U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 2. Percent of Persons in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4

Asian alone or in combination
Total 15272 12.4 17.2 17.2 16.6

Age
Under 18 years 3996 13.3 16.1 16.1 15.3
  Related children 3946 12.9 15.7 15.7 14.9
      Under 6 years 1478 13.5 14.9 14.9 14.2
18 to 24 years 1394 23.8 27.2 27.2 26.3
25 to 44 years 4984 10.1 12.0 12.0 11.3
45 to 64 years 3520 9.0 13.0 13.0 12.6
65 years and over 1378 15.7 39.6 39.6 39.3
  65 to 74 years 761 13.7 33.5 33.5 33.1
  75 years and over 618 18.1 47.0 47.0 46.9

Family Relationship
In families 13403 10.2 14.5 14.5 13.8
  Married-couple families 10897 8.6 12.9 12.9 12.4
      With related children under 18 7486 9.9 12.6 12.6 11.9
  Female hhlder, no husband present 1539 18.9 23.9 23.9 22.4
      With related children under 18 995 22.7 27.1 27.1 25.2
Unrelated individuals 1826 28.8 36.5 36.5 36.1
  Living alone 915 21.9 34.6 34.6 34.4
      65 years and over 236 30.6 69.0 69.0 69.0

Region
Northeast 3153 16.2 21.0 21.0 19.7
Midwest 1822 16.4 19.5 19.5 18.6
South 3341 11.7 14.2 14.2 13.8
West 6956 10.1 16.3 16.3 15.9

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 11276 12.1 17.6 17.6 17.0
18 to 24 years old 1394 23.8 27.2 27.2 26.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 172 27.1 32.1 32.1 27.6
25 years old and over 9882 10.5 16.2 16.2 15.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1076 24.2 38.7 38.7 37.3
  High school graduate, no college 2015 12.4 20.5 20.5 19.5
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1670 12.5 18.2 18.2 17.8
  Bachelor's degree or more 5121 6.2 9.1 9.1 8.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 9539 11.3 14.2 14.2 13.6
  Worked at full-time jobs 6045 3.6 4.5 4.5 4.1
      50 to 52 weeks 5166 2.3 2.8 2.8 2.6
  Worked at part-time jobs 1169 17.6 22.2 22.2 20.6
  Did not work 2326 28.2 35.1 35.1 34.5

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 833 24.4 50.7 50.7 49.4
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
203 42.9 65.7 65.7 65.1
    SSI 639 18.2 45.5 45.5 43.8
  Food stamps 906 56.7 69.6 69.6 66.4
  Housing assistance 393 50.5 66.7 66.7 66.1
  Energy assistance 251 45.6 63.3 63.3 58.2
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 1383 42.7 52.7 52.7 49.5
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
272 47.0 72.7 72.7 68.7

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
9043 3.1 4.1 4.1 3.3
  Medicare 1353 14.7 42.3 42.3 41.9
      Also Medicaid 365 26.7 54.1 54.1 52.7
  Medicaid 2165 34.1 47.0 47.0 45.7
Not covered 2502 23.4 27.0 27.0 26.9

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9

Asian alone or in combination
Total 17.2 16.8 15.5 15.4 11.5

Age
Under 18 years 16.1 15.3 13.3 13.0 11.2
  Related children 15.7 14.9 12.9 12.6 10.8
      Under 6 years 15.0 13.6 11.7 11.5 10.6
18 to 24 years 27.1 26.8 25.3 25.3 23.1
25 to 44 years 11.9 11.3 10.4 10.4 9.0
45 to 64 years 13.1 13.0 12.3 12.1 8.6
65 years and over 39.6 40.0 39.1 39.1 17.6
  65 to 74 years 33.7 34.2 33.2 33.4 14.5
  75 years and over 46.9 47.1 46.4 46.1 21.4

