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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 3. Percent of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Asian alone or in combination
All families 3742 8.5 13.9 13.9 13.4

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 148 21.9 25.5 25.5 24.0
25 to 44 years 1702 8.4 10.3 10.3 9.7
45 to 54 years 866 7.3 9.9 9.9 9.4
55 to 64 years 587 5.5 10.9 10.9 10.9
65 years and over 439 10.6 35.7 35.7 35.5

Type of Family
Married-couple families 2987 7.0 12.2 12.2 11.8
  With related children
    under 18
1698 8.1 10.3 10.3 9.7
  With related children
    under 6
872 9.9 11.1 11.1 10.5
Male householder,
    no wife present
273 11.1 15.6 15.6 15.4
Female householder,
    no husband present
481 16.4 23.5 23.5 22.4
  With related children
    under 18
274 20.6 27.6 27.6 26.5
  With related children
    under 6
74 30.0 32.4 32.4 29.1

Region
Northeast 790 10.6 15.7 15.7 15.0
Midwest 442 12.7 15.8 15.8 15.1
South 838 6.9 9.9 9.9 9.5
West 1673 7.2 14.4 14.4 14.2

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 298 22.5 38.8 38.8 36.3
High school graduate, no college 647 11.0 19.3 19.3 18.7
College: Less than bachelor's degree 703 11.6 16.7 16.7 16.2
Bachelor's degree or more 2094 4.7 7.7 7.7 7.6

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 3303 8.2 11.0 11.0 10.5
Worked at full-time jobs 2362 3.0 3.9 3.9 3.6
  50 to 52 weeks 2046 1.7 2.1 2.1 1.9
Worked at part-time jobs 336 14.5 19.1 19.1 17.7
Did not work 605 25.2 34.0 34.0 33.2

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 807 30.5 51.8 51.8 51.2
  Householder 15 to 64 years 560 36.6 48.7 48.7 47.9
  Householder 65 years and over 248 16.9 58.9 58.9 58.6
One worker 1642 3.9 5.6 5.6 5.0
Two workers or more 1293 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 171 16.1 48.1 48.1 46.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 37 45.1 73.1 73.1 70.2
      SSI 136 7.7 40.9 40.9 38.9
  Food stamps 185 50.0 67.7 67.7 65.4
  Housing assistance 90 38.9 57.0 57.0 56.7
  Energy assistance 62 33.2 50.6 50.6 48.2
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 304 31.8 42.6 42.6 40.6
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 52 35.2 75.6 75.6 70.3

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 2641 2.4 3.6 3.6 3.0
  Medicare 703 9.2 30.2 30.2 29.4
  Medicaid 771 21.3 32.9 32.9 31.7
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
499 19.0 21.1 21.1 21.1
  Health insurance 300 21.0 23.7 23.7 23.7
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 260 13.9 35.1 35.1 33.2

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Asian alone or in combination
All families 14.2 13.5 12.3 12.3 7.5

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 24.2 23.9 22.1 22.4 19.9
25 to 44 years 10.4 9.8 8.1 8.0 6.8
45 to 54 years 10.6 9.2 7.8 7.8 6.1
55 to 64 years 11.2 11.2 10.6 10.6 5.2
65 years and over 36.9 36.4 36.4 36.4 12.2

Type of Family
Married-couple families 12.6 11.9 11.0 10.9 5.9
  With related children
    under 18
10.7 9.8 8.1 8.0 6.0
  With related children
    under 6
11.8 10.4 8.9 8.7 7.9
Male householder,
    no wife present
16.5 15.9 14.9 15.3 11.4
Female householder,
    no husband present
23.2 22.2 19.0 19.0 15.4
  With related children
    under 18
27.9 25.9 21.1 21.0 17.9
  With related children
    under 6
32.6 29.1 26.4 26.0 24.2

Region
Northeast 15.9 15.5 13.6 13.4 8.9
Midwest 15.6 14.9 13.9 14.1 12.1
South 10.9 9.7 8.3 8.3 5.7
West 14.8 14.2 13.2 13.3 6.6

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 39.1 37.0 33.6 33.2 19.6
High school graduate, no college 20.4 18.8 17.2 17.1 9.4
College: Less than bachelor's degree 16.7 16.3 15.0 15.1 10.8
Bachelor's degree or more 8.0 7.6 6.8 6.8 4.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 11.2 10.5 9.1 9.1 6.9
Worked at full-time jobs 4.3 3.7 2.8 2.8 2.0
  50 to 52 weeks 2.4 1.9 1.3 1.3 1.0
Worked at part-time jobs 19.3 17.0 13.3 13.4 9.9
Did not work 33.9 33.5 31.4 31.2 24.5

