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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar10.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Unrelated individuals (4)
 
People in families
53,079 6,019 8,338 11,678 14,924 18,331 21,380 41,401 38,155 34,748 31,699

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 7,488 24,144 56,082 95,317 145,586 198,987 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 34,080 1,244 2,896 4,802 6,387 7,942 9,307 42,339 44,913 47,870 50,790
  Standard error (19) 208 30 39 42 40 41 42 251 268 289 311
With zero income 2,943 2,943 2,943 2,943 2,943 2,943 2,943 0 0 0 0
With negative income 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 3,609 9,545 19,736 32,908 53,545 75,899 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 69.4 48.2 39.5 35.2 34.5 36.8 38.1 70.5 71.4 72.3 73.3
Mean 23,655 600 1,145 1,690 2,205 2,921 3,550 29,851 32,045 34,594 37,216
  Standard error (19) 195 20 28 33 33 37 40 241 259 280 302
Recipient families number 32,149 1,302 2,270 3,448 4,725 6,311 7,785 28,701 27,424 25,838 24,364
Percent of all unrelated individuals 60.6 21.6 27.2 29.5 31.7 34.4 36.4 69.3 71.9 74.4 76.9
Mean amount 39,056 2,772 4,204 5,723 6,965 8,484 9,750 43,061 44,585 46,523 48,419
  Standard error (19) 291 52 58 63 59 62 64 317 329 345 362

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
67,749 63 515 1,575 3,051 4,930 6,520 66,174 64,697 62,819 61,229
Percent of total income 3.7 0.8 2.1 2.8 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Mean 1,276 10 62 135 204 269 305 1,598 1,696 1,808 1,932
  Standard error (19) 54 16 14 14 13 14 14 70 75 83 90
Received positive amount number 2,639 228 308 446 599 761 881 2,193 2,039 1,877 1,758
Percent 5.0 3.8 3.7 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.1 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.5
Aggregate 68,716 658 1,133 2,195 3,689 5,596 7,193 66,521 65,027 63,119 61,522
Mean 26,043 2,892 3,676 4,926 6,157 7,351 8,167 30,334 31,885 33,623 35,000
  Standard error (19) 968 130 150 180 179 190 197 1,142 1,220 1,317 1,400
Received negative amount number 187 97 102 105 109 116 118 83 79 71 69
Percent 0.4 1.6 1.2 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Aggregate -967 -595 -617 -621 -637 -667 -674 -347 -330 -301 -293
Mean -5,168 -6,120 -6,053 -5,936 -5,870 -5,757 -5,701 -4,196 -4,198 -4,213 -4,255
  Standard error (19) 274 414 400 398 357 344 339 385 400 427 441

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
3,741 7 7 82 61 185 203 3,659 3,680 3,556 3,539
Percent of total income 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mean 70 1 1 7 4 10 9 88 96 102 112
  Standard error (19) 14 3 2 4 3 4 3 18 19 21 23
Received positive amount number 333 16 18 36 42 53 57 297 291 280 276
Percent 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9
Aggregate 3,805 14 14 89 89 213 231 3,716 3,716 3,592 3,574
Mean 11,425 872 784 2,512 2,138 3,993 4,036 12,490 12,757 12,844 12,955
  Standard error (19) 2,045 509 468 894 727 959 928 2,271 2,315 2,410 2,440
Received negative amount number 32 5 5 5 8 8 8 27 23 23 23
Percent 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aggregate -64 -7 -8 -8 -28 -28 -28 -56 -36 -36 -36
Mean -2,010 -1,532 -1,474 -1,474 -3,304 -3,304 -3,304 -2,113 -1,539 -1,539 -1,539
  Standard error (19) 735 2,394 2,230 2,230 1,921 1,921 1,921 780 667 667 667