Family Relationship
In families 14.5 14.0 12.7 12.5 9.1
  Married-couple families 13.0 12.4 11.2 11.0 7.5
      With related children under 18 12.7 11.8 10.2 9.9 8.0
  Female hhlder, no husband present 23.5 23.2 20.4 19.9 16.7
      With related children under 18 26.7 26.0 21.6 20.8 18.2
Unrelated individuals 36.3 36.3 36.2 36.2 29.3
  Living alone 34.8 34.7 34.7 34.7 23.5
      65 years and over 69.1 69.6 69.6 69.6 35.7

Region
Northeast 20.1 19.8 19.2 18.5 14.4
Midwest 18.8 18.8 17.3 17.2 14.5
South 14.9 13.7 12.7 12.8 10.7
West 16.5 16.3 14.8 14.8 9.8

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 17.5 17.3 16.3 16.2 11.6
18 to 24 years old 27.1 26.8 25.3 25.3 23.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 29.5 27.9 26.8 26.8 24.4
25 years old and over 16.2 15.9 15.1 15.0 10.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 38.3 37.6 35.0 35.4 24.8
  High school graduate, no college 20.5 20.0 18.6 18.4 10.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 18.1 18.1 17.5 17.4 12.3
  Bachelor's degree or more 9.2 9.0 8.7 8.5 5.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 14.1 13.7 12.8 12.7 10.5
  Worked at full-time jobs 4.5 4.3 3.7 3.7 3.0
      50 to 52 weeks 2.8 2.7 2.2 2.1 1.8
  Worked at part-time jobs 22.3 20.8 18.6 18.2 15.3
  Did not work 34.9 34.7 33.5 33.6 27.7

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 49.4 50.7 45.9 45.1 35.0
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
65.2 69.2 63.3 62.9 52.2
    SSI 43.8 44.1 39.7 38.8 29.1
  Food stamps 68.4 67.3 62.8 60.4 51.6
  Housing assistance 66.8 66.2 63.2 65.0 47.9
  Energy assistance 60.3 58.2 49.4 44.8 35.4
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 51.9 50.2 40.4 40.4 34.9
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
68.7 71.7 67.3 64.0 56.5

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
3.5 3.3 2.8 2.8 1.8
  Medicare 42.1 42.3 41.6 41.7 16.6
      Also Medicaid 52.8 52.7 50.7 50.1 34.2
  Medicaid 46.6 45.8 40.7 40.4 32.6
Not covered 28.2 27.6 25.5 25.0 22.4

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14

Asian alone or in combination
Total 11.3 11.3 10.6 10.3 9.2

Age
Under 18 years 11.2 11.2 10.4 10.0 8.4
  Related children 10.8 10.8 9.9 9.6 7.9
      Under 6 years 10.6 10.6 10.2 9.9 8.8
18 to 24 years 22.8 22.8 22.6 21.8 20.8
25 to 44 years 8.9 8.9 8.4 8.2 7.6
45 to 64 years 8.4 8.4 8.0 7.7 7.0
65 years and over 16.2 16.2 13.3 13.3 11.6
  65 to 74 years 12.9 12.9 11.1 11.1 9.3
  75 years and over 20.3 20.3 16.1 16.1 14.5

Family Relationship
In families 8.9 8.9 8.2 7.9 6.9
  Married-couple families 7.4 7.4 6.9 6.6 5.7
      With related children under 18 8.0 8.0 7.5 7.2 6.0
  Female hhlder, no husband present 16.7 16.7 14.8 14.1 13.3
      With related children under 18 18.2 18.2 16.4 15.4 14.1
Unrelated individuals 28.9 28.9 27.6 27.2 26.2
  Living alone 22.8 22.8 20.5 20.3 18.4
      65 years and over 33.5 33.5 25.7 25.7 19.0

Region
Northeast 14.1 14.1 13.8 13.3 11.5
Midwest 14.4 14.4 13.9 13.8 12.7
South 10.7 10.7 10.3 9.9 8.3
West 9.6 9.6 8.4 8.1 7.7

