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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 3. Percent of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Black alone
All families 9367 20.4 31.4 31.4 30.2

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 673 46.2 54.3 54.3 52.4
25 to 44 years 4165 24.4 30.6 30.6 29.2
45 to 54 years 2086 13.7 21.5 21.5 20.5
55 to 64 years 1345 12.6 25.2 25.2 24.1
65 years and over 1098 11.7 46.9 46.9 46.4

Type of Family
Married-couple families 4276 7.6 17.8 17.8 16.8
  With related children
    under 18
2166 9.6 14.7 14.7 13.4
  With related children
    under 6
993 12.1 16.5 16.5 15.4
Male householder,
    no wife present
939 22.7 33.8 33.8 32.8
Female householder,
    no husband present
4152 33.0 44.8 44.8 43.4
  With related children
    under 18
2996 40.2 49.3 49.3 47.6
  With related children
    under 6
1334 50.3 58.0 58.0 56.7

Region
Northeast 1554 19.2 29.4 29.4 27.9
Midwest 1696 26.6 40.3 40.3 38.5
South 5269 18.9 29.3 29.3 28.5
West 848 19.5 30.4 30.4 28.8

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1457 38.6 57.2 57.2 56.1
High school graduate, no college 3096 24.7 36.2 36.2 34.5
College: Less than bachelor's degree 3042 16.5 27.1 27.1 26.0
Bachelor's degree or more 1771 4.6 9.2 9.2 8.7

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 8269 21.5 29.4 29.4 28.1
Worked at full-time jobs 5223 9.1 12.2 12.2 11.0
  50 to 52 weeks 4277 5.7 6.7 6.7 5.7
Worked at part-time jobs 949 33.6 44.7 44.7 42.1
Did not work 2097 47.2 65.1 65.1 64.2

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 3545 44.9 70.9 70.9 69.5
  Householder 15 to 64 years 2800 52.6 72.3 72.3 70.6
  Householder 65 years and over 745 15.8 65.8 65.8 65.4
One worker 3980 7.9 10.6 10.6 9.1
Two workers or more 1842 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1117 43.4 70.1 70.1 68.6
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 495 60.6 80.3 80.3 78.5
      SSI 715 31.3 64.9 64.9 63.8
  Food stamps 2190 53.9 71.4 71.4 70.0
  Housing assistance 1065 54.7 70.3 70.3 68.7
  Energy assistance 590 52.1 76.3 76.3 75.1
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 2256 44.4 56.4 56.4 54.0
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 702 57.9 84.5 84.5 83.8

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 5548 6.1 11.0 11.0 9.0
  Medicare 1989 16.3 47.3 47.3 46.3
  Medicaid 3569 38.3 53.7 53.7 52.6
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
961 29.1 37.7 37.7 37.7
  Health insurance 676 34.1 43.6 43.6 43.6
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 778 26.4 61.4 61.4 61.0

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Black alone
All families 31.2 30.0 27.5 27.5 18.9

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 54.7 50.1 44.6 44.5 40.3
25 to 44 years 30.4 28.5 25.1 25.1 21.3
45 to 54 years 21.2 21.0 19.6 19.4 13.6
55 to 64 years 24.4 24.4 23.4 23.5 13.8
65 years and over 47.1 46.9 46.3 46.6 12.8

Type of Family
Married-couple families 17.3 16.8 15.6 15.7 6.9
  With related children
    under 18
14.2 13.1 10.9 10.9 7.5
  With related children
    under 6
16.0 14.9 12.4 12.4 9.4
Male householder,
    no wife present
33.2 32.6 30.1 30.2 21.4
Female householder,
    no husband present
45.0 42.9 39.1 39.0 30.6
  With related children
    under 18
49.7 46.5 41.4 41.2 35.6
  With related children
    under 6
59.3 55.2 48.0 47.7 44.5

Region
Northeast 28.5 27.7 25.6 25.9 18.3
Midwest 39.1 38.4 35.3 35.4 25.3
South 29.6 28.0 25.7 25.6 17.1
West 30.2 29.1 26.9 26.8 17.9

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 56.8 55.3 53.2 53.2 38.8
High school graduate, no college 35.7 34.4 30.9 31.0 21.3
College: Less than bachelor's degree 27.3 25.7 23.1 23.1 15.6
Bachelor's degree or more 8.9 8.7 7.9 7.8 3.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 29.1 27.7 25.0 25.0 19.7
Worked at full-time jobs 12.2 10.5 7.7 7.7 5.8
  50 to 52 weeks 6.9 5.1 3.3 3.3 2.9
Worked at part-time jobs 43.7 41.6 35.3 34.8 26.8
Did not work 64.6 64.4 63.5 63.6 51.0

