U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 3. Percent of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Black alone or in combination
All families 9660 20.4 31.4 31.4 30.2

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 696 44.8 52.8 52.8 51.0
25 to 44 years 4334 24.5 30.6 30.6 29.3
45 to 54 years 2127 13.8 21.6 21.6 20.7
55 to 64 years 1377 12.7 25.3 25.3 24.1
65 years and over 1126 11.6 46.8 46.8 46.4

Type of Family
Married-couple families 4429 7.7 17.9 17.9 17.0
  With related children
    under 18
2264 9.7 14.8 14.8 13.6
  With related children
    under 6
1051 12.0 16.4 16.4 15.3
Male householder,
    no wife present
968 22.7 33.7 33.7 32.8
Female householder,
    no husband present
4264 33.1 44.8 44.8 43.4
  With related children
    under 18
3079 40.3 49.4 49.4 47.7
  With related children
    under 6
1382 50.5 58.2 58.2 56.9

Region
Northeast 1612 19.4 29.5 29.5 28.0
Midwest 1743 26.7 40.3 40.3 38.5
South 5393 18.9 29.3 29.3 28.5
West 912 19.2 29.7 29.7 28.3

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1497 38.2 57.0 57.0 56.0
High school graduate, no college 3188 24.9 36.3 36.3 34.6
College: Less than bachelor's degree 3139 16.6 27.2 27.2 26.2
Bachelor's degree or more 1836 4.5 8.9 8.9 8.5

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 8534 21.6 29.3 29.3 28.1
Worked at full-time jobs 5380 8.9 12.0 12.0 10.8
  50 to 52 weeks 4401 5.5 6.5 6.5 5.6
Worked at part-time jobs 991 33.9 45.0 45.0 42.5
Did not work 2164 47.4 65.2 65.2 64.4

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 3663 45.1 71.0 71.0 69.6
  Householder 15 to 64 years 2897 52.9 72.4 72.4 70.8
  Householder 65 years and over 765 15.6 65.6 65.6 65.2
One worker 4094 7.7 10.4 10.4 8.9
Two workers or more 1903 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1156 44.7 70.8 70.8 69.4
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 515 61.7 81.1 81.1 79.4
      SSI 740 32.7 65.7 65.7 64.6
  Food stamps 2256 54.0 71.3 71.3 70.0
  Housing assistance 1092 55.4 70.6 70.6 69.1
  Energy assistance 610 53.0 76.7 76.7 75.6
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 2334 44.9 56.9 56.9 54.6
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 730 58.7 84.9 84.9 84.2

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 5708 6.1 10.9 10.9 8.9
  Medicare 2043 16.6 47.5 47.5 46.6
  Medicaid 3684 38.5 53.9 53.9 52.9
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
990 28.5 36.8 36.8 36.8
  Health insurance 691 33.7 43.0 43.0 43.0
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 797 27.1 62.0 62.0 61.6

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Black alone or in combination
All families 31.2 30.0 27.5 27.5 18.9

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 53.2 48.8 43.4 43.4 39.1
25 to 44 years 30.6 28.7 25.3 25.3 21.5
45 to 54 years 21.3 21.1 19.7 19.6 13.7
55 to 64 years 24.5 24.5 23.4 23.5 13.8
65 years and over 47.0 46.8 46.2 46.5 12.6

Type of Family
Married-couple families 17.5 16.9 15.7 15.8 6.9
  With related children
    under 18
14.4 13.3 11.0 11.0 7.6
  With related children
    under 6
16.1 14.8 12.5 12.5 9.4
Male householder,
    no wife present
33.2 32.6 30.1 30.3 21.5
Female householder,
    no husband present
45.0 42.9 39.2 39.1 30.8
  With related children
    under 18
49.8 46.7 41.6 41.4 35.8
  With related children
    under 6
59.6 55.5 48.4 48.1 44.9

Region
Northeast 28.6 27.8 25.7 25.9 18.6
Midwest 39.3 38.5 35.4 35.5 25.4
South 29.7 28.1 25.8 25.7 17.2
West 29.5 28.6 26.3 26.2 17.5

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 56.7 55.1 53.1 53.1 38.5
High school graduate, no college 35.8 34.6 31.2 31.3 21.6
College: Less than bachelor's degree 27.5 25.8 23.2 23.2 15.7
Bachelor's degree or more 8.7 8.5 7.7 7.7 3.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 29.1 27.7 25.1 25.0 19.7
Worked at full-time jobs 12.0 10.3 7.6 7.6 5.8
  50 to 52 weeks 6.8 5.0 3.2 3.2 2.8
Worked at part-time jobs 44.3 42.1 35.7 35.2 27.1
Did not work 64.8 64.6 63.7 63.8 51.2

