U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 2. Percent of Persons in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4

Asian alone
Total 14005 11.1 16.1 16.1 15.4

Age
Under 18 years 3311 12.6 15.5 15.5 14.5
  Related children 3271 12.2 15.1 15.1 14.1
      Under 6 years 1196 13.4 15.0 15.0 13.6
18 to 24 years 1231 21.9 25.7 25.7 25.2
25 to 44 years 4717 8.9 10.8 10.8 10.2
45 to 64 years 3396 8.1 11.8 11.8 11.4
65 years and over 1350 12.7 37.7 37.7 37.3
  65 to 74 years 743 10.5 31.5 31.5 31.1
  75 years and over 608 15.3 45.3 45.3 44.9

Family Relationship
In families 12296 8.9 13.3 13.3 12.7
  Married-couple families 10041 7.7 12.0 12.0 11.4
      With related children under 18 6792 9.0 11.7 11.7 10.9
  Female hhlder, no husband present 1353 15.8 21.9 21.9 20.3
      With related children under 18 831 18.5 25.2 25.2 22.7
Unrelated individuals 1673 27.0 35.8 35.8 35.3
  Living alone 850 18.9 33.7 33.7 33.3
      65 years and over 233 24.4 67.7 67.7 67.7

Region
Northeast 3054 14.5 19.3 19.3 18.5
Midwest 1697 15.7 19.5 19.5 17.7
South 3117 10.5 12.9 12.9 12.4
West 6137 8.4 15.1 15.1 14.8

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 10694 10.6 16.2 16.2 15.7
18 to 24 years old 1231 21.9 25.7 25.7 25.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 148 21.0 27.1 27.1 25.0
25 years old and over 9463 9.2 15.0 15.0 14.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1048 20.4 35.5 35.5 34.0
  High school graduate, no college 1928 10.3 18.1 18.1 17.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1533 11.5 17.5 17.5 17.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 4954 5.7 8.7 8.7 8.6

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 9031 10.1 12.9 12.9 12.3
  Worked at full-time jobs 5737 3.0 3.9 3.9 3.5
      50 to 52 weeks 4925 1.8 2.4 2.4 2.1
  Worked at part-time jobs 1081 15.6 19.4 19.4 17.9
  Did not work 2212 25.9 33.0 33.0 32.4

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 755 20.8 47.8 47.8 46.1
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
169 44.8 64.1 64.1 62.4
    SSI 595 13.7 42.7 42.7 40.8
  Food stamps 801 51.3 66.9 66.9 63.7
  Housing assistance 353 47.5 68.0 68.0 67.7
  Energy assistance 231 35.8 58.1 58.1 51.8
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 1241 33.9 44.6 44.6 41.3
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
233 42.8 70.6 70.6 65.2

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
8177 2.4 3.4 3.4 2.6
  Medicare 1303 12.2 40.7 40.7 40.2
      Also Medicaid 356 20.1 50.3 50.3 48.5
  Medicaid 1949 30.1 43.8 43.8 42.5
Not covered 2408 20.9 24.8 24.8 24.2

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9

Asian alone
Total 16.4 15.7 14.3 14.2 9.9

Age
Under 18 years 15.7 14.4 12.2 12.0 9.8
  Related children 15.4 14.1 11.8 11.6 9.3
      Under 6 years 15.1 13.5 11.6 11.5 10.4
18 to 24 years 26.0 25.6 23.4 23.4 21.0
25 to 44 years 11.0 10.3 9.3 9.3 7.9
45 to 64 years 12.3 11.9 10.7 10.7 7.2
65 years and over 38.7 37.9 37.5 37.5 14.3
  65 to 74 years 32.7 31.8 31.5 31.4 11.1
  75 years and over 46.0 45.4 44.8 44.9 18.2

