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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 3. Percent of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Asian alone
All families 3592 8.3 13.6 13.6 13.1

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 138 22.2 26.2 26.2 24.6
25 to 44 years 1628 7.9 9.7 9.7 9.2
45 to 54 years 828 7.3 9.9 9.9 9.4
55 to 64 years 569 5.2 10.4 10.4 10.4
65 years and over 428 10.9 35.4 35.4 35.2

Type of Family
Married-couple families 2888 6.9 12.0 12.0 11.6
  With related children
    under 18
1635 8.0 10.0 10.0 9.4
  With related children
    under 6
835 10.0 11.0 11.0 10.4
Male householder,
    no wife present
257 11.3 15.4 15.4 15.1
Female householder,
    no husband present
447 15.2 22.5 22.5 21.8
  With related children
    under 18
248 19.5 27.1 27.1 25.9
  With related children
    under 6
62 24.6 26.9 26.9 23.0

Region
Northeast 780 10.7 15.9 15.9 15.2
Midwest 430 12.2 15.4 15.4 14.6
South 811 7.2 9.7 9.7 9.2
West 1571 6.5 13.9 13.9 13.7

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 281 21.9 37.4 37.4 34.7
High school graduate, no college 615 10.6 18.8 18.8 18.2
College: Less than bachelor's degree 653 11.0 16.3 16.3 16.0
Bachelor's degree or more 2043 4.8 7.8 7.8 7.7

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 3164 7.9 10.6 10.6 10.2
Worked at full-time jobs 2270 2.8 3.8 3.8 3.4
  50 to 52 weeks 1975 1.7 2.1 2.1 1.9
Worked at part-time jobs 317 13.6 18.4 18.4 17.4
Did not work 577 24.9 33.4 33.4 32.6

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 768 29.8 51.0 51.0 50.5
  Householder 15 to 64 years 527 35.6 47.5 47.5 47.0
  Householder 65 years and over 241 17.3 58.6 58.6 58.3
One worker 1573 3.9 5.6 5.6 4.9
Two workers or more 1251 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 162 15.2 47.1 47.1 45.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 33 43.1 69.3 69.3 66.0
      SSI 132 8.0 41.3 41.3 39.2
  Food stamps 170 48.6 65.8 65.8 63.4
  Housing assistance 82 36.4 56.2 56.2 55.8
  Energy assistance 58 34.8 53.2 53.2 50.7
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 284 28.7 39.5 39.5 37.4
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 47 33.5 72.7 72.7 66.8

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 2528 2.2 3.3 3.3 2.7
  Medicare 678 9.2 29.9 29.9 29.1
  Medicaid 736 20.3 32.0 32.0 30.8
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
485 18.7 20.7 20.7 20.7
  Health insurance 296 21.0 23.6 23.6 23.6
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 253 13.5 34.7 34.7 32.7

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Asian alone
All families 14.0 13.3 12.1 12.1 7.4

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 24.6 24.4 22.5 22.5 19.8
25 to 44 years 10.0 9.3 7.8 7.7 6.6
45 to 54 years 10.6 9.2 7.7 7.7 6.1
55 to 64 years 10.7 10.7 10.1 10.1 4.8
65 years and over 36.7 36.2 36.2 36.2 12.5

Type of Family
Married-couple families 12.5 11.8 10.9 10.9 5.9
  With related children
    under 18
10.5 9.5 8.0 7.8 5.9
  With related children
    under 6
11.7 10.3 8.9 8.7 8.0
Male householder,
    no wife present
16.4 15.7 14.6 14.8 11.5
Female householder,
    no husband present
22.6 21.6 18.3 18.3 14.4
  With related children
    under 18
27.3 25.2 20.1 20.1 16.7
  With related children
    under 6
26.9 23.0 20.3 20.3 18.1

Region
Northeast 16.1 15.6 13.8 13.6 9.0
Midwest 15.1 14.5 13.5 13.6 11.6
South 10.7 9.4 8.0 8.0 5.9
West 14.4 13.8 13.0 13.0 6.2

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 37.6 35.5 32.5 31.8 18.6
High school graduate, no college 19.9 18.3 16.8 16.8 9.2
College: Less than bachelor's degree 16.6 16.2 14.8 14.9 10.6
Bachelor's degree or more 8.2 7.8 7.0 7.0 4.3

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 10.9 10.2 8.8 8.8 6.7
Worked at full-time jobs 4.1 3.5 2.7 2.7 1.8
  50 to 52 weeks 2.5 1.9 1.3 1.3 1.0
Worked at part-time jobs 19.2 16.7 13.0 13.2 9.5
Did not work 33.2 32.8 30.8 30.5 24.3

