U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar10.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with a householder
under age 65 (10)
 
Total, families
13,405 236 430 757 1,213 1,802 2,555 12,649 12,193 11,603 10,850
People in families 31,597 605 1,145 2,051 3,190 4,688 6,488 29,546 28,407 26,910 25,110

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) 814,307 644 2,599 7,126 14,725 26,883 44,518 807,181 799,582 787,424 769,789
Mean 60,745 2,733 6,049 9,420 12,144 14,917 17,421 63,815 65,578 67,863 70,949
  Standard error (19) 541 268 276 251 195 183 165 560 575 596 626
With zero income 87 87 87 87 87 87 87 0 0 0 0
With negative income 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
270,865 138 429 1,255 2,166 3,948 6,182 269,610 268,699 266,917 264,683
Percent of total income 33.3 21.4 16.5 17.6 14.7 14.7 13.9 33.4 33.6 33.9 34.4
Mean 20,206 586 997 1,659 1,786 2,191 2,419 21,315 22,038 23,004 24,395
  Standard error (19) 429 129 154 169 140 141 129 452 468 489 520
Recipient families number 5,602 28 65 157 239 366 522 5,445 5,364 5,236 5,080
Percent of all families 41.8 12.0 15.0 20.8 19.7 20.3 20.4 43.0 44.0 45.1 46.8
Mean amount 48,351 4,866 6,637 7,984 9,081 10,788 11,839 49,516 50,097 50,976 52,104
  Standard error (19) 892 491 573 512 464 461 413 913 924 943 967

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
30,265 -32 -9 37 106 216 307 30,228 30,159 30,049 29,958
Percent of total income 3.7 -4.9 -0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.7 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.9
Mean 2,258 -135 -22 49 87 120 120 2,390 2,474 2,590 2,761
  Standard error (19) 143 81 52 51 41 38 31 152 157 165 176
Received positive amount number 811 0 5 19 30 43 67 792 782 768 745
Percent 6.1 0.2 1.2 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.6 6.3 6.4 6.6 6.9
Aggregate 30,467 1 24 73 152 288 406 30,394 30,315 30,179 30,061
Mean 37,552 3,000 4,492 3,780 5,125 6,662 6,085 38,378 38,785 39,292 40,372
  Standard error (19) 1,968 (X) 296 1,423 1,190 1,076 811 2,007 2,029 2,060 2,111
Received negative amount number 44 4 4 6 7 10 15 38 37 34 28
Percent 0.3 1.7 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -202 -33 -33 -36 -46 -72 -100 -166 -156 -130 -103
Mean -4,651 -8,187 -8,187 -6,449 -6,716 -7,356 -6,579 -4,384 -4,261 -3,863 -3,625
  Standard error (19) 590 1,328 1,328 1,713 1,333 992 933 624 633 641 677

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
2,732 -109 -109 -101 -53 -53 -53 2,832 2,785 2,785 2,785
Percent of total income 0.3 -16.9 -4.2 -1.4 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4
Mean 204 -462 -254 -133 -44 -30 -21 224 228 240 257
  Standard error (19) 40 409 225 131 81 55 39 42 43 45 48
Received positive amount number 140 0 0 3 7 7 7 138 133 133 133
Percent 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2
Aggregate 3,018 0 0 8 59 59 59 3,009 2,959 2,959 2,959
Mean 21,505 (X) (X) 3,074 8,586 8,586 8,586 21,875 22,169 22,169 22,169
  Standard error (19) 2,731 (X) (X) 6,979 3,834 3,834 3,834 2,765 2,841 2,841 2,841
Received negative amount number 48 6 6 6 6 6 8 42 42 42 39
Percent 0.4 2.4 1.3 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Aggregate -286 -109 -109 -109 -112 -112 -112 -177 -174 -174 -174
Mean -6,018 -19,483 -19,483 -19,483 -18,961 -18,961 -13,349 -4,223 -4,178 -4,178 -4,443
  Standard error (19) 1,781 11,844 11,844 11,844 10,372 10,372 8,439 807 805 805 821

