U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 2. Percent of Persons in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4

Asian alone
Total 14005 12.5 17.2 17.2 16.6

Age
Under 18 years 3311 14.0 16.5 16.5 15.7
  Related children 3271 13.6 16.1 16.1 15.4
      Under 6 years 1196 14.7 15.9 15.9 15.1
18 to 24 years 1231 23.9 27.2 27.2 26.3
25 to 44 years 4717 9.9 11.7 11.7 11.0
45 to 64 years 3396 9.1 12.9 12.9 12.5
65 years and over 1350 15.8 39.6 39.6 39.3
  65 to 74 years 743 13.9 33.7 33.7 33.2
  75 years and over 608 18.1 46.9 46.9 46.8

Family Relationship
In families 12296 10.1 14.4 14.4 13.8
  Married-couple families 10041 8.7 13.0 13.0 12.4
      With related children under 18 6792 10.1 12.7 12.7 12.0
  Female hhlder, no husband present 1353 18.5 23.4 23.4 21.9
      With related children under 18 831 22.9 27.4 27.4 25.3
Unrelated individuals 1673 29.3 37.3 37.3 36.9
  Living alone 850 22.0 35.2 35.2 34.9
      65 years and over 233 31.0 69.8 69.8 69.8

Region
Northeast 3054 16.2 21.2 21.2 19.8
Midwest 1697 16.6 19.8 19.8 18.9
South 3117 12.0 14.2 14.2 13.8
West 6137 9.7 16.0 16.0 15.8

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 10694 12.0 17.4 17.4 16.8
18 to 24 years old 1231 23.9 27.2 27.2 26.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 148 25.0 30.3 30.3 25.0
25 years old and over 9463 10.4 16.1 16.1 15.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1048 23.9 38.0 38.0 36.6
  High school graduate, no college 1928 12.3 20.2 20.2 19.2
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1533 12.2 18.2 18.2 17.9
  Bachelor's degree or more 4954 6.3 9.3 9.3 9.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 9031 11.2 13.9 13.9 13.3
  Worked at full-time jobs 5737 3.5 4.4 4.4 4.0
      50 to 52 weeks 4925 2.3 2.8 2.8 2.5
  Worked at part-time jobs 1081 17.6 21.9 21.9 20.3
  Did not work 2212 28.0 34.6 34.6 33.9

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 755 24.6 49.5 49.5 48.1
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
169 45.1 64.1 64.1 63.3
    SSI 595 18.4 44.9 44.9 43.1
  Food stamps 801 57.3 68.9 68.9 65.3
  Housing assistance 353 50.5 68.2 68.2 68.0
  Energy assistance 231 44.7 63.4 63.4 57.8
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 1241 41.4 50.4 50.4 47.1
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
233 49.0 70.6 70.6 65.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
8177 2.9 3.8 3.8 3.0
  Medicare 1303 15.0 42.6 42.6 42.2
      Also Medicaid 356 26.9 54.1 54.1 52.8
  Medicaid 1949 34.2 46.8 46.8 45.5
Not covered 2408 23.0 26.5 26.5 26.4

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9

Asian alone
Total 17.2 16.7 15.6 15.4 11.5

Age
Under 18 years 16.6 15.6 13.7 13.4 11.4
  Related children 16.2 15.2 13.3 13.0 11.0
      Under 6 years 16.1 14.4 12.9 12.7 11.7
18 to 24 years 27.0 26.9 25.1 25.0 23.2
25 to 44 years 11.6 11.0 10.1 10.1 8.7
45 to 64 years 13.1 13.0 12.2 11.9 8.6
65 years and over 39.7 40.0 39.1 39.1 17.7
  65 to 74 years 33.8 34.3 33.3 33.5 14.6
  75 years and over 46.8 47.0 46.3 46.0 21.5

