U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 3. Percent of Families in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Asian alone or in combination
All families 3742 9.6 14.9 14.9 14.4

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 148 22.0 25.7 25.7 24.2
25 to 44 years 1702 9.4 10.9 10.9 10.4
45 to 54 years 866 8.7 11.5 11.5 10.6
55 to 64 years 587 5.8 11.8 11.8 11.8
65 years and over 439 13.1 37.6 37.6 37.4

Type of Family
Married-couple families 2987 8.0 13.2 13.2 12.8
  With related children
    under 18
1698 9.0 11.2 11.2 10.7
  With related children
    under 6
872 11.1 12.3 12.3 11.8
Male householder,
    no wife present
273 12.3 16.8 16.8 16.5
Female householder,
    no husband present
481 18.0 24.4 24.4 23.3
  With related children
    under 18
274 23.4 29.3 29.3 27.9
  With related children
    under 6
74 30.7 33.1 33.1 32.6

Region
Northeast 790 11.7 17.3 17.3 16.1
Midwest 442 13.2 16.0 16.0 15.6
South 838 8.4 11.2 11.2 10.9
West 1673 8.3 15.4 15.4 15.0

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 298 24.9 41.4 41.4 39.1
High school graduate, no college 647 13.6 22.0 22.0 21.0
College: Less than bachelor's degree 703 12.3 17.2 17.2 16.7
Bachelor's degree or more 2094 5.3 8.2 8.2 8.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 3303 9.1 11.9 11.9 11.3
Worked at full-time jobs 2362 3.6 4.6 4.6 4.3
  50 to 52 weeks 2046 2.2 2.7 2.7 2.4
Worked at part-time jobs 336 17.2 21.4 21.4 19.3
Did not work 605 26.2 35.0 35.0 34.5

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 807 33.0 53.9 53.9 52.9
  Householder 15 to 64 years 560 38.6 50.9 50.9 49.7
  Householder 65 years and over 248 20.4 60.5 60.5 60.2
One worker 1642 5.2 7.0 7.0 6.4
Two workers or more 1293 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 171 17.8 51.2 51.2 49.6
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 37 45.7 73.1 73.1 71.0
      SSI 136 9.8 44.8 44.8 42.8
  Food stamps 185 54.7 69.6 69.6 66.8
  Housing assistance 90 40.4 57.3 57.3 56.7
  Energy assistance 62 37.3 55.4 55.4 53.5
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 304 37.7 47.6 47.6 45.2
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 52 38.8 75.6 75.6 70.3

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 2641 3.0 4.2 4.2 3.5
  Medicare 703 10.9 32.1 32.1 31.6
  Medicaid 771 24.0 35.9 35.9 34.7
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
499 20.4 22.2 22.2 22.2
  Health insurance 300 22.7 25.0 25.0 25.0
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 260 16.5 38.6 38.6 37.4

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Asian alone or in combination
All families 15.0 14.6 13.5 13.4 8.8

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 26.0 25.5 24.3 24.3 21.7
25 to 44 years 11.2 10.4 9.2 9.3 7.8
45 to 54 years 11.0 10.8 8.9 8.5 7.0
55 to 64 years 12.2 12.0 12.0 11.6 6.2
65 years and over 37.9 38.3 37.8 38.2 15.2

Type of Family
Married-couple families 13.3 12.8 11.9 11.8 7.0
  With related children
    under 18
11.5 10.6 9.2 8.8 6.9
  With related children
    under 6
13.1 11.3 9.6 9.3 8.5
Male householder,
    no wife present
17.1 18.0 16.3 17.6 13.1
Female householder,
    no husband present
24.6 24.2 21.9 21.4 17.6
  With related children
    under 18
29.6 28.5 24.5 23.7 20.6
  With related children
    under 6
35.2 32.6 28.6 28.6 26.8

Region
Northeast 16.6 16.2 15.3 14.8 9.9
Midwest 15.6 15.7 14.6 14.4 12.8
South 12.0 10.9 9.8 10.0 7.6
West 15.7 15.5 14.2 14.2 7.8

