U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2009

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar10.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Nonfamily householders
 
People in families
38,705 2,859 4,420 6,906 9,319 11,764 14,065 31,799 29,386 26,941 24,640

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 4,166 15,396 38,867 67,828 103,531 143,485 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 37,329 1,457 3,483 5,628 7,279 8,801 10,202 44,214 46,859 49,786 52,814
  Standard error (19) 266 47 56 53 47 47 48 310 331 355 382
With zero income 1,076 1,076 1,076 1,076 1,076 1,076 1,076 0 0 0 0
With negative income 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
949,026 1,683 4,682 9,736 16,335 26,841 39,309 939,289 932,691 922,184 909,717
Percent of total income 65.7 40.4 30.4 25.0 24.1 25.9 27.4 66.8 67.7 68.8 69.9
Mean 24,520 589 1,059 1,410 1,753 2,282 2,795 29,539 31,739 34,230 36,920
  Standard error (19) 252 28 37 39 38 42 46 299 320 345 372
Recipient families number 21,928 605 1,101 1,714 2,377 3,234 4,096 20,214 19,550 18,693 17,832
Percent of all unrelated individuals 56.7 21.1 24.9 24.8 25.5 27.5 29.1 63.6 66.5 69.4 72.4
Mean amount 43,280 2,785 4,253 5,681 6,872 8,299 9,597 46,468 47,707 49,332 51,017
  Standard error (19) 399 73 82 88 82 86 88 425 437 453 471

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
55,375 -26 214 920 1,804 3,100 4,465 54,455 53,571 52,275 50,910
Percent of total income 3.8 -0.6 1.4 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9
Mean 1,431 -9 48 133 194 264 317 1,712 1,823 1,940 2,066
  Standard error (19) 71 28 21 19 17 18 19 86 93 101 111
Received positive amount number 2,003 148 188 278 374 494 598 1,725 1,629 1,509 1,406
Percent 5.2 5.2 4.3 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.2 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7
Aggregate 56,128 421 679 1,389 2,289 3,604 4,976 54,739 53,839 52,524 51,152
Mean 28,017 2,845 3,610 4,988 6,118 7,289 8,326 31,734 33,045 34,809 36,388
  Standard error (19) 1,217 149 190 229 227 238 245 1,391 1,466 1,573 1,680
Received negative amount number 151 75 78 81 85 89 91 71 66 62 60
Percent 0.4 2.6 1.8 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Aggregate -753 -447 -465 -468 -485 -504 -511 -285 -268 -249 -242
Mean -4,979 -5,936 -5,950 -5,802 -5,723 -5,663 -5,593 -4,036 -4,029 -4,001 -4,041
  Standard error (19) 297 460 443 440 392 385 377 408 427 439 455

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
3,425 3 2 62 42 99 113 3,363 3,383 3,326 3,313
Percent of total income 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Mean 88 1 1 9 5 8 8 106 115 123 134
  Standard error (19) 19 5 3 6 4 5 4 23 25 27 30
Received positive amount number 257 11 12 21 27 32 35 236 230 225 222
Percent 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9
Aggregate 3,489 10 10 70 70 127 141 3,419 3,419 3,362 3,348
Mean 13,574 939 812 3,288 2,587 3,930 4,004 14,502 14,865 14,963 15,089
  Standard error (19) 2,586 686 610 1,402 1,079 1,218 1,160 2,801 2,863 2,930 2,964
Received negative amount number 28 1 1 1 5 5 5 26 23 23 23
Percent 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aggregate -64 -7 -8 -8 -28 -28 -28 -56 -36 -36 -36
Mean -2,307 -8,348 -6,116 -6,116 -6,092 -6,092 -6,092 -2,130 -1,554 -1,554 -1,554
  Standard error (19) 814 3,882 5,559 5,559 2,263 2,263 2,263 785 672 672 672

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
64,378 309 530 859 1,181 1,896 2,998 63,519 63,197 62,482 61,380
Percent of total income 4.5 7.4 3.4 2.2 1.7 1.8 2.1 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.7
Mean 1,663 108 120 124 127 161 213 1,998 2,151 2,319 2,491
  Standard error (19) 44 11 10 9 8 8 8 53 58 63 68
Recipient families number 17,405 494 756 1,181 1,768 2,516 3,412 16,224 15,637 14,889 13,993
Percent of all unrelated individuals 45.0 17.3 17.1 17.1 19.0 21.4 24.3 51.0 53.2 55.3 56.8
Mean 3,699 625 701 728 668 754 879 3,915 4,042 4,197 4,386
  Standard error (19) 95 56 55 50 38 35 32 102 106 111 118