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 11.4 11.4 10.7 10.4 9.5
18 to 24 years old 22.8 22.8 22.6 21.8 20.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 24.4 24.4 23.2 23.2 19.7
25 years old and over 9.7 9.7 9.0 8.8 8.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 23.7 23.7 20.7 20.4 15.4
  High school graduate, no college 10.5 10.5 9.9 9.2 8.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 12.1 12.1 11.1 11.0 10.6
  Bachelor's degree or more 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.4 5.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 10.4 10.4 10.0 9.6 8.9
  Worked at full-time jobs 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.5
      50 to 52 weeks 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
  Worked at part-time jobs 15.1 15.1 14.6 14.3 12.3
  Did not work 27.3 27.3 26.1 25.3 24.0

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 33.8 33.8 20.3 18.4 12.4
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
52.2 52.2 32.6 32.2 15.4
    SSI 27.5 27.5 16.2 13.8 11.3
  Food stamps 50.3 50.3 45.5 41.5 29.3
  Housing assistance 45.4 45.4 40.7 39.8 30.5
  Energy assistance 35.4 35.4 31.7 31.0 23.4
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 34.8 34.8 31.0 29.1 22.0
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
53.6 53.6 37.5 33.5 24.7

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.6
  Medicare 15.2 15.2 12.2 12.2 10.1
      Also Medicaid 30.3 30.3 20.3 20.3 14.8
  Medicaid 31.9 31.9 27.3 25.5 20.4
Not covered 22.0 22.0 21.7 21.5 20.5

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c

Asian alone or in combination
Total 8.9 9.5 12.7 11.2 11.2

Age
Under 18 years 8.4 8.4 13.3 10.7 10.7
  Related children 8.0 7.9 12.9 10.3 10.3
      Under 6 years 9.2 8.8 13.5 10.4 10.4
18 to 24 years 20.5 21.3 24.4 23.3 23.3
25 to 44 years 7.6 7.8 10.2 8.9 8.9
45 to 64 years 6.5 7.3 9.6 8.7 8.7
65 years and over 8.8 12.2 16.1 15.4 15.4
  65 to 74 years 6.9 9.9 14.5 13.2 13.2
  75 years and over 11.3 15.1 18.1 18.1 18.1

Family Relationship
In families 6.6 7.0 10.4 8.8 8.8
  Married-couple families 5.5 5.7 8.8 7.1 7.1
      With related children under 18 6.2 6.0 10.0 7.7 7.7
  Female hhlder, no husband present 12.9 13.3 18.6 16.5 16.5
      With related children under 18 13.7 14.1 22.3 19.1 19.1
Unrelated individuals 24.8 26.7 29.0 29.0 29.0
  Living alone 15.8 18.4 22.2 22.2 22.2
      65 years and over 14.2 19.0 30.6 30.6 30.6

Region
Northeast 11.3 11.6 16.2 14.6 14.6
Midwest 12.4 12.7 16.8 15.1 15.1
South 7.9 8.6 12.0 10.5 10.5
West 7.3 8.1 10.4 9.0 9.0

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 9.0 9.8 12.5 11.4 11.4
18 to 24 years old 20.5 21.3 24.4 23.3 23.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 18.9 19.7 27.4 23.8 23.8
25 years old and over 7.4 8.2 10.8 9.7 9.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 14.1 16.3 24.9 22.5 22.5
  High school graduate, no college 8.7 9.2 13.0 11.1 11.1
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 9.5 10.7 12.4 11.7 11.7
  Bachelor's degree or more 4.8 5.3 6.5 5.8 5.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 8.7 9.2 11.7 10.5 10.5
  Worked at full-time jobs 2.5 2.5 3.9 3.2 3.2
      50 to 52 weeks 1.5 1.5 2.6 2.0 2.0
  Worked at part-time jobs 12.2 12.7 17.8 15.3 15.3
  Did not work 23.3 24.7 28.9 27.2 27.2

