U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar10.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Married couple families with
related children under 18 (13)
 
Total, families
26,119 705 1,353 2,161 3,063 4,157 5,303 23,959 23,056 21,963 20,816
People in families 112,733 3,502 6,770 10,799 15,084 20,280 25,615 101,935 97,649 92,453 87,118

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 4,243 14,443 32,058 56,815 93,322 137,780 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 96,534 6,021 10,676 14,837 18,547 22,451 25,980 103,901 106,895 110,554 114,509
  Standard error (19) 620 217 203 195 177 178 178 655 672 696 724
With zero income 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 0 0 0 0
With negative income 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 2,708 9,651 22,548 41,466 69,586 105,240 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 88.3 63.8 66.8 70.3 73.0 74.6 76.4 88.5 88.7 88.8 89.0
Mean 85,242 3,842 7,134 10,435 13,536 16,741 19,844 91,988 94,769 98,206 101,903
  Standard error (19) 588 196 211 213 195 198 198 622 639 662 688
Recipient families number 24,928 386 894 1,591 2,408 3,401 4,472 23,337 22,520 21,527 20,456
Percent of all families 95.4 54.7 66.1 73.6 78.6 81.8 84.3 97.4 97.7 98.0 98.3
Mean amount 89,316 7,024 10,791 14,174 17,219 20,459 23,533 94,438 97,025 100,195 103,697
  Standard error (19) 604 238 217 205 185 187 187 630 646 668 693

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
113,445 343 1,629 2,993 4,586 7,171 9,538 110,452 108,859 106,274 103,907
Percent of total income 4.5 8.1 11.3 9.3 8.1 7.7 6.9 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Mean 4,343 487 1,204 1,385 1,497 1,725 1,799 4,610 4,722 4,839 4,992
  Standard error (19) 170 120 123 113 95 94 90 185 192 202 212
Received positive amount number 3,110 79 196 287 388 544 670 2,823 2,722 2,566 2,440
Percent 11.9 11.2 14.5 13.3 12.7 13.1 12.6 11.8 11.8 11.7 11.7
Aggregate 114,068 513 1,806 3,173 4,769 7,368 9,772 110,894 109,299 106,700 104,295
Mean 36,678 6,487 9,213 11,053 12,287 13,549 14,589 39,284 40,156 41,579 42,742
  Standard error (19) 1,282 465 444 477 441 443 457 1,402 1,450 1,532 1,606
Received negative amount number 131 24 28 29 30 34 39 103 101 98 92
Percent 0.5 3.4 2.1 1.3 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Aggregate -623 -170 -177 -180 -183 -197 -234 -442 -440 -426 -388
Mean -4,738 -7,010 -6,336 -6,264 -6,006 -5,803 -5,934 -4,310 -4,356 -4,368 -4,225
  Standard error (19) 308 794 777 766 696 656 577 328 331 338 349

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
7,407 -13 -11 17 150 320 707 7,390 7,257 7,087 6,700
Percent of total income 0.3 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Mean 284 -19 -8 8 49 77 133 308 315 323 322
  Standard error (19) 44 27 15 20 37 37 43 48 50 52 54
Received positive amount number 436 2 7 11 19 37 56 425 416 399 380
Percent 1.7 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Aggregate 7,646 3 7 38 176 358 745 7,608 7,469 7,287 6,900
Mean 17,549 1,469 1,005 3,508 9,165 9,692 13,376 17,904 17,937 18,277 18,161
  Standard error (19) 2,356 3,262 1,293 3,175 4,934 3,467 3,221 2,409 2,451 2,548 2,657
Received negative amount number 57 3 4 7 8 10 11 50 49 47 45
Percent 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Aggregate -239 -16 -18 -21 -27 -39 -39 -218 -212 -200 -200
Mean -4,219 -5,700 -4,981 -3,061 -3,553 -3,867 -3,407 -4,377 -4,322 -4,294 -4,422
  Standard error (19) 787 3,102 3,113 2,098 1,958 1,647 1,543 850 855 887 900

