U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar10.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
All families (10)
 
Total, families
78,867 3,625 6,016 8,792 11,620 14,939 18,434 70,075 67,247 63,928 60,433
People in families 249,384 12,559 21,089 31,197 41,144 52,569 64,134 218,186 208,239 196,814 185,249

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 14,779 44,388 92,604 154,643 241,994 347,884 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 78,538 4,077 7,379 10,533 13,308 16,199 18,872 87,069 89,809 93,106 96,738
  Standard error (19) 309 80 84 88 84 86 87 333 343 355 370
With zero income 892 892 892 892 892 892 892 0 0 0 0
With negative income 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 7,190 22,838 51,945 90,542 146,564 214,859 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 77.8 48.6 51.5 56.1 58.5 60.6 61.8 78.1 78.3 78.5 78.7
Mean 61,070 1,984 3,796 5,909 7,792 9,811 11,655 67,991 70,276 73,049 76,144
  Standard error (19) 295 63 78 89 87 92 95 322 332 345 361
Recipient families number 64,432 1,370 2,832 4,796 6,816 9,235 11,793 59,636 57,617 55,197 52,639
Percent of all families 81.7 37.8 47.1 54.6 58.7 61.8 64.0 85.1 85.7 86.3 87.1
Mean amount 74,751 5,248 8,063 10,830 13,285 15,870 18,219 79,893 82,022 84,603 87,417
  Standard error (19) 337 112 112 113 105 106 107 355 364 376 390

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
268,231 331 2,550 5,139 7,912 12,508 16,445 263,092 260,319 255,723 251,786
Percent of total income 4.3 2.2 5.7 5.5 5.1 5.2 4.7 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Mean 3,401 91 424 585 681 837 892 3,754 3,871 4,000 4,166
  Standard error (19) 81 32 36 36 33 34 33 91 94 99 105
Received positive amount number 7,668 171 419 632 836 1,136 1,386 7,036 6,832 6,531 6,282
Percent 9.7 4.7 7.0 7.2 7.2 7.6 7.5 10.0 10.2 10.2 10.4
Aggregate 270,328 828 3,077 5,700 8,526 13,215 17,271 264,628 261,802 257,113 253,057
Mean 35,256 4,857 7,349 9,024 10,201 11,631 12,461 37,611 38,321 39,365 40,285
  Standard error (19) 732 308 293 297 278 278 281 791 813 848 879
Received negative amount number 392 68 73 80 89 104 122 312 303 288 270
Percent 0.5 1.9 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4
Aggregate -2,097 -497 -527 -562 -614 -707 -826 -1,536 -1,484 -1,390 -1,271
Mean -5,349 -7,314 -7,214 -6,980 -6,921 -6,807 -6,775 -4,928 -4,889 -4,823 -4,705
  Standard error (19) 209 435 473 457 394 359 332 233 238 246 254

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
21,591 -313 -300 -300 -112 113 533 21,891 21,703 21,478 21,058
Percent of total income 0.3 -2.1 -0.7 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mean 274 -86 -50 -34 -10 8 29 312 323 336 348
  Standard error (19) 33 35 21 17 15 15 15 37 39 41 43
Received positive amount number 1,133 9 21 32 53 86 118 1,100 1,080 1,047 1,015
Percent 1.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Aggregate 22,789 17 36 106 307 607 1,033 22,682 22,482 22,182 21,756
Mean 20,120 1,886 1,735 3,298 5,820 7,100 8,781 20,614 20,819 21,184 21,434
  Standard error (19) 2,131 1,127 694 1,490 2,033 1,710 1,746 2,190 2,229 2,295 2,363
Received negative amount number 236 29 32 40 43 55 62 195 192 180 174
Percent 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -1,198 -330 -336 -407 -419 -495 -500 -791 -779 -703 -698
Mean -5,082 -11,302 -10,370 -10,100 -9,644 -8,943 -8,114 -4,048 -4,050 -3,898 -4,009
  Standard error (19) 548 2,888 2,732 2,353 2,052 1,679 1,578 417 419 426 434