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
18,957 -55 -65 -19 124 188 499 18,976 18,833 18,769 18,458
Percent of total income 1.3 -1.3 -0.4 -0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mean 490 -19 -15 -3 13 16 36 597 641 697 749
  Standard error (19) 25 9 8 6 6 5 5 30 33 36 39
Received positive amount number 1,898 43 67 106 167 220 316 1,792 1,732 1,678 1,582
Percent 4.9 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.9 2.2 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.4
Aggregate 19,824 18 52 100 267 342 663 19,723 19,557 19,481 19,161
Mean 10,444 430 780 944 1,600 1,554 2,095 11,007 11,295 11,610 12,113
  Standard error (19) 446 177 218 204 215 175 170 469 483 497 524
Received negative amount number 194 17 24 25 29 34 41 169 164 160 153
Percent 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Aggregate -866 -73 -117 -119 -143 -154 -163 -747 -724 -712 -703
Mean -4,476 -4,407 -4,894 -4,841 -4,872 -4,530 -3,997 -4,422 -4,405 -4,464 -4,604
  Standard error (19) 266 873 697 681 643 580 525 291 292 298 306

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
179,852 750 3,825 15,753 31,365 49,105 67,439 164,099 148,487 130,747 112,413
Percent of total income 12.4 18.0 24.8 40.5 46.2 47.4 47.0 11.7 10.8 9.7 8.6
Mean 4,647 262 865 2,281 3,366 4,174 4,795 5,161 5,053 4,853 4,562
  Standard error (19) 40 21 36 50 49 51 51 47 50 53 56
Recipient families number 12,924 234 710 2,096 3,534 4,914 6,231 10,828 9,390 8,010 6,693
Percent of all unrelated individuals 33.4 8.2 16.1 30.4 37.9 41.8 44.3 34.1 32.0 29.7 27.2
Mean amount 13,916 3,207 5,390 7,516 8,875 9,992 10,823 15,155 15,813 16,323 16,795
  Standard error (19) 63 114 94 59 48 47 47 68 76 87 101

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
107,483 111 463 967 2,364 3,620 6,476 106,516 105,118 103,863 101,006
Percent of total income 7.4 2.7 3.0 2.5 3.5 3.5 4.5 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.8
Mean 2,777 39 105 140 254 308 460 3,350 3,577 3,855 4,099
  Standard error (19) 51 7 13 12 15 15 17 61 66 72 78
Recipient families number 6,514 52 125 231 475 751 1,260 6,283 6,039 5,763 5,254
Percent of all unrelated individuals 16.8 1.8 2.8 3.3 5.1 6.4 9.0 19.8 20.6 21.4 21.3
Mean amount 16,500 2,147 3,694 4,181 4,977 4,823 5,138 16,954 17,407 18,021 19,226
  Standard error (19) 234 205 256 220 191 152 129 240 248 257 275

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
12,723 326 3,337 6,715 8,266 9,251 10,059 6,008 4,457 3,471 2,664
Percent of total income 0.9 7.8 21.7 17.3 12.2 8.9 7.0 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2
Mean 329 114 755 972 887 786 715 189 152 129 108
  Standard error (19) 10 13 36 34 27 23 21 9 9 9 9
Recipient families number 2,191 189 650 1,250 1,515 1,661 1,762 941 676 530 428
Percent of all unrelated individuals 5.7 6.6 14.7 18.1 16.3 14.1 12.5 3.0 2.3 2.0 1.7
Mean amount 5,807 1,724 5,136 5,374 5,457 5,570 5,707 6,382 6,591 6,551 6,218
  Standard error (19) 115 135 136 110 100 100 101 230 296 355 413

Poverty Footnotes

[PDF] or PDF denotes a file in Adobe’s Portable Document Format. To view the file, you will need the Adobe® Reader® Off Site available free from Adobe.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
[an error occurred while processing this directive]