U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 3. Percent of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 54461 6.1 16.5 16.5 16.0

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 1706 25.5 29.8 29.8 28.4
25 to 44 years 18548 8.4 11.5 11.5 11.0
45 to 54 years 12948 4.3 7.8 7.8 7.5
55 to 64 years 10435 4.1 11.8 11.8 11.3
65 years and over 10824 3.2 38.0 38.0 37.5

Type of Family
Married-couple families 43966 3.3 13.2 13.2 12.8
  With related children
    under 18
17582 4.1 6.4 6.4 6.0
  With related children
    under 6
7796 5.6 7.7 7.7 7.1
Male householder,
    no wife present
3200 11.5 22.2 22.2 21.5
Female householder,
    no husband present
7294 21.1 34.0 34.0 33.0
  With related children
    under 18
4449 29.0 36.9 36.9 35.7
  With related children
    under 6
1700 43.0 49.8 49.8 48.5

Region
Northeast 10328 4.9 14.6 14.6 14.1
Midwest 14339 6.3 17.2 17.2 16.5
South 19304 7.2 18.4 18.4 18.1
West 10490 5.1 13.9 13.9 13.5

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4047 18.3 45.4 45.4 44.5
High school graduate, no college 16304 7.6 22.8 22.8 22.1
College: Less than bachelor's degree 15637 6.3 14.7 14.7 14.3
Bachelor's degree or more 18473 2.0 6.1 6.1 5.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 43637 6.8 11.2 11.2 10.7
Worked at full-time jobs 30093 2.5 3.4 3.4 3.0
  50 to 52 weeks 25479 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.4
Worked at part-time jobs 5427 11.5 16.8 16.8 15.8
Did not work 8117 20.0 36.1 36.1 35.6

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 17273 16.1 47.6 47.6 46.8
  Householder 15 to 64 years 9130 26.9 45.9 45.9 44.7
  Householder 65 years and over 8143 4.1 49.6 49.6 49.1
One worker 22812 2.2 3.1 3.1 2.7
Two workers or more 14376 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1926 28.5 58.1 58.1 57.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 557 52.5 72.7 72.7 72.2
      SSI 1473 20.7 54.1 54.1 53.0
  Food stamps 3301 46.3 67.4 67.4 66.0
  Housing assistance 754 51.5 73.8 73.8 73.5
  Energy assistance 1297 42.3 71.7 71.7 70.6
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 3281 32.0 45.6 45.6 44.0
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 873 52.3 83.3 83.3 83.0

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 39310 2.0 5.9 5.9 5.3
  Medicare 14481 4.8 37.1 37.1 36.6
  Medicaid 8296 23.3 40.3 40.3 39.3
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
4806 12.8 17.7 17.7 17.7
  Health insurance 2428 17.1 23.9 23.9 23.9
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 2285 14.1 53.2 53.2 52.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 16.6 16.1 15.2 15.2 5.7

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 29.4 28.4 23.5 23.6 21.0
25 to 44 years 11.7 10.8 9.1 9.1 6.9
45 to 54 years 8.0 7.6 6.9 7.0 4.2
55 to 64 years 11.6 11.5 11.2 11.4 4.6
65 years and over 37.9 37.9 37.8 38.0 4.0

Type of Family
Married-couple families 13.2 12.9 12.3 12.4 3.0
  With related children
    under 18
6.6 5.9 4.6 4.6 3.1
  With related children
    under 6
7.8 6.9 5.1 5.1 3.9
Male householder,
    no wife present
22.2 22.1 20.5 20.5 11.0
Female householder,
    no husband present
34.4 33.2 29.9 30.0 19.4
  With related children
    under 18
37.5 35.4 30.2 30.0 24.9
  With related children
    under 6
50.8 47.8 40.9 40.7 36.4

Region
Northeast 14.4 14.2 13.3 13.2 4.6
Midwest 17.3 16.7 15.5 15.7 5.6
South 18.6 18.1 17.1 17.2 6.7
West 14.0 13.6 12.8 12.8 5.0

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 45.7 45.0 42.7 42.9 19.2
High school graduate, no college 23.0 22.3 20.8 20.9 6.9
College: Less than bachelor's degree 14.7 14.3 13.3 13.3 5.5
Bachelor's degree or more 6.1 6.0 5.7 5.8 1.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 11.3 10.7 9.5 9.6 6.1
Worked at full-time jobs 3.5 3.1 2.1 2.1 1.5
  50 to 52 weeks 1.7 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.7
Worked at part-time jobs 16.8 16.0 13.3 13.3 9.2
Did not work 36.2 35.6 34.5 34.7 21.2