Family Relationship
In families 13.7 12.9 11.4 11.3 7.4
  Married-couple families 12.3 11.6 10.4 10.3 6.4
      With related children under 18 12.0 11.0 9.3 9.1 6.9
  Female hhlder, no husband present 21.9 20.0 16.9 16.9 13.2
      With related children under 18 25.3 22.2 17.9 17.9 14.4
Unrelated individuals 36.2 35.8 35.6 35.6 27.9
  Living alone 34.1 33.8 33.4 33.4 20.8
      65 years and over 67.9 68.2 68.2 68.4 31.6

Region
Northeast 19.5 19.0 17.2 16.7 12.3
Midwest 18.9 17.7 17.0 17.1 14.1
South 13.8 12.7 10.7 10.7 8.4
West 15.6 14.9 14.0 14.0 8.4

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 16.6 16.0 15.0 14.9 10.0
18 to 24 years old 26.0 25.6 23.4 23.4 21.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 25.0 25.0 20.9 20.9 19.2
25 years old and over 15.4 14.8 13.9 13.8 8.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 36.6 34.8 32.5 32.0 19.1
  High school graduate, no college 18.7 17.6 16.5 16.6 8.9
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 17.8 17.5 16.6 16.6 11.3
  Bachelor's degree or more 9.0 8.6 8.1 8.1 5.3

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 13.2 12.6 11.5 11.4 9.1
  Worked at full-time jobs 4.0 3.7 3.1 3.0 2.3
      50 to 52 weeks 2.5 2.3 1.8 1.8 1.4
  Worked at part-time jobs 20.0 18.1 16.0 16.0 12.7
  Did not work 33.6 32.7 31.0 30.9 24.9

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 47.8 46.6 37.0 37.3 27.8
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
63.3 62.4 39.2 39.2 32.0
    SSI 42.8 41.4 35.9 36.3 26.2
  Food stamps 65.3 63.6 54.0 52.2 41.0
  Housing assistance 67.7 67.7 62.9 62.9 45.7
  Energy assistance 57.8 48.5 40.4 40.4 32.0
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 47.1 41.0 32.5 31.3 25.4
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
65.9 65.2 55.4 55.4 48.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
2.9 2.6 2.3 2.2 1.4
  Medicare 41.6 40.9 40.5 40.5 13.8
      Also Medicaid 52.2 50.1 49.6 49.0 28.0
  Medicaid 45.3 42.6 36.6 36.6 27.2
Not covered 26.4 24.7 23.4 23.4 19.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14

Asian alone
Total 9.9 9.9 9.1 9.0 8.6

Age
Under 18 years 9.8 9.8 9.2 9.2 8.4
  Related children 9.3 9.3 8.7 8.7 7.9
      Under 6 years 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.2 9.6
18 to 24 years 21.0 21.0 20.2 20.1 19.7
25 to 44 years 7.9 7.9 7.5 7.4 7.0
45 to 64 years 7.2 7.2 6.7 6.5 6.3
65 years and over 13.9 13.9 10.9 10.6 9.7
  65 to 74 years 10.7 10.7 8.6 8.3 7.7
  75 years and over 17.7 17.7 13.8 13.4 12.0

Family Relationship
In families 7.4 7.4 6.8 6.7 6.3
  Married-couple families 6.3 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.3
      With related children under 18 6.9 6.9 6.5 6.5 5.8
  Female hhlder, no husband present 13.2 13.2 11.3 11.3 11.2
      With related children under 18 14.4 14.4 12.3 12.3 12.0
Unrelated individuals 27.8 27.8 26.1 25.5 24.6
  Living alone 20.8 20.8 18.1 17.7 15.9
      65 years and over 31.5 31.5 23.1 21.5 16.4

Region
Northeast 12.2 12.2 11.5 11.4 10.8
Midwest 14.1 14.1 13.8 13.7 12.6
South 8.4 8.4 8.1 8.1 7.7
West 8.3 8.3 7.2 7.1 6.8