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 51.6 50.5 47.4 47.5 28.7
  Householder 15 to 64 years 48.3 46.6 42.1 42.2 32.2
  Householder 65 years and over 59.0 59.1 59.1 59.1 20.9
One worker 6.4 5.2 4.0 3.9 2.5
Two workers or more 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 47.5 46.3 38.5 38.8 26.7
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 66.9 66.0 42.5 42.5 33.6
      SSI 41.8 40.5 36.7 37.1 24.5
  Food stamps 64.9 63.0 51.3 50.3 37.3
  Housing assistance 55.8 55.8 50.2 50.2 31.8
  Energy assistance 56.3 47.9 38.4 38.4 28.6
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 42.3 37.1 29.2 28.6 22.5
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 66.8 66.8 53.0 53.0 42.0

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 3.0 2.7 2.1 2.1 1.2
  Medicare 30.8 29.4 28.6 28.4 8.9
  Medicaid 33.7 30.7 26.4 26.2 18.1
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
21.9 21.4 20.3 20.3 17.9
  Health insurance 24.9 24.1 23.4 23.4 20.3
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 36.3 33.5 31.3 30.9 14.6

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Asian alone
All families 7.3 7.3 6.6 6.5 6.2

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 19.8 19.8 19.8 19.8 16.7
25 to 44 years 6.6 6.6 6.1 6.1 5.7
45 to 54 years 6.1 6.1 5.7 5.6 5.5
55 to 64 years 4.8 4.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
65 years and over 12.0 12.0 9.3 9.2 9.2

Type of Family
Married-couple families 5.9 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.0
  With related children
    under 18
5.9 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.0
  With related children
    under 6
8.0 8.0 7.8 7.8 6.9
Male householder,
    no wife present
11.5 11.5 10.7 10.6 10.4
Female householder,
    no husband present
14.4 14.4 11.8 11.8 11.5
  With related children
    under 18
16.7 16.7 14.0 14.0 13.5
  With related children
    under 6
18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1

Region
Northeast 8.7 8.7 8.2 8.2 7.6
Midwest 11.6 11.6 10.6 10.5 9.8
South 5.9 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.1
West 6.2 6.2 5.3 5.3 5.1

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 18.5 18.5 14.3 14.3 12.7
High school graduate, no college 9.2 9.2 8.9 8.7 8.4
College: Less than bachelor's degree 10.6 10.6 9.5 9.5 8.6
Bachelor's degree or more 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 6.7 6.7 6.2 6.2 5.8
Worked at full-time jobs 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
  50 to 52 weeks 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8
Worked at part-time jobs 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 7.6
Did not work 24.2 24.2 21.9 21.9 21.4

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 28.3 28.3 25.6 25.5 24.3
  Householder 15 to 64 years 32.2 32.2 30.3 30.3 28.6
  Householder 65 years and over 19.9 19.9 15.2 15.0 14.9
One worker 2.5 2.5 2.1 2.1 1.9
Two workers or more 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 25.3 25.3 8.7 8.5 8.5
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 33.6 33.6 11.7 11.7 11.7
      SSI 22.8 22.8 7.8 7.6 7.6
  Food stamps 35.8 35.8 30.4 29.9 22.5
  Housing assistance 28.6 28.6 27.0 26.1 21.8
  Energy assistance 28.6 28.6 25.5 25.5 19.9
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 22.5 22.5 18.9 18.8 15.9
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 37.1 37.1 17.5 16.7 16.7

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
  Medicare 8.6 8.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
  Medicaid 17.7 17.7 14.0 13.9 12.5
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
17.9 17.9 17.9 17.9 17.5
  Health insurance 20.3 20.3 20.3 20.3 19.6
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 13.6 13.6 8.3 8.2 8.0

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Asian alone
All families 5.7 6.2 8.1 7.0 7.0

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 16.7 16.7 22.1 21.7 21.7
25 to 44 years 5.8 5.7 7.9 6.5 6.5
45 to 54 years 4.9 5.5 6.9 6.3 6.3
55 to 64 years 3.3 3.8 5.1 3.9 3.9
65 years and over 6.5 9.2 10.9 9.7 9.7

