U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 2. Percent of Persons in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4

Asian alone or in combination
Total 15272 11.1 16.1 16.1 15.4

Age
Under 18 years 3996 12.0 15.1 15.1 14.2
  Related children 3946 11.5 14.7 14.7 13.8
      Under 6 years 1478 12.3 14.1 14.1 13.0
18 to 24 years 1394 22.0 25.7 25.7 25.2
25 to 44 years 4984 9.2 11.1 11.1 10.4
45 to 64 years 3520 8.0 11.9 11.9 11.5
65 years and over 1378 12.6 37.7 37.7 37.3
  65 to 74 years 761 10.4 31.5 31.5 31.1
  75 years and over 618 15.3 45.5 45.5 45.0

Family Relationship
In families 13403 9.0 13.4 13.4 12.8
  Married-couple families 10897 7.7 12.0 12.0 11.4
      With related children under 18 7486 8.9 11.7 11.7 10.9
  Female hhlder, no husband present 1539 16.2 22.4 22.4 20.7
      With related children under 18 995 18.7 24.9 24.9 22.7
Unrelated individuals 1826 26.7 35.1 35.1 34.4
  Living alone 915 19.1 33.3 33.3 32.5
      65 years and over 236 24.1 67.0 67.0 67.0

Region
Northeast 3153 14.5 19.2 19.2 18.3
Midwest 1822 15.5 19.2 19.2 17.5
South 3341 10.3 12.9 12.9 12.4
West 6956 8.9 15.4 15.4 15.0

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 11276 10.8 16.4 16.4 15.9
18 to 24 years old 1394 22.0 25.7 25.7 25.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 172 23.7 29.4 29.4 27.6
25 years old and over 9882 9.3 15.1 15.1 14.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1076 20.7 36.2 36.2 34.8
  High school graduate, no college 2015 10.4 18.4 18.4 17.4
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1670 11.8 17.6 17.6 17.0
  Bachelor's degree or more 5121 5.6 8.6 8.6 8.4

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 9539 10.3 13.1 13.1 12.6
  Worked at full-time jobs 6045 3.1 4.0 4.0 3.6
      50 to 52 weeks 5166 1.9 2.4 2.4 2.1
  Worked at part-time jobs 1169 15.8 19.8 19.8 18.1
  Did not work 2326 26.2 33.5 33.5 33.0

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 833 20.9 49.1 49.1 47.6
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
203 42.0 65.7 65.7 64.3
    SSI 639 13.9 43.4 43.4 41.7
  Food stamps 906 50.9 67.6 67.6 64.7
  Housing assistance 393 47.5 66.4 66.4 65.8
  Energy assistance 251 36.7 57.8 57.8 52.0
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 1383 35.6 47.3 47.3 44.2
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
272 41.2 72.7 72.7 68.2

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
9043 2.7 3.7 3.7 2.9
  Medicare 1353 12.0 40.4 40.4 39.9
      Also Medicaid 365 20.0 50.2 50.2 48.5
  Medicaid 2165 30.3 44.3 44.3 43.1
Not covered 2502 21.3 25.3 25.3 24.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9

Asian alone or in combination
Total 16.4 15.7 14.2 14.2 10.0

Age
Under 18 years 15.3 14.2 11.9 11.6 9.6
  Related children 14.9 13.8 11.5 11.2 9.2
      Under 6 years 14.2 12.9 10.7 10.5 9.6
18 to 24 years 25.9 25.5 23.4 23.5 21.1
25 to 44 years 11.2 10.6 9.5 9.5 8.1
45 to 64 years 12.4 12.0 10.9 10.9 7.2
65 years and over 38.7 37.9 37.5 37.5 14.2
  65 to 74 years 32.6 31.7 31.5 31.4 11.1
  75 years and over 46.1 45.5 44.9 45.0 18.1

