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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar10.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with a householder
under age 65 (10)
 
Total, families
65,461 3,389 5,586 8,035 10,407 13,137 15,879 57,426 55,054 52,325 49,583
People in families 217,786 11,954 19,944 29,147 37,954 47,882 57,646 188,640 179,832 169,904 160,140

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 14,135 41,789 85,478 139,918 215,111 303,365 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 82,181 4,171 7,481 10,638 13,444 16,375 19,105 92,192 95,175 98,703 102,381
  Standard error (19) 353 83 88 93 90 94 97 384 395 409 425
With zero income 805 805 805 805 805 805 805 0 0 0 0
With negative income 69 69 69 69 69 69 69 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 7,052 22,409 50,690 88,376 142,616 208,677 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 84.5 49.9 53.6 59.3 63.2 66.3 68.8 84.9 85.1 85.3 85.4
Mean 69,439 2,081 4,012 6,309 8,492 10,856 13,142 78,272 80,960 84,146 87,467
  Standard error (19) 334 67 83 94 94 99 104 365 377 391 407
Recipient families number 58,830 1,342 2,768 4,639 6,577 8,869 11,271 54,191 52,253 49,961 47,559
Percent of all families 89.9 39.6 49.5 57.7 63.2 67.5 71.0 94.4 94.9 95.5 95.9
Mean amount 77,265 5,256 8,097 10,926 13,437 16,080 18,514 82,945 85,300 88,127 91,189
  Standard error (19) 357 114 114 115 107 108 110 377 387 400 415

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
237,966 363 2,560 5,102 7,806 12,292 16,138 232,864 230,160 225,674 221,828
Percent of total income 4.4 2.6 6.1 6.0 5.6 5.7 5.3 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Mean 3,635 107 458 635 750 936 1,016 4,055 4,181 4,313 4,474
  Standard error (19) 93 33 39 39 36 38 38 106 110 116 122
Received positive amount number 6,856 170 413 612 806 1,093 1,319 6,244 6,050 5,763 5,537
Percent 10.5 5.0 7.4 7.6 7.7 8.3 8.3 10.9 11.0 11.0 11.2
Aggregate 239,861 827 3,053 5,627 8,373 12,927 16,865 234,234 231,487 226,934 222,996
Mean 34,984 4,863 7,386 9,189 10,388 11,828 12,783 37,513 38,261 39,375 40,273
  Standard error (19) 785 309 296 300 282 284 290 855 880 921 955
Received negative amount number 349 64 69 75 82 94 107 274 267 254 242
Percent 0.5 1.9 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Aggregate -1,895 -464 -494 -525 -567 -635 -727 -1,370 -1,328 -1,260 -1,168
Mean -5,436 -7,258 -7,156 -7,020 -6,939 -6,749 -6,802 -5,003 -4,975 -4,950 -4,832
  Standard error (19) 223 453 494 474 412 382 355 251 256 264 271

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
18,859 -204 -191 -200 -59 166 586 19,059 18,918 18,693 18,273
Percent of total income 0.4 -1.4 -0.5 -0.2 -0.0 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mean 288 -60 -34 -25 -6 13 37 332 344 357 369
  Standard error (19) 39 24 15 14 14 15 16 44 46 48 51
Received positive amount number 992 9 21 30 46 79 111 963 946 914 882
Percent 1.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Aggregate 19,771 17 36 98 248 548 974 19,673 19,523 19,223 18,797
Mean 19,924 1,886 1,735 3,319 5,407 6,971 8,793 20,434 20,629 21,040 21,323
  Standard error (19) 2,402 1,127 694 1,493 2,253 1,828 1,838 2,471 2,511 2,597 2,686
Received negative amount number 188 24 27 35 38 49 53 154 151 139 135
Percent 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -912 -221 -227 -298 -307 -382 -388 -614 -605 -529 -524
Mean -4,845 -9,362 -8,467 -8,586 -8,175 -7,742 -7,286 -4,000 -4,014 -3,814 -3,883
  Standard error (19) 516 1,704 1,713 1,638 1,458 1,201 1,170 483 487 498 506

