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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar10.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with a male householder, no wife
present with related children under 18 (13)
 
Total, families
2,829 324 483 670 862 1,082 1,271 2,159 1,966 1,747 1,558
People in families 9,096 1,085 1,582 2,182 2,831 3,529 4,129 6,914 6,265 5,567 4,967

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) 134,420 1,065 2,901 5,955 10,108 15,730 21,478 128,465 124,312 118,690 112,943
Mean 47,518 3,290 6,009 8,893 11,720 14,540 16,898 59,498 63,220 67,941 72,502
  Standard error (19) 1,131 275 288 303 303 313 325 1,376 1,482 1,631 1,791
With zero income 113 113 113 113 113 113 113 0 0 0 0
With negative income 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
112,100 616 1,488 3,429 6,148 10,153 14,753 108,671 105,952 101,947 97,348
Percent of total income 83.4 57.9 51.3 57.6 60.8 64.5 68.7 84.6 85.2 85.9 86.2
Mean 39,628 1,904 3,082 5,121 7,128 9,384 11,607 50,330 53,883 58,357 62,491
  Standard error (19) 1,105 196 240 286 294 315 337 1,361 1,467 1,615 1,778
Recipient families number 2,342 129 211 353 505 689 858 1,989 1,837 1,653 1,485
Percent of all families 82.8 40.0 43.7 52.7 58.6 63.7 67.5 92.1 93.4 94.6 95.3
Mean amount 47,859 4,758 7,048 9,720 12,170 14,735 17,199 54,623 57,673 61,663 65,574
  Standard error (19) 1,266 331 368 371 353 352 363 1,434 1,530 1,668 1,827

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
6,506 -36 258 487 805 1,266 1,512 6,019 5,700 5,239 4,993
Percent of total income 4.8 -3.4 8.9 8.2 8.0 8.1 7.0 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.4
Mean 2,300 -111 534 727 934 1,171 1,190 2,788 2,899 2,999 3,205
  Standard error (19) 224 118 147 144 147 153 144 289 314 348 387
Received positive amount number 251 19 53 69 86 109 124 182 165 142 127
Percent 8.9 5.8 11.0 10.4 10.0 10.1 9.8 8.4 8.4 8.1 8.2
Aggregate 6,615 55 349 585 912 1,373 1,619 6,031 5,704 5,242 4,996
Mean 26,333 2,927 6,584 8,420 10,598 12,570 13,061 33,177 34,531 36,921 39,261
  Standard error (19) 1,915 807 684 716 886 906 885 2,442 2,650 3,014 3,279
Received negative amount number 15 10 10 11 13 13 13 4 2 2 2
Percent 0.5 3.2 2.1 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aggregate -110 -91 -91 -98 -107 -107 -107 -12 -3 -3 -3
Mean -7,282 -8,878 -8,878 -8,566 -8,104 -8,104 -8,104 -3,242 -1,690 -1,690 -1,690
  Standard error (19) 815 648 648 649 620 620 620 1,292 1,766 1,766 1,766

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
184 3 7 2 2 45 45 182 182 139 139
Percent of total income 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mean 65 11 14 2 2 41 35 84 93 80 89
  Standard error (19) 43 30 26 25 18 37 32 56 62 66 74
Received positive amount number 22 2 2 4 4 6 9 19 19 16 13
Percent 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Aggregate 196 7 10 10 10 53 54 185 185 142 142
Mean 8,768 3,558 4,272 2,824 2,824 8,256 6,029 9,934 9,934 8,977 10,582
  Standard error (19) 4,794 1,499 2,049 2,118 1,948 3,912 3,328 5,642 5,642 6,555 7,575
Received negative amount number 4 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Percent 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aggregate -12 -4 -4 -9 -9 -9 -9 -3 -3 -3 -3
Mean -3,277 -3,000 -3,000 -4,993 -4,993 -4,993 -4,993 -1,730 -1,730 -1,730 -1,730
  Standard error (19) 2,396 0 0 3,677 3,383 3,383 3,383 2,498 2,498 2,498 2,498