Family Relationship
In families 13.7 13.0 11.4 11.3 7.6
  Married-couple families 12.3 11.6 10.3 10.1 6.4
      With related children under 18 11.9 11.0 9.1 8.9 6.8
  Female hhlder, no husband present 22.2 20.5 17.5 17.4 14.1
      With related children under 18 25.0 22.4 18.3 18.3 15.2
Unrelated individuals 35.4 35.0 34.8 34.8 27.5
  Living alone 33.6 33.3 32.9 33.0 20.9
      65 years and over 67.1 67.5 67.5 67.6 31.2

Region
Northeast 19.3 18.9 17.1 16.7 12.4
Midwest 18.6 17.5 16.7 16.9 14.0
South 13.7 12.7 10.9 10.9 8.5
West 15.7 15.2 13.9 13.9 8.7

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 16.8 16.2 15.1 15.1 10.2
18 to 24 years old 25.9 25.5 23.4 23.5 21.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 27.6 27.6 23.3 23.6 22.1
25 years old and over 15.5 14.9 13.9 13.9 8.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 37.3 35.6 33.0 32.6 19.6
  High school graduate, no college 18.9 18.0 16.9 16.9 9.2
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 17.7 17.4 16.5 16.5 11.3
  Bachelor's degree or more 8.8 8.5 7.9 7.9 5.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 13.4 12.8 11.7 11.7 9.3
  Worked at full-time jobs 4.1 3.9 3.2 3.2 2.5
      50 to 52 weeks 2.6 2.3 1.8 1.8 1.5
  Worked at part-time jobs 20.1 18.4 16.2 16.2 13.1
  Did not work 34.1 33.3 31.5 31.5 25.2

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 49.2 48.0 38.9 39.2 30.3
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
65.1 64.3 43.1 43.1 37.1
    SSI 43.5 42.2 37.1 37.4 27.7
  Food stamps 66.2 64.6 55.4 53.8 43.3
  Housing assistance 65.8 65.8 61.3 61.3 45.9
  Energy assistance 57.5 48.9 40.8 40.8 32.6
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 49.5 44.0 34.3 33.3 27.6
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
68.7 68.2 58.3 58.3 52.3

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
3.1 2.9 2.5 2.3 1.5
  Medicare 41.2 40.6 40.2 40.2 13.6
      Also Medicaid 52.2 50.1 49.6 49.0 27.7
  Medicaid 45.5 43.1 36.9 36.8 28.0
Not covered 26.9 25.3 23.7 23.8 20.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14

Asian alone or in combination
Total 10.0 10.0 9.1 9.0 8.6

Age
Under 18 years 9.6 9.6 8.6 8.6 8.0
  Related children 9.2 9.2 8.2 8.1 7.5
      Under 6 years 9.6 9.6 9.1 9.1 8.5
18 to 24 years 21.1 21.1 20.3 20.2 19.8
25 to 44 years 8.1 8.1 7.6 7.6 7.2
45 to 64 years 7.2 7.2 6.7 6.5 6.3
65 years and over 13.8 13.8 10.9 10.6 9.6
  65 to 74 years 10.6 10.6 8.5 8.2 7.7
  75 years and over 17.7 17.7 13.8 13.4 12.0

Family Relationship
In families 7.5 7.5 6.8 6.7 6.3
  Married-couple families 6.3 6.3 5.7 5.7 5.3
      With related children under 18 6.8 6.8 6.2 6.2 5.6
  Female hhlder, no husband present 14.1 14.1 11.9 11.8 11.6
      With related children under 18 15.2 15.2 13.0 12.9 12.5
Unrelated individuals 27.5 27.5 25.9 25.3 24.4
  Living alone 20.8 20.8 18.3 17.9 16.1
      65 years and over 31.1 31.1 22.8 21.2 16.2

Region
Northeast 12.3 12.3 11.6 11.5 10.9
Midwest 14.0 14.0 13.6 13.5 12.5
South 8.5 8.5 8.1 8.1 7.7
West 8.6 8.6 7.3 7.2 6.9

