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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar10.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with a female householder, no husband
present with related children under 18 (13)
 
Total, families
9,872 1,842 2,801 3,800 4,633 5,397 6,050 6,072 5,239 4,476 3,823
People in families 32,862 6,245 9,561 13,113 16,016 18,572 20,712 19,749 16,846 14,290 12,150

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) 336,926 7,836 19,615 36,716 54,816 74,694 94,667 300,211 282,110 262,232 242,260
Mean 34,129 4,255 7,003 9,663 11,832 13,841 15,648 49,438 53,845 58,592 63,376
  Standard error (19) 423 98 112 125 124 131 140 602 676 767 872
With zero income 417 417 417 417 417 417 417 0 0 0 0
With negative income 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
258,490 3,089 9,296 19,917 32,236 46,788 61,816 238,573 226,254 211,702 196,674
Percent of total income 76.7 39.4 47.4 54.2 58.8 62.6 65.3 79.5 80.2 80.7 81.2
Mean 26,184 1,677 3,319 5,242 6,958 8,670 10,218 39,288 43,184 47,302 51,451
  Standard error (19) 405 78 101 122 124 133 141 592 667 761 869
Recipient families number 7,684 683 1,328 2,077 2,762 3,438 4,036 5,607 4,922 4,246 3,648
Percent of all families 77.8 37.1 47.4 54.7 59.6 63.7 66.7 92.3 93.9 94.9 95.4
Mean amount 33,640 4,526 6,999 9,587 11,671 13,607 15,315 42,552 45,968 49,865 53,919
  Standard error (19) 486 144 146 158 149 151 157 620 691 782 889

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
8,985 117 431 931 1,446 2,069 2,453 8,054 7,538 6,916 6,532
Percent of total income 2.7 1.5 2.2 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.7
Mean 910 64 154 245 312 383 405 1,326 1,439 1,545 1,709
  Standard error (19) 66 22 28 33 32 34 35 105 120 139 160
Received positive amount number 502 44 87 129 176 217 250 373 326 285 252
Percent 5.1 2.4 3.1 3.4 3.8 4.0 4.1 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.6
Aggregate 9,088 161 474 978 1,493 2,117 2,537 8,110 7,594 6,971 6,551
Mean 18,115 3,651 5,461 7,584 8,493 9,773 10,146 21,760 23,307 24,454 26,033
  Standard error (19) 1,010 491 602 614 524 532 534 1,291 1,446 1,629 1,803
Received negative amount number 17 8 8 9 9 9 12 9 9 9 5
Percent 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
Aggregate -103 -44 -44 -47 -47 -48 -84 -56 -56 -55 -19
Mean -5,909 -5,560 -5,560 -5,512 -5,512 -5,501 -6,805 -6,289 -6,289 -6,317 -3,761
  Standard error (19) 804 1,139 1,139 1,056 971 951 901 1,258 1,258 1,283 1,211

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
139 1 8 8 8 9 47 130 130 129 91
Percent of total income 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean 14 0 3 2 2 2 8 21 25 29 24
  Standard error (19) 8 1 2 2 1 1 6 13 15 18 19
Received positive amount number 42 3 8 8 10 13 20 34 31 28 22
Percent 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Aggregate 142 1 8 8 8 10 48 134 134 132 94
Mean 3,404 280 1,033 1,033 808 719 2,422 3,968 4,250 4,665 4,287
  Standard error (19) 1,799 346 571 571 452 469 1,816 2,201 2,341 2,566 2,975
Received negative amount number 19 0 2 2 4 6 7 17 15 13 12
Percent 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -3 0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -3 -3 -3 -3
Mean -175 (X) -1 -1 -1 -69 -56 -196 -218 -221 -250
  Standard error (19) 93 (X) 0 0 (X) 56 45 102 111 128 141