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
195,514 246 415 606 1,064 1,622 2,562 194,908 194,450 193,892 192,953
Percent of total income 3.2 1.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3
Mean 2,479 68 69 69 92 109 139 2,781 2,892 3,033 3,193
  Standard error (19) 43 9 8 6 7 7 8 49 51 53 56
Recipient families number 40,593 383 673 1,060 1,593 2,302 3,200 39,533 39,000 38,291 37,393
Percent of all families 51.5 10.6 11.2 12.1 13.7 15.4 17.4 56.4 58.0 59.9 61.9
Mean 4,816 642 616 572 668 705 801 4,930 4,986 5,064 5,160
  Standard error (19) 83 80 63 48 46 43 42 85 86 87 89

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
49,251 11 99 95 184 287 626 49,156 49,068 48,965 48,625
Percent of total income 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mean 624 3 16 11 16 19 34 701 730 766 805
  Standard error (19) 23 12 10 8 6 5 5 26 27 28 30
Received positive amount number 5,101 49 75 97 144 215 331 5,003 4,956 4,886 4,769
Percent 6.5 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.8 7.1 7.4 7.6 7.9
Aggregate 54,401 82 203 246 342 479 833 54,154 54,059 53,922 53,568
Mean 10,665 1,680 2,696 2,532 2,369 2,231 2,514 10,823 10,907 11,036 11,232
  Standard error (19) 318 408 411 352 256 215 187 324 327 331 339
Received negative amount number 883 7 10 16 21 28 34 867 862 855 849
Percent 1.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Aggregate -5,149 -71 -104 -151 -158 -192 -207 -4,998 -4,991 -4,957 -4,942
Mean -5,831 -9,513 -10,037 -9,633 -7,595 -6,848 -6,058 -5,763 -5,789 -5,798 -5,822
  Standard error (19) 172 2,840 2,479 1,711 1,438 1,162 1,036 172 173 174 174

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
382,721 1,640 5,705 12,870 23,206 37,231 56,935 369,851 359,515 345,490 325,786
Percent of total income 6.2 11.1 12.9 13.9 15.0 15.4 16.4 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.6
Mean 4,853 452 948 1,464 1,997 2,492 3,089 5,278 5,346 5,404 5,391
  Standard error (19) 37 34 40 44 44 46 48 41 43 44 46
Recipient families number 19,650 265 749 1,425 2,201 3,127 4,265 18,226 17,449 16,523 15,386
Percent of all families 24.9 7.3 12.4 16.2 18.9 20.9 23.1 26.0 25.9 25.8 25.5
Mean amount 19,477 6,184 7,622 9,034 10,542 11,906 13,351 20,293 20,604 20,909 21,175
  Standard error (19) 84 224 134 121 105 101 97 87 90 94 99

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
257,674 221 816 1,569 2,606 4,086 6,403 256,104 255,068 253,588 251,271
Percent of total income 4.2 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.3
Mean 3,267 61 136 178 224 274 347 3,655 3,793 3,967 4,158
  Standard error (19) 42 12 15 15 14 14 15 48 49 52 55
Recipient families number 11,883 44 132 255 398 630 954 11,628 11,486 11,254 10,930
Percent of all families 15.1 1.2 2.2 2.9 3.4 4.2 5.2 16.6 17.1 17.6 18.1
Mean amount 21,683 5,054 6,202 6,150 6,552 6,491 6,712 22,024 22,207 22,533 22,990
  Standard error (19) 210 543 374 310 264 216 196 213 215 218 223

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
33,760 2,829 6,039 9,316 12,376 15,333 17,732 24,444 21,384 18,427 16,028
Percent of total income 0.5 19.1 13.6 10.1 8.0 6.3 5.1 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Mean 428 781 1,004 1,060 1,065 1,026 962 349 318 288 265
  Standard error (19) 9 38 37 34 29 26 23 9 9 9 9
Recipient families number 4,627 711 1,240 1,711 2,101 2,472 2,771 2,916 2,526 2,155 1,856
Percent of all families 5.9 19.6 20.6 19.5 18.1 16.5 15.0 4.2 3.8 3.4 3.1
Mean amount 7,296 3,981 4,869 5,444 5,890 6,203 6,399 8,383 8,467 8,550 8,636
  Standard error (19) 101 127 117 118 109 107 104 144 159 176 195

Poverty Footnotes

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