Family Relationship
In families 14.4 13.9 12.6 12.4 8.9
  Married-couple families 13.0 12.4 11.3 11.1 7.5
      With related children under 18 12.8 11.9 10.4 10.0 8.2
  Female hhlder, no husband present 23.1 22.5 19.6 19.0 15.5
      With related children under 18 27.0 25.7 21.1 20.2 17.0
Unrelated individuals 37.2 37.1 37.1 37.1 29.9
  Living alone 35.4 35.3 35.3 35.3 23.6
      65 years and over 69.9 70.4 70.4 70.4 36.2

Region
Northeast 20.3 19.9 19.3 18.6 14.4
Midwest 19.0 19.1 17.6 17.4 14.7
South 15.0 13.7 12.6 12.7 10.8
West 16.3 16.1 14.7 14.7 9.4

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 17.4 17.1 16.2 16.1 11.5
18 to 24 years old 27.0 26.9 25.1 25.0 23.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 27.3 25.0 23.8 23.8 21.0
25 years old and over 16.1 15.8 15.0 14.9 10.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 37.7 36.8 34.3 34.7 24.3
  High school graduate, no college 20.2 19.7 18.3 18.1 10.6
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 18.1 18.1 17.6 17.4 12.3
  Bachelor's degree or more 9.4 9.2 8.8 8.7 5.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 13.8 13.4 12.5 12.4 10.3
  Worked at full-time jobs 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.5 2.8
      50 to 52 weeks 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.1 1.7
  Worked at part-time jobs 21.9 20.4 18.2 17.8 15.0
  Did not work 34.3 34.1 33.0 32.9 27.4

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 48.1 48.9 44.1 42.9 32.4
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
63.3 65.5 60.6 58.8 47.4
    SSI 43.1 43.4 38.7 37.7 27.6
  Food stamps 67.6 65.8 61.6 58.9 49.6
  Housing assistance 68.4 68.0 64.9 66.9 47.9
  Energy assistance 60.2 57.8 49.0 44.0 34.2
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 49.6 47.5 38.4 38.4 32.6
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
65.9 67.5 64.0 60.1 51.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
3.2 3.0 2.7 2.6 1.7
  Medicare 42.4 42.7 42.0 42.1 16.9
      Also Medicaid 52.8 52.8 50.7 50.1 34.7
  Medicaid 46.4 45.3 40.7 40.2 32.0
Not covered 27.7 27.1 24.9 24.5 22.0

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14

Asian alone
Total 11.2 11.2 10.7 10.3 9.2

Age
Under 18 years 11.4 11.4 11.2 10.7 8.9
  Related children 11.0 11.0 10.7 10.3 8.4
      Under 6 years 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.3 9.9
18 to 24 years 22.9 22.9 22.7 21.8 20.7
25 to 44 years 8.6 8.6 8.3 8.1 7.4
45 to 64 years 8.4 8.4 8.1 7.7 7.0
65 years and over 16.4 16.4 13.4 13.4 11.7
  65 to 74 years 13.0 13.0 11.2 11.2 9.4
  75 years and over 20.4 20.4 16.1 16.1 14.5

Family Relationship
In families 8.7 8.7 8.2 7.9 6.8
  Married-couple families 7.4 7.4 7.0 6.8 5.7
      With related children under 18 8.1 8.1 7.9 7.5 6.2
  Female hhlder, no husband present 15.5 15.5 14.4 13.6 12.9
      With related children under 18 17.0 17.0 16.1 14.9 13.8
Unrelated individuals 29.4 29.4 28.0 27.6 26.5
  Living alone 22.9 22.9 20.5 20.3 18.3
      65 years and over 33.9 33.9 26.0 26.0 19.3

Region
Northeast 14.0 14.0 13.8 13.3 11.4
Midwest 14.5 14.5 14.1 14.0 12.8
South 10.8 10.8 10.5 10.1 8.4
West 9.2 9.2 8.3 8.0 7.6

