U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 3. Percent of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 54461 7.0 17.6 17.6 17.1

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 1706 26.7 31.1 31.1 29.4
25 to 44 years 18548 9.4 12.5 12.5 11.8
45 to 54 years 12948 5.1 8.6 8.6 8.2
55 to 64 years 10435 4.8 12.5 12.5 11.9
65 years and over 10824 4.0 40.0 40.0 39.7

Type of Family
Married-couple families 43966 3.9 14.1 14.1 13.7
  With related children
    under 18
17582 4.9 7.3 7.3 6.7
  With related children
    under 6
7796 6.5 8.7 8.7 8.0
Male householder,
    no wife present
3200 12.5 23.5 23.5 22.9
Female householder,
    no husband present
7294 23.3 36.1 36.1 34.9
  With related children
    under 18
4449 31.7 39.5 39.5 38.1
  With related children
    under 6
1700 46.5 52.5 52.5 51.1

Region
Northeast 10328 5.5 15.4 15.4 14.8
Midwest 14339 7.2 18.5 18.5 17.8
South 19304 8.2 19.7 19.7 19.2
West 10490 5.8 15.0 15.0 14.5

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4047 20.9 47.4 47.4 46.4
High school graduate, no college 16304 8.7 24.4 24.4 23.6
College: Less than bachelor's degree 15637 7.1 15.7 15.7 15.1
Bachelor's degree or more 18473 2.3 6.7 6.7 6.5

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 43637 7.7 12.1 12.1 11.5
Worked at full-time jobs 30093 3.0 4.1 4.1 3.6
  50 to 52 weeks 25479 1.7 2.1 2.1 1.8
Worked at part-time jobs 5427 12.8 18.3 18.3 17.1
Did not work 8117 22.0 37.5 37.5 36.8

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 17273 18.0 50.1 50.1 49.1
  Householder 15 to 64 years 9130 29.6 48.3 48.3 46.8
  Householder 65 years and over 8143 5.0 52.0 52.0 51.7
One worker 22812 2.8 3.9 3.9 3.4
Two workers or more 14376 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1926 33.0 60.4 60.4 59.5
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 557 59.1 76.7 76.7 76.3
      SSI 1473 25.0 55.9 55.9 54.8
  Food stamps 3301 51.5 71.0 71.0 69.3
  Housing assistance 754 56.3 77.5 77.5 76.3
  Energy assistance 1297 46.9 74.6 74.6 72.9
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 3281 36.2 49.8 49.8 47.5
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 873 60.0 85.8 85.8 85.5

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 39310 2.3 6.6 6.6 5.9
  Medicare 14481 5.7 39.1 39.1 38.5
  Medicaid 8296 26.3 43.1 43.1 41.8
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
4806 14.2 18.9 18.9 18.9
  Health insurance 2428 18.9 25.3 25.3 25.3
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 2285 16.9 55.5 55.5 54.2

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 17.7 17.2 16.3 16.3 6.4

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 30.7 29.4 26.4 26.2 22.7
25 to 44 years 12.6 11.6 10.0 10.0 7.8
45 to 54 years 8.8 8.3 7.5 7.5 4.7
55 to 64 years 12.5 12.4 12.1 12.1 5.3
65 years and over 40.0 40.1 39.9 40.0 4.5

Type of Family
Married-couple families 14.1 13.8 13.3 13.3 3.5
  With related children
    under 18
7.3 6.5 5.4 5.4 3.6
  With related children
    under 6
8.7 7.6 6.2 6.2 4.6
Male householder,
    no wife present
24.2 23.5 21.7 21.7 12.1
Female householder,
    no husband present
36.4 35.1 32.0 32.0 21.4
  With related children
    under 18
39.8 37.6 32.7 32.7 27.1
  With related children
    under 6
52.5 50.3 44.2 44.0 39.3

Region
Northeast 15.2 14.9 14.1 14.1 5.1
Midwest 18.5 17.9 16.9 17.0 6.3
South 19.8 19.4 18.3 18.3 7.5
West 14.9 14.5 13.8 13.8 5.7

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 47.9 46.9 44.9 45.0 21.2
High school graduate, no college 24.5 23.8 22.3 22.4 7.7
College: Less than bachelor's degree 15.6 15.2 14.3 14.3 6.3
Bachelor's degree or more 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.3 2.0

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 12.1 11.5 10.4 10.4 6.8
Worked at full-time jobs 4.1 3.6 2.6 2.6 1.9
  50 to 52 weeks 2.2 1.8 1.1 1.1 0.9
Worked at part-time jobs 18.2 17.2 15.0 14.9 10.3
Did not work 37.6 37.0 36.1 36.2 22.9

