U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar10.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Married-couple
families (10), (11)
 
Total, families
58,428 1,178 2,136 3,409 4,860 6,811 8,948 55,020 53,568 51,618 49,480
People in families 188,001 4,528 8,475 13,594 19,119 26,328 33,876 174,407 168,882 161,674 154,125

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 4,994 18,049 41,815 75,638 129,587 197,365 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 90,733 4,238 8,450 12,268 15,563 19,027 22,056 95,594 97,553 100,195 103,154
  Standard error (19) 384 169 163 155 138 134 130 398 405 416 428
With zero income 288 288 288 288 288 288 288 0 0 0 0
With negative income 56 56 56 56 56 56 56 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 3,073 10,857 25,708 47,102 80,766 123,402 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 78.2 61.5 60.2 61.5 62.3 62.3 62.5 78.3 78.4 78.6 78.8
Mean 70,934 2,608 5,083 7,542 9,691 11,859 13,790 74,862 76,491 78,729 81,269
  Standard error (19) 371 135 156 163 152 154 153 387 395 406 420
Recipient families number 48,314 460 1,072 1,966 2,971 4,300 5,757 46,348 45,343 44,014 42,558
Percent of all families 82.7 39.0 50.2 57.7 61.1 63.1 64.3 84.2 84.6 85.3 86.0
Mean amount 85,784 6,686 10,129 13,076 15,855 18,782 21,437 88,868 90,365 92,330 94,488
  Standard error (19) 416 213 195 184 166 166 163 428 435 444 455

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
237,256 258 1,775 3,559 5,407 8,671 11,767 233,697 231,849 228,585 225,489
Percent of total income 4.5 5.2 9.8 8.5 7.1 6.7 6.0 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Mean 4,061 219 831 1,044 1,113 1,273 1,315 4,248 4,328 4,428 4,557
  Standard error (19) 105 82 87 79 66 63 59 111 114 118 123
Received positive amount number 6,403 97 252 388 517 729 910 6,015 5,886 5,674 5,493
Percent 11.0 8.2 11.8 11.4 10.6 10.7 10.2 10.9 11.0 11.0 11.1
Aggregate 239,033 584 2,131 3,921 5,813 9,153 12,330 235,111 233,219 229,880 226,703
Mean 37,333 6,036 8,438 10,105 11,251 12,556 13,548 39,090 39,623 40,516 41,274
  Standard error (19) 844 417 390 398 367 363 369 893 911 942 971
Received negative amount number 328 46 51 54 60 71 83 275 268 257 245
Percent 0.6 3.9 2.4 1.6 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Aggregate -1,776 -326 -356 -362 -406 -482 -563 -1,414 -1,370 -1,295 -1,214
Mean -5,410 -7,050 -6,934 -6,727 -6,724 -6,789 -6,741 -5,151 -5,114 -5,029 -4,956
  Standard error (19) 231 552 607 598 509 457 414 251 255 261 269

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
19,060 -306 -304 -275 -136 -5 377 19,335 19,196 19,065 18,683
Percent of total income 0.4 -6.1 -1.7 -0.7 -0.2 -0.0 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mean 326 -260 -142 -81 -28 -1 42 351 358 369 378
  Standard error (19) 32 106 59 40 34 29 29 33 34 35 37
Received positive amount number 971 4 10 17 29 52 74 954 941 919 897
Percent 1.7 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Aggregate 20,169 9 17 70 221 427 814 20,099 19,948 19,742 19,355
Mean 20,778 2,304 1,684 4,097 7,502 8,230 11,068 21,076 21,194 21,486 21,574
  Standard error (19) 1,639 1,975 1,045 2,539 3,400 2,574 2,567 1,665 1,684 1,720 1,756
Received negative amount number 197 27 28 33 35 43 48 163 162 153 149
Percent 0.3 2.3 1.3 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -1,110 -315 -321 -345 -358 -432 -437 -765 -752 -677 -672
Mean -5,639 -11,744 -11,458 -10,358 -10,293 -9,948 -9,083 -4,677 -4,641 -4,418 -4,523
  Standard error (19) 603 3,093 3,003 2,660 2,350 1,904 1,808 459 461 468 474