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 70.3 69.6 66.0 65.9 44.4
  Householder 15 to 64 years 71.5 70.5 66.1 65.8 51.5
  Householder 65 years and over 65.9 66.2 65.8 66.0 17.8
One worker 10.6 8.4 5.8 5.9 4.7
Two workers or more 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 69.7 68.4 65.3 65.3 54.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 79.8 77.8 72.3 72.3 65.2
      SSI 64.6 64.3 62.5 62.3 49.0
  Food stamps 72.6 69.6 64.5 64.4 52.9
  Housing assistance 71.1 67.8 64.2 64.1 53.7
  Energy assistance 77.1 74.3 70.4 70.3 52.0
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 56.5 52.9 46.4 46.2 38.4
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 84.7 83.1 79.4 79.3 69.7

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 9.4 8.7 7.6 7.7 4.2
  Medicare 47.3 46.9 45.9 46.2 18.3
  Medicaid 54.7 52.1 47.5 47.4 37.2
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
37.9 37.2 33.1 32.9 25.0
  Health insurance 43.9 42.6 38.5 38.5 30.1
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 62.5 61.4 59.3 59.3 31.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Black alone
All families 18.5 18.5 16.9 16.3 12.7

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 40.3 40.3 37.7 37.7 29.9
25 to 44 years 21.0 21.0 19.3 18.2 13.6
45 to 54 years 13.3 13.3 12.0 11.4 9.5
55 to 64 years 13.6 13.6 11.5 11.3 9.2
65 years and over 11.8 11.8 11.2 11.0 9.0

Type of Family
Married-couple families 6.7 6.7 6.1 6.0 4.9
  With related children
    under 18
7.3 7.3 7.0 6.9 5.0
  With related children
    under 6
9.4 9.4 9.1 8.9 5.7
Male householder,
    no wife present
20.9 20.9 19.1 18.9 17.8
Female householder,
    no husband present
30.2 30.2 27.5 26.2 19.6
  With related children
    under 18
35.2 35.2 32.6 30.8 22.8
  With related children
    under 6
44.0 44.0 41.3 38.5 28.7

Region
Northeast 18.2 18.2 16.3 15.4 12.4
Midwest 24.8 24.8 22.3 21.6 17.0
South 16.7 16.7 15.5 15.0 11.7
West 17.9 17.9 16.2 15.1 11.3

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 38.2 38.2 34.1 33.1 25.9
High school graduate, no college 21.1 21.1 19.8 18.9 14.9
College: Less than bachelor's degree 15.2 15.2 13.6 13.1 9.9
Bachelor's degree or more 3.6 3.6 3.2 3.2 2.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 19.4 19.4 17.7 17.0 13.2
Worked at full-time jobs 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.1 3.3
  50 to 52 weeks 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.6 1.5
Worked at part-time jobs 26.6 26.6 24.2 22.6 14.2
Did not work 50.3 50.3 45.5 44.0 37.5

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 43.6 43.6 39.9 38.6 30.8
  Householder 15 to 64 years 50.8 50.8 46.4 44.9 35.6
  Householder 65 years and over 16.3 16.3 15.4 15.1 12.6
One worker 4.7 4.7 4.1 3.7 2.4
Two workers or more 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 53.0 53.0 39.3 37.5 26.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 64.8 64.8 54.6 51.1 35.3
      SSI 47.2 47.2 29.0 27.5 18.7
  Food stamps 51.7 51.7 46.7 44.0 29.7
  Housing assistance 52.6 52.6 48.7 45.2 27.3
  Energy assistance 51.4 51.4 47.6 44.4 31.4
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 38.0 38.0 35.4 33.5 23.5
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 68.4 68.4 52.7 49.8 32.4

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 4.2 4.2 3.7 3.6 3.0
  Medicare 16.8 16.8 14.6 14.2 11.9
  Medicaid 36.6 36.6 32.3 30.6 22.0
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 23.7
  Health insurance 30.1 30.1 30.1 30.1 28.5
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 29.0 29.0 23.3 22.4 17.4

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Black alone
All families 12.2 12.8 20.0 17.5 17.5

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 29.4 29.9 44.9 38.9 38.9
25 to 44 years 13.7 13.7 23.5 20.0 20.0
45 to 54 years 9.1 9.7 13.9 12.5 12.5
55 to 64 years 8.4 9.2 12.9 11.9 11.9
65 years and over 7.0 9.0 11.7 11.5 11.5