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 9.9 9.9 9.1 9.0 8.6
18 to 24 years old 21.0 21.0 20.2 20.1 19.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 19.2 19.2 16.9 16.9 16.0
25 years old and over 8.5 8.5 7.7 7.6 7.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 19.1 19.1 15.8 15.3 12.9
  High school graduate, no college 8.9 8.9 8.3 8.1 7.9
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 11.3 11.3 10.4 10.2 10.0
  Bachelor's degree or more 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 9.1 9.1 8.6 8.5 8.2
  Worked at full-time jobs 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1
      50 to 52 weeks 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
  Worked at part-time jobs 12.7 12.7 12.3 12.2 10.9
  Did not work 24.9 24.9 23.5 23.3 22.7

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 27.1 27.1 13.4 12.9 11.4
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
32.0 32.0 14.9 14.9 13.9
    SSI 25.4 25.4 12.8 12.1 10.5
  Food stamps 40.2 40.2 35.1 34.4 26.7
  Housing assistance 44.1 44.1 38.4 36.8 27.9
  Energy assistance 32.0 32.0 28.0 27.2 21.1
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 25.4 25.4 22.1 22.0 18.7
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
46.9 46.9 29.5 28.5 25.1

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
  Medicare 13.3 13.3 10.1 9.8 8.9
      Also Medicaid 26.4 26.4 15.5 14.2 12.8
  Medicaid 26.9 26.9 22.2 21.5 18.8
Not covered 19.8 19.8 19.4 19.4 19.0

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c

Asian alone
Total 8.2 8.6 11.1 9.8 9.8

Age
Under 18 years 8.3 8.4 12.4 10.1 10.1
  Related children 7.9 7.9 12.0 9.6 9.6
      Under 6 years 10.0 9.6 13.3 10.9 10.9
18 to 24 years 19.7 19.7 22.2 21.0 21.0
25 to 44 years 7.0 7.1 8.8 7.8 7.8
45 to 64 years 5.6 6.5 8.4 7.2 7.2
65 years and over 7.5 9.7 12.7 12.1 12.1
  65 to 74 years 5.5 7.7 10.5 10.0 10.0
  75 years and over 10.0 12.2 15.3 14.8 14.8

Family Relationship
In families 6.0 6.3 8.8 7.4 7.4
  Married-couple families 5.2 5.3 7.6 6.1 6.1
      With related children under 18 6.0 5.8 9.0 6.9 6.9
  Female hhlder, no husband present 10.3 11.2 15.5 13.0 13.0
      With related children under 18 11.3 12.0 18.0 14.0 14.0
Unrelated individuals 23.6 25.1 27.3 27.0 27.0
  Living alone 14.1 15.9 19.4 18.9 18.9
      65 years and over 12.3 16.4 24.4 24.4 24.4

Region
Northeast 10.6 10.8 14.6 12.4 12.4
Midwest 12.4 12.6 15.6 14.4 14.4
South 7.5 7.7 10.8 9.0 9.0
West 6.1 6.9 8.3 7.6 7.6

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 8.1 8.7 10.7 9.7 9.7
18 to 24 years old 19.7 19.7 22.2 21.0 21.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 15.1 16.0 21.0 19.5 19.5
25 years old and over 6.6 7.2 9.2 8.2 8.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 11.9 13.2 19.6 17.8 17.8
  High school graduate, no college 7.6 7.9 10.5 8.8 8.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 9.0 10.1 11.7 10.6 10.6
  Bachelor's degree or more 4.3 4.8 5.7 5.2 5.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 8.0 8.3 10.1 9.0 9.0
  Worked at full-time jobs 2.1 2.1 3.1 2.4 2.4
      50 to 52 weeks 1.3 1.2 2.0 1.4 1.4
  Worked at part-time jobs 10.8 11.1 15.5 13.3 13.3
  Did not work 21.7 22.9 25.8 24.1 24.1