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 52.2 51.2 48.0 48.0 29.2
  Householder 15 to 64 years 49.1 47.5 42.9 42.9 33.1
  Householder 65 years and over 59.3 59.4 59.4 59.4 20.3
One worker 6.4 5.2 4.0 3.9 2.5
Two workers or more 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 48.5 47.3 39.6 39.9 28.4
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 71.0 70.2 48.5 48.5 40.7
      SSI 41.3 40.2 36.4 36.8 24.4
  Food stamps 66.8 65.1 54.0 53.1 40.8
  Housing assistance 56.7 56.7 51.6 51.6 34.7
  Energy assistance 53.5 45.5 36.5 36.5 27.3
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 45.2 40.3 31.8 31.3 24.8
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 70.3 70.3 57.3 57.3 47.5

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 3.2 3.0 2.3 2.3 1.3
  Medicare 31.0 29.7 28.9 28.8 9.0
  Medicaid 34.5 31.7 27.3 27.2 19.1
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
22.2 21.7 20.3 20.3 17.7
  Health insurance 25.0 24.2 23.5 23.5 20.4
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 36.7 34.0 31.9 31.4 15.0

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Asian alone or in combination
All families 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.6 6.3

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 19.9 19.9 19.5 19.5 16.6
25 to 44 years 6.8 6.8 6.3 6.3 5.9
45 to 54 years 6.1 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.5
55 to 64 years 5.1 5.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
65 years and over 11.7 11.7 9.1 9.0 8.9

Type of Family
Married-couple families 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.0
  With related children
    under 18
6.0 6.0 5.6 5.6 4.9
  With related children
    under 6
7.9 7.9 7.5 7.5 6.6
Male householder,
    no wife present
11.4 11.4 10.8 10.6 10.5
Female householder,
    no husband present
15.3 15.3 12.6 12.6 12.2
  With related children
    under 18
17.9 17.9 15.3 15.2 14.6
  With related children
    under 6
24.2 24.2 23.2 22.9 22.9

Region
Northeast 8.6 8.6 8.1 8.1 7.5
Midwest 12.1 12.1 11.1 11.0 10.4
South 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.3 4.9
West 6.6 6.6 5.6 5.5 5.4

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 19.5 19.5 15.0 15.0 13.5
High school graduate, no college 9.4 9.4 8.9 8.8 8.4
College: Less than bachelor's degree 10.8 10.8 9.7 9.7 8.9
Bachelor's degree or more 4.1 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 6.9 6.9 6.3 6.3 5.9
Worked at full-time jobs 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.7
  50 to 52 weeks 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8
Worked at part-time jobs 9.9 9.9 9.7 9.7 7.8
Did not work 24.4 24.4 21.9 21.9 21.4

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 28.8 28.8 25.9 25.8 24.6
  Householder 15 to 64 years 33.0 33.0 30.8 30.7 29.1
  Householder 65 years and over 19.4 19.4 14.8 14.7 14.5
One worker 2.5 2.5 2.1 2.1 1.9
Two workers or more 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 26.7 26.7 9.5 9.1 9.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 40.7 40.7 15.8 15.0 15.0
      SSI 22.4 22.4 7.6 7.3 7.3
  Food stamps 39.2 39.2 32.8 32.2 25.2
  Housing assistance 31.7 31.7 29.4 28.3 24.4
  Energy assistance 27.3 27.3 24.4 24.4 19.1
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 24.8 24.8 21.0 20.8 18.0
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 42.1 42.1 19.6 18.4 18.4

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
  Medicare 8.6 8.6 6.7 6.6 6.5
  Medicaid 18.7 18.7 15.0 14.8 13.4
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
17.7 17.7 17.6 17.6 17.2
  Health insurance 20.4 20.4 20.2 20.2 19.6
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 14.0 14.0 8.8 8.7 8.5

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Asian alone or in combination
All families 5.9 6.3 8.4 7.1 7.1

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 16.6 16.6 22.1 21.3 21.3
25 to 44 years 6.1 5.9 8.4 6.7 6.7
45 to 54 years 5.0 5.5 6.9 6.3 6.3
55 to 64 years 3.6 4.1 5.4 4.2 4.2
65 years and over 6.3 8.9 10.6 9.5 9.5