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 70.4 69.7 66.2 66.0 44.6
  Householder 15 to 64 years 71.7 70.7 66.3 66.1 51.8
  Householder 65 years and over 65.7 66.0 65.6 65.8 17.5
One worker 10.5 8.2 5.6 5.8 4.6
Two workers or more 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 70.4 69.2 66.1 66.1 55.4
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 80.7 78.7 73.4 73.4 66.6
      SSI 65.4 65.1 63.2 63.0 50.1
  Food stamps 72.6 69.5 64.5 64.4 53.0
  Housing assistance 71.6 68.2 64.6 64.6 54.4
  Energy assistance 77.5 74.9 71.0 71.0 53.1
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 57.1 53.5 47.1 46.9 39.1
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 85.1 83.5 79.8 79.8 70.5

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 9.4 8.6 7.6 7.7 4.3
  Medicare 47.6 47.1 46.1 46.5 18.5
  Medicaid 55.0 52.4 47.7 47.7 37.4
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
37.0 36.3 32.4 32.2 24.5
  Health insurance 43.2 42.0 38.0 38.0 29.8
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 63.1 62.1 60.0 60.0 32.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Black alone or in combination
All families 18.6 18.6 17.0 16.3 12.7

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 39.1 39.1 36.5 36.5 29.0
25 to 44 years 21.2 21.2 19.5 18.4 13.7
45 to 54 years 13.4 13.4 12.1 11.5 9.5
55 to 64 years 13.6 13.6 11.5 11.4 9.3
65 years and over 11.6 11.6 11.0 10.8 8.9

Type of Family
Married-couple families 6.7 6.7 6.2 6.1 5.0
  With related children
    under 18
7.4 7.4 7.1 7.0 5.1
  With related children
    under 6
9.4 9.4 9.1 8.8 5.8
Male householder,
    no wife present
21.1 21.1 19.2 19.0 17.9
Female householder,
    no husband present
30.4 30.4 27.7 26.3 19.5
  With related children
    under 18
35.5 35.5 32.8 31.0 22.7
  With related children
    under 6
44.4 44.4 41.6 38.6 28.7

Region
Northeast 18.5 18.5 16.4 15.6 12.5
Midwest 25.0 25.0 22.5 21.5 17.0
South 16.8 16.8 15.5 15.1 11.6
West 17.5 17.5 15.9 14.8 11.0

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 37.9 37.9 33.8 32.8 25.6
High school graduate, no college 21.4 21.4 20.1 19.1 14.9
College: Less than bachelor's degree 15.3 15.3 13.8 13.2 10.1
Bachelor's degree or more 3.6 3.6 3.1 3.1 2.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 19.5 19.5 17.8 17.0 13.2
Worked at full-time jobs 5.7 5.7 5.2 5.0 3.3
  50 to 52 weeks 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5 1.5
Worked at part-time jobs 26.9 26.9 24.6 23.1 14.6
Did not work 50.5 50.5 45.7 44.0 37.1

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 43.8 43.8 40.1 38.8 30.7
  Householder 15 to 64 years 51.1 51.1 46.7 45.1 35.5
  Householder 65 years and over 16.1 16.1 15.2 14.9 12.5
One worker 4.6 4.6 4.0 3.6 2.3
Two workers or more 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 54.2 54.2 40.6 38.3 26.4
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 66.2 66.2 55.9 51.3 36.2
      SSI 48.4 48.4 30.3 28.2 18.4
  Food stamps 51.9 51.9 46.8 43.9 29.5
  Housing assistance 53.3 53.3 49.5 45.8 27.5
  Energy assistance 52.5 52.5 48.5 44.5 31.4
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 38.7 38.7 36.1 33.9 23.7
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 69.2 69.2 53.7 50.1 32.4

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 4.2 4.2 3.7 3.6 3.0
  Medicare 17.1 17.1 14.9 14.4 11.9
  Medicaid 36.8 36.8 32.6 30.8 22.0
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5 23.2
  Health insurance 29.8 29.8 29.8 29.8 28.2
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 29.6 29.6 24.0 22.6 17.2

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Black alone or in combination
All families 12.2 12.7 20.0 17.6 17.6

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 28.6 29.0 43.5 37.7 37.7
25 to 44 years 13.7 13.7 23.7 20.2 20.2
45 to 54 years 9.0 9.6 14.0 12.6 12.6
55 to 64 years 8.5 9.3 13.0 12.0 12.0
65 years and over 6.9 8.9 11.6 11.3 11.3