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 10.4 11.7 20.1 17.9 17.9
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
13.9 13.9 41.6 32.0 32.0
    SSI 9.3 11.0 13.7 13.7 13.7
  Food stamps 26.5 26.8 49.8 39.7 39.7
  Housing assistance 27.9 27.9 47.5 40.3 40.3
  Energy assistance 17.0 21.9 32.4 28.0 28.0
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 21.5 18.7 33.2 25.9 25.9
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
24.5 25.1 40.5 33.5 33.5

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
1.3 1.4 2.4 2.0 2.0
  Medicare 7.1 9.0 12.0 11.3 11.3
      Also Medicaid 10.6 13.1 19.9 18.9 18.9
  Medicaid 18.3 19.2 29.0 24.3 24.3
Not covered 18.5 19.0 21.4 19.6 19.6

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7

Asian alone
Total 1554 2249 2249 2163 2301 2193 2005

Age
Under 18 years 417 512 512 480 521 478 405
  Related children 397 493 493 462 502 460 387
      Under 6 years 160 180 180 163 180 162 139
18 to 24 years 269 316 316 310 321 315 288
25 to 44 years 422 512 512 481 519 484 441
45 to 64 years 275 400 400 388 419 404 365
65 years and over 171 510 510 504 522 512 506
  65 to 74 years 78 234 234 231 243 236 234
  75 years and over 93 275 275 273 279 276 272

Family Relationship
In families 1092 1639 1639 1561 1684 1583 1398
  Married-couple families 770 1202 1202 1149 1238 1167 1047
      With related children under 18 614 792 792 743 814 750 630
  Female hhlder, no husband present 214 297 297 274 296 271 229
      With related children under 18 154 209 209 188 210 185 149
Unrelated individuals 451 599 599 590 606 599 595
  Living alone 161 287 287 283 290 288 284
      65 years and over 57 158 158 158 158 159 159

Region
Northeast 443 589 589 565 594 580 525
Midwest 267 331 331 301 320 301 288
South 328 403 403 386 429 395 335
West 516 926 926 911 957 917 857

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 1137 1737 1737 1682 1780 1715 1599
18 to 24 years old 269 316 316 310 321 315 288
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 31 40 40 37 37 37 31
25 years old and over 868 1421 1421 1372 1460 1400 1311
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 214 372 372 356 383 365 341
  High school graduate, no college 198 349 349 328 360 339 318
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 176 268 268 263 273 268 254
  Bachelor's degree or more 281 432 432 424 444 428 399

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 912 1161 1161 1112 1190 1134 1034
  Worked at full-time jobs 170 222 222 202 231 215 176
      50 to 52 weeks 90 117 117 102 125 111 88
  Worked at part-time jobs 169 210 210 193 216 196 173
  Did not work 573 729 729 717 743 723 685

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 157 361 361 348 361 352 280
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
76 108 108 105 107 105 66
    SSI 81 254 254 243 254 246 213
  Food stamps 411 536 536 510 524 510 432
  Housing assistance 168 240 240 239 239 239 222
  Energy assistance 83 134 134 120 133 112 93
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 420 554 554 512 584 509 403
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
100 165 165 152 154 152 129

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
197 281 281 214 237 217 191
  Medicare 159 531 531 524 542 533 528
      Also Medicaid 72 179 179 173 186 179 177
  Medicaid 588 854 854 828 882 830 714
Not covered 502 596 596 583 635 595 563

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13

Asian alone
Total 1993 1392 1385 1385 1280 1267

Age
Under 18 years 397 323 323 323 304 303
  Related children 378 304 304 304 285 284
      Under 6 years 137 125 125 125 123 123
18 to 24 years 288 258 258 258 248 248
25 to 44 years 438 374 373 373 354 351
45 to 64 years 365 244 243 243 227 222
65 years and over 506 193 187 187 147 143
  65 to 74 years 233 83 80 80 64 62
  75 years and over 273 110 108 108 84 82

