U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 3. Percent of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Hispanic (of any race)
All families 10422 20.0 27.1 27.1 26.2

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 837 33.1 36.1 36.1 35.2
25 to 44 years 5431 23.4 26.2 26.2 25.2
45 to 54 years 2101 14.8 19.7 19.7 18.9
55 to 64 years 1152 12.6 22.2 22.2 21.2
65 years and over 902 9.2 48.0 48.0 47.0

Type of Family
Married-couple families 6593 13.6 20.7 20.7 19.9
  With related children
    under 18
4397 17.1 20.4 20.4 19.5
  With related children
    under 6
2380 21.5 24.2 24.2 23.4
Male householder,
    no wife present
1081 20.3 25.0 25.0 23.9
Female householder,
    no husband present
2748 35.3 43.3 43.3 42.0
  With related children
    under 18
2055 42.3 48.0 48.0 46.5
  With related children
    under 6
981 50.5 55.9 55.9 54.1

Region
Northeast 1486 19.5 27.9 27.9 26.9
Midwest 807 23.4 30.4 30.4 28.9
South 3974 19.9 27.1 27.1 26.6
West 4155 19.7 26.2 26.2 25.0

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3752 30.6 40.7 40.7 39.6
High school graduate, no college 2977 18.7 24.9 24.9 23.5
College: Less than bachelor's degree 2326 13.3 18.9 18.9 18.3
Bachelor's degree or more 1367 5.4 8.8 8.8 8.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 9520 21.1 25.1 25.1 24.2
Worked at full-time jobs 6161 11.1 12.7 12.7 11.8
  50 to 52 weeks 4905 7.4 8.0 8.0 7.4
Worked at part-time jobs 1265 32.5 36.8 36.8 35.5
Did not work 2094 43.4 54.8 54.8 53.8

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 3316 46.1 65.2 65.2 63.8
  Householder 15 to 64 years 2741 53.0 64.3 64.3 62.6
  Householder 65 years and over 576 13.4 69.9 69.9 69.4
One worker 4596 11.2 13.4 13.4 12.3
Two workers or more 2509 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 793 42.8 66.4 66.4 65.5
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 371 60.1 75.1 75.1 74.8
      SSI 482 31.8 61.5 61.5 60.2
  Food stamps 1831 53.0 66.5 66.5 65.2
  Housing assistance 518 51.5 63.3 63.3 62.2
  Energy assistance 397 45.2 59.0 59.0 58.7
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 2878 41.4 47.1 47.1 45.6
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 489 57.6 81.8 81.8 81.8

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 5263 4.9 7.6 7.6 5.8
  Medicare 1631 14.7 45.4 45.4 44.4
  Medicaid 4222 34.4 44.2 44.2 43.4
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
1724 25.1 27.1 27.1 27.1
  Health insurance 1466 26.4 28.5 28.5 28.5
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 708 23.2 57.7 57.7 56.5

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Hispanic (of any race)
All families 28.2 26.0 22.1 22.1 16.3

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 37.0 35.4 29.9 29.9 26.5
25 to 44 years 27.4 24.5 19.3 19.3 17.4
45 to 54 years 21.4 19.4 16.8 16.8 13.8
55 to 64 years 22.2 21.6 19.6 19.8 12.0
65 years and over 47.9 47.6 46.8 47.1 11.6

Type of Family
Married-couple families 21.8 19.6 16.2 16.2 10.1
  With related children
    under 18
21.9 18.6 13.7 13.7 11.4
  With related children
    under 6
25.7 22.0 16.0 16.0 13.7
Male householder,
    no wife present
26.0 24.7 21.1 21.3 17.3
Female householder,
    no husband present
44.2 42.1 36.7 36.5 30.8
  With related children
    under 18
49.0 46.2 39.1 38.9 35.3
  With related children
    under 6
56.4 53.7 45.9 45.8 42.2

Region
Northeast 29.0 27.1 23.9 23.9 18.3
Midwest 30.3 27.3 23.8 23.8 17.8
South 28.5 26.6 22.1 22.1 15.9
West 27.1 24.9 21.0 21.1 15.7

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 42.4 39.0 32.9 32.9 25.0
High school graduate, no college 25.9 23.8 19.6 19.6 14.6
College: Less than bachelor's degree 19.4 18.3 16.2 16.2 11.3
Bachelor's degree or more 8.9 8.4 7.9 7.9 4.6

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 26.3 24.0 19.7 19.7 16.8
Worked at full-time jobs 13.7 11.4 7.8 7.7 6.7
  50 to 52 weeks 9.2 7.0 4.0 4.0 3.6
Worked at part-time jobs 38.5 36.0 29.3 29.3 26.1
Did not work 55.8 53.7 49.1 49.3 40.6

