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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar10.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Unrelated individuals
age 65 and over (4)
 
People in families
12,453 524 885 2,019 3,229 4,473 5,696 10,433 9,224 7,980 6,757

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) 353,407 897 3,318 13,564 27,466 44,885 65,291 339,843 325,941 308,521 288,115
Mean 28,380 1,713 3,748 6,717 8,506 10,035 11,463 32,573 35,338 38,663 42,642
  Standard error (19) 324 94 109 82 63 60 60 373 412 465 534
With zero income 204 204 204 204 204 204 204 0 0 0 0
With negative income 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
59,726 58 84 217 455 854 1,338 59,509 59,271 58,872 58,388
Percent of total income 16.9 6.5 2.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.0 17.5 18.2 19.1 20.3
Mean 4,796 111 95 107 141 191 235 5,704 6,426 7,378 8,642
  Standard error (19) 235 28 22 21 19 20 20 279 315 363 427
Recipient families number 1,907 27 38 57 103 173 242 1,851 1,804 1,734 1,665
Percent of all unrelated individuals 15.3 5.1 4.3 2.8 3.2 3.9 4.2 17.7 19.6 21.7 24.6
Mean amount 31,318 2,174 2,177 3,839 4,424 4,925 5,531 32,158 32,851 33,958 35,064
  Standard error (19) 1,376 302 348 506 393 345 320 1,413 1,445 1,498 1,553

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
7,335 -6 -14 2 47 173 209 7,333 7,289 7,162 7,126
Percent of total income 2.1 -0.6 -0.4 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.5
Mean 589 -11 -16 1 14 39 37 703 790 898 1,055
  Standard error (19) 64 27 22 12 10 12 10 76 86 100 118
Received positive amount number 294 1 6 12 21 44 50 282 274 250 244
Percent 2.4 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.9 2.7 3.0 3.1 3.6
Aggregate 7,475 7 17 35 90 217 260 7,440 7,385 7,257 7,214
Mean 25,399 5,000 2,930 2,888 4,372 4,965 5,185 26,354 26,987 28,972 29,560
  Standard error (19) 2,260 (X) 712 1,001 957 833 761 2,337 2,401 2,582 2,639
Received negative amount number 27 1 4 5 8 8 11 23 19 19 17
Percent 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Aggregate -139 -13 -31 -32 -44 -44 -51 -107 -96 -95 -88
Mean -5,094 -9,999 -7,418 -7,012 -5,402 -5,258 -4,753 -4,708 -4,964 -5,021 -5,315
  Standard error (19) 519 0 923 1,112 891 905 762 552 632 631 692

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
629 0 0 3 -17 18 20 625 646 611 609
Percent of total income 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mean 50 0 0 2 -5 4 3 60 70 77 90
  Standard error (19) 17 0 0 2 6 8 6 20 23 26 31
Received positive amount number 51 0 0 2 2 5 5 49 49 46 45
Percent 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7
Aggregate 658 0 0 3 3 38 40 654 654 619 618
Mean 12,972 (X) (X) 2,000 2,000 8,389 7,628 13,342 13,342 13,426 13,589
  Standard error (19) 3,214 (X) (X) (X) (X) 3,184 3,030 3,296 3,296 3,504 3,545
Received negative amount number 5 0 0 0 3 3 3 5 2 2 2
Percent 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Aggregate -29 0 0 0 -20 -20 -20 -29 -9 -9 -9
Mean -5,735 (X) (X) (X) -6,084 -6,084 -6,084 -5,735 -5,065 -5,065 -5,065
  Standard error (19) 1,849 (X) (X) (X) 2,460 2,460 2,460 1,849 2,460 2,460 2,460

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
33,212 130 223 375 591 1,100 1,916 32,837 32,621 32,112 31,295
Percent of total income 9.4 14.5 6.7 2.8 2.2 2.4 2.9 9.7 10.0 10.4 10.9
Mean 2,667 248 251 186 183 246 336 3,147 3,537 4,024 4,632
  Standard error (19) 101 40 33 19 13 15 15 120 135 156 183
Recipient families number 6,173 120 208 408 737 1,208 1,757 5,766 5,437 4,965 4,416
Percent of all unrelated individuals 49.6 22.9 23.6 20.2 22.8 27.0 30.8 55.3 58.9 62.2 65.4
Mean 5,380 1,087 1,068 921 803 910 1,091 5,695 6,000 6,468 7,086
  Standard error (19) 198 143 122 80 53 49 44 211 223 243 272