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 11.2 11.2 10.5 10.2 9.4
18 to 24 years old 22.9 22.9 22.7 21.8 20.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 21.0 21.0 20.0 20.0 16.0
25 years old and over 9.7 9.7 8.9 8.7 7.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 23.1 23.1 20.4 20.1 15.1
  High school graduate, no college 10.3 10.3 9.8 9.1 8.7
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 12.1 12.1 11.0 10.9 10.4
  Bachelor's degree or more 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 10.2 10.2 9.8 9.5 8.8
  Worked at full-time jobs 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.3
      50 to 52 weeks 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5
  Worked at part-time jobs 14.7 14.7 14.6 14.3 12.1
  Did not work 27.0 27.0 25.9 25.1 23.7

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 31.0 31.0 20.6 18.6 12.1
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
47.4 47.4 35.1 35.1 14.9
    SSI 25.9 25.9 16.2 13.6 11.2
  Food stamps 48.1 48.1 45.5 41.2 27.9
  Housing assistance 45.1 45.1 40.5 39.7 29.5
  Energy assistance 34.2 34.2 30.2 29.6 22.0
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 32.5 32.5 30.4 28.4 20.5
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
48.5 48.5 39.6 35.4 25.7

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.5
  Medicare 15.4 15.4 12.4 12.4 10.3
      Also Medicaid 30.7 30.7 20.4 20.4 14.7
  Medicaid 31.3 31.3 27.7 25.7 20.2
Not covered 21.6 21.6 21.3 21.1 20.0

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c

Asian alone
Total 8.8 9.5 12.8 11.4 11.4

Age
Under 18 years 8.9 8.9 14.1 11.6 11.6
  Related children 8.4 8.4 13.6 11.1 11.1
      Under 6 years 10.3 9.9 14.7 11.8 11.8
18 to 24 years 20.4 21.2 24.6 23.5 23.5
25 to 44 years 7.4 7.6 10.0 8.7 8.7
45 to 64 years 6.4 7.4 9.7 8.8 8.8
65 years and over 8.8 12.3 16.2 15.5 15.5
  65 to 74 years 6.9 10.0 14.7 13.3 13.3
  75 years and over 11.2 15.1 18.1 18.1 18.1

Family Relationship
In families 6.5 7.0 10.4 8.8 8.8
  Married-couple families 5.5 5.8 8.9 7.3 7.3
      With related children under 18 6.4 6.2 10.3 8.1 8.1
  Female hhlder, no husband present 12.2 12.9 18.3 16.3 16.3
      With related children under 18 13.1 13.8 22.5 19.3 19.3
Unrelated individuals 25.1 27.1 29.5 29.5 29.5
  Living alone 15.8 18.3 22.2 22.2 22.2
      65 years and over 14.4 19.3 31.0 31.0 31.0

Region
Northeast 11.3 11.5 16.2 14.6 14.6
Midwest 12.5 12.8 17.1 15.4 15.4
South 7.8 8.7 12.3 10.7 10.7
West 7.1 8.0 10.1 9.0 9.0

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 8.8 9.7 12.4 11.3 11.3
18 to 24 years old 20.4 21.2 24.6 23.5 23.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 15.1 16.0 25.0 20.8 20.8
25 years old and over 7.3 8.2 10.8 9.7 9.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 13.7 15.9 24.5 22.3 22.3
  High school graduate, no college 8.5 9.1 12.9 11.1 11.1
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 9.3 10.6 12.1 11.5 11.5
  Bachelor's degree or more 4.8 5.4 6.6 5.9 5.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 8.5 9.0 11.5 10.4 10.4
  Worked at full-time jobs 2.3 2.4 3.7 3.0 3.0
      50 to 52 weeks 1.4 1.5 2.5 1.9 1.9
  Worked at part-time jobs 11.8 12.6 17.7 15.3 15.3
  Did not work 22.9 24.5 28.7 27.1 27.1

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 11.2 13.1 24.5 23.2 23.2
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
14.9 14.9 45.0 38.9 38.9
    SSI 10.0 12.4 18.4 18.4 18.4
  Food stamps 28.1 28.5 57.3 48.4 48.4
  Housing assistance 29.5 29.5 50.4 44.2 44.2
  Energy assistance 18.3 22.8 44.7 30.9 30.9
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 22.2 20.6 41.3 32.4 32.4
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
25.2 25.7 48.9 44.5 44.5