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 66.2 64.3 58.8 58.7 42.3
  Householder 15 to 64 years 65.5 63.0 56.5 56.4 47.8
  Householder 65 years and over 69.9 70.2 69.5 69.7 16.1
One worker 14.8 11.7 7.1 7.1 6.0
Two workers or more 2.3 1.8 1.1 1.1 0.9

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 67.2 66.3 63.5 63.9 52.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 77.1 75.5 71.1 72.0 65.5
      SSI 61.9 61.4 59.8 59.8 45.2
  Food stamps 68.7 64.6 56.7 56.7 47.4
  Housing assistance 64.0 61.7 57.3 57.1 49.3
  Energy assistance 61.5 58.7 51.8 51.3 41.9
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 49.5 44.4 35.2 35.1 31.5
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 83.3 81.9 79.0 79.5 68.3

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 6.4 5.6 4.6 4.8 2.9
  Medicare 45.7 45.2 43.8 43.9 16.4
  Medicaid 46.5 42.8 35.5 35.6 28.4
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
29.5 27.3 22.7 22.6 21.0
  Health insurance 31.2 28.6 23.4 23.3 21.8
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 58.3 57.4 55.4 55.4 27.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Hispanic (of any race)
All families 16.1 16.1 15.2 14.8 12.3

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 26.3 26.3 25.9 25.3 21.5
25 to 44 years 17.4 17.4 16.7 16.4 13.3
45 to 54 years 13.6 13.6 12.4 11.7 9.6
55 to 64 years 11.8 11.8 10.7 10.2 9.1
65 years and over 10.4 10.4 8.9 8.9 7.7

Type of Family
Married-couple families 10.0 10.0 9.5 9.2 7.8
  With related children
    under 18
11.3 11.3 10.8 10.5 8.6
  With related children
    under 6
13.7 13.7 13.4 13.2 11.3
Male householder,
    no wife present
17.0 17.0 16.6 16.4 15.3
Female householder,
    no husband present
30.5 30.5 28.5 27.6 21.8
  With related children
    under 18
35.3 35.3 33.4 32.4 25.1
  With related children
    under 6
42.2 42.2 41.0 39.3 32.3

Region
Northeast 17.6 17.6 15.6 14.8 10.6
Midwest 17.8 17.8 17.4 17.1 15.7
South 15.7 15.7 15.0 14.6 12.4
West 15.7 15.7 14.9 14.6 12.1

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 24.7 24.7 23.0 22.5 18.3
High school graduate, no college 14.4 14.4 13.7 13.2 11.0
College: Less than bachelor's degree 11.2 11.2 11.1 10.7 9.1
Bachelor's degree or more 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.3 3.6

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 16.7 16.7 15.8 15.4 12.7
Worked at full-time jobs 6.7 6.7 6.4 6.3 4.6
  50 to 52 weeks 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 2.2
Worked at part-time jobs 26.1 26.1 24.8 24.3 19.5
Did not work 40.3 40.3 38.1 36.8 32.5

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 41.8 41.8 39.7 38.8 32.9
  Householder 15 to 64 years 47.5 47.5 45.3 44.2 37.4
  Householder 65 years and over 14.5 14.5 12.9 12.8 11.0
One worker 5.9 5.9 5.4 5.1 3.7
Two workers or more 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 49.9 49.9 38.4 37.0 26.6
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 64.8 64.8 54.1 52.5 37.6
      SSI 42.0 42.0 27.8 26.7 18.4
  Food stamps 46.7 46.7 42.9 40.7 28.0
  Housing assistance 48.2 48.2 43.5 41.1 22.0
  Energy assistance 40.4 40.4 36.6 34.3 24.4
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 31.3 31.3 29.8 29.0 22.1
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 65.8 65.8 51.6 49.3 34.4

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.1
  Medicare 15.2 15.2 13.5 13.3 11.3
  Medicaid 27.9 27.9 25.8 24.8 19.2
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 19.8
  Health insurance 21.8 21.8 21.8 21.8 20.6
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 25.2 25.2 21.3 21.0 16.9

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Hispanic (of any race)
All families 11.8 12.3 19.5 15.7 15.6

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 20.8 21.5 32.5 26.9 26.9
25 to 44 years 13.3 13.3 22.2 17.2 17.2
45 to 54 years 8.8 9.8 15.3 12.7 12.7
55 to 64 years 7.7 9.4 12.5 11.2 11.0
65 years and over 6.9 7.7 9.5 8.9 8.9