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
70,603 380 646 1,000 1,377 2,192 3,352 69,604 69,226 68,411 67,251
Percent of total income 3.9 5.1 2.7 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.7 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.2
Mean 1,330 63 77 86 92 120 157 1,681 1,814 1,969 2,122
  Standard error (19) 34 6 6 6 5 6 6 44 47 52 57
Recipient families number 20,279 733 1,044 1,559 2,258 3,119 4,107 18,721 18,021 17,160 16,172
Percent of all unrelated individuals 38.2 12.2 12.5 13.3 15.1 17.0 19.2 45.2 47.2 49.4 51.0
Mean 3,482 518 619 641 610 703 816 3,718 3,841 3,987 4,159
  Standard error (19) 87 42 45 41 32 31 28 94 98 102 108

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
20,413 -53 -55 -18 125 240 563 20,431 20,288 20,173 19,850
Percent of total income 1.1 -0.7 -0.2 -0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Mean 385 -9 -7 -2 8 13 26 493 532 581 626
  Standard error (19) 19 5 4 4 4 3 4 24 26 28 31
Received positive amount number 2,109 55 82 128 189 255 355 1,981 1,921 1,854 1,755
Percent 4.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.7 4.8 5.0 5.3 5.5
Aggregate 21,375 28 71 119 286 412 744 21,257 21,090 20,963 20,632
Mean 10,135 521 867 928 1,516 1,615 2,098 10,729 10,981 11,308 11,759
  Standard error (19) 414 150 201 180 194 173 164 437 449 463 487
Received negative amount number 221 18 25 27 32 36 43 194 190 185 178
Percent 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
Aggregate -962 -82 -125 -137 -160 -172 -181 -826 -802 -791 -781
Mean -4,347 -4,533 -4,956 -5,059 -5,055 -4,712 -4,180 -4,248 -4,228 -4,275 -4,387
  Standard error (19) 244 812 660 644 609 557 512 264 265 270 276

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
190,026 893 4,518 17,714 34,380 53,624 73,148 172,312 155,646 136,402 116,879
Percent of total income 10.5 11.9 18.7 31.6 36.1 36.8 36.8 9.8 9.1 8.2 7.3
Mean 3,580 148 542 1,517 2,304 2,925 3,421 4,162 4,079 3,925 3,687
  Standard error (19) 31 11 22 33 35 37 38 39 41 43 45
Recipient families number 13,768 277 833 2,363 3,896 5,390 6,791 11,405 9,872 8,378 6,977
Percent of all unrelated individuals 25.9 4.6 10.0 20.2 26.1 29.4 31.8 27.5 25.9 24.1 22.0
Mean amount 13,802 3,220 5,421 7,496 8,824 9,949 10,771 15,108 15,767 16,280 16,752
  Standard error (19) 61 104 87 56 46 46 46 66 73 84 98

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
112,463 174 534 1,173 2,751 4,079 7,084 111,290 109,712 108,384 105,379
Percent of total income 6.2 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.9 2.8 3.6 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.5
Mean 2,119 29 64 100 184 223 331 2,688 2,875 3,119 3,324
  Standard error (19) 38 4 7 8 10 10 12 49 52 57 63
Recipient families number 6,840 77 153 284 544 834 1,366 6,556 6,296 6,006 5,474
Percent of all unrelated individuals 12.9 1.3 1.8 2.4 3.6 4.6 6.4 15.8 16.5 17.3 17.3
Mean amount 16,442 2,257 3,497 4,136 5,054 4,890 5,185 16,975 17,427 18,047 19,252
  Standard error (19) 227 179 224 202 181 146 125 235 242 251 269

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
14,951 549 4,275 8,059 9,820 11,151 12,084 6,892 5,131 3,800 2,866
Percent of total income 0.8 7.3 17.7 14.4 10.3 7.7 6.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2
Mean 282 91 513 690 658 608 565 166 134 109 90
  Standard error (19) 7 8 22 22 18 16 15 8 7 7 7
Recipient families number 3,263 530 1,128 1,864 2,190 2,450 2,630 1,400 1,073 813 634
Percent of all unrelated individuals 6.1 8.8 13.5 16.0 14.7 13.4 12.3 3.4 2.8 2.3 2.0
Mean amount 4,581 1,037 3,790 4,324 4,483 4,551 4,596 4,924 4,781 4,672 4,522
  Standard error (19) 92 73 114 96 86 86 86 178 215 259 307

Poverty Footnotes

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