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
181,778 206 317 463 779 1,202 1,876 181,315 180,998 180,576 179,901
Percent of total income 3.4 4.1 1.8 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5
Mean 3,111 175 149 136 160 176 210 3,295 3,379 3,498 3,636
  Standard error (19) 57 27 19 14 14 13 13 61 62 65 67
Recipient families number 34,462 225 394 619 936 1,420 2,036 33,843 33,527 33,043 32,426
Percent of all families 59.0 19.1 18.4 18.2 19.3 20.8 22.8 61.5 62.6 64.0 65.5
Mean 5,275 918 806 748 833 846 922 5,358 5,399 5,465 5,548
  Standard error (19) 95 129 96 73 68 61 56 97 98 99 101

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
44,381 21 46 44 113 220 494 44,337 44,268 44,161 43,886
Percent of total income 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Mean 760 18 22 13 23 32 55 806 826 856 887
  Standard error (19) 30 33 25 17 12 10 9 32 32 34 35
Received positive amount number 4,497 32 46 60 91 147 234 4,436 4,405 4,349 4,263
Percent 7.7 2.7 2.2 1.8 1.9 2.2 2.6 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.6
Aggregate 49,099 67 126 149 219 337 626 48,950 48,880 48,762 48,473
Mean 10,919 2,065 2,722 2,481 2,400 2,287 2,680 11,034 11,096 11,211 11,371
  Standard error (19) 348 561 549 460 339 277 241 353 355 359 366
Received negative amount number 797 4 7 10 12 16 22 786 785 780 774
Percent 1.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6
Aggregate -4,718 -46 -80 -106 -107 -117 -132 -4,613 -4,612 -4,601 -4,587
Mean -5,923 -11,204 -11,267 -10,499 -8,978 -7,302 -5,958 -5,865 -5,877 -5,895 -5,922
  Standard error (19) 186 4,726 3,426 2,516 2,235 1,879 1,503 185 185 185 186

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
314,069 483 2,035 5,637 11,865 21,990 36,512 308,433 302,204 292,079 277,557
Percent of total income 5.9 9.7 11.3 13.5 15.7 17.0 18.5 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.4
Mean 5,375 410 953 1,654 2,441 3,229 4,080 5,606 5,641 5,659 5,609
  Standard error (19) 46 58 68 77 76 78 80 49 50 51 53
Recipient families number 14,933 80 265 597 1,052 1,687 2,472 14,336 13,881 13,246 12,461
Percent of all families 25.6 6.8 12.4 17.5 21.6 24.8 27.6 26.1 25.9 25.7 25.2
Mean amount 21,032 6,049 7,691 9,446 11,278 13,034 14,771 21,515 21,772 22,051 22,275
  Standard error (19) 98 459 233 202 156 140 130 100 102 106 111

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
230,218 148 444 925 1,449 2,414 3,813 229,294 228,769 227,805 226,406
Percent of total income 4.3 3.0 2.5 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.9 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Mean 3,940 126 208 271 298 354 426 4,167 4,271 4,413 4,576
  Standard error (19) 55 32 32 31 26 25 24 58 59 61 64
Recipient families number 9,929 25 67 140 210 354 558 9,789 9,719 9,575 9,371
Percent of all families 17.0 2.1 3.2 4.1 4.3 5.2 6.2 17.8 18.1 18.6 18.9
Mean amount 23,187 5,907 6,601 6,589 6,903 6,822 6,836 23,425 23,538 23,791 24,160
  Standard error (19) 236 760 510 454 384 311 267 239 240 242 246

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
17,065 549 1,294 2,358 3,622 4,938 5,849 14,707 13,443 12,127 11,216
Percent of total income 0.3 11.0 7.2 5.6 4.8 3.8 3.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Mean 292 466 606 692 745 725 654 267 251 235 227
  Standard error (19) 9 58 52 47 40 35 30 9 9 9 9
Recipient families number 1,970 110 231 373 530 688 798 1,596 1,440 1,282 1,172
Percent of all families 3.4 9.3 10.8 10.9 10.9 10.1 8.9 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.4
Mean amount 8,664 5,010 5,610 6,318 6,836 7,178 7,328 9,212 9,336 9,461 9,574
  Standard error (19) 180 366 282 254 233 224 216 213 229 247 262

Poverty Footnotes

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