Type of Family
Married-couple families 4.6 5.0 6.8 5.6 5.6
  With related children
    under 18
5.2 5.0 7.8 6.0 6.0
  With related children
    under 6
7.6 6.9 9.9 8.0 8.0
Male householder,
    no wife present
9.1 10.4 11.9 11.8 11.8
Female householder,
    no husband present
10.6 11.5 14.8 13.1 13.1
  With related children
    under 18
12.7 13.5 18.8 15.8 15.8
  With related children
    under 6
18.1 18.1 24.6 20.8 20.8

Region
Northeast 7.4 7.6 10.6 8.7 8.7
Midwest 9.3 9.8 12.1 11.4 11.4
South 4.8 5.1 7.1 5.8 5.8
West 4.3 5.1 6.3 5.6 5.6

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 10.7 12.7 20.6 16.7 16.7
High school graduate, no college 8.2 8.4 10.6 8.9 8.9
College: Less than bachelor's degree 8.4 8.6 11.2 9.8 9.8
Bachelor's degree or more 3.4 3.9 4.7 4.2 4.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 5.6 5.8 7.8 6.6 6.6
Worked at full-time jobs 1.7 1.6 2.8 1.9 1.9
  50 to 52 weeks 1.0 0.8 1.6 1.1 1.1
Worked at part-time jobs 7.8 7.6 12.9 10.0 10.0
Did not work 19.8 21.4 24.5 23.1 23.1

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 21.5 24.3 29.3 26.5 26.5
  Householder 15 to 64 years 26.8 28.6 34.8 31.7 31.7
  Householder 65 years and over 10.1 14.9 17.3 15.2 15.2
One worker 2.0 1.9 3.7 2.6 2.6
Two workers or more 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 7.5 8.5 14.4 11.7 11.7
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 11.7 11.7 39.1 25.6 25.6
      SSI 6.4 7.6 8.0 8.0 8.0
  Food stamps 22.9 22.5 46.2 35.0 35.0
  Housing assistance 21.8 21.8 36.4 27.6 27.6
  Energy assistance 17.4 19.9 32.1 25.5 25.5
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 18.6 15.9 27.9 21.8 21.8
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 17.6 16.7 30.7 21.9 21.9

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1.0 1.1 2.2 1.7 1.7
  Medicare 5.1 6.5 8.8 7.4 7.4
  Medicaid 12.6 12.5 19.3 15.4 15.4
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
15.7 17.5 19.3 17.9 17.9
  Health insurance 17.0 19.6 21.5 20.3 20.3
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 8.2 8.0 13.4 9.8 9.8

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Asian alone
All families 297 488 488 472 503 477 435

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 31 36 36 34 34 34 31
25 to 44 years 129 158 158 150 163 151 127
45 to 54 years 60 82 82 78 88 76 64
55 to 64 years 30 59 59 59 61 61 57
65 years and over 47 152 152 151 157 155 155

Type of Family
Married-couple families 200 347 347 335 360 341 315
  With related children
    under 18
130 164 164 154 171 156 130
  With related children
    under 6
83 92 92 87 98 86 74
Male householder,
    no wife present
29 40 40 39 42 40 38
Female householder,
    no husband present
68 101 101 98 101 96 82
  With related children
    under 18
48 67 67 64 68 62 50
  With related children
    under 6
15 17 17 14 17 14 13

Region
Northeast 84 124 124 119 125 122 107
Midwest 52 66 66 63 65 62 58
South 58 79 79 75 87 77 65
West 102 219 219 216 226 217 204

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 61 105 105 98 106 100 91
High school graduate, no college 65 116 116 112 123 112 104
College: Less than bachelor's degree 72 106 106 104 108 106 97
Bachelor's degree or more 98 160 160 158 167 160 143

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 250 336 336 321 346 323 280
Worked at full-time jobs 63 85 85 78 94 80 60
  50 to 52 weeks 34 42 42 38 49 38 26
Worked at part-time jobs 43 58 58 55 61 53 41
Did not work 144 193 193 188 192 189 178

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 229 391 391 388 396 388 364
  Householder 15 to 64 years 187 250 250 247 254 246 222
  Householder 65 years and over 42 141 141 141 142 143 143
One worker 61 88 88 78 101 82 63
Two workers or more 7 8 8 6 6 8 7

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 25 77 77 73 77 75 62
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 14 23 23 22 22 22 14
      SSI 11 54 54 52 55 53 48
  Food stamps 83 112 112 108 110 107 87
  Housing assistance 30 46 46 46 46 46 41
  Energy assistance 20 31 31 30 33 28 22
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 81 112 112 106 120 105 83
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 16 34 34 31 31 31 25