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 10.1 10.1 9.3 9.2 8.8
18 to 24 years old 21.1 21.1 20.3 20.2 19.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 22.1 22.1 19.8 19.8 18.9
25 years old and over 8.6 8.6 7.7 7.6 7.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 19.5 19.5 16.0 15.6 13.2
  High school graduate, no college 9.2 9.2 8.4 8.2 8.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 11.3 11.3 10.4 10.3 10.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 5.1 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.7

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 9.3 9.3 8.8 8.7 8.3
  Worked at full-time jobs 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2
      50 to 52 weeks 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3
  Worked at part-time jobs 13.0 13.0 12.3 12.2 11.0
  Did not work 25.1 25.1 23.7 23.5 22.9

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 29.6 29.6 13.8 13.3 11.7
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
37.1 37.1 15.8 15.5 14.6
    SSI 26.9 26.9 13.0 12.4 10.7
  Food stamps 42.5 42.5 36.1 35.3 28.3
  Housing assistance 44.4 44.4 38.8 37.2 29.0
  Energy assistance 32.6 32.6 28.9 28.2 22.6
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 27.6 27.6 23.1 22.9 19.9
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
50.3 50.3 28.8 27.6 24.2

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
  Medicare 13.1 13.1 10.0 9.7 8.8
      Also Medicaid 26.1 26.1 15.5 14.3 12.8
  Medicaid 27.8 27.8 22.3 21.7 19.1
Not covered 20.1 20.1 19.7 19.7 19.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c

Asian alone or in combination
Total 8.2 8.6 11.2 9.7 9.7

Age
Under 18 years 7.9 8.0 11.8 9.4 9.4
  Related children 7.5 7.5 11.4 8.9 8.9
      Under 6 years 8.9 8.5 12.3 9.6 9.6
18 to 24 years 19.4 19.8 22.4 21.0 21.0
25 to 44 years 7.1 7.2 9.1 8.0 8.0
45 to 64 years 5.7 6.5 8.3 7.2 7.2
65 years and over 7.5 9.7 12.6 12.1 12.1
  65 to 74 years 5.5 7.7 10.4 9.9 9.9
  75 years and over 10.1 12.2 15.3 14.8 14.8

Family Relationship
In families 6.0 6.3 8.9 7.3 7.3
  Married-couple families 5.0 5.3 7.6 6.0 6.0
      With related children under 18 5.8 5.6 8.8 6.6 6.6
  Female hhlder, no husband present 11.1 11.6 15.9 13.5 13.5
      With related children under 18 12.1 12.5 18.2 14.4 14.4
Unrelated individuals 23.3 24.8 27.0 26.7 26.7
  Living alone 14.3 16.1 19.5 19.1 19.1
      65 years and over 12.1 16.2 24.1 24.1 24.1

Region
Northeast 10.6 11.0 14.6 12.5 12.5
Midwest 12.4 12.5 15.4 14.2 14.2
South 7.6 7.7 10.5 8.9 8.9
West 6.2 7.0 8.8 7.7 7.7

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 8.3 8.8 10.9 9.8 9.8
18 to 24 years old 19.4 19.8 22.4 21.0 21.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 18.2 18.9 24.0 22.0 22.0
25 years old and over 6.7 7.3 9.3 8.3 8.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 12.2 13.5 20.1 18.0 18.0
  High school graduate, no college 7.8 8.1 10.7 9.0 9.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 9.1 10.2 12.0 10.7 10.7
  Bachelor's degree or more 4.3 4.7 5.6 5.1 5.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 8.1 8.4 10.4 9.2 9.2
  Worked at full-time jobs 2.2 2.2 3.3 2.6 2.6
      50 to 52 weeks 1.3 1.3 2.0 1.5 1.5
  Worked at part-time jobs 10.8 11.1 15.7 13.4 13.4
  Did not work 22.1 23.1 26.1 24.3 24.3