Type of Family
Married-couple families 7.4 7.9 13.2 9.8 9.8
  With related children
    under 18
8.5 8.8 16.1 11.3 11.3
  With related children
    under 6
11.4 11.6 20.2 13.9 13.9
Male householder,
    no wife present
15.0 15.3 20.5 16.9 16.9
Female householder,
    no husband present
21.3 21.8 34.2 29.1 29.1
  With related children
    under 18
24.9 25.2 40.7 34.1 34.1
  With related children
    under 6
32.3 32.5 49.5 41.8 41.8

Region
Northeast 10.2 10.7 18.6 15.9 15.9
Midwest 14.6 15.7 21.7 18.0 18.0
South 12.0 12.4 19.6 15.5 15.5
West 11.7 12.2 19.2 15.3 15.3

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 17.6 18.5 29.5 23.4 23.4
High school graduate, no college 10.8 11.0 18.5 14.3 14.3
College: Less than bachelor's degree 8.8 9.1 12.9 11.3 11.3
Bachelor's degree or more 3.3 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.5

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 12.3 12.8 20.4 16.3 16.3
Worked at full-time jobs 4.6 4.6 10.3 6.8 6.8
  50 to 52 weeks 2.2 2.2 6.7 3.8 3.8
Worked at part-time jobs 18.9 19.6 32.0 25.5 25.5
Did not work 31.1 32.8 43.1 38.7 38.6

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 31.3 33.0 45.6 40.2 40.2
  Householder 15 to 64 years 35.9 37.6 52.3 46.0 45.9
  Householder 65 years and over 9.1 11.0 13.6 12.9 12.9
One worker 3.8 3.8 10.3 5.9 5.9
Two workers or more 0.8 0.8 1.8 1.1 1.1

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 25.8 26.9 41.6 39.1 39.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 35.7 37.6 58.3 55.4 55.4
      SSI 18.1 19.0 30.5 28.7 28.7
  Food stamps 26.6 28.1 51.7 43.9 43.9
  Housing assistance 22.0 22.0 50.2 44.8 44.8
  Energy assistance 21.3 25.1 44.1 37.3 37.3
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 21.8 22.3 39.4 30.6 30.6
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 32.2 34.4 56.1 52.8 52.8

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 2.2 2.1 4.6 3.3 3.3
  Medicare 10.6 11.5 14.9 14.0 13.9
  Medicaid 18.8 19.4 33.2 26.3 26.3
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
18.4 19.8 24.9 21.0 21.0
  Health insurance 19.3 20.6 26.1 21.8 21.8
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 16.4 17.3 23.4 22.0 22.0

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Hispanic (of any race)
All families 2089 2825 2825 2727 2935 2713 2300

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 277 302 302 294 310 296 250
25 to 44 years 1273 1422 1422 1367 1489 1331 1049
45 to 54 years 311 414 414 397 449 408 354
55 to 64 years 145 255 255 244 256 248 226
65 years and over 83 433 433 424 432 429 422

Type of Family
Married-couple families 898 1364 1364 1313 1439 1290 1066
  With related children
    under 18
751 898 898 856 962 820 601
  With related children
    under 6
511 576 576 556 613 524 382
Male householder,
    no wife present
220 270 270 259 282 267 228
Female householder,
    no husband present
971 1191 1191 1155 1215 1156 1007
  With related children
    under 18
869 987 987 955 1007 948 804
  With related children
    under 6
495 548 548 531 554 527 450

Region
Northeast 290 414 414 400 431 402 356
Midwest 189 245 245 233 244 220 192
South 789 1079 1079 1055 1134 1056 879
West 820 1087 1087 1038 1126 1034 874

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1147 1526 1526 1487 1592 1465 1233
High school graduate, no college 557 740 740 701 770 708 583
College: Less than bachelor's degree 310 439 439 426 450 425 376
Bachelor's degree or more 74 120 120 113 122 115 108

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 2005 2392 2392 2303 2503 2284 1879
Worked at full-time jobs 685 779 779 728 847 704 480
  50 to 52 weeks 362 394 394 364 449 345 197
Worked at part-time jobs 412 465 465 449 487 456 370
Did not work 908 1148 1148 1126 1169 1124 1028

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 1530 2163 2163 2115 2197 2132 1949
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1453 1761 1761 1715 1795 1728 1548
  Householder 65 years and over 77 402 402 399 402 404 400
One worker 513 615 615 568 680 536 325
Two workers or more 45 47 47 45 58 45 27

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 340 527 527 520 533 526 504
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 223 279 279 278 286 280 264
      SSI 153 296 296 290 298 296 288
  Food stamps 970 1217 1217 1194 1258 1183 1038
  Housing assistance 267 328 328 322 332 319 297
  Energy assistance 179 234 234 233 244 233 206
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1191 1357 1357 1313 1423 1277 1014
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 281 400 400 400 407 400 386