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 50.0 49.4 47.9 48.0 17.7
  Householder 15 to 64 years 48.2 47.0 44.2 44.2 28.4
  Householder 65 years and over 52.0 52.2 52.0 52.2 5.8
One worker 4.1 3.4 2.4 2.4 1.7
Two workers or more 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 60.4 59.4 57.2 57.3 44.5
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 77.2 75.0 70.4 70.3 59.8
      SSI 55.6 55.2 53.9 54.0 40.8
  Food stamps 71.6 68.8 61.9 61.6 46.7
  Housing assistance 77.6 75.9 69.0 68.2 52.6
  Energy assistance 74.5 72.9 67.2 66.8 44.2
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 50.3 46.9 39.6 39.6 29.9
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 86.5 85.0 81.9 81.8 71.4

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 6.2 6.0 5.5 5.6 1.7
  Medicare 39.1 39.0 38.7 38.8 6.7
  Medicaid 43.5 41.6 37.6 37.6 24.9
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
20.4 19.3 17.7 17.8 13.1
  Health insurance 27.3 25.8 23.7 23.9 17.5
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 55.3 54.6 53.6 53.7 22.5

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 6.2 6.2 5.7 5.5 4.8

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 22.7 22.7 22.1 21.4 18.2
25 to 44 years 7.7 7.7 7.3 6.9 5.8
45 to 54 years 4.5 4.5 4.0 3.9 3.5
55 to 64 years 5.0 5.0 4.4 4.2 4.0
65 years and over 4.4 4.4 3.7 3.7 3.6

Type of Family
Married-couple families 3.4 3.4 3.1 2.9 2.7
  With related children
    under 18
3.5 3.5 3.2 2.9 2.5
  With related children
    under 6
4.5 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.1
Male householder,
    no wife present
11.8 11.8 10.6 10.4 9.6
Female householder,
    no husband present
21.0 21.0 19.6 18.9 15.8
  With related children
    under 18
26.9 26.9 25.9 24.8 20.1
  With related children
    under 6
39.2 39.2 38.5 37.0 31.3

Region
Northeast 5.1 5.1 4.4 4.1 3.5
Midwest 6.1 6.1 5.8 5.6 4.8
South 7.3 7.3 6.8 6.6 5.9
West 5.6 5.6 5.0 4.8 4.3

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 20.5 20.5 18.4 17.4 14.9
High school graduate, no college 7.5 7.5 6.9 6.6 5.8
College: Less than bachelor's degree 6.2 6.2 5.8 5.6 4.9
Bachelor's degree or more 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 6.7 6.7 6.2 5.9 5.2
Worked at full-time jobs 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.4
  50 to 52 weeks 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.7
Worked at part-time jobs 10.2 10.2 9.7 9.3 7.5
Did not work 22.2 22.2 20.3 19.3 17.5

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 17.3 17.3 15.8 15.2 13.4
  Householder 15 to 64 years 27.6 27.6 25.6 24.5 21.4
  Householder 65 years and over 5.7 5.7 4.8 4.7 4.5
One worker 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.2
Two workers or more 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 42.5 42.5 28.9 26.5 20.2
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 58.9 58.9 53.0 49.8 35.6
      SSI 38.4 38.4 21.8 19.1 15.1
  Food stamps 45.6 45.6 41.1 37.9 28.1
  Housing assistance 51.4 51.4 46.0 42.2 26.3
  Energy assistance 43.5 43.5 37.5 34.6 26.2
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 29.5 29.5 27.5 25.7 19.0
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 69.4 69.4 52.3 47.3 33.8

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5
  Medicare 6.1 6.1 5.2 5.1 4.6
  Medicaid 24.3 24.3 21.2 19.7 15.9
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
13.1 13.1 13.0 13.0 12.6
  Health insurance 17.5 17.5 17.4 17.4 16.6
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 20.5 20.5 15.0 14.2 11.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 4.6 5.0 6.9 6.0 6.0

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 17.8 18.6 27.0 22.8 22.8
25 to 44 years 5.8 5.9 9.2 7.6 7.6
45 to 54 years 3.4 3.6 5.0 4.3 4.3
55 to 64 years 3.7 4.2 4.9 4.7 4.7
65 years and over 2.6 3.6 4.0 4.0 4.0

Type of Family
Married-couple families 2.5 2.8 3.8 3.3 3.3
  With related children
    under 18
2.5 2.6 4.6 3.4 3.4
  With related children
    under 6
3.2 3.2 6.0 4.4 4.4
Male householder,
    no wife present
9.4 9.9 12.8 11.1 11.1
Female householder,
    no husband present
14.9 16.1 23.2 20.2 20.2
  With related children
    under 18
19.3 20.5 31.2 26.4 26.4
  With related children
    under 6
30.6 32.1 45.7 39.2 39.2