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 11.1 12.0 20.2 17.9 17.9
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
14.6 14.6 39.0 30.0 30.0
    SSI 9.9 11.1 13.9 13.9 13.9
  Food stamps 28.3 28.3 49.5 40.1 40.1
  Housing assistance 29.0 29.0 47.5 40.5 40.5
  Energy assistance 16.5 23.3 33.6 28.9 28.9
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 22.7 19.9 34.9 26.5 26.5
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
24.5 24.2 39.0 32.2 32.2

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
1.4 1.5 2.6 2.1 2.1
  Medicare 7.0 8.9 11.8 11.2 11.2
      Also Medicaid 10.7 13.2 19.8 18.8 18.8
  Medicaid 18.8 19.5 29.3 24.2 24.2
Not covered 18.8 19.3 21.9 19.9 19.9

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7

Asian alone or in combination
Total 1702 2457 2457 2359 2501 2394 2175

Age
Under 18 years 479 604 604 569 610 567 474
  Related children 455 581 581 545 586 543 452
      Under 6 years 182 208 208 192 209 191 158
18 to 24 years 307 359 359 351 361 356 327
25 to 44 years 459 555 555 520 560 527 475
45 to 64 years 282 418 418 405 437 422 382
65 years and over 174 520 520 514 533 522 517
  65 to 74 years 79 239 239 236 248 241 239
  75 years and over 95 281 281 278 285 281 277

Family Relationship
In families 1202 1802 1802 1717 1840 1740 1527
  Married-couple families 835 1304 1304 1245 1335 1264 1120
      With related children under 18 664 872 872 818 889 825 681
  Female hhlder, no husband present 250 344 344 319 342 316 269
      With related children under 18 186 248 248 226 249 222 182
Unrelated individuals 487 641 641 628 647 640 636
  Living alone 175 305 305 298 308 305 301
      65 years and over 57 158 158 158 159 159 159

Region
Northeast 458 605 605 578 610 595 540
Midwest 283 350 350 319 339 319 305
South 345 432 432 415 459 425 364
West 616 1070 1070 1047 1094 1055 966

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 1222 1852 1852 1790 1891 1827 1701
18 to 24 years old 307 359 359 351 361 356 327
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 41 50 50 47 47 47 40
25 years old and over 916 1493 1493 1439 1530 1471 1374
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 223 390 390 374 401 383 355
  High school graduate, no college 210 371 371 350 382 362 340
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 197 293 293 283 296 291 275
  Bachelor's degree or more 286 439 439 431 451 434 404

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 982 1253 1253 1199 1278 1224 1116
  Worked at full-time jobs 188 242 242 219 251 234 193
      50 to 52 weeks 97 124 124 109 132 118 94
  Worked at part-time jobs 185 231 231 212 235 215 190
  Did not work 610 780 780 767 793 775 733

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 174 409 409 397 410 400 324
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
85 133 133 131 132 131 88
    SSI 89 277 277 266 278 270 237
  Food stamps 462 613 613 586 600 586 502
  Housing assistance 187 261 261 259 259 259 241
  Energy assistance 92 145 145 131 144 123 103
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 492 655 655 612 685 608 474
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
112 198 198 185 187 185 158

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
241 336 336 259 285 263 222
  Medicare 163 547 547 539 557 549 544
      Also Medicaid 73 184 184 177 191 183 181
  Medicaid 656 958 958 932 986 933 799
Not covered 533 633 633 620 672 632 594

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13

Asian alone or in combination
Total 2164 1532 1524 1524 1391 1377

Age
Under 18 years 465 384 384 384 345 343
  Related children 443 362 362 362 322 321
      Under 6 years 156 142 142 142 135 134
18 to 24 years 327 294 294 294 283 282
25 to 44 years 472 403 402 402 379 376
45 to 64 years 383 255 254 254 235 230
65 years and over 517 196 190 190 150 146
  65 to 74 years 238 84 81 81 65 63
  75 years and over 278 112 109 109 85 83