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
1.4 1.5 3.0 2.3 2.3
  Medicare 8.0 11.1 15.4 14.6 14.6
      Also Medicaid 12.5 15.9 26.9 25.8 25.8
  Medicaid 19.7 21.0 34.0 29.2 29.2
Not covered 19.7 20.5 24.2 22.1 22.1

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7

Asian alone
Total 1746 2407 2407 2323 2407 2346 2182

Age
Under 18 years 463 545 545 521 549 516 453
  Related children 444 526 526 502 529 498 435
      Under 6 years 176 191 191 180 193 172 155
18 to 24 years 294 335 335 324 333 331 309
25 to 44 years 465 553 553 521 545 518 478
45 to 64 years 310 438 438 426 444 440 413
65 years and over 213 535 535 531 536 540 529
  65 to 74 years 103 250 250 247 251 255 247
  75 years and over 110 285 285 284 284 286 281

Family Relationship
In families 1244 1771 1771 1694 1773 1713 1551
  Married-couple families 874 1304 1304 1248 1308 1248 1139
      With related children under 18 685 860 860 814 870 810 705
  Female hhlder, no husband present 250 316 316 297 313 304 265
      With related children under 18 190 228 228 210 224 214 175
Unrelated individuals 491 624 624 618 622 621 620
  Living alone 187 299 299 297 301 300 300
      65 years and over 72 163 163 163 163 164 164

Region
Northeast 495 647 647 605 619 609 590
Midwest 282 335 335 320 322 323 299
South 375 442 442 429 468 426 392
West 593 982 982 968 997 987 902

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 1283 1862 1862 1802 1858 1829 1729
18 to 24 years old 294 335 335 324 333 331 309
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 37 45 45 37 40 37 35
25 years old and over 988 1527 1527 1478 1525 1499 1420
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 251 398 398 383 395 386 360
  High school graduate, no college 237 389 389 370 389 380 354
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 187 278 278 274 278 277 270
  Bachelor's degree or more 314 461 461 450 464 456 437

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1010 1255 1255 1201 1247 1214 1133
  Worked at full-time jobs 200 254 254 231 251 238 206
      50 to 52 weeks 114 139 139 125 137 130 106
  Worked at part-time jobs 190 236 236 219 237 221 196
  Did not work 619 765 765 751 759 755 730

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 185 374 374 363 363 369 333
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
76 108 108 107 107 111 102
    SSI 109 267 267 256 256 258 230
  Food stamps 459 552 552 524 541 527 494
  Housing assistance 178 241 241 240 241 240 229
  Energy assistance 103 146 146 133 139 133 113
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 514 626 626 584 616 589 476
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
114 165 165 154 154 158 149

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
235 312 312 249 265 248 220
  Medicare 195 556 556 551 553 557 547
      Also Medicaid 96 193 193 188 188 188 181
  Medicaid 666 912 912 886 904 883 793
Not covered 555 638 638 635 667 653 601

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13

Asian alone
Total 2162 1605 1574 1574 1494 1449

Age
Under 18 years 444 378 378 378 370 355
  Related children 425 359 359 359 351 336
      Under 6 years 152 140 140 140 139 135
18 to 24 years 307 285 281 281 280 269
25 to 44 years 476 412 407 407 389 380
45 to 64 years 406 290 286 286 274 263
65 years and over 528 239 221 221 181 181
  65 to 74 years 249 109 97 97 83 83
  75 years and over 280 131 124 124 98 98

Family Relationship
In families 1530 1094 1070 1070 1014 976
  Married-couple families 1118 753 742 742 706 679
      With related children under 18 681 555 554 554 534 511
  Female hhlder, no husband present 258 210 210 210 194 184
      With related children under 18 168 142 142 142 134 124
Unrelated individuals 620 500 492 492 469 461
  Living alone 300 201 195 195 174 173
      65 years and over 164 84 79 79 61 61