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 11.8 13.3 24.2 22.7 22.7
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
15.4 15.4 42.1 35.8 35.8
    SSI 10.5 12.4 18.2 18.2 18.2
  Food stamps 29.7 29.8 56.4 48.0 48.0
  Housing assistance 30.5 30.5 50.1 44.0 44.0
  Energy assistance 20.0 24.1 45.6 32.3 32.3
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 23.7 22.1 42.4 32.8 32.8
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
25.0 24.7 46.5 41.7 41.7

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
1.5 1.6 3.2 2.4 2.4
  Medicare 7.9 10.9 15.1 14.3 14.3
      Also Medicaid 12.5 16.0 26.6 25.5 25.5
  Medicaid 20.0 21.1 33.8 28.7 28.7
Not covered 20.1 21.0 24.6 22.5 22.5

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7

Asian alone or in combination
Total 1901 2624 2624 2528 2621 2559 2371

Age
Under 18 years 531 643 643 612 644 612 530
  Related children 507 620 620 588 619 588 508
      Under 6 years 199 220 220 209 222 201 173
18 to 24 years 332 380 380 367 377 374 352
25 to 44 years 503 599 599 564 591 563 518
45 to 64 years 318 457 457 443 462 459 431
65 years and over 216 546 546 542 546 551 539
  65 to 74 years 104 255 255 252 256 260 252
  75 years and over 112 290 290 290 290 291 287

Family Relationship
In families 1361 1945 1945 1856 1944 1883 1697
  Married-couple families 942 1410 1410 1346 1413 1347 1220
      With related children under 18 738 941 941 889 950 885 762
  Female hhlder, no husband present 290 367 367 344 362 358 314
      With related children under 18 226 270 270 251 265 259 215
Unrelated individuals 527 666 666 658 664 663 661
  Living alone 200 317 317 315 319 318 318
      65 years and over 72 163 163 163 163 165 165

Region
Northeast 511 662 662 621 635 624 605
Midwest 298 354 354 339 342 342 316
South 392 474 474 461 499 457 423
West 700 1134 1134 1107 1145 1136 1027

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 1369 1981 1981 1916 1977 1947 1841
18 to 24 years old 332 380 380 367 377 374 352
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 47 55 55 47 51 48 46
25 years old and over 1037 1601 1601 1549 1600 1573 1488
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 260 416 416 401 413 404 377
  High school graduate, no college 249 413 413 393 413 404 375
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 208 304 304 297 303 302 293
  Bachelor's degree or more 320 468 468 457 471 463 444

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1082 1351 1351 1294 1343 1310 1223
  Worked at full-time jobs 219 274 274 251 271 259 225
      50 to 52 weeks 121 147 147 132 144 138 113
  Worked at part-time jobs 206 260 260 241 260 244 217
  Did not work 657 817 817 802 812 807 780

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 204 422 422 412 412 422 382
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
87 133 133 132 132 141 129
    SSI 116 290 290 280 280 282 254
  Food stamps 514 631 631 601 620 610 569
  Housing assistance 198 262 262 260 262 260 248
  Energy assistance 115 159 159 146 152 146 124
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 590 729 729 685 718 694 558
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
128 198 198 187 187 195 183

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
282 371 371 298 321 299 255
  Medicare 199 572 572 566 569 573 563
      Also Medicaid 98 198 198 193 193 193 185
  Medicaid 738 1018 1018 990 1008 992 882
Not covered 586 675 675 672 705 690 637

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13

Asian alone or in combination
Total 2352 1760 1729 1729 1615 1569

Age
Under 18 years 520 448 448 448 414 399
  Related children 498 426 426 426 392 377
      Under 6 years 170 157 157 157 151 147
18 to 24 years 353 322 318 318 315 304
25 to 44 years 516 446 442 442 420 411
45 to 64 years 424 301 297 297 282 271
65 years and over 539 242 224 224 184 184
  65 to 74 years 254 110 98 98 84 84
  75 years and over 285 132 125 125 99 99