Family Relationship
In families 1515 1018 1011 1011 907 904
  Married-couple families 1106 695 689 689 622 622
      With related children under 18 667 512 512 512 464 464
  Female hhlder, no husband present 268 217 216 216 183 182
      With related children under 18 182 152 152 152 129 129
Unrelated individuals 636 502 502 502 472 461
  Living alone 302 191 191 191 167 163
      65 years and over 160 74 73 73 54 50

Region
Northeast 526 392 387 387 365 362
Midwest 307 255 255 255 248 246
South 364 283 283 283 270 270
West 967 602 600 600 507 498

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 1699 1147 1140 1140 1046 1034
18 to 24 years old 327 294 294 294 283 282
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 40 38 38 38 34 34
25 years old and over 1372 854 846 846 764 752
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 351 211 210 210 172 167
  High school graduate, no college 341 186 184 184 170 166
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 276 189 189 189 174 171
  Bachelor's degree or more 404 268 263 263 247 247

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1113 887 886 886 836 827
  Worked at full-time jobs 192 149 149 149 140 138
      50 to 52 weeks 93 76 76 76 69 69
  Worked at part-time jobs 190 153 152 152 144 143
  Did not work 732 585 585 585 551 546

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 326 252 247 247 115 110
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
88 75 75 75 32 31
    SSI 239 177 172 172 83 79
  Food stamps 488 393 385 385 327 320
  Housing assistance 241 181 175 175 153 146
  Energy assistance 103 82 82 82 73 71
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 460 382 382 382 320 317
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
158 142 137 137 78 75

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
211 140 140 140 136 136
  Medicare 544 184 177 177 135 131
      Also Medicaid 179 101 96 96 57 52
  Medicaid 797 607 601 601 482 469
Not covered 594 503 503 503 493 493

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c

Asian alone or in combination
Total 1306 1248 1315 1705 1483 1483

Age
Under 18 years 318 317 318 473 374 374
  Related children 296 295 296 449 352 352
      Under 6 years 126 132 126 181 143 143
18 to 24 years 276 271 276 312 293 293
25 to 44 years 357 355 359 454 397 397
45 to 64 years 223 202 228 292 253 253
65 years and over 133 104 134 174 166 166
  65 to 74 years 58 42 58 79 75 75
  75 years and over 74 62 76 95 91 91

Family Relationship
In families 849 810 849 1199 985 985
  Married-couple families 572 549 572 827 651 651
      With related children under 18 416 432 416 661 491 491
  Female hhlder, no husband present 178 170 178 245 207 207
      With related children under 18 125 121 125 181 143 143
Unrelated individuals 445 426 454 493 487 487
  Living alone 148 130 148 178 175 175
      65 years and over 38 29 38 57 57 57

Region
Northeast 345 335 346 460 394 394
Midwest 229 225 229 280 259 259
South 256 253 256 352 296 296
West 478 434 485 612 534 534

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 989 932 997 1232 1109 1109
18 to 24 years old 276 271 276 312 293 293
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 32 31 32 41 38 38
25 years old and over 712 661 720 920 816 816
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 142 131 145 216 194 194
  High school graduate, no college 161 158 162 215 180 180
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 168 153 171 200 179 179
  Bachelor's degree or more 241 219 243 288 262 262

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 795 772 802 988 876 876
  Worked at full-time jobs 133 134 135 198 156 156
      50 to 52 weeks 65 69 65 104 77 77
  Worked at part-time jobs 129 126 130 183 156 156
  Did not work 533 513 537 607 564 564

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 98 93 100 168 150 150
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
30 30 30 79 61 61
    SSI 68 63 71 89 89 89
  Food stamps 257 257 257 449 363 363
  Housing assistance 114 114 114 187 159 159
  Energy assistance 57 41 59 85 73 73
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 276 314 276 483 367 367
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
66 67 66 106 88 88

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
136 126 136 239 189 189
  Medicare 120 95 121 160 151 151
      Also Medicaid 47 39 48 72 69 69
  Medicaid 414 407 422 634 525 525
Not covered 483 471 483 547 497 497

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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