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
66,116 59 109 162 274 444 772 65,954 65,842 65,672 65,344
Percent of total income 8.1 9.1 4.2 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.7 8.2 8.2 8.3 8.5
Mean 4,932 248 255 215 226 246 302 5,214 5,400 5,660 6,023
  Standard error (19) 153 62 52 33 24 25 24 161 167 175 187
Recipient families number 8,028 56 99 173 305 465 731 7,854 7,723 7,563 7,297
Percent of all families 59.9 23.7 23.0 22.9 25.1 25.8 28.6 62.1 63.3 65.2 67.3
Mean 8,236 1,047 1,108 936 900 955 1,057 8,397 8,525 8,683 8,955
  Standard error (19) 248 221 199 127 85 90 78 253 257 262 271

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
16,207 -8 7 11 43 66 184 16,196 16,164 16,141 16,023
Percent of total income 2.0 -1.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Mean 1,209 -35 16 15 35 37 72 1,280 1,326 1,391 1,477
  Standard error (19) 79 67 43 25 17 14 15 84 87 91 97
Received positive amount number 1,234 2 8 15 29 46 91 1,219 1,205 1,187 1,143
Percent 9.2 0.7 1.9 1.9 2.4 2.6 3.6 9.6 9.9 10.2 10.5
Aggregate 16,910 2 17 21 54 87 204 16,889 16,856 16,823 16,706
Mean 13,704 989 2,046 1,434 1,822 1,864 2,240 13,852 13,994 14,167 14,619
  Standard error (19) 765 1,361 907 610 400 312 280 773 781 791 819
Received negative amount number 129 0 0 0 2 4 4 129 127 125 125
Percent 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
Aggregate -703 -10 -10 -10 -11 -21 -21 -693 -692 -682 -682
Mean -5,447 -19,998 -19,998 -19,998 -4,691 -5,624 -5,624 -5,391 -5,460 -5,441 -5,441
  Standard error (19) 503 0 0 0 5,418 3,464 3,464 498 502 508 508

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
268,562 417 1,618 4,522 9,839 18,609 31,659 264,040 258,723 249,953 236,903
Percent of total income 33.0 64.7 62.3 63.5 66.8 69.2 71.1 32.7 32.4 31.7 30.8
Mean 20,034 1,769 3,766 5,978 8,115 10,326 12,389 20,875 21,219 21,542 21,835
  Standard error (19) 115 251 239 221 180 171 156 117 120 124 131
Recipient families number 11,973 71 221 491 891 1,416 2,120 11,482 11,082 10,557 9,853
Percent of all families 89.3 30.1 51.5 64.9 73.5 78.6 83.0 90.8 90.9 91.0 90.8
Mean amount 22,431 5,877 7,317 9,213 11,038 13,140 14,930 22,996 23,347 23,677 24,045
  Standard error (19) 109 523 263 202 148 141 129 110 113 117 123

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
136,457 67 169 366 609 1,038 1,859 136,091 135,848 135,419 134,598
Percent of total income 16.8 10.4 6.5 5.1 4.1 3.9 4.2 16.9 17.0 17.2 17.5
Mean 10,179 285 394 483 502 576 727 10,759 11,142 11,671 12,405
  Standard error (19) 161 114 93 73 56 48 50 169 174 182 192
Recipient families number 6,482 11 31 72 122 221 379 6,410 6,360 6,261 6,103
Percent of all families 48.4 4.8 7.1 9.5 10.1 12.3 14.8 50.7 52.2 54.0 56.3
Mean amount 21,052 5,959 5,548 5,078 4,991 4,696 4,908 21,231 21,360 21,629 22,053
  Standard error (19) 271 1,391 735 430 349 244 238 273 275 278 282

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
6,203 84 334 626 1,252 1,967 2,503 5,576 4,951 4,236 3,700
Percent of total income 0.8 13.0 12.8 8.8 8.5 7.3 5.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5
Mean 463 354 777 828 1,033 1,091 979 441 406 365 341
  Standard error (19) 24 111 116 101 88 82 65 24 24 24 25
Recipient families number 772 18 81 131 205 285 365 641 567 487 407
Percent of all families 5.8 7.7 18.8 17.3 16.9 15.8 14.3 5.1 4.6 4.2 3.7
Mean amount 8,032 4,579 4,142 4,788 6,098 6,899 6,849 8,693 8,732 8,694 9,094
  Standard error (19) 290 853 407 405 338 348 297 335 371 409 476

Poverty Footnotes

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