Family Relationship
In families 1679 1213 1189 1189 1100 1061
  Married-couple families 1202 814 804 804 748 721
      With related children under 18 738 601 600 600 561 537
  Female hhlder, no husband present 306 257 257 257 228 217
      With related children under 18 207 181 181 181 163 153
Unrelated individuals 661 535 528 528 504 496
  Living alone 318 215 209 209 187 186
      65 years and over 165 84 79 79 61 61

Region
Northeast 584 453 443 443 436 421
Midwest 313 265 262 262 253 252
South 426 359 357 357 344 332
West 1030 683 667 667 582 565

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 1832 1312 1281 1281 1201 1170
18 to 24 years old 353 322 318 318 315 304
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 46 42 42 42 40 40
25 years old and over 1479 990 963 963 886 865
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 381 267 255 255 223 220
  High school graduate, no college 371 217 212 212 199 186
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 290 206 203 203 186 183
  Bachelor's degree or more 437 299 293 293 278 276

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1216 1001 988 988 949 920
  Worked at full-time jobs 222 179 177 177 172 163
      50 to 52 weeks 110 92 90 90 87 85
  Worked at part-time jobs 213 179 176 176 170 167
  Did not work 781 643 635 635 607 589

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 375 292 281 281 170 153
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
128 106 106 106 66 65
    SSI 248 186 176 176 103 88
  Food stamps 547 468 456 456 412 376
  Housing assistance 255 188 178 178 160 156
  Energy assistance 113 89 89 89 80 78
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 559 482 481 481 429 403
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
174 154 146 146 102 91

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
251 166 166 166 164 164
  Medicare 565 225 205 205 165 165
      Also Medicaid 183 125 111 111 74 74
  Medicaid 876 706 691 691 591 551
Not covered 625 562 552 552 544 538

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c

Asian alone or in combination
Total 1411 1353 1444 1942 1714 1714

Age
Under 18 years 335 338 335 531 428 428
  Related children 313 315 313 507 406 406
      Under 6 years 130 135 130 199 154 154
18 to 24 years 290 286 296 341 325 325
25 to 44 years 378 379 386 508 442 442
45 to 64 years 247 228 257 339 307 307
65 years and over 160 122 169 222 212 212
  65 to 74 years 71 52 76 110 100 100
  75 years and over 90 69 93 112 112 112

Family Relationship
In families 921 889 944 1398 1173 1173
  Married-couple families 616 598 626 960 779 779
      With related children under 18 447 463 448 752 575 575
  Female hhlder, no husband present 205 199 205 286 254 254
      With related children under 18 140 136 140 222 190 190
Unrelated individuals 478 452 488 530 529 529
  Living alone 168 144 168 203 203 203
      65 years and over 45 34 45 72 72 72

Region
Northeast 364 357 365 511 462 462
Midwest 231 226 231 306 276 276
South 278 263 287 400 349 349
West 538 507 561 724 627 627

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 1076 1015 1109 1410 1286 1286
18 to 24 years old 290 286 296 341 325 325
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 34 33 34 47 41 41
25 years old and over 786 729 812 1069 961 961
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 166 152 175 267 242 242
  High school graduate, no college 178 175 185 262 224 224
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 176 158 179 208 195 195
  Bachelor's degree or more 265 244 273 333 299 299

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 852 833 877 1113 1004 1004
  Worked at full-time jobs 151 149 153 234 192 192
      50 to 52 weeks 78 77 79 134 101 101
  Worked at part-time jobs 143 142 148 208 179 179
  Did not work 558 541 575 672 633 633

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 103 98 110 202 189 189
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
31 31 31 86 73 73
    SSI 72 67 79 116 116 116
  Food stamps 266 270 270 511 435 435
  Housing assistance 120 120 120 197 173 173
  Energy assistance 59 50 61 115 81 81
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 304 329 305 586 453 453
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
67 68 67 126 113 113

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
142 133 142 290 216 216
  Medicare 137 107 148 205 193 193
      Also Medicaid 54 46 58 97 93 93
  Medicaid 442 434 457 732 621 621
Not covered 513 504 525 615 562 562

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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