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
1,266 6 6 18 49 82 107 1,248 1,217 1,185 1,159
Percent of total income 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Mean 448 17 12 27 56 75 84 578 619 678 744
  Standard error (19) 56 9 6 8 18 19 18 73 80 90 100
Recipient families number 873 20 29 53 90 140 180 820 782 732 693
Percent of all families 30.8 6.3 6.1 7.9 10.5 13.0 14.2 38.0 39.8 41.9 44.5
Mean 1,451 273 201 344 539 581 596 1,522 1,556 1,618 1,673
  Standard error (19) 177 125 90 94 159 135 119 188 197 209 221

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
1,037 0 4 19 22 24 30 1,018 1,015 1,012 1,006
Percent of total income 0.8 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Mean 367 0 8 28 25 23 24 471 516 580 646
  Standard error (19) 99 0 10 19 14 12 11 130 143 161 180
Received positive amount number 69 0 1 3 5 8 9 66 64 62 60
Percent 2.5 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.9
Aggregate 1,136 0 4 19 22 25 31 1,117 1,114 1,111 1,105
Mean 16,388 1 3,726 5,538 4,401 3,213 3,423 16,950 17,325 18,039 18,321
  Standard error (19) 3,513 0 2,345 1,448 1,178 1,192 1,086 3,680 3,760 3,897 3,970
Received negative amount number 24 0 0 0 1 1 1 24 22 22 22
Percent 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.4
Aggregate -99 0 0 0 -0 -0 -0 -99 -99 -99 -99
Mean -4,186 (X) (X) (X) -300 -300 -300 -4,186 -4,436 -4,436 -4,436
  Standard error (19) 623 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 623 625 625 625

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
4,109 127 361 711 1,070 1,401 1,641 3,398 3,039 2,708 2,467
Percent of total income 3.1 12.0 12.4 11.9 10.6 8.9 7.6 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2
Mean 1,452 394 748 1,062 1,240 1,295 1,291 1,574 1,546 1,550 1,584
  Standard error (19) 96 118 135 143 135 125 117 119 125 135 146
Recipient families number 306 15 39 70 96 122 142 236 210 184 165
Percent of all families 10.8 4.6 8.0 10.5 11.2 11.3 11.1 10.9 10.7 10.6 10.6
Mean amount 13,412 8,536 9,351 10,145 11,090 11,478 11,596 14,381 14,479 14,692 14,972
  Standard error (19) 487 890 491 473 517 475 462 604 657 731 794

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
2,583 4 26 38 155 194 368 2,545 2,427 2,389 2,214
Percent of total income 1.9 0.4 0.9 0.6 1.5 1.2 1.7 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Mean 913 12 53 56 180 179 290 1,179 1,234 1,368 1,421
  Standard error (19) 113 11 32 25 55 48 60 148 161 180 199
Recipient families number 149 2 5 9 19 25 40 141 130 124 110
Percent of all families 5.3 0.5 1.0 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 6.5 6.6 7.1 7.0
Mean amount 17,301 2,348 5,490 4,371 8,160 7,751 9,272 18,093 18,638 19,219 20,214
  Standard error (19) 1,619 545 1,654 1,070 1,598 1,334 1,195 1,694 1,811 1,877 2,092

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
1,089 145 305 440 478 626 727 649 610 463 362
Percent of total income 0.8 13.7 10.5 7.4 4.7 4.0 3.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3
Mean 385 449 632 657 555 579 572 301 310 265 232
  Standard error (19) 41 100 107 97 72 71 68 46 49 49 49
Recipient families number 228 58 89 119 134 151 164 109 94 77 64
Percent of all families 8.0 18.0 18.4 17.7 15.5 14.0 12.9 5.0 4.8 4.4 4.1
Mean amount 4,782 2,502 3,429 3,705 3,579 4,147 4,439 5,954 6,491 6,030 5,660
  Standard error (19) 399 449 449 423 358 398 409 700 788 871 953

Poverty Footnotes

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