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 258 402 402 304 338 294 244
  Medicare 240 740 740 724 746 738 715
  Medicaid 1452 1866 1866 1831 1965 1808 1500
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
432 467 467 467 509 471 391
  Health insurance 386 417 417 417 458 419 344
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 165 408 408 400 413 407 392

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Hispanic (of any race)
All families 2302 1700 1680 1679 1587 1544

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 250 221 220 220 216 211
25 to 44 years 1047 946 944 944 908 889
45 to 54 years 353 290 286 286 260 246
55 to 64 years 228 138 136 136 123 118
65 years and over 425 105 93 93 81 80

Type of Family
Married-couple families 1069 666 658 657 626 608
  With related children
    under 18
601 499 496 496 475 461
  With related children
    under 6
382 326 326 326 319 313
Male householder,
    no wife present
230 187 184 184 179 177
Female householder,
    no husband present
1003 846 838 838 782 759
  With related children
    under 18
800 726 725 725 687 665
  With related children
    under 6
449 414 414 414 402 385

Region
Northeast 355 272 262 262 231 220
Midwest 192 143 143 143 141 138
South 879 631 623 623 598 581
West 876 653 651 651 618 606

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1236 938 927 927 862 844
High school graduate, no college 582 436 429 429 408 393
College: Less than bachelor's degree 376 262 261 261 259 249
Bachelor's degree or more 108 63 63 63 59 59

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 1877 1595 1586 1586 1507 1464
Worked at full-time jobs 475 413 412 412 395 386
  50 to 52 weeks 196 175 174 174 165 162
Worked at part-time jobs 370 330 330 330 314 307
Did not work 1032 851 844 844 797 772

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 1948 1402 1386 1385 1317 1286
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1546 1309 1302 1302 1243 1212
  Householder 65 years and over 401 93 83 83 74 74
One worker 327 275 272 272 248 236
Two workers or more 28 22 22 22 22 22

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 507 414 396 396 304 293
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 267 243 240 240 201 195
      SSI 288 218 202 202 134 128
  Food stamps 1038 869 855 855 786 745
  Housing assistance 296 256 250 250 226 213
  Energy assistance 204 166 160 160 145 136
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1011 907 902 902 857 833
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 388 334 321 321 252 241

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 250 152 150 150 139 137
  Medicare 716 268 248 248 220 218
  Medicaid 1502 1199 1180 1180 1089 1046
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
389 362 362 361 361 361
  Health insurance 342 320 320 320 320 320
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 392 197 178 178 151 148

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Hispanic (of any race)
All families 1278 1233 1286 2030 1632 1631

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 180 174 180 272 225 225
25 to 44 years 721 723 723 1207 932 932
45 to 54 years 202 184 206 321 266 266
55 to 64 years 105 89 108 144 129 127
65 years and over 70 62 70 86 81 81

Type of Family
Married-couple families 514 486 521 869 649 647
  With related children
    under 18
379 373 385 709 496 496
  With related children
    under 6
270 270 275 480 332 332
Male householder,
    no wife present
165 162 165 221 183 183
Female householder,
    no husband present
598 584 600 940 800 800
  With related children
    under 18
517 512 519 836 701 701
  With related children
    under 6
317 317 319 486 410 410

Region
Northeast 157 151 159 277 236 236
Midwest 126 118 126 175 145 145
South 493 478 494 780 618 616
West 501 486 507 797 634 634

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 687 661 693 1107 879 879
High school graduate, no college 329 323 329 551 426 426
College: Less than bachelor's degree 212 204 212 300 264 264
Bachelor's degree or more 50 45 53 71 63 62

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 1208 1171 1217 1944 1552 1550
Worked at full-time jobs 282 280 283 636 419 419
  50 to 52 weeks 106 109 107 330 187 187
Worked at part-time jobs 246 239 247 405 323 323
Did not work 680 652 687 903 810 808

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 1089 1038 1094 1513 1335 1333
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1026 985 1031 1434 1260 1259
  Householder 65 years and over 63 53 63 78 74 74
One worker 169 175 173 472 271 271
Two workers or more 19 20 19 46 26 26

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 211 204 214 330 310 310
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 139 132 139 216 206 206
      SSI 89 87 92 147 138 138
  Food stamps 512 487 515 946 803 803
  Housing assistance 114 114 114 260 232 232
  Energy assistance 97 84 100 175 148 148
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 637 626 642 1133 881 881
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 168 157 168 274 258 258

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 111 114 113 240 176 176
  Medicare 185 172 188 244 229 227
  Medicaid 811 795 820 1401 1112 1112
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
341 317 341 429 362 362
  Health insurance 301 283 301 382 320 320
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 120 116 123 165 156 156

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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