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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar10.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with a female householder,
no husband present (10)
 
Total, families
14,857 2,020 3,209 4,441 5,533 6,572 7,578 10,416 9,323 8,285 7,278
People in families 45,315 6,690 10,584 14,746 18,292 21,546 24,552 30,569 27,023 23,769 20,763

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) 584,315 8,414 22,339 42,582 65,025 90,527 118,871 541,734 519,290 493,788 465,444
Mean 39,330 4,166 6,962 9,588 11,751 13,774 15,685 52,012 55,697 59,603 63,948
  Standard error (19) 357 92 102 111 108 113 119 451 489 534 588
With zero income 463 463 463 463 463 463 463 0 0 0 0
With negative income 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
430,953 3,324 10,060 21,863 35,739 52,973 71,724 409,091 395,214 377,980 359,229
Percent of total income 73.8 39.5 45.0 51.3 55.0 58.5 60.3 75.5 76.1 76.5 77.2
Mean 29,007 1,646 3,135 4,923 6,459 8,060 9,464 39,277 42,389 45,625 49,355
  Standard error (19) 338 73 92 110 110 117 123 442 481 529 585
Recipient families number 11,550 743 1,472 2,355 3,171 4,012 4,824 9,195 8,379 7,538 6,726
Percent of all families 77.7 36.8 45.9 53.0 57.3 61.0 63.7 88.3 89.9 91.0 92.4
Mean amount 37,312 4,477 6,832 9,282 11,270 13,205 14,867 44,492 47,169 50,141 53,413
  Standard error (19) 401 136 137 146 137 138 140 473 509 553 606

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
14,872 138 519 1,107 1,658 2,496 2,998 13,764 13,214 12,376 11,873
Percent of total income 2.5 1.6 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Mean 1,001 68 162 249 300 380 396 1,322 1,417 1,494 1,631
  Standard error (19) 59 20 26 30 28 31 30 83 93 103 116
Received positive amount number 781 51 104 164 218 280 326 618 563 502 455
Percent 5.3 2.5 3.2 3.7 3.9 4.3 4.3 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.3
Aggregate 15,013 181 562 1,154 1,705 2,561 3,099 13,859 13,308 12,453 11,914
Mean 19,213 3,547 5,431 7,058 7,820 9,150 9,501 22,431 23,621 24,827 26,170
  Standard error (19) 892 438 520 512 450 454 447 1,083 1,170 1,296 1,404
Received negative amount number 29 8 8 9 9 12 16 21 21 17 14
Percent 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Aggregate -142 -44 -44 -47 -47 -65 -100 -94 -94 -77 -41
Mean -4,854 -5,560 -5,560 -5,512 -5,512 -5,365 -6,425 -4,581 -4,581 -4,496 -3,047
  Standard error (19) 663 1,139 1,139 1,056 971 694 736 839 839 1,008 916

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
373 1 8 -30 8 9 47 403 365 364 326
Percent of total income 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mean 25 0 3 -7 1 1 6 39 39 44 45
  Standard error (19) 13 1 2 10 10 8 9 18 19 22 24
Received positive amount number 81 3 8 10 15 20 28 71 66 61 53
Percent 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Aggregate 420 1 8 12 50 51 89 408 370 369 331
Mean 5,177 280 1,033 1,177 3,333 2,554 3,191 5,750 5,593 6,034 6,223
  Standard error (19) 2,100 346 571 960 2,027 1,586 1,661 2,382 2,527 2,720 3,065
Received negative amount number 29 0 2 4 6 8 9 25 24 22 20
Percent 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -47 0 -0 -42 -42 -42 -42 -5 -5 -5 -5
Mean -1,596 (X) -1 -10,208 -7,126 -5,400 -4,493 -197 -212 -213 -229
  Standard error (19) 1,335 (X) 0 7,599 5,595 4,467 3,830 84 89 97 103