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 47.6 47.1 45.1 45.3 16.1
  Householder 15 to 64 years 46.0 44.9 41.4 41.5 26.0
  Householder 65 years and over 49.5 49.5 49.4 49.6 5.1
One worker 3.3 2.7 1.8 1.9 1.3
Two workers or more 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 58.8 57.8 54.7 55.0 42.2
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 76.0 72.5 66.6 66.8 57.0
      SSI 54.0 53.9 52.0 52.3 38.8
  Food stamps 68.7 65.6 57.2 57.1 43.1
  Housing assistance 75.2 72.7 66.2 66.0 50.2
  Energy assistance 72.7 69.6 62.8 62.8 41.3
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 46.8 43.6 35.6 35.6 26.9
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 85.2 83.3 78.7 78.7 68.5

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 5.5 5.3 4.9 5.0 1.5
  Medicare 37.0 37.0 36.7 36.8 5.9
  Medicaid 41.2 39.2 34.7 34.8 22.6
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
19.0 18.1 16.2 16.2 11.6
  Health insurance 25.4 24.2 21.5 21.4 15.3
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 53.2 52.6 51.2 51.3 20.4

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 5.6 5.6 5.0 4.9 4.2

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 20.9 20.9 20.0 19.2 15.7
25 to 44 years 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.2 4.9
45 to 54 years 4.2 4.2 3.7 3.6 3.2
55 to 64 years 4.4 4.4 3.8 3.7 3.4
65 years and over 3.8 3.8 3.1 3.1 3.0

Type of Family
Married-couple families 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.5 2.3
  With related children
    under 18
3.0 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.1
  With related children
    under 6
3.8 3.8 3.4 3.2 2.5
Male householder,
    no wife present
10.8 10.8 9.6 9.5 8.6
Female householder,
    no husband present
19.1 19.0 17.7 17.1 13.4
  With related children
    under 18
24.6 24.6 23.4 22.5 17.3
  With related children
    under 6
36.2 36.2 35.3 33.7 27.5

Region
Northeast 4.5 4.5 3.7 3.5 2.9
Midwest 5.5 5.5 5.1 5.0 4.1
South 6.6 6.6 6.1 5.9 5.3
West 4.9 4.9 4.3 4.2 3.5

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 18.6 18.6 16.2 15.5 13.0
High school graduate, no college 6.8 6.8 6.1 5.9 4.9
College: Less than bachelor's degree 5.4 5.4 5.1 4.9 4.2
Bachelor's degree or more 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 6.0 6.0 5.5 5.3 4.5
Worked at full-time jobs 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.1
  50 to 52 weeks 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5
Worked at part-time jobs 9.1 9.0 8.6 8.3 6.4
Did not work 20.6 20.6 18.6 17.9 15.6

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 15.8 15.8 14.2 13.7 11.8
  Householder 15 to 64 years 25.4 25.4 23.2 22.4 18.9
  Householder 65 years and over 4.9 4.9 4.0 4.0 3.8
One worker 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.9
Two workers or more 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 40.3 40.3 26.1 24.2 16.5
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 56.3 56.3 48.2 45.0 29.0
      SSI 36.6 36.5 19.0 17.2 12.3
  Food stamps 42.1 42.1 36.8 34.3 23.4
  Housing assistance 49.3 49.3 43.5 39.7 19.6
  Energy assistance 40.2 40.2 33.7 31.2 21.4
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 26.2 26.2 24.1 22.6 15.5
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 67.1 67.1 47.1 43.2 26.7

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
  Medicare 5.4 5.4 4.5 4.4 3.9
  Medicaid 22.0 22.0 18.7 17.7 13.4
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
11.6 11.6 11.5 11.5 11.2
  Health insurance 15.3 15.3 15.2 15.2 14.5
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 18.4 18.3 12.6 12.1 9.4

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 4.0 4.2 6.1 5.3 5.3

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 15.6 15.9 25.0 20.6 20.6
25 to 44 years 5.1 5.0 8.2 6.7 6.7
45 to 54 years 3.0 3.2 4.4 3.8 3.8
55 to 64 years 3.1 3.4 4.3 4.2 4.2
65 years and over 2.2 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.2

Type of Family
Married-couple families 2.2 2.4 3.2 2.8 2.8
  With related children
    under 18
2.2 2.1 3.9 2.9 2.9
  With related children
    under 6
2.7 2.6 5.2 3.7 3.7
Male householder,
    no wife present
8.6 8.8 11.5 10.1 10.1
Female householder,
    no husband present
12.6 13.5 21.1 18.2 18.2
  With related children
    under 18
16.8 17.4 28.6 24.0 24.0
  With related children
    under 6
27.1 27.7 42.6 36.2 36.2