Type of Family
Married-couple families 4.7 5.0 7.4 6.5 6.5
  With related children
    under 18
5.4 5.1 9.0 7.4 7.4
  With related children
    under 6
5.8 5.8 11.2 9.1 9.1
Male householder,
    no wife present
16.3 17.9 22.2 20.2 20.2
Female householder,
    no husband present
19.1 19.6 32.7 28.5 28.5
  With related children
    under 18
22.5 22.9 39.4 33.9 33.9
  With related children
    under 6
28.8 29.1 49.6 43.0 43.0

Region
Northeast 12.1 12.5 19.1 16.8 16.8
Midwest 16.3 17.2 26.2 23.4 23.4
South 11.2 11.7 18.6 16.1 16.1
West 10.6 11.0 18.4 16.5 16.5

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 24.5 25.8 37.6 34.7 34.7
High school graduate, no college 14.6 15.0 24.2 20.8 20.8
College: Less than bachelor's degree 9.6 10.1 16.6 14.4 14.4
Bachelor's degree or more 2.5 2.8 4.4 3.4 3.4

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 12.9 13.2 21.1 18.4 18.4
Worked at full-time jobs 3.4 3.4 8.2 5.7 5.7
  50 to 52 weeks 1.6 1.6 5.0 2.9 2.9
Worked at part-time jobs 14.4 14.6 33.5 25.7 25.7
Did not work 35.8 37.2 47.6 46.6 46.6

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 29.4 30.8 44.6 41.3 41.3
  Householder 15 to 64 years 34.6 35.6 52.3 48.1 48.1
  Householder 65 years and over 9.9 12.5 15.6 15.6 15.6
One worker 2.3 2.4 7.2 4.4 4.4
Two workers or more 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 25.3 27.0 44.8 41.5 41.5
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 35.0 36.8 60.8 56.3 56.3
      SSI 17.5 18.7 33.6 31.3 31.3
  Food stamps 28.9 29.7 53.4 48.4 48.4
  Housing assistance 27.5 27.5 55.2 50.5 50.5
  Energy assistance 29.4 31.8 51.7 49.0 49.0
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 23.6 23.9 43.3 37.1 37.1
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 31.1 33.0 58.6 54.6 54.6

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 2.9 3.0 5.9 4.4 4.4
  Medicare 9.9 11.9 16.7 16.0 16.0
  Medicaid 21.4 22.2 37.9 33.4 33.4
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
22.8 23.2 27.5 24.5 24.5
  Health insurance 27.2 28.2 32.5 29.8 29.8
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 14.7 17.5 26.9 25.6 25.6

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Black alone or in combination
All families 1972 3030 3030 2919 3015 2895 2660

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 312 368 368 355 370 340 303
25 to 44 years 1062 1327 1327 1270 1326 1242 1095
45 to 54 years 293 459 459 440 453 450 419
55 to 64 years 174 348 348 332 337 337 323
65 years and over 130 527 527 522 529 527 520

Type of Family
Married-couple families 339 794 794 752 775 749 697
  With related children
    under 18
220 335 335 308 327 300 249
  With related children
    under 6
126 172 172 161 170 155 131
Male householder,
    no wife present
220 326 326 317 321 316 291
Female householder,
    no husband present
1413 1909 1909 1850 1919 1830 1671
  With related children
    under 18
1240 1520 1520 1469 1533 1438 1281
  With related children
    under 6
698 804 804 787 824 767 669

Region
Northeast 312 475 475 451 461 448 414
Midwest 465 702 702 672 684 671 617
South 1020 1582 1582 1538 1600 1516 1389
West 175 271 271 258 269 261 240

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 572 854 854 838 849 825 795
High school graduate, no college 795 1158 1158 1104 1143 1103 994
College: Less than bachelor's degree 522 854 854 821 863 810 730
Bachelor's degree or more 82 164 164 156 160 156 141

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 1842 2503 2503 2397 2486 2368 2140
Worked at full-time jobs 480 646 646 581 645 554 408
  50 to 52 weeks 242 285 285 244 299 219 140
Worked at part-time jobs 336 446 446 422 439 417 354
Did not work 1026 1411 1411 1394 1402 1397 1378

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 1651 2600 2600 2549 2579 2553 2424
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1532 2098 2098 2050 2076 2048 1922
  Householder 65 years and over 120 502 502 499 503 505 502
One worker 315 425 425 364 429 337 231
Two workers or more 5 5 5 5 7 5 5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 516 819 819 802 814 800 764
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 318 418 418 409 416 405 378
      SSI 242 486 486 479 484 482 468
  Food stamps 1217 1609 1609 1579 1637 1569 1455
  Housing assistance 605 771 771 754 782 745 706
  Energy assistance 323 468 468 461 473 456 433
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1047 1327 1327 1273 1332 1249 1099
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 429 620 620 615 622 610 583