Type of Family
Married-couple families 4.7 5.0 6.8 5.5 5.5
  With related children
    under 18
5.2 4.9 8.0 5.9 5.9
  With related children
    under 6
7.5 6.6 9.8 7.7 7.7
Male householder,
    no wife present
9.2 10.5 11.8 11.7 11.7
Female householder,
    no husband present
11.4 12.2 16.0 14.2 14.2
  With related children
    under 18
13.9 14.6 20.0 16.9 16.9
  With related children
    under 6
23.2 22.9 30.0 25.5 25.5

Region
Northeast 7.3 7.5 10.5 8.6 8.6
Midwest 9.9 10.4 12.6 11.9 11.9
South 4.7 4.9 6.9 5.6 5.6
West 4.7 5.4 7.0 5.9 5.9

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 11.6 13.5 21.5 17.3 17.3
High school graduate, no college 8.2 8.4 11.0 8.9 8.9
College: Less than bachelor's degree 8.9 8.9 11.7 10.2 10.2
Bachelor's degree or more 3.3 3.8 4.6 4.1 4.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 5.8 5.9 8.1 6.8 6.8
Worked at full-time jobs 1.8 1.7 3.0 2.1 2.1
  50 to 52 weeks 1.0 0.8 1.6 1.1 1.1
Worked at part-time jobs 8.1 7.8 13.8 10.8 10.8
Did not work 20.2 21.4 24.9 23.0 23.0

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 22.0 24.6 30.0 27.0 27.0
  Householder 15 to 64 years 27.4 29.1 35.8 32.3 32.3
  Householder 65 years and over 9.8 14.5 16.9 14.8 14.8
One worker 2.1 1.9 3.8 2.6 2.6
Two workers or more 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 8.2 9.1 15.3 12.3 12.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 15.0 15.0 41.6 28.0 28.0
      SSI 6.2 7.3 7.7 7.7 7.7
  Food stamps 25.6 25.2 47.9 37.1 37.1
  Housing assistance 24.4 24.4 38.9 30.0 30.0
  Energy assistance 16.7 19.1 30.6 24.4 24.4
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 21.1 18.0 31.1 23.7 23.7
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 19.1 18.4 32.7 23.5 23.5

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1.2 1.2 2.4 1.9 1.9
  Medicare 5.2 6.5 8.9 7.5 7.5
  Medicaid 13.5 13.4 20.3 16.2 16.2
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
15.7 17.2 19.6 17.6 17.6
  Health insurance 17.0 19.6 21.4 20.2 20.2
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 8.7 8.5 13.8 10.3 10.3

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Asian alone or in combination
All families 318 519 519 501 533 507 460

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 32 38 38 36 36 35 33
25 to 44 years 144 175 175 165 178 166 138
45 to 54 years 63 85 85 81 92 80 68
55 to 64 years 32 64 64 64 66 66 62
65 years and over 47 157 157 156 162 160 160

Type of Family
Married-couple families 209 363 363 351 376 357 328
  With related children
    under 18
138 175 175 165 182 166 138
  With related children
    under 6
86 96 96 91 103 91 78
Male householder,
    no wife present
30 43 43 42 45 43 41
Female householder,
    no husband present
79 113 113 108 112 107 91
  With related children
    under 18
57 76 76 73 76 71 58
  With related children
    under 6
22 24 24 21 24 21 19

Region
Northeast 84 124 124 119 125 122 107
Midwest 56 70 70 66 69 66 62
South 58 83 83 79 91 81 70
West 120 242 242 237 247 238 222

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 67 116 116 108 117 110 100
High school graduate, no college 71 125 125 121 132 122 111
College: Less than bachelor's degree 81 117 117 114 117 115 105
Bachelor's degree or more 98 161 161 158 167 160 143

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 271 362 362 346 371 347 300
Worked at full-time jobs 70 92 92 85 101 87 66
  50 to 52 weeks 34 43 43 39 50 38 27
Worked at part-time jobs 49 64 64 59 65 57 45
Did not work 152 206 206 201 205 203 190

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 246 418 418 413 422 413 387
  Householder 15 to 64 years 205 272 272 268 275 266 240
  Householder 65 years and over 42 146 146 145 147 147 147
One worker 65 92 92 82 105 86 65
Two workers or more 7 8 8 6 6 8 8

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 27 82 82 79 83 81 68
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 17 27 27 26 27 26 18
      SSI 11 56 56 53 56 55 50
  Food stamps 93 125 125 121 124 120 100
  Housing assistance 35 51 51 51 51 51 46
  Energy assistance 20 31 31 30 33 28 23
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 97 129 129 123 137 122 97
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 18 40 40 37 37 37 30

