U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Unrelated individuals
under age 65 (4)
 
People in families
40,627 5,495 7,453 9,659 11,695 13,858 15,684 30,967 28,932 26,768 24,942

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 6,591 20,826 42,518 67,852 100,701 133,696 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 35,828 1,199 2,794 4,402 5,802 7,266 8,524 45,630 47,965 50,614 52,997
  Standard error (19) 252 31 42 47 46 49 52 308 325 347 367
With zero income 2,738 2,738 2,738 2,738 2,738 2,738 2,738 0 0 0 0
With negative income 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 3,551 9,461 19,519 32,453 52,691 74,561 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 82.2 53.9 45.4 45.9 47.8 52.3 55.8 83.3 83.8 84.4 84.8
Mean 29,436 646 1,269 2,021 2,775 3,802 4,754 37,987 40,213 42,707 44,957
  Standard error (19) 237 21 31 38 40 46 51 294 310 330 349
Recipient families number 30,242 1,275 2,232 3,392 4,622 6,138 7,543 26,850 25,620 24,104 22,699
Percent of all unrelated individuals 74.4 23.2 29.9 35.1 39.5 44.3 48.1 86.7 88.6 90.0 91.0
Mean amount 39,544 2,785 4,239 5,754 7,021 8,585 9,885 43,812 45,411 47,427 49,399
  Standard error (19) 296 52 58 63 59 62 64 324 336 353 371

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
60,413 69 529 1,572 3,005 4,756 6,310 58,841 57,408 55,657 54,103
Percent of total income 4.2 1.0 2.5 3.7 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1
Mean 1,487 13 71 163 257 343 402 1,900 1,984 2,079 2,169
  Standard error (19) 68 17 15 16 17 18 19 89 95 103 110
Received positive amount number 2,344 226 302 434 578 718 831 1,911 1,766 1,627 1,514
Percent 5.8 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.2 5.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1
Aggregate 61,241 651 1,116 2,161 3,598 5,379 6,933 59,080 57,643 55,862 54,308
Mean 26,124 2,879 3,691 4,982 6,220 7,496 8,347 30,922 32,644 34,340 35,877
  Standard error (19) 1,052 130 152 182 182 194 202 1,264 1,358 1,466 1,567
Received negative amount number 160 96 98 100 100 107 107 60 59 52 52
Percent 0.4 1.7 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Aggregate -828 -583 -586 -589 -594 -622 -622 -239 -234 -205 -205
Mean -5,181 -6,068 -5,994 -5,887 -5,908 -5,796 -5,796 -4,001 -3,950 -3,919 -3,919
  Standard error (19) 308 417 414 412 379 364 364 486 484 528 528

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
3,113 7 7 78 78 167 183 3,034 3,034 2,945 2,930
Percent of total income 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mean 77 1 1 8 7 12 12 98 105 110 117
  Standard error (19) 18 3 2 4 3 4 4 23 25 27 28
Received positive amount number 282 16 18 34 40 49 52 248 242 234 230
Percent 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Aggregate 3,147 14 14 86 86 175 190 3,061 3,061 2,972 2,957
Mean 11,148 872 784 2,537 2,144 3,581 3,673 12,322 12,638 12,729 12,830
  Standard error (19) 2,341 509 468 937 757 964 946 2,641 2,702 2,801 2,837
Received negative amount number 27 5 5 5 5 5 5 22 22 22 22
Percent 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aggregate -34 -7 -8 -8 -8 -8 -8 -27 -27 -27 -27
Mean -1,296 -1,532 -1,474 -1,474 -1,474 -1,474 -1,474 -1,253 -1,253 -1,253 -1,253
  Standard error (19) 635 2,394 2,230 2,230 2,051 2,051 2,051 616 616 616 616