Family Relationship
In families 1386 914 908 908 832 830
  Married-couple families 1033 639 633 633 587 586
      With related children under 18 616 471 471 471 444 444
  Female hhlder, no husband present 229 179 179 179 153 153
      With related children under 18 149 120 120 120 102 102
Unrelated individuals 596 467 466 466 437 426
  Living alone 284 177 177 177 154 150
      65 years and over 159 74 73 73 54 50

Region
Northeast 511 377 372 372 350 347
Midwest 290 240 240 240 233 232
South 335 262 262 262 254 254
West 858 512 511 511 442 434

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 1596 1069 1062 1062 976 964
18 to 24 years old 288 258 258 258 248 248
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 31 28 28 28 25 25
25 years old and over 1309 811 804 804 728 716
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 335 201 200 200 165 160
  High school graduate, no college 319 172 171 171 160 156
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 255 173 173 173 159 156
  Bachelor's degree or more 399 265 259 259 244 243

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1031 821 820 820 777 770
  Worked at full-time jobs 174 133 133 133 125 123
      50 to 52 weeks 87 70 70 70 63 63
  Worked at part-time jobs 173 138 137 137 133 132
  Did not work 683 550 550 550 519 515

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 282 210 205 205 101 97
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
66 54 54 54 25 25
    SSI 216 156 151 151 76 72
  Food stamps 418 329 322 322 282 275
  Housing assistance 222 161 155 155 136 130
  Energy assistance 93 74 74 74 65 63
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 389 315 315 315 274 273
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
129 114 110 110 69 67

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
180 118 118 118 115 114
  Medicare 528 179 173 173 131 127
      Also Medicaid 175 100 94 94 55 51
  Medicaid 713 530 524 524 432 420
Not covered 563 476 476 476 468 468

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c

Asian alone
Total 1199 1144 1207 1556 1370 1370

Age
Under 18 years 278 276 279 411 333 333
  Related children 260 257 260 392 315 315
      Under 6 years 115 120 115 159 131 131
18 to 24 years 242 243 242 274 259 259
25 to 44 years 332 331 334 416 370 370
45 to 64 years 215 192 220 284 244 244
65 years and over 130 102 132 171 164 164
  65 to 74 years 57 41 57 78 74 74
  75 years and over 73 61 74 93 90 90

Family Relationship
In families 776 738 776 1088 908 908
  Married-couple families 537 518 537 762 616 616
      With related children under 18 395 410 395 610 471 471
  Female hhlder, no husband present 151 139 151 209 176 176
      With related children under 18 100 94 100 149 116 116
Unrelated individuals 411 394 419 457 451 451
  Living alone 135 120 135 165 161 161
      65 years and over 38 29 38 57 57 57

Region
Northeast 330 323 331 445 379 379
Midwest 214 211 214 264 245 245
South 239 235 239 336 280 280
West 416 375 423 511 467 467

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 920 867 928 1145 1037 1037
18 to 24 years old 242 243 242 274 259 259
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 24 22 24 31 29 29
25 years old and over 678 625 686 871 778 778
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 135 125 138 205 187 187
  High school graduate, no college 152 147 153 203 170 170
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 153 138 155 179 162 162
  Bachelor's degree or more 238 215 239 283 259 259

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 738 718 745 916 816 816
  Worked at full-time jobs 118 120 120 178 140 140
      50 to 52 weeks 59 63 59 96 70 70
  Worked at part-time jobs 118 117 120 168 143 143
  Did not work 502 480 506 571 533 533

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 86 79 89 152 135 135
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
23 23 23 70 54 54
    SSI 62 55 65 81 81 81
  Food stamps 214 212 214 399 318 318
  Housing assistance 98 98 98 168 142 142
  Energy assistance 49 39 51 75 65 65
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 232 267 232 412 322 322
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
59 57 59 94 78 78

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
114 105 114 195 165 165
  Medicare 116 92 118 156 148 148
      Also Medicaid 45 38 47 71 67 67
  Medicaid 367 357 375 565 474 474
Not covered 458 446 458 515 472 472

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
[an error occurred while processing this directive]