Region
Northeast 2.8 3.0 4.8 4.0 3.9
Midwest 3.9 4.1 6.2 5.4 5.4
South 4.9 5.3 7.2 6.3 6.3
West 3.4 3.6 5.2 4.5 4.5

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 12.4 13.4 18.7 17.0 17.0
High school graduate, no college 4.7 5.0 7.5 6.3 6.3
College: Less than bachelor's degree 4.0 4.2 6.2 5.3 5.2
Bachelor's degree or more 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.8 1.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 4.4 4.5 6.8 5.8 5.8
Worked at full-time jobs 1.3 1.1 2.4 1.6 1.6
  50 to 52 weeks 0.8 0.5 1.3 0.7 0.7
Worked at part-time jobs 6.2 6.4 11.4 9.1 9.0
Did not work 14.7 15.8 20.0 19.2 19.2

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 10.8 11.9 16.2 14.7 14.6
  Householder 15 to 64 years 18.0 19.0 26.8 24.1 24.1
  Householder 65 years and over 2.8 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.1
One worker 1.1 0.9 2.2 1.3 1.3
Two workers or more 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 15.8 16.9 28.9 27.0 27.0
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 28.2 29.0 53.1 48.8 48.8
      SSI 11.6 12.8 21.0 20.1 20.1
  Food stamps 22.4 23.7 45.5 38.5 38.5
  Housing assistance 19.6 19.8 50.1 44.4 44.4
  Energy assistance 19.3 21.6 41.0 35.0 34.9
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 15.1 15.9 31.3 24.9 24.9
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 25.6 27.2 52.4 48.7 48.7

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1.4 1.3 2.0 1.6 1.6
  Medicare 3.3 4.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
  Medicaid 12.9 13.7 22.9 19.4 19.4
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
10.5 11.2 13.1 11.5 11.5
  Health insurance 13.7 14.5 17.5 15.2 15.1
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 8.2 9.7 14.5 14.1 14.1

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 3335 8981 8981 8727 9021 8786 8252

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 434 508 508 484 501 484 401
25 to 44 years 1555 2129 2129 2032 2170 2001 1689
45 to 54 years 563 1004 1004 969 1036 990 897
55 to 64 years 433 1231 1231 1182 1207 1204 1172
65 years and over 350 4109 4109 4061 4107 4107 4092

Type of Family
Married-couple families 1431 5789 5789 5629 5800 5659 5413
  With related children
    under 18
715 1124 1124 1053 1159 1034 812
  With related children
    under 6
438 598 598 557 610 536 401
Male householder,
    no wife present
367 712 712 690 712 706 656
Female householder,
    no husband present
1537 2480 2480 2409 2509 2421 2183
  With related children
    under 18
1290 1641 1641 1589 1668 1575 1343
  With related children
    under 6
732 846 846 824 863 813 695

Region
Northeast 504 1511 1511 1453 1484 1469 1374
Midwest 899 2462 2462 2365 2478 2401 2229
South 1396 3555 3555 3491 3593 3485 3304
West 537 1454 1454 1419 1465 1431 1344

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 740 1838 1838 1799 1849 1821 1727
High school graduate, no college 1245 3715 3715 3597 3743 3628 3387
College: Less than bachelor's degree 980 2302 2302 2240 2303 2237 2076
Bachelor's degree or more 370 1127 1127 1092 1126 1101 1061

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 2985 4872 4872 4666 4913 4679 4160
Worked at full-time jobs 739 1031 1031 918 1060 921 639
  50 to 52 weeks 347 418 418 363 442 360 220
Worked at part-time jobs 625 914 914 860 914 869 720
Did not work 1621 2927 2927 2888 2940 2889 2801

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 2787 8230 8230 8076 8230 8134 7795
  Householder 15 to 64 years 2452 4195 4195 4079 4203 4101 3777
  Householder 65 years and over 336 4035 4035 3997 4027 4033 4019
One worker 508 708 708 609 744 608 419
Two workers or more 40 43 43 42 47 43 38

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 549 1119 1119 1099 1132 1113 1054
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 292 405 405 402 424 404 371
      SSI 305 797 797 780 795 794 766
  Food stamps 1528 2225 2225 2180 2267 2165 1888
  Housing assistance 388 556 556 554 567 548 499
  Energy assistance 549 931 931 916 943 903 814
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1049 1495 1495 1443 1537 1430 1168
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 456 727 727 725 744 727 687

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 790 2325 2325 2071 2159 2087 1943
  Medicare 691 5378 5378 5298 5362 5355 5309
  Medicaid 1932 3343 3343 3261 3422 3254 2882
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
614 852 852 852 914 871 780
  Health insurance 416 579 579 579 616 588 522
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 321 1215 1215 1191 1215 1202 1171