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 64 95 95 78 85 79 62
  Medicare 65 212 212 207 218 209 203
  Medicaid 164 254 254 245 266 245 211
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
95 105 105 105 110 108 101
  Health insurance 63 71 71 71 75 73 70
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 36 91 91 86 95 88 83

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Asian alone or in combination
All families 459 282 279 279 250 249

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 33 30 30 30 29 29
25 to 44 years 136 115 115 115 107 107
45 to 54 years 68 53 53 53 50 49
55 to 64 years 62 31 30 30 24 24
65 years and over 160 54 51 51 40 40

Type of Family
Married-couple families 326 177 175 175 160 159
  With related children
    under 18
136 101 101 101 95 95
  With related children
    under 6
76 69 69 69 65 65
Male householder,
    no wife present
42 31 31 31 29 29
Female householder,
    no husband present
91 74 73 73 61 60
  With related children
    under 18
58 49 49 49 42 42
  With related children
    under 6
19 18 18 18 17 17

Region
Northeast 106 70 68 68 64 64
Midwest 62 53 53 53 49 49
South 70 48 48 48 44 44
West 222 111 110 110 93 92

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 99 58 58 58 45 45
High school graduate, no college 111 61 61 61 57 57
College: Less than bachelor's degree 106 76 76 76 68 68
Bachelor's degree or more 143 87 85 85 79 79

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 299 229 228 228 210 209
Worked at full-time jobs 66 47 47 47 44 44
  50 to 52 weeks 27 21 21 21 19 19
Worked at part-time jobs 45 33 33 33 33 33
Did not work 189 148 148 148 133 133

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 387 236 232 232 209 208
  Householder 15 to 64 years 240 185 184 184 172 172
  Householder 65 years and over 147 50 48 48 37 36
One worker 64 40 40 40 34 34
Two workers or more 8 6 6 6 6 6

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 68 49 46 46 16 16
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 18 15 15 15 6 6
      SSI 50 33 31 31 10 10
  Food stamps 98 76 72 72 61 60
  Housing assistance 46 31 28 28 26 25
  Energy assistance 23 17 17 17 15 15
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 95 75 75 75 64 63
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 30 25 22 22 10 10

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 61 35 35 35 33 33
  Medicare 202 63 60 60 47 47
  Medicaid 210 147 144 144 115 114
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
101 88 88 88 88 88
  Health insurance 70 61 61 61 61 61
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 82 39 36 36 23 23

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Asian alone or in combination
All families 236 219 236 314 266 266

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 25 25 25 33 32 32
25 to 44 years 100 103 100 143 114 114
45 to 54 years 47 43 47 60 54 54
55 to 64 years 24 21 24 32 25 25
65 years and over 39 28 39 47 41 41

Type of Family
Married-couple families 148 139 148 204 166 166
  With related children
    under 18
84 89 84 135 100 100
  With related children
    under 6
57 65 57 86 67 67
Male householder,
    no wife present
29 25 29 32 32 32
Female householder,
    no husband present
59 55 59 77 68 68
  With related children
    under 18
40 38 40 55 46 46
  With related children
    under 6
17 17 17 22 19 19

Region
Northeast 59 57 59 83 68 68
Midwest 46 44 46 56 53 53
South 41 39 41 58 47 47
West 90 79 90 118 99 99

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 40 35 40 64 52 52
High school graduate, no college 54 53 54 71 58 58
College: Less than bachelor's degree 62 62 62 83 72 72
Bachelor's degree or more 79 69 79 96 85 85

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 196 192 196 267 225 225
Worked at full-time jobs 41 42 41 70 49 49
  50 to 52 weeks 17 21 17 32 22 22
Worked at part-time jobs 26 27 26 46 36 36
Did not work 129 122 129 151 139 139

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 199 178 199 242 218 218
  Householder 15 to 64 years 163 153 163 200 181 181
  Householder 65 years and over 36 24 36 42 37 37
One worker 31 34 31 63 42 42
Two workers or more 6 8 6 9 6 6

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 16 14 16 26 21 21
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 6 6 6 16 10 10
      SSI 10 8 10 11 11 11
  Food stamps 47 47 47 89 69 69
  Housing assistance 22 22 22 35 27 27
  Energy assistance 12 10 12 19 15 15
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 55 64 55 94 72 72
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 10 10 10 17 12 12

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 33 31 33 62 49 49
  Medicare 46 37 46 62 53 53
  Medicaid 103 104 103 157 125 125
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
86 78 86 98 88 88
  Health insurance 59 51 59 64 61 61
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 22 23 22 36 27 27

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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