Type of Family
Married-couple families 4.6 4.9 7.3 6.5 6.5
  With related children
    under 18
5.2 5.0 8.9 7.3 7.3
  With related children
    under 6
5.8 5.7 11.3 9.1 9.1
Male householder,
    no wife present
16.1 17.8 22.1 20.1 20.1
Female householder,
    no husband present
19.2 19.7 32.6 28.3 28.3
  With related children
    under 18
22.6 23.0 39.2 33.6 33.6
  With related children
    under 6
28.7 29.1 49.3 42.7 42.7

Region
Northeast 12.0 12.4 18.9 16.7 16.7
Midwest 16.2 17.1 26.1 23.2 23.2
South 11.3 11.7 18.6 16.1 16.1
West 10.9 11.3 18.7 16.8 16.8

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 24.8 26.1 37.9 35.0 35.0
High school graduate, no college 14.6 15.0 24.0 20.6 20.6
College: Less than bachelor's degree 9.4 9.9 16.4 14.3 14.3
Bachelor's degree or more 2.6 2.9 4.4 3.5 3.5

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 12.9 13.3 21.1 18.3 18.3
Worked at full-time jobs 3.4 3.4 8.3 5.8 5.8
  50 to 52 weeks 1.7 1.6 5.1 3.0 3.0
Worked at part-time jobs 14.0 14.2 33.3 25.3 25.3
Did not work 36.1 37.5 47.4 46.4 46.4

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 29.5 30.8 44.4 41.1 41.1
  Householder 15 to 64 years 34.7 35.7 52.0 47.9 47.9
  Householder 65 years and over 9.9 12.6 15.8 15.8 15.8
One worker 2.4 2.5 7.4 4.5 4.5
Two workers or more 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 25.0 26.7 43.5 40.2 40.2
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 34.1 36.0 59.6 55.0 55.0
      SSI 17.8 19.1 32.2 30.1 30.1
  Food stamps 29.1 29.9 53.4 48.3 48.3
  Housing assistance 27.3 27.4 54.5 49.7 49.7
  Energy assistance 29.3 31.8 50.8 48.2 48.2
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 23.3 23.7 42.8 36.5 36.5
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 31.0 33.1 57.8 53.6 53.6

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 2.9 3.0 5.9 4.4 4.4
  Medicare 9.9 12.0 16.4 15.8 15.8
  Medicaid 21.4 22.2 37.7 33.2 33.2
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
23.3 23.7 28.1 25.0 25.0
  Health insurance 27.5 28.5 32.9 30.1 30.1
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 14.9 17.7 26.3 25.0 25.0

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Black alone
All families 1910 2942 2942 2831 2923 2807 2576

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 311 366 366 353 368 337 300
25 to 44 years 1015 1274 1274 1217 1268 1189 1045
45 to 54 years 286 448 448 428 441 438 408
55 to 64 years 170 339 339 324 328 328 315
65 years and over 128 515 515 510 517 515 508

Type of Family
Married-couple families 325 762 762 720 740 718 669
  With related children
    under 18
208 318 318 291 307 283 235
  With related children
    under 6
120 164 164 153 159 148 123
Male householder,
    no wife present
213 317 317 308 312 306 282
Female householder,
    no husband present
1372 1862 1862 1803 1870 1783 1625
  With related children
    under 18
1203 1476 1476 1426 1488 1394 1239
  With related children
    under 6
671 774 774 756 791 736 640

Region
Northeast 298 457 457 433 444 431 398
Midwest 450 683 683 653 664 652 599
South 997 1544 1544 1500 1559 1478 1352
West 165 258 258 245 256 247 228

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 562 834 834 818 828 806 775
High school graduate, no college 766 1122 1122 1068 1105 1067 958
College: Less than bachelor's degree 501 824 824 791 831 780 703
Bachelor's degree or more 81 162 162 154 158 155 139

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 1782 2427 2427 2321 2406 2292 2068
Worked at full-time jobs 473 639 639 575 636 547 402
  50 to 52 weeks 242 285 285 244 296 219 140
Worked at part-time jobs 319 424 424 400 415 395 335
Did not work 990 1364 1364 1347 1354 1350 1332

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 1592 2515 2515 2465 2493 2468 2341
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1473 2025 2025 1978 2002 1975 1851
  Householder 65 years and over 118 490 490 487 491 493 490
One worker 314 422 422 361 423 334 231
Two workers or more 5 5 5 5 7 5 5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 485 783 783 767 779 765 730
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 300 397 397 388 395 385 358
      SSI 224 464 464 456 462 460 447
  Food stamps 1181 1563 1563 1534 1591 1524 1412
  Housing assistance 583 748 748 732 757 722 684
  Energy assistance 308 450 450 444 455 439 415
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1002 1273 1273 1219 1274 1194 1046
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 407 594 594 588 595 584 558