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 40.9 39.2 35.9 37.1 24.1
High school graduate, no college 22.5 20.9 19.0 18.7 11.1
College: Less than bachelor's degree 17.1 17.5 16.6 16.5 12.0
Bachelor's degree or more 8.4 8.2 7.6 7.4 4.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 12.0 11.5 10.3 10.1 7.9
Worked at full-time jobs 4.6 4.3 3.5 3.4 2.5
  50 to 52 weeks 2.7 2.4 1.8 1.7 1.3
Worked at part-time jobs 22.0 20.2 16.8 16.2 13.7
Did not work 35.3 34.5 33.1 33.1 26.1

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 54.8 53.6 51.6 51.5 33.2
  Householder 15 to 64 years 52.0 50.3 47.8 47.7 37.4
  Householder 65 years and over 61.0 61.0 60.2 60.2 23.8
One worker 7.0 6.4 4.9 4.8 3.3
Two workers or more 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 49.6 51.0 47.4 46.1 32.0
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 71.0 75.9 68.5 66.3 52.9
      SSI 42.8 43.2 40.8 39.7 25.6
  Food stamps 69.9 67.8 62.6 59.2 49.8
  Housing assistance 57.4 56.7 54.0 58.1 38.2
  Energy assistance 55.5 53.5 45.5 40.0 30.4
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 47.5 45.8 37.6 37.6 30.5
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 70.3 73.8 69.1 64.8 54.1

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 3.7 3.6 3.1 3.1 1.7
  Medicare 31.9 32.1 30.7 31.0 11.6
  Medicaid 35.5 34.9 30.5 30.4 22.4
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
24.2 22.8 21.7 21.3 19.4
  Health insurance 26.9 25.9 24.1 23.5 21.6
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 37.5 37.7 35.0 35.1 18.5

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Asian alone or in combination
All families 8.6 8.6 7.9 7.7 6.9

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 21.7 21.7 21.3 21.3 16.6
25 to 44 years 7.7 7.7 7.4 7.1 6.4
45 to 54 years 7.0 7.0 6.5 6.3 6.1
55 to 64 years 6.2 6.2 5.4 5.4 4.4
65 years and over 14.2 14.2 11.5 11.5 10.3

Type of Family
Married-couple families 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.2 5.4
  With related children
    under 18
6.9 6.9 6.6 6.4 5.4
  With related children
    under 6
8.5 8.5 8.3 8.1 6.8
Male householder,
    no wife present
12.4 12.4 11.7 11.6 10.6
Female householder,
    no husband present
17.6 17.6 15.2 14.8 13.8
  With related children
    under 18
20.6 20.6 18.4 17.7 16.0
  With related children
    under 6
26.8 26.8 25.8 25.5 23.2

Region
Northeast 9.6 9.6 9.5 9.2 7.7
Midwest 12.5 12.5 11.5 11.4 10.4
South 7.6 7.6 7.2 6.7 5.5
West 7.7 7.7 6.7 6.6 6.2

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 23.6 23.6 20.6 20.6 15.7
High school graduate, no college 10.7 10.7 10.1 9.5 8.8
College: Less than bachelor's degree 12.0 12.0 10.9 10.7 9.6
Bachelor's degree or more 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 7.9 7.9 7.5 7.2 6.4
Worked at full-time jobs 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1
  50 to 52 weeks 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1
Worked at part-time jobs 13.2 13.2 13.0 12.4 9.1
Did not work 26.0 26.0 24.0 23.8 21.8

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 32.7 32.7 30.1 29.3 26.3
  Householder 15 to 64 years 37.3 37.3 35.4 34.3 30.8
  Householder 65 years and over 22.3 22.3 18.1 18.1 16.1
One worker 3.2 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.4
Two workers or more 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 29.7 29.7 14.6 13.5 9.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 52.9 52.9 31.9 31.1 15.0
      SSI 22.7 22.7 9.6 8.4 7.3
  Food stamps 47.7 47.7 42.7 39.3 26.2
  Housing assistance 33.8 33.8 32.8 32.1 25.2
  Energy assistance 30.4 30.4 27.5 27.5 19.7
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 30.4 30.4 27.2 25.7 20.0
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 46.5 46.5 29.0 25.4 18.4