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
8,000 3 -4 -3 81 140 312 8,004 7,920 7,860 7,689
Percent of total income 2.3 0.3 -0.1 -0.0 0.3 0.3 0.5 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.7
Mean 642 5 -4 -2 25 31 55 767 859 985 1,138
  Standard error (19) 45 14 11 5 8 7 8 54 61 70 83
Received positive amount number 822 1 15 34 73 109 173 788 749 713 649
Percent 6.6 0.3 1.6 1.7 2.3 2.4 3.0 7.6 8.1 8.9 9.6
Aggregate 8,128 6 8 11 95 155 331 8,117 8,032 7,973 7,796
Mean 9,889 4,800 559 316 1,299 1,421 1,918 10,301 10,729 11,184 12,010
  Standard error (19) 594 (X) 398 180 316 242 204 615 643 670 727
Received negative amount number 52 1 4 4 6 7 11 48 46 45 41
Percent 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Aggregate -127 -4 -12 -14 -14 -15 -19 -113 -113 -112 -108
Mean -2,424 -4,000 -3,241 -3,204 -2,230 -2,090 -1,721 -2,354 -2,451 -2,475 -2,616
  Standard error (19) 286 0 250 216 584 563 402 309 315 317 341

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
157,440 585 2,512 10,829 23,095 38,140 54,724 146,611 134,345 119,299 102,716
Percent of total income 44.5 65.3 75.7 79.8 84.1 85.0 83.8 43.1 41.2 38.7 35.7
Mean 12,643 1,118 2,838 5,362 7,152 8,527 9,608 14,052 14,565 14,950 15,202
  Standard error (19) 73 83 114 95 77 71 68 77 85 96 111
Recipient families number 11,055 187 486 1,468 2,614 3,789 4,966 9,587 8,440 7,265 6,089
Percent of all unrelated individuals 88.8 35.7 54.9 72.7 81.0 84.7 87.2 91.9 91.5 91.0 90.1
Mean amount 14,242 3,131 5,169 7,376 8,833 10,065 11,021 15,293 15,917 16,421 16,869
  Standard error (19) 67 109 110 68 54 52 52 71 77 88 102

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
76,213 39 140 362 925 1,751 3,572 75,851 75,288 74,462 72,641
Percent of total income 21.6 4.4 4.2 2.7 3.4 3.9 5.5 22.3 23.1 24.1 25.2
Mean 6,120 75 158 179 287 391 627 7,270 8,163 9,331 10,751
  Standard error (19) 119 20 31 24 24 24 28 139 155 175 201
Recipient families number 4,928 21 48 110 269 487 886 4,818 4,659 4,442 4,042
Percent of all unrelated individuals 39.6 4.0 5.4 5.5 8.3 10.9 15.6 46.2 50.5 55.7 59.8
Mean amount 15,464 1,869 2,937 3,291 3,438 3,597 4,031 15,742 16,159 16,765 17,971
  Standard error (19) 244 197 347 271 196 158 130 248 254 263 281

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
2,725 41 292 1,596 1,990 2,211 2,358 1,129 734 513 367
Percent of total income 0.8 4.5 8.8 11.8 7.2 4.9 3.6 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
Mean 219 78 330 790 616 494 414 108 80 64 54
  Standard error (19) 12 26 52 56 37 29 24 10 9 9 8
Recipient families number 674 30 80 354 459 496 534 320 215 178 140
Percent of all unrelated individuals 5.4 5.6 9.0 17.5 14.2 11.1 9.4 3.1 2.3 2.2 2.1
Mean amount 4,042 1,373 3,649 4,513 4,337 4,454 4,413 3,523 3,413 2,891 2,624
  Standard error (19) 154 374 384 206 171 171 169 243 308 316 335

Poverty Footnotes

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