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
129,398 188 305 444 790 1,178 1,790 128,955 128,609 128,220 127,609
Percent of total income 2.4 1.3 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5
Mean 1,977 55 55 55 76 90 113 2,246 2,336 2,450 2,574
  Standard error (19) 42 9 7 6 7 7 8 47 49 52 55
Recipient families number 32,565 328 574 886 1,288 1,837 2,469 31,678 31,277 30,728 30,096
Percent of all families 49.7 9.7 10.3 11.0 12.4 14.0 15.6 55.2 56.8 58.7 60.7
Mean 3,974 573 532 500 613 642 725 4,071 4,112 4,173 4,240
  Standard error (19) 82 85 65 51 53 49 49 85 86 87 89

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
33,044 20 92 84 141 221 443 32,960 32,903 32,824 32,602
Percent of total income 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Mean 505 6 17 11 14 17 28 574 598 627 658
  Standard error (19) 22 12 10 8 6 5 5 25 27 28 29
Received positive amount number 3,867 47 67 83 115 168 240 3,784 3,752 3,699 3,627
Percent 5.9 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.5 6.6 6.8 7.1 7.3
Aggregate 37,491 80 187 226 288 392 629 37,265 37,203 37,098 36,862
Mean 9,695 1,705 2,775 2,726 2,509 2,332 2,617 9,848 9,915 10,030 10,164
  Standard error (19) 340 420 447 395 303 260 235 347 350 355 361
Received negative amount number 754 7 10 15 19 24 30 739 735 730 724
Percent 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Aggregate -4,446 -61 -94 -141 -147 -172 -186 -4,305 -4,299 -4,275 -4,260
Mean -5,897 -8,766 -9,539 -9,296 -7,955 -7,031 -6,110 -5,827 -5,845 -5,859 -5,888
  Standard error (19) 182 2,784 2,474 1,681 1,447 1,226 1,083 182 183 184 184

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
114,159 1,223 4,087 8,347 13,366 18,622 25,276 105,812 100,793 95,537 88,883
Percent of total income 2.1 8.7 9.8 9.8 9.6 8.7 8.3 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Mean 1,744 361 732 1,039 1,284 1,418 1,592 1,843 1,831 1,826 1,793
  Standard error (19) 23 31 37 40 39 37 38 26 27 27 28
Recipient families number 7,677 194 527 934 1,310 1,711 2,144 6,743 6,367 5,966 5,533
Percent of all families 11.7 5.7 9.4 11.6 12.6 13.0 13.5 11.7 11.6 11.4 11.2
Mean amount 14,870 6,296 7,749 8,940 10,205 10,884 11,789 15,691 15,830 16,013 16,064
  Standard error (19) 111 239 154 151 143 137 136 121 127 133 141

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
121,217 154 647 1,204 1,997 3,049 4,544 120,013 119,220 118,168 116,673
Percent of total income 2.3 1.1 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Mean 1,852 45 116 150 192 232 286 2,090 2,165 2,258 2,353
  Standard error (19) 37 10 15 15 15 15 16 42 43 45 48
Recipient families number 5,401 33 101 183 276 409 575 5,218 5,126 4,993 4,826
Percent of all families 8.3 1.0 1.8 2.3 2.7 3.1 3.6 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7
Mean amount 22,442 4,740 6,400 6,570 7,242 7,462 7,900 22,999 23,260 23,668 24,175
  Standard error (19) 327 536 431 392 339 293 272 335 340 347 356

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
27,558 2,746 5,705 8,689 11,124 13,367 15,229 18,868 16,433 14,191 12,329
Percent of total income 0.5 19.4 13.7 10.2 8.0 6.2 5.0 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2
Mean 421 810 1,021 1,081 1,069 1,017 959 329 298 271 249
  Standard error (19) 9 40 39 36 31 28 25 9 9 9 9
Recipient families number 3,855 692 1,160 1,580 1,896 2,187 2,406 2,274 1,959 1,668 1,449
Percent of all families 5.9 20.4 20.8 19.7 18.2 16.6 15.1 4.0 3.6 3.2 2.9
Mean amount 7,149 3,966 4,919 5,499 5,867 6,113 6,331 8,296 8,390 8,508 8,507
  Standard error (19) 107 129 122 123 115 112 111 159 174 194 211

Poverty Footnotes

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