U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 3. Percent of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Black alone
All families 9367 22.7 32.9 32.9 31.6

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 673 51.1 56.9 56.9 55.2
25 to 44 years 4165 27.0 32.3 32.3 30.6
45 to 54 years 2086 15.4 22.7 22.7 21.8
55 to 64 years 1345 14.2 26.1 26.1 24.6
65 years and over 1098 12.9 48.6 48.6 48.2

Type of Family
Married-couple families 4276 8.6 18.7 18.7 17.7
  With related children
    under 18
2166 11.2 15.7 15.7 14.3
  With related children
    under 6
993 14.1 17.6 17.6 16.1
Male householder,
    no wife present
939 25.0 34.6 34.6 33.9
Female householder,
    no husband present
4152 36.7 47.2 47.2 45.5
  With related children
    under 18
2996 44.2 52.0 52.0 50.0
  With related children
    under 6
1334 55.2 61.4 61.4 59.7

Region
Northeast 1554 21.2 30.6 30.6 29.1
Midwest 1696 28.6 41.3 41.3 39.4
South 5269 21.4 31.0 31.0 30.0
West 848 21.7 32.3 32.3 31.0

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1457 41.4 58.5 58.5 57.4
High school graduate, no college 3096 27.3 38.1 38.1 36.2
College: Less than bachelor's degree 3042 19.4 29.1 29.1 27.6
Bachelor's degree or more 1771 4.9 9.5 9.5 9.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 8269 24.0 30.9 30.9 29.4
Worked at full-time jobs 5223 11.0 13.8 13.8 12.4
  50 to 52 weeks 4277 7.1 8.3 8.3 7.1
Worked at part-time jobs 949 36.8 46.6 46.6 44.4
Did not work 2097 50.7 66.1 66.1 65.0

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 3545 48.9 72.7 72.7 71.2
  Householder 15 to 64 years 2800 57.4 74.0 74.0 72.2
  Householder 65 years and over 745 16.9 67.9 67.9 67.5
One worker 3980 9.7 12.6 12.6 10.8
Two workers or more 1842 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 1117 48.2 71.8 71.8 70.6
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 495 66.4 82.2 82.2 81.2
      SSI 715 36.6 66.9 66.9 65.6
  Food stamps 2190 60.1 74.2 74.2 73.0
  Housing assistance 1065 60.4 73.4 73.4 71.4
  Energy assistance 590 59.7 79.3 79.3 77.1
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 2256 49.4 59.2 59.2 56.8
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 702 63.3 85.5 85.5 85.0

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 5548 7.2 11.9 11.9 9.7
  Medicare 1989 18.8 49.2 49.2 48.3
  Medicaid 3569 42.9 56.3 56.3 55.2
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
961 30.2 38.2 38.2 38.2
  Health insurance 676 35.6 44.1 44.1 44.1
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 778 31.0 63.7 63.7 63.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Black alone
All families 33.2 31.9 29.1 29.1 20.6

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 57.2 54.9 47.3 47.1 43.8
25 to 44 years 32.7 30.5 26.7 26.6 23.0
45 to 54 years 23.0 22.0 20.5 20.6 15.1
55 to 64 years 25.7 25.6 24.8 25.0 15.3
65 years and over 49.0 49.4 48.4 48.5 14.4

Type of Family
Married-couple families 18.6 17.9 16.8 16.8 7.6
  With related children
    under 18
15.7 14.2 12.0 12.0 8.4
  With related children
    under 6
18.0 15.9 13.9 13.7 10.3
Male householder,
    no wife present
35.2 34.2 31.8 31.8 23.7
Female householder,
    no husband present
47.8 45.8 41.1 41.1 33.2
  With related children
    under 18
52.4 49.7 43.5 43.5 38.1
  With related children
    under 6
62.3 59.2 50.5 50.3 47.1

Region
Northeast 30.5 29.6 27.5 27.5 20.0
Midwest 40.7 39.4 36.6 36.7 27.1
South 31.9 30.3 27.3 27.2 18.8
West 31.4 31.0 28.1 28.2 20.0

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 58.9 57.7 54.9 54.9 40.9
High school graduate, no college 38.3 36.6 33.0 33.2 23.8
College: Less than bachelor's degree 29.5 27.8 24.7 24.6 17.1
Bachelor's degree or more 9.5 9.4 8.4 8.4 4.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 31.1 29.6 26.5 26.5 21.4
Worked at full-time jobs 14.0 12.3 9.0 9.1 6.8
  50 to 52 weeks 8.7 6.9 4.1 4.1 3.6
Worked at part-time jobs 48.0 45.6 38.3 37.9 29.3
Did not work 65.9 65.4 64.7 64.7 54.2