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
3,490 17 40 51 99 178 272 3,440 3,391 3,312 3,218
Percent of total income 1.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3
Mean 354 9 14 13 21 33 45 566 647 740 842
  Standard error (19) 31 2 4 3 5 8 8 51 58 68 79
Recipient families number 2,310 99 179 268 364 471 592 2,043 1,946 1,839 1,718
Percent of all families 23.4 5.4 6.4 7.0 7.9 8.7 9.8 33.6 37.1 41.1 44.9
Mean 1,511 167 225 189 271 379 459 1,684 1,743 1,801 1,873
  Standard error (19) 131 42 63 46 58 85 81 147 154 162 173

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
1,126 -14 -4 -20 -14 -29 -20 1,146 1,140 1,155 1,147
Percent of total income 0.3 -0.2 -0.0 -0.1 -0.0 -0.0 -0.0 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Mean 114 -7 -2 -5 -3 -5 -3 189 218 258 300
  Standard error (19) 24 10 7 6 5 5 5 39 46 53 62
Received positive amount number 172 14 17 20 27 31 41 152 146 141 131
Percent 1.7 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 2.5 2.8 3.2 3.4
Aggregate 1,289 11 20 24 36 45 53 1,265 1,253 1,245 1,237
Mean 7,491 758 1,180 1,217 1,352 1,435 1,283 8,317 8,609 8,824 9,437
  Standard error (19) 1,248 471 468 422 356 328 275 1,396 1,453 1,496 1,597
Received negative amount number 26 3 3 5 7 10 10 21 19 16 16
Percent 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Aggregate -163 -25 -25 -44 -50 -73 -73 -119 -113 -90 -90
Mean -6,231 -7,414 -7,414 -8,367 -6,941 -7,154 -7,154 -5,694 -5,963 -5,638 -5,638
  Standard error (19) 719 1,766 1,766 1,270 1,250 883 883 807 862 1,007 1,007

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
17,651 806 2,129 3,848 5,601 6,916 8,020 13,804 12,050 10,735 9,631
Percent of total income 5.2 10.3 10.9 10.5 10.2 9.3 8.5 4.6 4.3 4.1 4.0
Mean 1,788 438 760 1,013 1,209 1,282 1,326 2,273 2,300 2,399 2,520
  Standard error (19) 57 45 53 56 55 54 54 86 95 106 119
Recipient families number 1,359 128 284 447 578 680 764 912 781 678 595
Percent of all families 13.8 6.9 10.1 11.8 12.5 12.6 12.6 15.0 14.9 15.2 15.6
Mean amount 12,992 6,322 7,491 8,612 9,698 10,164 10,500 15,138 15,428 15,829 16,192
  Standard error (19) 242 255 219 214 212 217 217 324 367 405 444

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
5,637 46 258 416 599 823 1,101 5,220 5,037 4,814 4,536
Percent of total income 1.7 0.6 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9
Mean 571 25 92 110 129 153 182 860 961 1,076 1,187
  Standard error (19) 41 10 19 18 17 16 19 66 76 88 102
Recipient families number 438 12 40 66 92 130 157 372 346 308 281
Percent of all families 4.4 0.6 1.4 1.7 2.0 2.4 2.6 6.1 6.6 6.9 7.3
Mean amount 12,870 3,950 6,425 6,268 6,486 6,317 6,995 14,051 14,576 15,645 16,165
  Standard error (19) 699 1,003 720 562 472 388 460 803 852 935 1,005

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
9,059 2,003 3,658 5,295 6,130 6,910 7,636 3,764 2,928 2,148 1,422
Percent of total income 2.7 25.6 18.6 14.4 11.2 9.3 8.1 1.3 1.0 0.8 0.6
Mean 918 1,088 1,306 1,393 1,323 1,280 1,262 620 559 480 372
  Standard error (19) 31 61 60 58 49 45 44 37 38 40 39
Recipient families number 1,526 501 772 1,002 1,130 1,241 1,321 524 396 285 205
Percent of all families 15.5 27.2 27.5 26.4 24.4 23.0 21.8 8.6 7.6 6.4 5.4
Mean amount 5,936 3,994 4,740 5,282 5,423 5,569 5,782 7,187 7,401 7,528 6,922
  Standard error (19) 140 144 144 154 139 137 138 296 353 437 536

Poverty Footnotes

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