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 349 621 621 509 536 493 433
  Medicare 339 971 971 952 972 963 943
  Medicaid 1419 1986 1986 1947 2026 1929 1759
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
282 365 365 365 366 360 321
  Health insurance 233 297 297 297 299 291 263
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 216 494 494 491 503 494 478

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Black alone or in combination
All families 2660 1827 1797 1797 1639 1573

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 302 272 272 272 254 254
25 to 44 years 1095 931 921 921 846 797
45 to 54 years 416 292 285 285 257 244
55 to 64 years 324 190 188 188 159 157
65 years and over 523 142 131 131 124 122

Type of Family
Married-couple families 700 307 297 297 273 268
  With related children
    under 18
250 172 168 168 161 158
  With related children
    under 6
131 99 99 99 95 92
Male householder,
    no wife present
293 209 205 205 186 184
Female householder,
    no husband present
1667 1311 1296 1296 1180 1121
  With related children
    under 18
1276 1103 1092 1092 1011 953
  With related children
    under 6
665 620 614 614 576 534

Region
Northeast 418 300 298 298 264 252
Midwest 618 442 435 435 392 375
South 1384 925 905 905 838 812
West 239 160 160 160 145 135

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 795 577 568 568 507 491
High school graduate, no college 997 688 682 682 642 610
College: Less than bachelor's degree 728 493 481 481 433 415
Bachelor's degree or more 141 70 66 66 58 57

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 2137 1685 1666 1666 1515 1451
Worked at full-time jobs 407 309 307 307 282 270
  50 to 52 weeks 139 124 124 124 117 111
Worked at part-time jobs 349 268 267 267 244 229
Did not work 1381 1107 1093 1093 990 953

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 2419 1634 1604 1604 1470 1420
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1915 1500 1481 1481 1354 1306
  Householder 65 years and over 504 134 123 123 116 114
One worker 237 188 188 188 164 149
Two workers or more 5 5 5 5 5 5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 765 640 626 626 470 443
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 379 343 341 341 288 265
      SSI 466 371 358 358 224 209
  Food stamps 1453 1195 1170 1170 1057 991
  Housing assistance 705 594 582 582 541 500
  Energy assistance 433 324 320 320 295 271
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1095 912 903 903 842 792
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 582 514 505 505 392 366

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 437 244 239 239 213 207
  Medicare 949 378 349 349 304 293
  Medicaid 1757 1379 1357 1357 1201 1135
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
319 243 243 243 243 243
  Health insurance 263 206 206 206 206 206
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 478 257 236 236 191 180

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Black alone or in combination
All families 1224 1180 1230 1934 1698 1698

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 202 199 202 303 263 263
25 to 44 years 593 595 596 1026 874 874
45 to 54 years 201 191 204 297 269 269
55 to 64 years 128 117 128 178 165 165
65 years and over 100 78 100 130 127 127

Type of Family
Married-couple families 221 207 221 326 288 288
  With related children
    under 18
116 121 116 204 168 168
  With related children
    under 6
60 61 60 118 95 95
Male householder,
    no wife present
173 158 173 215 196 196
Female householder,
    no husband present
830 816 836 1394 1215 1215
  With related children
    under 18
699 694 706 1212 1043 1043
  With related children
    under 6
397 398 403 685 595 595

Region
Northeast 201 194 201 307 271 271
Midwest 297 284 300 457 407 407
South 625 605 629 1002 869 869
West 100 97 100 168 150 150

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 383 367 386 563 520 520
High school graduate, no college 473 467 477 772 664 664
College: Less than bachelor's degree 316 301 316 520 453 453
Bachelor's degree or more 51 45 51 80 62 62

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 1124 1102 1130 1804 1571 1571
Worked at full-time jobs 176 184 181 442 308 308
  50 to 52 weeks 66 72 69 219 129 129
Worked at part-time jobs 145 143 145 332 255 255
Did not work 802 775 804 1030 1008 1008

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 1123 1078 1126 1634 1514 1514
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1028 1003 1031 1515 1395 1395
  Householder 65 years and over 96 76 96 120 120 120
One worker 96 94 99 295 179 179
Two workers or more 5 8 5 5 5 5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 306 293 312 518 480 480
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 186 180 190 313 290 290
      SSI 136 129 139 248 232 232
  Food stamps 664 652 669 1205 1091 1091
  Housing assistance 300 300 300 603 552 552
  Energy assistance 192 179 194 315 299 299
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 554 550 558 1012 866 866
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 237 227 241 428 399 399

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 173 165 173 337 253 253
  Medicare 242 202 244 341 328 328
  Medicaid 811 789 817 1396 1232 1232
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
230 226 230 273 243 243
  Health insurance 195 188 195 225 206 206
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 137 117 139 215 204 204

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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