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
51,115 98 147 202 314 482 821 50,913 50,801 50,633 50,294
Percent of total income 2.0 2.3 1.0 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Mean 1,957 139 108 94 103 116 155 2,125 2,203 2,305 2,416
  Standard error (19) 68 38 23 16 14 15 17 74 77 80 85
Recipient families number 14,088 100 190 314 482 724 1,060 13,774 13,606 13,364 13,028
Percent of all families 53.9 14.2 14.0 14.5 15.7 17.4 20.0 57.5 59.0 60.8 62.6
Mean 3,628 975 772 643 651 665 774 3,696 3,734 3,789 3,860
  Standard error (19) 124 247 157 105 83 81 82 127 128 131 134

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
12,126 3 11 19 64 135 277 12,106 12,062 11,991 11,849
Percent of total income 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Mean 464 4 8 9 21 32 52 505 523 546 569
  Standard error (19) 33 7 12 8 8 9 11 36 37 39 41
Received positive amount number 1,598 12 16 21 40 65 103 1,577 1,559 1,533 1,496
Percent 6.1 1.7 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.9 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.2
Aggregate 14,129 5 21 30 74 156 309 14,099 14,054 13,973 13,820
Mean 8,840 374 1,265 1,428 1,877 2,384 3,009 8,938 9,018 9,116 9,240
  Standard error (19) 485 394 843 691 520 484 430 490 496 504 515
Received negative amount number 338 2 3 4 4 6 9 334 334 332 330
Percent 1.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6
Aggregate -2,003 -2 -10 -10 -10 -21 -32 -1,993 -1,993 -1,982 -1,971
Mean -5,924 -999 -2,885 -2,668 -2,668 -3,293 -3,763 -5,961 -5,961 -5,974 -5,980
  Standard error (19) 266 0 1,152 1,084 998 1,345 1,352 268 268 269 270

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
27,547 160 622 1,656 2,996 4,657 6,385 25,891 24,551 22,890 21,161
Percent of total income 1.1 3.8 4.3 5.2 5.3 5.0 4.6 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9
Mean 1,055 227 460 766 978 1,120 1,204 1,081 1,065 1,042 1,017
  Standard error (19) 31 61 67 79 71 67 64 33 34 35 36
Recipient families number 1,697 25 71 150 250 364 470 1,547 1,448 1,334 1,228
Percent of all families 6.5 3.5 5.3 6.9 8.2 8.7 8.9 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.9
Mean amount 16,228 6,397 8,734 11,032 11,989 12,809 13,598 16,732 16,960 17,160 17,234
  Standard error (19) 278 992 612 583 440 399 376 297 312 332 352

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
20,971 30 137 281 485 936 1,362 20,690 20,486 20,035 19,610
Percent of total income 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mean 803 42 101 130 158 225 257 864 889 912 942
  Standard error (19) 36 21 31 31 26 28 26 39 41 42 45
Recipient families number 1,106 6 18 34 58 106 158 1,072 1,048 1,000 948
Percent of all families 4.2 0.9 1.3 1.6 1.9 2.6 3.0 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.6
Mean amount 18,959 4,723 7,615 8,194 8,369 8,808 8,619 19,304 19,544 20,038 20,682
  Standard error (19) 628 1,001 1,201 1,184 840 647 538 645 656 682 711

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
7,254 495 1,018 1,584 2,290 2,862 3,495 5,670 4,964 4,392 3,759
Percent of total income 0.3 11.7 7.0 4.9 4.0 3.1 2.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mean 278 703 752 733 747 688 659 237 215 200 181
  Standard error (19) 13 93 72 61 52 44 39 13 12 12 12
Recipient families number 928 94 184 259 349 423 498 669 579 504 430
Percent of all families 3.6 13.3 13.6 12.0 11.4 10.2 9.4 2.8 2.5 2.3 2.1
Mean amount 7,819 5,295 5,524 6,115 6,567 6,761 7,021 8,478 8,572 8,706 8,742
  Standard error (19) 243 405 324 314 310 293 286 315 338 369 402

Poverty Footnotes

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