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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar10.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with related
children under 18 (13)
 
Total, families
38,820 2,870 4,637 6,630 8,559 10,635 12,624 32,190 30,262 28,185 26,196
People in families 154,692 10,832 17,913 26,094 33,932 42,382 50,456 128,598 120,760 112,310 104,235

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 13,144 36,959 74,729 121,739 183,747 253,924 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 77,092 4,579 7,971 11,271 14,224 17,277 20,114 90,649 94,873 99,662 104,549
  Standard error (19) 463 90 99 106 103 110 115 525 549 579 611
With zero income 639 639 639 639 639 639 639 0 0 0 0
With negative income 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 6,413 20,435 45,894 79,851 126,526 181,808 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 86.8 48.8 55.3 61.4 65.6 68.9 71.6 87.4 87.7 88.0 88.2
Mean 66,899 2,234 4,407 6,922 9,330 11,897 14,402 79,252 83,181 87,653 92,197
  Standard error (19) 439 75 95 108 107 114 120 501 524 552 584
Recipient families number 34,954 1,198 2,434 4,021 5,675 7,529 9,366 30,933 29,279 27,426 25,588
Percent of all families 90.0 41.7 52.5 60.6 66.3 70.8 74.2 96.1 96.8 97.3 97.7
Mean amount 74,298 5,355 8,397 11,414 14,070 16,806 19,411 82,473 85,973 90,081 94,389
  Standard error (19) 470 124 124 126 117 120 124 512 534 560 591

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
128,935 425 2,318 4,410 6,837 10,507 13,504 124,525 122,098 118,429 115,432
Percent of total income 4.3 3.2 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.3 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2
Mean 3,321 148 500 665 799 988 1,070 3,868 4,035 4,202 4,406
  Standard error (19) 117 35 43 44 41 44 44 141 150 160 172
Received positive amount number 3,863 142 336 486 650 870 1,044 3,377 3,213 2,993 2,819
Percent 10.0 4.9 7.2 7.3 7.6 8.2 8.3 10.5 10.6 10.6 10.8
Aggregate 129,771 729 2,629 4,736 7,174 10,858 13,928 125,035 122,597 118,913 115,842
Mean 33,594 5,136 7,828 9,755 11,037 12,486 13,343 37,022 38,158 39,727 41,093
  Standard error (19) 1,053 350 337 351 328 332 342 1,192 1,248 1,334 1,410
Received negative amount number 164 42 46 49 52 56 65 115 112 108 99
Percent 0.4 1.5 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Aggregate -836 -304 -312 -326 -337 -351 -425 -510 -499 -484 -411
Mean -5,097 -7,193 -6,768 -6,672 -6,454 -6,299 -6,538 -4,429 -4,464 -4,478 -4,151
  Standard error (19) 279 558 564 540 484 471 424 315 323 330 334

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
7,729 -9 3 27 159 373 799 7,702 7,570 7,356 6,930
Percent of total income 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Mean 199 -3 1 4 19 35 63 239 250 261 265
  Standard error (19) 30 7 5 7 13 15 19 36 38 41 43
Received positive amount number 500 7 17 22 33 57 84 477 467 443 415
Percent 1.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Aggregate 7,983 11 25 56 195 421 847 7,927 7,788 7,562 7,137
Mean 15,977 1,538 1,482 2,511 5,882 7,422 10,038 16,609 16,694 17,073 17,183
  Standard error (19) 2,088 1,287 767 1,616 3,032 2,410 2,318 2,176 2,218 2,325 2,459
Received negative amount number 79 4 7 11 13 17 20 69 66 62 59
Percent 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Aggregate -254 -20 -22 -30 -36 -48 -48 -225 -218 -206 -206
Mean -3,209 -4,878 -3,169 -2,798 -2,720 -2,733 -2,341 -3,272 -3,306 -3,343 -3,510
  Standard error (19) 635 2,355 2,072 1,649 1,406 1,188 1,061 694 707 740 764