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
8,978 23 75 107 196 298 515 8,871 8,781 8,680 8,463
Percent of total income 1.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8
Mean 604 11 23 24 35 45 68 852 942 1,048 1,163
  Standard error (19) 36 3 6 5 5 7 9 52 58 65 73
Recipient families number 4,176 118 221 348 506 668 873 3,828 3,670 3,508 3,303
Percent of all families 28.1 5.9 6.9 7.8 9.2 10.2 11.5 36.8 39.4 42.3 45.4
Mean 2,150 195 340 308 387 446 590 2,317 2,393 2,474 2,562
  Standard error (19) 126 43 79 56 55 66 75 137 143 149 157

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
2,793 -14 2 -14 -8 -14 42 2,807 2,801 2,807 2,751
Percent of total income 0.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.0 -0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Mean 188 -7 1 -3 -1 -2 6 269 300 339 378
  Standard error (19) 23 9 6 6 4 4 4 33 36 41 46
Received positive amount number 398 14 20 26 35 46 71 373 363 353 327
Percent 2.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 3.6 3.9 4.3 4.5
Aggregate 3,051 11 27 31 43 60 117 3,020 3,008 2,991 2,934
Mean 7,662 758 1,333 1,224 1,241 1,322 1,649 8,104 8,278 8,480 8,964
  Standard error (19) 751 471 409 349 290 242 246 797 815 837 896
Received negative amount number 42 3 3 6 8 11 11 36 34 31 31
Percent 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Aggregate -258 -25 -25 -45 -51 -75 -75 -213 -207 -183 -183
Mean -6,201 -7,414 -7,414 -8,081 -6,797 -7,044 -7,044 -5,908 -6,069 -5,913 -5,913
  Standard error (19) 597 1,766 1,766 1,291 1,213 871 871 651 676 737 737

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
50,845 944 3,015 5,869 9,143 12,132 16,179 44,977 41,702 38,713 34,666
Percent of total income 8.7 11.2 13.5 13.8 14.1 13.4 13.6 8.3 8.0 7.8 7.4
Mean 3,422 468 940 1,321 1,652 1,846 2,135 4,318 4,473 4,673 4,763
  Standard error (19) 64 45 54 58 57 57 59 86 94 102 112
Recipient families number 3,558 156 406 686 942 1,167 1,449 2,872 2,617 2,391 2,109
Percent of all families 24.0 7.7 12.7 15.4 17.0 17.8 19.1 27.6 28.1 28.9 29.0
Mean amount 14,289 6,035 7,421 8,554 9,708 10,397 11,162 15,659 15,938 16,188 16,438
  Standard error (19) 157 268 181 164 152 152 147 181 195 210 232

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
17,909 69 323 560 917 1,296 1,948 17,349 16,992 16,613 15,961
Percent of total income 3.1 0.8 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.6 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.4
Mean 1,205 34 101 126 166 197 257 1,666 1,823 2,005 2,193
  Standard error (19) 53 11 18 17 17 17 19 75 84 94 106
Recipient families number 1,360 17 56 99 155 224 314 1,261 1,205 1,135 1,046
Percent of all families 9.2 0.8 1.7 2.2 2.8 3.4 4.1 12.1 12.9 13.7 14.4
Mean amount 13,170 4,063 5,782 5,682 5,923 5,775 6,211 13,755 14,101 14,632 15,256
  Standard error (19) 467 699 587 446 370 297 304 498 518 545 584

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
13,508 2,100 4,299 6,234 7,780 9,047 10,252 7,274 5,727 4,461 3,256
Percent of total income 2.3 25.0 19.2 14.6 12.0 10.0 8.6 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.7
Mean 909 1,040 1,340 1,404 1,406 1,376 1,353 698 614 538 447
  Standard error (19) 25 57 57 54 47 43 41 29 29 29 28
Recipient families number 2,184 532 895 1,179 1,376 1,544 1,694 1,005 809 640 490
Percent of all families 14.7 26.4 27.9 26.5 24.9 23.5 22.4 9.7 8.7 7.7 6.7
Mean amount 6,184 3,945 4,805 5,288 5,655 5,857 6,050 7,235 7,083 6,971 6,645
  Standard error (19) 116 140 134 140 129 126 124 197 220 250 287

Poverty Footnotes

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