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 56 84 84 68 76 69 54
  Medicare 62 203 203 197 209 200 194
  Medicaid 149 235 235 226 248 226 194
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
91 101 101 101 106 104 98
  Health insurance 62 70 70 70 74 71 69
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 34 88 88 83 92 85 79

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Asian alone
All families 433 266 263 263 236 235

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 31 27 27 27 27 27
25 to 44 years 126 107 107 107 100 100
45 to 54 years 64 50 50 50 47 47
55 to 64 years 57 27 27 27 22 22
65 years and over 155 54 51 51 40 40

Type of Family
Married-couple families 314 172 169 169 156 155
  With related children
    under 18
128 97 97 97 92 92
  With related children
    under 6
73 67 67 67 65 65
Male householder,
    no wife present
38 29 29 29 28 27
Female householder,
    no husband present
82 64 64 64 53 53
  With related children
    under 18
50 41 41 41 35 35
  With related children
    under 6
13 11 11 11 11 11

Region
Northeast 106 70 68 68 64 64
Midwest 58 50 50 50 45 45
South 65 48 48 48 44 44
West 204 98 98 98 83 82

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 89 52 52 52 40 40
High school graduate, no college 104 57 57 57 55 54
College: Less than bachelor's degree 97 69 69 69 62 62
Bachelor's degree or more 143 87 85 85 79 79

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 278 212 212 212 196 196
Worked at full-time jobs 60 42 42 42 39 39
  50 to 52 weeks 26 20 20 20 19 18
Worked at part-time jobs 42 30 30 30 30 30
Did not work 176 140 140 140 127 127

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 365 220 217 217 196 196
  Householder 15 to 64 years 222 170 169 169 160 160
  Householder 65 years and over 143 50 48 48 37 36
One worker 61 40 40 40 34 33
Two workers or more 7 6 6 6 6 6

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 63 43 41 41 14 14
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 14 11 11 11 4 4
      SSI 49 32 30 30 10 10
  Food stamps 86 64 61 61 52 51
  Housing assistance 41 26 24 24 22 21
  Energy assistance 22 17 17 17 15 15
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 81 64 64 64 54 53
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 25 20 17 17 8 8

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 53 30 30 30 29 28
  Medicare 193 61 58 58 45 44
  Medicaid 193 133 130 130 103 103
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
98 87 87 87 87 87
  Health insurance 69 60 60 60 60 60
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 78 37 34 34 21 21

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Asian alone
All families 223 204 223 292 251 251

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 23 23 23 31 30 30
25 to 44 years 93 94 93 128 105 105
45 to 54 years 45 41 45 57 52 52
55 to 64 years 22 19 22 29 22 22
65 years and over 39 28 39 47 41 41

Type of Family
Married-couple families 144 133 144 195 162 162
  With related children
    under 18
82 85 82 128 97 97
  With related children
    under 6
57 63 57 83 67 67
Male householder,
    no wife present
27 23 27 31 30 30
Female householder,
    no husband present
52 48 52 66 59 59
  With related children
    under 18
33 31 33 47 39 39
  With related children
    under 6
11 11 11 15 13 13

Region
Northeast 59 57 59 83 68 68
Midwest 42 40 42 52 49 49
South 41 39 41 58 47 47
West 80 68 80 100 87 87

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 36 30 36 58 47 47
High school graduate, no college 51 51 51 65 55 55
College: Less than bachelor's degree 56 54 56 73 64 64
Bachelor's degree or more 79 69 79 96 85 85

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 183 177 183 245 209 209
Worked at full-time jobs 36 38 36 63 44 44
  50 to 52 weeks 16 20 16 31 21 21
Worked at part-time jobs 24 25 24 41 32 32
Did not work 123 114 123 142 134 134

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 187 165 187 225 203 203
  Householder 15 to 64 years 151 141 151 183 167 167
  Householder 65 years and over 36 24 36 42 37 37
One worker 30 32 30 59 41 41
Two workers or more 6 7 6 8 6 6

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 14 12 14 23 19 19
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 4 4 4 13 8 8
      SSI 10 8 10 11 11 11
  Food stamps 38 39 38 79 60 60
  Housing assistance 18 18 18 30 23 23
  Energy assistance 12 10 12 19 15 15
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 45 53 45 79 62 62
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 8 8 8 14 10 10

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 28 27 28 54 43 43
  Medicare 44 35 44 60 51 51
  Medicaid 92 93 92 142 113 113
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
85 76 85 94 87 87
  Health insurance 58 50 58 64 60 60
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 20 21 20 34 25 25

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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