Region
Northeast 569 438 428 428 421 406
Midwest 295 250 247 247 239 238
South 395 338 336 336 328 315
West 902 579 563 563 506 490

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 1718 1227 1196 1196 1124 1094
18 to 24 years old 307 285 281 281 280 269
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 35 31 31 31 30 30
25 years old and over 1410 942 915 915 845 825
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 363 255 242 242 214 211
  High school graduate, no college 349 204 198 198 189 176
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 268 189 185 185 169 166
  Bachelor's degree or more 431 294 288 288 273 271

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1123 929 917 917 886 857
  Worked at full-time jobs 203 161 159 159 154 146
      50 to 52 weeks 104 86 84 84 81 79
  Worked at part-time jobs 192 162 159 159 158 155
  Did not work 728 607 598 598 574 556

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 324 244 234 234 155 140
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
99 80 80 80 59 59
    SSI 224 164 154 154 96 81
  Food stamps 472 398 385 385 365 330
  Housing assistance 236 169 159 159 143 140
  Energy assistance 102 79 79 79 70 68
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 476 405 404 404 378 352
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
140 121 113 113 93 83

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
216 141 141 141 139 139
  Medicare 549 221 201 201 162 162
      Also Medicaid 179 124 109 109 73 73
  Medicaid 784 624 609 609 540 501
Not covered 589 530 520 520 514 508

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c

Asian alone
Total 1294 1233 1327 1787 1592 1592

Age
Under 18 years 293 295 294 465 383 383
  Related children 275 276 275 446 365 365
      Under 6 years 119 123 119 176 142 142
18 to 24 years 255 251 261 303 290 290
25 to 44 years 349 349 357 470 412 412
45 to 64 years 239 219 250 329 297 297
65 years and over 158 119 166 219 209 209
  65 to 74 years 70 51 75 109 99 99
  75 years and over 88 68 92 110 110 110

Family Relationship
In families 840 802 863 1283 1087 1087
  Married-couple families 575 555 584 894 737 737
      With related children under 18 421 435 422 701 548 548
  Female hhlder, no husband present 175 165 175 248 221 221
      With related children under 18 114 109 114 187 160 160
Unrelated individuals 443 420 453 493 493 493
  Living alone 155 134 155 189 189 189
      65 years and over 45 34 45 72 72 72

Region
Northeast 349 345 350 496 447 447
Midwest 216 211 216 290 261 261
South 261 244 270 384 333 333
West 468 433 491 618 550 550

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years and over 1001 938 1034 1322 1208 1208
18 to 24 years old 255 251 261 303 290 290
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 24 22 24 37 31 31
25 years old and over 746 687 772 1019 919 919
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 158 143 167 257 233 233
  High school graduate, no college 168 163 176 249 214 214
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 160 142 162 186 177 177
  Bachelor's degree or more 260 239 268 327 294 294

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 790 769 815 1040 939 939
  Worked at full-time jobs 134 135 136 213 173 173
      50 to 52 weeks 71 71 73 125 94 94
  Worked at part-time jobs 131 127 136 192 166 166
  Did not work 525 507 543 635 600 600

Program Participation Status of Household Members
One or more members received:
Cash assistance 92 85 99 185 175 175
    Public assistance or
 welfare non-SSI
25 25 25 76 66 66
    SSI 66 59 74 109 109 109
  Food stamps 223 225 228 459 388 388
  Housing assistance 104 104 104 178 156 156
  Energy assistance 51 42 53 103 71 71
  Free or reduced-price sch. lunch 254 275 256 512 402 402
Household received both food stamps
  and cash assistance
60 59 60 114 104 104

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by:
  Plan related to employment
    of self or relative
119 110 119 242 190 190
  Medicare 134 104 144 201 190 190
      Also Medicaid 53 44 57 96 92 92
  Medicaid 394 383 408 662 570 570
Not covered 482 474 495 583 532 532

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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