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
55,871 120 193 271 462 742 1,200 55,600 55,410 55,130 54,671
Percent of total income 1.9 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Mean 1,439 42 42 41 54 70 95 1,727 1,831 1,956 2,087
  Standard error (19) 47 10 7 6 6 7 8 56 60 64 69
Recipient families number 17,271 220 398 635 937 1,336 1,832 16,636 16,334 15,936 15,439
Percent of all families 44.5 7.7 8.6 9.6 11.0 12.6 14.5 51.7 54.0 56.5 58.9
Mean 3,235 545 484 427 493 555 655 3,342 3,392 3,460 3,541
  Standard error (19) 103 119 82 57 51 55 55 107 109 112 115

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
14,289 -11 10 19 72 131 286 14,270 14,217 14,158 14,003
Percent of total income 0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Mean 368 -4 2 3 8 12 23 443 470 502 535
  Standard error (19) 24 6 5 5 4 5 5 29 31 33 36
Received positive amount number 1,840 27 34 44 71 104 153 1,795 1,768 1,736 1,687
Percent 4.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.2 5.6 5.8 6.2 6.4
Aggregate 16,554 15 45 73 132 225 392 16,481 16,422 16,329 16,162
Mean 8,999 574 1,300 1,650 1,860 2,162 2,569 9,179 9,286 9,409 9,580
  Standard error (19) 458 311 474 436 342 335 312 468 475 483 496
Received negative amount number 388 5 7 9 12 18 20 379 376 370 368
Percent 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4
Aggregate -2,265 -26 -34 -54 -60 -94 -106 -2,211 -2,205 -2,171 -2,159
Mean -5,838 -5,236 -5,127 -5,967 -4,859 -5,251 -5,233 -5,835 -5,870 -5,867 -5,871
  Standard error (19) 241 1,910 1,434 1,355 1,075 888 873 245 246 249 250

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
49,306 1,094 3,112 6,214 9,666 12,973 16,047 43,092 39,640 36,333 33,260
Percent of total income 1.6 8.3 8.4 8.3 7.9 7.1 6.3 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2
Mean 1,270 381 671 937 1,129 1,220 1,271 1,339 1,310 1,289 1,270
  Standard error (19) 26 35 40 44 41 40 39 31 32 33 34
Recipient families number 3,362 167 394 667 924 1,166 1,375 2,695 2,439 2,196 1,988
Percent of all families 8.7 5.8 8.5 10.1 10.8 11.0 10.9 8.4 8.1 7.8 7.6
Mean amount 14,664 6,530 7,898 9,318 10,463 11,127 11,671 15,987 16,256 16,542 16,734
  Standard error (19) 179 263 202 206 189 188 186 210 227 245 263

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
29,190 80 420 735 1,239 1,952 2,831 28,455 27,951 27,238 26,359
Percent of total income 1.0 0.6 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Mean 752 28 91 111 145 184 224 884 924 966 1,006
  Standard error (19) 28 8 15 15 14 14 15 33 35 38 40
Recipient families number 1,693 20 63 109 169 262 355 1,584 1,524 1,432 1,338
Percent of all families 4.4 0.7 1.4 1.6 2.0 2.5 2.8 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.1
Mean amount 17,238 4,060 6,696 6,723 7,319 7,466 7,972 17,964 18,340 19,023 19,697
  Standard error (19) 475 698 594 525 431 358 345 501 518 544 575

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
17,401 2,644 4,980 7,318 8,898 10,398 11,858 10,083 8,503 7,003 5,543
Percent of total income 0.6 20.1 13.5 9.8 7.3 5.7 4.7 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Mean 448 921 1,074 1,104 1,040 978 939 313 281 248 212
  Standard error (19) 12 47 44 40 33 30 28 12 12 12 12
Recipient families number 2,682 653 1,045 1,380 1,613 1,815 1,982 1,302 1,069 867 699
Percent of all families 6.9 22.8 22.5 20.8 18.8 17.1 15.7 4.0 3.5 3.1 2.7
Mean amount 6,489 4,048 4,767 5,303 5,517 5,729 5,982 7,747 7,955 8,081 7,926
  Standard error (19) 122 134 128 133 124 122 122 210 237 271 309

Poverty Footnotes

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