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 72.9 72.0 68.5 68.4 47.7
  Householder 15 to 64 years 74.1 72.9 68.5 68.4 55.2
  Householder 65 years and over 68.3 68.6 68.3 68.2 19.4
One worker 13.0 10.8 7.3 7.4 5.9
Two workers or more 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 71.9 70.7 67.7 67.8 58.2
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 82.1 81.2 76.2 76.2 68.9
      SSI 67.0 65.7 64.4 64.6 53.1
  Food stamps 75.8 72.8 67.3 67.3 56.8
  Housing assistance 73.8 71.3 66.1 66.3 57.1
  Energy assistance 80.1 76.1 72.8 72.8 56.9
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 59.8 56.5 49.4 49.4 41.9
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 86.6 85.2 82.2 82.1 73.2

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 10.8 10.1 8.5 8.4 4.8
  Medicare 49.1 49.1 48.0 48.0 20.8
  Medicaid 57.5 55.0 49.9 49.8 40.5
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
40.1 38.6 34.2 34.6 27.1
  Health insurance 46.6 44.6 39.7 40.0 33.1
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 63.8 63.4 60.9 61.0 36.7

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Black alone
All families 20.1 20.1 18.7 17.7 14.6

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 43.5 43.5 41.7 40.2 33.6
25 to 44 years 22.7 22.7 21.2 19.7 15.8
45 to 54 years 14.8 14.8 13.5 12.7 10.8
55 to 64 years 14.9 14.9 13.2 12.9 11.1
65 years and over 12.6 12.6 11.8 11.6 10.3

Type of Family
Married-couple families 7.2 7.2 6.6 6.3 5.4
  With related children
    under 18
8.0 8.0 7.7 7.4 5.7
  With related children
    under 6
10.0 10.0 9.7 9.4 6.3
Male householder,
    no wife present
23.2 23.2 21.6 21.3 18.9
Female householder,
    no husband present
32.7 32.7 30.6 28.6 23.2
  With related children
    under 18
37.8 37.8 35.9 33.4 26.7
  With related children
    under 6
46.7 46.7 44.6 41.4 33.6

Region
Northeast 19.6 19.6 18.4 16.9 13.8
Midwest 26.5 26.5 24.6 23.4 19.4
South 18.2 18.2 17.0 16.2 13.6
West 19.9 19.9 18.1 17.1 13.2

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 40.1 40.1 37.1 35.1 29.2
High school graduate, no college 23.3 23.3 22.1 20.9 17.3
College: Less than bachelor's degree 16.7 16.7 15.4 14.4 11.6
Bachelor's degree or more 4.1 4.1 3.5 3.4 3.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 21.1 21.1 19.6 18.5 15.2
Worked at full-time jobs 6.8 6.8 6.4 5.8 4.2
  50 to 52 weeks 3.6 3.6 3.4 2.9 2.1
Worked at part-time jobs 29.1 29.1 27.4 25.5 17.7
Did not work 53.2 53.2 49.1 47.0 41.5

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 46.6 46.6 43.5 41.5 35.0
  Householder 15 to 64 years 54.4 54.4 50.7 48.3 40.5
  Householder 65 years and over 17.3 17.3 16.2 15.8 14.3
One worker 5.7 5.7 5.2 4.6 3.2
Two workers or more 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 55.7 55.7 44.4 41.1 32.2
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 68.3 68.3 60.4 56.2 42.1
      SSI 49.5 49.5 34.8 31.4 25.2
  Food stamps 55.4 55.4 51.7 47.6 35.6
  Housing assistance 55.3 55.3 52.2 49.1 34.3
  Energy assistance 55.4 55.4 51.6 48.0 37.6
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 41.3 41.3 39.6 36.5 28.1
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 70.6 70.6 59.3 54.8 41.0

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 4.7 4.7 4.2 4.1 3.7
  Medicare 18.6 18.6 16.9 16.3 13.4
  Medicaid 39.6 39.6 36.0 33.3 26.1
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
27.1 27.1 27.1 27.1 25.4
  Health insurance 33.1 33.1 33.1 33.1 30.7
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 32.4 32.4 28.1 26.6 20.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Black alone
All families 14.2 15.0 22.4 19.6 19.6

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 33.0 35.3 50.5 43.5 43.5
25 to 44 years 16.0 16.1 26.3 22.3 22.3
45 to 54 years 10.5 10.8 15.6 14.0 14.0
55 to 64 years 10.1 11.4 14.5 14.0 14.0
65 years and over 8.0 10.4 13.4 12.6 12.6