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
37,391 250 423 624 786 1,092 1,436 36,767 36,606 36,299 35,955
Percent of total income 2.6 3.8 2.0 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Mean 920 45 57 65 67 79 92 1,187 1,265 1,356 1,442
  Standard error (19) 32 5 6 6 5 6 6 41 44 48 51
Recipient families number 14,106 614 835 1,151 1,521 1,911 2,351 12,955 12,585 12,195 11,755
Percent of all unrelated individuals 34.7 11.2 11.2 11.9 13.0 13.8 15.0 41.8 43.5 45.6 47.1
Mean 2,651 407 507 542 516 572 611 2,838 2,909 2,977 3,059
  Standard error (19) 90 40 46 47 40 40 37 97 100 103 107

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
12,413 -56 -51 -15 44 100 251 12,427 12,368 12,312 12,162
Percent of total income 0.9 -0.8 -0.2 -0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Mean 306 -10 -7 -2 4 7 16 401 427 460 488
  Standard error (19) 20 5 5 4 4 4 4 26 28 30 33
Received positive amount number 1,287 53 67 94 115 146 182 1,193 1,172 1,141 1,105
Percent 3.2 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.4
Aggregate 13,248 22 63 108 191 257 412 13,140 13,057 12,991 12,835
Mean 10,292 416 934 1,149 1,654 1,759 2,268 11,011 11,142 11,385 11,612
  Standard error (19) 562 113 228 231 245 243 255 601 611 625 644
Received negative amount number 169 17 22 23 25 29 32 146 144 140 137
Percent 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Aggregate -835 -78 -114 -123 -146 -157 -161 -712 -689 -678 -674
Mean -4,944 -4,560 -5,245 -5,413 -5,771 -5,338 -5,046 -4,871 -4,798 -4,861 -4,920
  Standard error (19) 291 853 749 738 675 621 604 319 319 327 330

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
32,587 307 2,006 6,886 11,285 15,484 18,424 25,701 21,301 17,103 14,163
Percent of total income 2.2 4.7 9.6 16.2 16.6 15.4 13.8 1.8 1.5 1.3 1.1
Mean 802 56 269 713 965 1,117 1,175 830 736 639 568
  Standard error (19) 18 7 17 27 28 29 29 22 22 22 22
Recipient families number 2,713 90 347 895 1,282 1,600 1,825 1,818 1,432 1,113 888
Percent of all unrelated individuals 6.7 1.6 4.7 9.3 11.0 11.5 11.6 5.9 4.9 4.2 3.6
Mean amount 12,009 3,403 5,774 7,693 8,804 9,676 10,093 14,134 14,880 15,365 15,948
  Standard error (19) 135 225 140 97 88 90 91 175 215 270 326

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
36,250 135 394 811 1,826 2,328 3,512 35,439 34,424 33,922 32,739
Percent of total income 2.5 2.1 1.9 1.9 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Mean 892 25 53 84 156 168 224 1,144 1,190 1,267 1,313
  Standard error (19) 32 4 7 9 11 11 13 41 44 47 51
Recipient families number 1,912 56 105 174 275 347 480 1,738 1,636 1,564 1,432
Percent of all unrelated individuals 4.7 1.0 1.4 1.8 2.4 2.5 3.1 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.7
Mean amount 18,964 2,402 3,750 4,673 6,633 6,701 7,316 20,391 21,039 21,688 22,870
  Standard error (19) 510 231 280 272 268 237 231 548 577 598 642

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
12,226 509 3,983 6,463 7,830 8,939 9,727 5,763 4,396 3,287 2,499
Percent of total income 0.8 7.7 19.1 15.2 11.5 8.9 7.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2
Mean 301 93 534 669 669 645 620 186 152 123 100
  Standard error (19) 9 8 24 24 21 20 19 9 9 9 9
Recipient families number 2,589 500 1,048 1,510 1,732 1,954 2,095 1,079 858 636 494
Percent of all unrelated individuals 6.4 9.1 14.1 15.6 14.8 14.1 13.4 3.5 3.0 2.4 2.0
Mean amount 4,722 1,017 3,800 4,280 4,522 4,576 4,642 5,340 5,124 5,169 5,059
  Standard error (19) 108 74 119 108 99 99 99 217 256 317 378

Poverty Footnotes

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