuals 47.3 19.1 18.0 18.9 21.3 24.3 26.9 53.3 55.7 57.8 59.2
Mean 3,537 633 687 610 652 713 823 3,757 3,894 4,078 4,254
  Standard error (19) 87 65 58 43 36 30 30 93 97 102 108

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
17,315 -15 46 96 164 296 440 17,220 17,151 17,019 16,876
Percent of total income 1.2 -0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Mean 452 -6 11 14 18 25 31 545 592 646 697
  Standard error (19) 25 8 7 7 6 6 5 31 33 37 40
Received positive amount number 1,757 39 69 112 151 220 295 1,645 1,606 1,537 1,462
Percent 4.6 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.8 2.1 5.2 5.5 5.8 6.0
Aggregate 18,080 42 110 203 316 488 647 17,877 17,764 17,592 17,433
Mean 10,290 1,090 1,591 1,805 2,084 2,213 2,190 10,869 11,064 11,449 11,928
  Standard error (19) 492 292 293 257 244 216 182 522 534 555 581
Received negative amount number 179 16 18 24 36 52 57 154 142 127 122
Percent 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Aggregate -765 -57 -64 -107 -151 -192 -207 -658 -613 -573 -557
Mean -4,280 -3,445 -3,656 -4,400 -4,167 -3,674 -3,627 -4,261 -4,309 -4,529 -4,587
  Standard error (19) 260 478 562 618 580 446 414 287 291 315 325

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
166,975 855 4,760 17,500 35,669 55,789 73,347 149,475 131,306 111,186 93,628
Percent of total income 11.9 20.3 29.6 45.0 50.3 51.1 50.1 11.0 9.9 8.6 7.5
Mean 4,356 325 1,109 2,609 3,806 4,658 5,198 4,727 4,534 4,219 3,866
  Standard error (19) 37 26 42 52 50 51 51 43 46 48 50
Recipient families number 12,951 259 865 2,364 4,049 5,645 6,891 10,587 8,901 7,305 6,059
Percent of all unrelated individuals 33.8 9.8 20.2 35.2 43.2 47.1 48.8 33.5 30.7 27.7 25.0
Mean amount 12,893 3,306 5,502 7,403 8,809 9,882 10,644 14,119 14,751 15,220 15,452
  Standard error (19) 54 145 88 56 45 44 45 58 66 78 92

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
98,479 134 603 1,159 2,405 4,134 6,723 97,321 96,074 94,346 91,757
Percent of total income 7.0 3.2 3.8 3.0 3.4 3.8 4.6 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.3
Mean 2,569 51 140 173 257 345 476 3,078 3,318 3,580 3,788
  Standard error (19) 46 9 14 14 14 15 17 56 61 66 72
Recipient families number 6,388 53 150 278 547 942 1,428 6,110 5,840 5,445 4,959
Percent of all unrelated individuals 16.7 2.0 3.5 4.1 5.8 7.9 10.1 19.3 20.2 20.7 20.5
Mean amount 15,417 2,551 4,008 4,172 4,395 4,387 4,707 15,928 16,450 17,326 18,501
  Standard error (19) 212 213 206 196 161 127 117 219 227 238 254

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
10,762 366 3,890 6,538 8,255 8,911 9,395 4,224 2,507 1,851 1,367
Percent of total income 0.8 8.7 24.2 16.8 11.6 8.2 6.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
Mean 281 139 907 975 881 744 666 134 87 70 56
  Standard error (19) 8 15 40 34 26 22 19 7 6 6 6
Recipient families number 2,156 183 733 1,272 1,566 1,679 1,771 883 590 476 384
Percent of all unrelated individuals 5.6 7.0 17.1 19.0 16.7 14.0 12.6 2.8 2.0 1.8 1.6
Mean amount 4,992 1,993 5,308 5,139 5,271 5,306 5,304 4,782 4,251 3,886 3,554
  Standard error (19) 97 156 125 106 95 95 95 190 245 276 309

Poverty Footnotes

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