Region
Northeast 3.1 3.6 5.4 4.6 4.6
Midwest 4.7 4.9 7.2 6.1 6.1
South 5.6 6.1 8.1 7.2 7.2
West 3.9 4.3 5.7 5.1 5.1

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 14.1 15.8 20.9 19.2 19.2
High school graduate, no college 5.4 5.9 8.6 7.2 7.2
College: Less than bachelor's degree 4.7 5.0 7.0 6.0 6.0
Bachelor's degree or more 1.7 1.8 2.2 2.0 2.0

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 5.1 5.3 7.6 6.5 6.5
Worked at full-time jobs 1.5 1.4 2.8 1.9 1.9
  50 to 52 weeks 0.9 0.7 1.6 1.0 1.0
Worked at part-time jobs 7.5 7.7 12.6 10.2 10.2
Did not work 16.7 18.1 22.0 21.0 21.0

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 12.3 13.8 17.9 16.4 16.4
  Householder 15 to 64 years 20.3 22.0 29.5 26.6 26.5
  Householder 65 years and over 3.3 4.6 5.0 5.0 5.0
One worker 1.4 1.3 2.7 1.8 1.8
Two workers or more 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 19.2 21.4 32.8 30.3 30.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 34.5 38.5 57.9 53.7 53.7
      SSI 14.2 16.1 25.1 23.4 23.4
  Food stamps 27.0 29.3 50.5 42.8 42.8
  Housing assistance 26.3 28.6 55.4 48.3 48.3
  Energy assistance 23.9 27.0 45.0 39.0 39.0
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 18.2 19.3 34.8 28.3 28.3
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 32.2 36.1 59.7 54.5 54.5

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1.5 1.5 2.3 1.9 1.9
  Medicare 3.9 4.9 5.8 5.7 5.7
  Medicaid 15.2 16.5 25.8 21.9 21.9
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
11.8 12.6 14.4 13.0 13.0
  Health insurance 15.3 16.6 19.2 17.4 17.4
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 10.1 12.4 17.1 16.6 16.6

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 3797 9599 9599 9296 9614 9360 8857

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 456 530 530 502 523 502 450
25 to 44 years 1751 2324 2324 2192 2330 2157 1858
45 to 54 years 661 1115 1115 1062 1136 1076 969
55 to 64 years 501 1301 1301 1246 1301 1290 1261
65 years and over 428 4329 4329 4293 4325 4337 4319

Type of Family
Married-couple families 1697 6214 6214 6015 6188 6048 5830
  With related children
    under 18
854 1289 1289 1175 1290 1148 951
  With related children
    under 6
508 678 678 623 681 593 481
Male householder,
    no wife present
399 753 753 733 774 751 693
Female householder,
    no husband present
1701 2632 2632 2548 2653 2561 2333
  With related children
    under 18
1412 1756 1756 1694 1770 1670 1456
  With related children
    under 6
791 892 892 869 893 855 751

Region
Northeast 571 1586 1586 1528 1571 1535 1456
Midwest 1037 2649 2649 2548 2649 2561 2426
South 1586 3795 3795 3701 3831 3739 3524
West 604 1568 1568 1518 1564 1524 1450

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 846 1920 1920 1878 1940 1900 1816
High school graduate, no college 1419 3985 3985 3854 3991 3882 3644
College: Less than bachelor's degree 1112 2459 2459 2366 2444 2371 2237
Bachelor's degree or more 420 1236 1236 1198 1239 1207 1161

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 3370 5269 5269 5002 5289 5024 4538
Worked at full-time jobs 890 1229 1229 1086 1244 1087 796
  50 to 52 weeks 438 540 540 463 570 448 284
Worked at part-time jobs 697 995 995 930 989 931 816
Did not work 1783 3045 3045 2986 3056 3006 2926

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 3112 8651 8651 8481 8633 8541 8272
  Householder 15 to 64 years 2707 4414 4414 4270 4398 4293 4035
  Householder 65 years and over 405 4237 4237 4212 4235 4248 4237
One worker 642 899 899 767 925 769 543
Two workers or more 44 49 49 47 56 51 41

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 636 1164 1164 1146 1162 1144 1102
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 329 427 427 425 430 418 392
      SSI 368 823 823 806 818 812 794
  Food stamps 1700 2345 2345 2287 2362 2271 2042
  Housing assistance 425 584 584 575 585 572 520
  Energy assistance 608 968 968 946 966 945 872
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1188 1635 1635 1559 1650 1539 1300
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 524 749 749 747 755 742 714

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 922 2603 2603 2300 2433 2340 2173
  Medicare 830 5664 5664 5581 5660 5653 5605
  Medicaid 2178 3573 3573 3469 3605 3450 3122
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
680 910 910 910 979 930 850
  Health insurance 459 615 615 615 663 626 577
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 386 1269 1269 1238 1264 1248 1224