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 8281 3108 3042 3040 2747 2657

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 403 358 356 356 342 327
25 to 44 years 1680 1287 1268 1267 1188 1142
45 to 54 years 902 548 539 539 477 463
55 to 64 years 1187 484 463 463 401 385
65 years and over 4108 431 417 416 340 340

Type of Family
Married-couple families 5438 1337 1307 1306 1149 1108
  With related children
    under 18
817 549 533 532 474 447
  With related children
    under 6
401 306 293 293 265 249
Male householder,
    no wife present
657 353 345 345 307 303
Female householder,
    no husband present
2186 1418 1390 1389 1291 1245
  With related children
    under 18
1335 1109 1096 1095 1042 1000
  With related children
    under 6
692 619 615 615 600 573

Region
Northeast 1364 471 461 460 387 362
Midwest 2250 810 791 790 731 713
South 3320 1302 1281 1280 1177 1138
West 1346 525 509 509 453 443

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1738 777 752 752 656 628
High school graduate, no college 3404 1124 1105 1105 993 964
College: Less than bachelor's degree 2072 862 846 845 792 760
Bachelor's degree or more 1067 345 339 338 307 305

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 4173 2678 2626 2624 2407 2317
Worked at full-time jobs 640 460 459 459 431 415
  50 to 52 weeks 219 178 176 176 171 161
Worked at part-time jobs 719 499 491 491 468 449
Did not work 2813 1719 1676 1675 1508 1452

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 7820 2787 2724 2723 2445 2368
  Householder 15 to 64 years 3785 2372 2323 2322 2121 2044
  Householder 65 years and over 4035 415 401 401 325 325
One worker 423 288 286 286 270 257
Two workers or more 38 34 32 32 32 32

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1059 813 777 777 502 466
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 372 318 314 314 269 251
      SSI 771 571 538 538 280 254
  Food stamps 1885 1423 1390 1390 1215 1131
  Housing assistance 497 378 372 372 328 299
  Energy assistance 815 535 522 522 438 405
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1167 882 859 859 790 741
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 687 598 585 585 411 377

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1960 593 590 589 555 544
  Medicare 5331 854 788 787 645 634
  Medicaid 2885 1872 1825 1824 1555 1465
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
781 559 559 559 555 555
  Health insurance 520 372 372 372 369 369
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 1172 466 420 419 289 277

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 2272 2170 2298 3328 2874 2862

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 268 266 272 427 352 352
25 to 44 years 917 950 927 1521 1242 1241
45 to 54 years 409 395 410 570 492 489
55 to 64 years 356 320 359 452 435 433
65 years and over 323 239 330 359 353 346

Type of Family
Married-couple families 1016 977 1034 1423 1225 1215
  With related children
    under 18
363 382 374 690 507 507
  With related children
    under 6
194 211 202 406 287 287
Male householder,
    no wife present
276 276 282 369 322 322
Female householder,
    no husband present
979 917 983 1536 1326 1325
  With related children
    under 18
770 746 774 1274 1069 1068
  With related children
    under 6
467 461 471 724 615 615

Region
Northeast 301 291 305 493 411 407
Midwest 587 565 590 895 767 767
South 1018 955 1028 1395 1224 1220
West 366 360 375 545 472 468

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 527 501 541 756 688 688
High school graduate, no college 803 763 808 1228 1024 1021
College: Less than bachelor's degree 651 633 658 970 825 817
Bachelor's degree or more 291 273 291 375 337 337

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 1949 1930 1968 2970 2521 2516
Worked at full-time jobs 340 396 342 726 471 471
  50 to 52 weeks 136 192 136 340 191 191
Worked at part-time jobs 346 338 346 618 492 490
Did not work 1263 1197 1280 1626 1558 1555

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 2031 1869 2052 2791 2539 2527
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1724 1640 1737 2450 2202 2197
  Householder 65 years and over 307 228 314 340 337 330
One worker 209 253 213 497 301 301
Two workers or more 31 48 33 40 34 34

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 319 304 325 557 519 519
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 161 157 161 296 272 272
      SSI 182 172 188 310 296 296
  Food stamps 771 740 783 1501 1271 1270
  Housing assistance 148 148 150 378 335 335
  Energy assistance 278 250 280 532 454 453
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 510 496 520 1028 816 816
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 233 223 238 458 425 425

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 505 534 508 792 642 638
  Medicare 562 477 577 708 696 690
  Medicaid 1114 1074 1133 1902 1607 1606
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
537 506 537 628 555 553
  Health insurance 352 333 352 425 369 367
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 214 188 222 331 323 322

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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