Type of Family
Married-couple families 5.2 5.6 8.4 7.2 7.2
  With related children
    under 18
6.0 6.0 10.8 8.4 8.4
  With related children
    under 6
6.5 6.9 13.6 10.6 10.6
Male householder,
    no wife present
17.4 18.9 24.3 22.1 22.1
Female householder,
    no husband present
22.7 23.8 36.4 31.9 31.9
  With related children
    under 18
26.6 27.5 43.3 37.4 37.4
  With related children
    under 6
34.0 34.9 53.7 46.4 46.4

Region
Northeast 13.7 14.0 20.9 19.3 19.3
Midwest 19.2 19.9 28.6 25.5 25.5
South 13.0 13.8 21.2 18.0 18.0
West 12.8 14.2 20.7 18.6 18.6

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 28.3 29.8 41.1 38.3 38.3
High school graduate, no college 16.8 17.6 27.4 23.2 23.2
College: Less than bachelor's degree 11.4 12.1 18.7 16.2 16.2
Bachelor's degree or more 2.8 3.2 4.9 4.0 4.0

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 15.0 15.6 23.6 20.6 20.6
Worked at full-time jobs 4.3 4.3 10.4 7.2 7.2
  50 to 52 weeks 2.0 2.1 6.6 3.9 3.9
Worked at part-time jobs 17.6 18.5 36.7 28.9 28.9
Did not work 40.6 42.4 50.8 50.1 50.1

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 34.0 35.7 48.5 44.8 44.8
  Householder 15 to 64 years 40.0 41.3 57.0 52.3 52.3
  Householder 65 years and over 11.4 14.6 16.9 16.7 16.7
One worker 3.0 3.3 9.4 6.2 6.2
Two workers or more 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 31.4 33.7 47.7 44.9 44.9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 41.9 44.8 65.6 61.0 61.0
      SSI 24.0 25.6 36.6 35.2 35.2
  Food stamps 34.8 36.6 59.1 53.6 53.6
  Housing assistance 34.3 35.9 58.9 53.4 53.4
  Energy assistance 36.0 39.0 57.2 53.1 53.1
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 27.8 28.8 48.1 41.3 41.3
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 40.0 42.3 62.5 59.6 59.6

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 3.4 3.7 7.0 5.5 5.5
  Medicare 11.6 13.9 18.9 18.1 18.1
  Medicaid 25.5 27.0 42.1 37.1 37.1
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
25.4 25.4 30.8 27.1 27.1
  Health insurance 30.1 30.7 36.5 33.1 33.1
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 18.1 21.6 30.7 29.6 29.6

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Black alone
All families 2125 3085 3085 2963 3110 2987 2723

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 344 383 383 371 385 370 319
25 to 44 years 1126 1344 1344 1276 1360 1271 1111
45 to 54 years 322 473 473 455 480 460 429
55 to 64 years 192 351 351 332 346 344 333
65 years and over 141 534 534 529 538 542 531

Type of Family
Married-couple families 366 801 801 756 796 766 717
  With related children
    under 18
244 339 339 309 340 307 261
  With related children
    under 6
140 175 175 159 179 158 138
Male householder,
    no wife present
234 325 325 318 331 321 299
Female householder,
    no husband present
1524 1958 1958 1888 1983 1900 1706
  With related children
    under 18
1324 1558 1558 1497 1569 1490 1304
  With related children
    under 6
736 819 819 797 831 790 673

Region
Northeast 329 476 476 453 473 460 427
Midwest 485 700 700 668 690 668 621
South 1127 1635 1635 1579 1680 1597 1436
West 184 274 274 263 266 263 238

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 603 852 852 837 859 840 800
High school graduate, no college 845 1179 1179 1122 1187 1134 1023
College: Less than bachelor's degree 590 886 886 840 897 847 751
Bachelor's degree or more 87 169 169 163 168 166 148

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 1983 2552 2552 2434 2572 2445 2191
Worked at full-time jobs 572 722 722 650 734 641 472
  50 to 52 weeks 302 353 353 303 370 293 174
Worked at part-time jobs 349 442 442 421 456 432 363
Did not work 1063 1387 1387 1363 1382 1371 1356

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 1733 2576 2576 2524 2583 2552 2427
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1607 2071 2071 2021 2074 2041 1918
  Householder 65 years and over 126 506 506 503 509 511 509
One worker 384 501 501 432 518 428 291
Two workers or more 8 8 8 7 9 7 5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 538 803 803 789 803 789 757
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 328 406 406 402 406 402 377
      SSI 262 478 478 469 478 469 460
  Food stamps 1316 1625 1625 1599 1660 1595 1473
  Housing assistance 644 782 782 761 786 759 704
  Energy assistance 352 468 468 455 473 449 430
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1114 1336 1336 1281 1349 1274 1115
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 444 600 600 597 608 599 577