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 8875 3476 3395 3393 3112 2990

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 447 387 387 387 376 366
25 to 44 years 1860 1441 1428 1428 1346 1276
45 to 54 years 969 605 584 582 523 504
55 to 64 years 1266 551 519 519 462 443
65 years and over 4333 491 477 477 405 401

Type of Family
Married-couple families 5845 1531 1488 1486 1342 1278
  With related children
    under 18
951 638 622 620 558 513
  With related children
    under 6
479 359 354 354 321 295
Male householder,
    no wife present
695 387 377 377 340 333
Female householder,
    no husband present
2336 1557 1530 1530 1430 1380
  With related children
    under 18
1453 1204 1198 1198 1151 1105
  With related children
    under 6
749 669 667 667 655 630

Region
Northeast 1456 529 522 522 450 422
Midwest 2437 898 875 875 825 796
South 3530 1447 1409 1407 1313 1268
West 1452 601 589 589 524 504

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1819 858 829 829 745 705
High school graduate, no college 3656 1260 1228 1228 1118 1078
College: Less than bachelor's degree 2239 979 964 964 906 874
Bachelor's degree or more 1161 378 374 372 343 333

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 4543 2984 2918 2916 2707 2589
Worked at full-time jobs 792 564 562 562 534 515
  50 to 52 weeks 284 229 227 227 220 217
Worked at part-time jobs 811 561 552 552 528 507
Did not work 2940 1860 1805 1803 1645 1567

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 8283 3059 2985 2985 2723 2619
  Householder 15 to 64 years 4034 2589 2524 2524 2334 2234
  Householder 65 years and over 4249 471 460 460 389 384
One worker 553 380 374 372 353 337
Two workers or more 40 36 36 36 36 34

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1103 857 819 819 557 511
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 392 333 328 328 296 278
      SSI 795 600 566 566 322 282
  Food stamps 2035 1543 1505 1505 1355 1251
  Housing assistance 514 397 387 387 347 318
  Energy assistance 866 574 564 564 487 449
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1298 982 967 967 902 842
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 714 623 606 606 457 413

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 2187 687 674 672 641 618
  Medicare 5619 969 888 888 751 733
  Medicaid 3122 2063 2016 2014 1756 1635
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
853 629 629 629 625 625
  Health insurance 580 426 426 426 424 424
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 1226 515 468 468 343 324

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
White alone, not Hispanic
All families 2636 2494 2709 3756 3274 3270

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 311 304 318 461 388 388
25 to 44 years 1068 1083 1095 1700 1404 1402
45 to 54 years 458 439 465 653 555 555
55 to 64 years 414 383 438 507 495 493
65 years and over 385 285 393 435 432 432

Type of Family
Married-couple families 1177 1107 1217 1651 1442 1442
  With related children
    under 18
434 438 453 801 601 601
  With related children
    under 6
239 248 251 467 342 342
Male householder,
    no wife present
306 301 318 411 356 354
Female householder,
    no husband present
1153 1086 1174 1693 1476 1474
  With related children
    under 18
896 861 914 1389 1176 1174
  With related children
    under 6
533 521 546 778 666 666

Region
Northeast 359 323 369 557 475 473
Midwest 686 669 707 1027 870 870
South 1144 1088 1176 1570 1391 1390
West 447 414 456 601 538 538

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 604 570 639 847 778 778
High school graduate, no college 942 874 962 1406 1180 1178
College: Less than bachelor's degree 763 740 776 1093 944 942
Bachelor's degree or more 327 310 331 409 372 372

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 2250 2208 2315 3321 2842 2839
Worked at full-time jobs 424 452 424 854 578 578
  50 to 52 weeks 175 218 175 412 250 250
Worked at part-time jobs 407 404 419 683 556 554
Did not work 1419 1352 1472 1784 1708 1706

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 2319 2122 2382 3096 2828 2825
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1950 1850 2009 2691 2425 2421
  Householder 65 years and over 369 271 373 405 403 403
One worker 284 321 292 617 410 410
Two workers or more 32 51 34 43 36 36

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 388 370 412 631 583 583
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 198 192 214 323 299 299
      SSI 223 210 237 370 345 345
  Food stamps 928 892 969 1668 1413 1413
  Housing assistance 199 199 216 418 364 364
  Energy assistance 340 309 351 584 506 506
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 622 597 633 1143 927 927
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 295 281 315 521 476 476

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 576 591 591 900 750 748
  Medicare 670 562 707 840 824 822
  Medicaid 1320 1258 1369 2138 1817 1815
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
604 568 604 693 625 625
  Health insurance 403 372 403 467 424 424
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 270 230 283 391 379 379

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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