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 340 608 608 497 523 480 421
  Medicare 325 941 941 921 940 932 912
  Medicaid 1365 1916 1916 1878 1954 1859 1694
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
280 362 362 362 364 357 319
  Health insurance 231 295 295 295 297 288 261
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 206 478 478 474 486 478 461

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Black alone
All families 2576 1767 1737 1737 1583 1524

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 300 272 272 272 254 254
25 to 44 years 1044 887 876 876 803 759
45 to 54 years 405 283 277 277 249 238
55 to 64 years 316 185 183 183 154 152
65 years and over 511 140 130 130 123 120

Type of Family
Married-couple families 672 296 286 286 262 259
  With related children
    under 18
236 162 158 158 152 150
  With related children
    under 6
123 93 93 93 90 89
Male householder,
    no wife present
284 201 197 197 179 178
Female householder,
    no husband present
1621 1271 1255 1255 1142 1087
  With related children
    under 18
1233 1066 1054 1054 976 923
  With related children
    under 6
636 594 587 587 550 514

Region
Northeast 402 285 283 283 253 240
Midwest 600 428 421 421 378 366
South 1348 902 882 882 815 789
West 227 152 152 152 137 128

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 775 565 557 557 497 483
High school graduate, no college 961 659 653 653 614 587
College: Less than bachelor's degree 702 475 463 463 415 397
Bachelor's degree or more 139 68 64 64 57 57

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 2065 1627 1608 1608 1460 1403
Worked at full-time jobs 401 304 301 301 277 265
  50 to 52 weeks 139 124 124 124 117 111
Worked at part-time jobs 330 254 252 252 230 214
Did not work 1334 1069 1055 1055 954 923

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 2335 1574 1544 1544 1414 1370
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1843 1441 1422 1422 1299 1257
  Householder 65 years and over 492 133 122 122 115 113
One worker 237 188 188 188 164 149
Two workers or more 5 5 5 5 5 5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 730 606 592 592 439 419
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 358 322 320 320 270 253
      SSI 445 350 338 338 207 196
  Food stamps 1411 1158 1133 1133 1023 963
  Housing assistance 683 572 560 560 519 482
  Energy assistance 415 307 304 304 281 262
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1042 865 856 856 799 756
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 557 490 480 480 370 350

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 425 236 231 231 204 198
  Medicare 919 364 335 335 290 283
  Medicaid 1691 1327 1305 1305 1152 1093
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
317 240 240 240 240 240
  Health insurance 261 204 204 204 204 204
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 462 248 226 226 181 174

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Black alone
All families 1191 1147 1197 1875 1642 1642

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 201 198 201 302 262 262
25 to 44 years 568 570 571 980 832 832
45 to 54 years 199 189 202 290 262 262
55 to 64 years 124 113 124 174 161 161
65 years and over 98 76 98 129 126 126

Type of Family
Married-couple families 211 197 211 314 277 277
  With related children
    under 18
109 113 109 194 158 158
  With related children
    under 6
57 58 57 112 90 90
Male householder,
    no wife present
167 152 167 208 189 189
Female householder,
    no husband present
812 798 819 1353 1176 1176
  With related children
    under 18
682 677 689 1175 1008 1008
  With related children
    under 6
383 383 388 658 570 570

Region
Northeast 192 186 192 294 260 260
Midwest 288 275 291 443 393 393
South 614 594 618 979 847 847
West 96 93 96 159 142 142

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 377 361 380 553 510 510
High school graduate, no college 460 453 464 743 636 636
College: Less than bachelor's degree 302 287 302 500 435 435
Bachelor's degree or more 51 45 51 78 61 61

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 1092 1071 1099 1746 1516 1516
Worked at full-time jobs 172 180 177 436 303 303
  50 to 52 weeks 66 72 69 219 129 129
Worked at part-time jobs 135 133 135 316 240 240
Did not work 785 757 787 994 973 973

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 1090 1045 1093 1575 1458 1458
  Householder 15 to 64 years 996 971 999 1457 1340 1340
  Householder 65 years and over 94 74 94 118 118 118
One worker 96 94 99 295 179 179
Two workers or more 5 8 5 5 5 5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 292 279 298 486 449 449
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 175 169 178 295 272 272
      SSI 134 127 137 230 215 215
  Food stamps 650 638 655 1169 1057 1057
  Housing assistance 291 291 291 581 530 530
  Energy assistance 185 173 187 300 284 284
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 531 527 535 966 823 823
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 228 218 232 406 376 376

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 166 159 166 327 244 244
  Medicare 236 197 238 327 314 314
  Medicaid 786 764 793 1345 1184 1184
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
228 224 228 270 240 240
  Health insurance 193 186 193 222 204 204
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 136 116 138 205 195 195

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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