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 400 663 663 540 597 563 471
  Medicare 374 979 979 961 977 977 954
  Medicaid 1532 2011 2011 1969 2051 1964 1782
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
290 367 367 367 385 371 329
  Health insurance 241 298 298 298 315 302 269
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 241 495 495 491 496 494 474

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Black alone
All families 2722 1929 1885 1885 1753 1657

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 317 295 293 293 281 270
25 to 44 years 1106 957 945 945 884 821
45 to 54 years 431 314 309 309 282 266
55 to 64 years 336 206 200 200 177 173
65 years and over 532 158 138 138 130 127

Type of Family
Married-couple families 718 327 309 309 280 270
  With related children
    under 18
260 182 174 174 168 159
  With related children
    under 6
136 102 100 100 96 93
Male householder,
    no wife present
299 222 218 218 203 200
Female householder,
    no husband present
1705 1380 1359 1359 1270 1187
  With related children
    under 18
1302 1142 1131 1131 1076 1001
  With related children
    under 6
671 628 623 623 594 552

Region
Northeast 427 311 305 305 285 263
Midwest 623 460 450 450 417 397
South 1434 989 961 961 898 851
West 239 170 169 169 154 145

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 800 596 585 585 541 511
High school graduate, no college 1027 738 720 720 684 646
College: Less than bachelor's degree 747 521 508 508 467 438
Bachelor's degree or more 148 75 73 73 62 61

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 2190 1771 1747 1747 1624 1530
Worked at full-time jobs 473 358 356 356 334 302
  50 to 52 weeks 177 154 153 153 144 126
Worked at part-time jobs 360 278 276 276 260 242
Did not work 1357 1136 1115 1115 1030 986

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 2423 1691 1652 1652 1541 1470
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1915 1547 1523 1523 1421 1353
  Householder 65 years and over 508 144 129 129 120 117
One worker 294 233 228 228 208 182
Two workers or more 5 5 5 5 5 5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 758 650 622 622 496 459
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 377 341 338 338 299 278
      SSI 461 379 354 354 249 224
  Food stamps 1475 1244 1213 1213 1132 1043
  Housing assistance 706 608 589 589 556 523
  Energy assistance 430 336 327 327 305 284
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 1114 944 931 931 893 824
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 577 514 496 496 417 385

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 468 267 263 263 235 228
  Medicare 955 414 370 370 336 325
  Medicaid 1777 1447 1413 1413 1285 1188
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
332 261 261 261 261 261
  Health insurance 270 224 224 224 224 224
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 474 285 252 252 218 207

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Black alone
All families 1371 1331 1403 2102 1839 1839

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 226 222 238 340 293 293
25 to 44 years 658 665 672 1095 927 927
45 to 54 years 225 220 226 325 293 293
55 to 64 years 149 136 153 195 188 188
65 years and over 113 88 115 147 138 138

Type of Family
Married-couple families 231 223 239 361 309 309
  With related children
    under 18
124 129 130 233 182 182
  With related children
    under 6
63 65 68 135 105 105
Male householder,
    no wife present
177 164 177 228 208 208
Female householder,
    no husband present
962 943 987 1513 1323 1323
  With related children
    under 18
801 798 824 1297 1120 1120
  With related children
    under 6
447 453 465 716 619 619

Region
Northeast 215 213 217 325 300 300
Midwest 329 326 337 484 433 433
South 716 683 729 1116 949 949
West 112 108 120 176 158 158

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 425 413 434 598 558 558
High school graduate, no college 537 521 544 848 719 719
College: Less than bachelor's degree 352 348 368 568 493 493
Bachelor's degree or more 57 49 57 87 70 70

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 1258 1243 1289 1955 1701 1701
Worked at full-time jobs 219 225 224 541 376 376
  50 to 52 weeks 88 88 88 281 168 168
Worked at part-time jobs 168 167 176 349 274 274
Did not work 871 851 889 1065 1050 1050

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 1240 1204 1265 1721 1589 1589
  Householder 15 to 64 years 1133 1119 1157 1595 1464 1464
  Householder 65 years and over 107 85 109 126 124 124
One worker 126 118 133 373 246 246
Two workers or more 5 8 5 8 5 5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 360 351 377 533 502 502
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 208 207 221 325 302 302
      SSI 180 172 183 262 252 252
  Food stamps 780 762 802 1295 1174 1174
  Housing assistance 365 365 382 627 569 569
  Energy assistance 222 213 230 338 313 313
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 634 627 651 1086 932 932
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 288 281 297 439 419 419

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 203 188 205 390 304 304
  Medicare 266 231 277 375 361 361
  Medicaid 932 909 965 1504 1323 1323
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
244 244 244 296 261 261
  Health insurance 207 204 207 247 224 224
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 158 141 168 239 230 230

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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