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.4
  Medicare 10.7 10.7 8.9 8.9 7.6
  Medicaid 21.8 21.8 18.6 17.5 14.1
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
19.4 19.4 19.3 19.3 18.5
  Health insurance 21.6 21.6 21.4 21.4 20.2
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 16.8 16.8 12.1 12.1 9.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Asian alone or in combination
All families 6.4 7.0 9.8 8.4 8.4

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 16.6 16.6 23.3 21.4 21.4
25 to 44 years 6.7 6.6 9.5 7.8 7.8
45 to 54 years 5.5 6.1 8.7 7.4 7.4
55 to 64 years 4.3 4.8 5.8 5.5 5.5
65 years and over 6.8 10.4 13.6 12.4 12.4

Type of Family
Married-couple families 5.1 5.6 8.1 6.8 6.8
  With related children
    under 18
5.7 5.4 9.1 6.8 6.8
  With related children
    under 6
7.6 6.8 11.0 8.3 8.3
Male householder,
    no wife present
9.4 11.3 13.7 12.5 12.5
Female householder,
    no husband present
13.2 13.8 17.7 16.2 16.2
  With related children
    under 18
15.3 16.0 22.9 20.2 20.2
  With related children
    under 6
23.6 23.2 30.2 28.7 28.7

Region
Northeast 7.7 7.7 11.6 10.0 10.0
Midwest 9.9 10.4 13.5 12.4 12.4
South 5.0 6.0 8.7 7.2 7.2
West 5.6 6.4 8.5 7.2 7.2

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 12.8 15.7 25.1 21.3 21.3
High school graduate, no college 9.0 9.2 13.6 11.2 11.2
College: Less than bachelor's degree 9.4 9.6 12.5 11.2 11.2
Bachelor's degree or more 3.7 4.3 5.5 4.8 4.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 6.4 6.6 9.3 7.9 7.9
Worked at full-time jobs 2.0 2.1 3.6 2.8 2.8
  50 to 52 weeks 1.1 1.1 2.1 1.5 1.5
Worked at part-time jobs 9.4 10.1 17.7 13.5 13.5
Did not work 21.6 22.2 26.6 24.4 24.4

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 24.1 26.8 33.2 30.7 30.7
  Householder 15 to 64 years 30.1 31.5 38.5 35.9 35.9
  Householder 65 years and over 10.7 16.1 21.3 19.0 19.0
One worker 2.3 2.5 5.3 3.5 3.5
Two workers or more 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.6

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 8.2 9.1 17.7 15.9 15.9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 15.0 15.0 45.1 36.8 36.8
      SSI 6.2 7.3 9.8 9.8 9.8
  Food stamps 27.7 27.3 54.4 45.0 45.0
  Housing assistance 25.2 25.2 40.1 33.0 33.0
  Energy assistance 16.7 19.7 37.3 27.5 27.5
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 22.1 20.1 37.4 28.6 28.6
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 19.1 18.4 38.4 33.0 33.0

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 1.4 1.4 3.1 2.3 2.3
  Medicare 6.0 8.3 11.5 9.9 9.9
  Medicaid 14.2 14.5 23.9 19.4 19.4
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
17.1 18.5 20.7 19.3 19.3
  Health insurance 17.7 20.2 23.2 21.4 21.4
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 9.4 9.5 16.6 13.2 13.2

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Asian alone or in combination
All families 359 558 558 539 563 547 506

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 33 38 38 36 39 38 36
25 to 44 years 159 186 186 178 191 178 157
45 to 54 years 76 100 100 92 95 93 77
55 to 64 years 34 69 69 69 72 70 70
65 years and over 58 165 165 164 166 168 166

Type of Family
Married-couple families 239 394 394 381 398 382 356
  With related children
    under 18
153 191 191 182 196 180 156
  With related children
    under 6
96 107 107 103 114 99 84
Male householder,
    no wife present
34 46 46 45 47 49 44
Female householder,
    no husband present
87 118 118 112 119 116 105
  With related children
    under 18
64 80 80 76 81 78 67
  With related children
    under 6
23 24 24 24 26 24 21

Region
Northeast 92 136 136 127 131 128 121
Midwest 58 71 71 69 69 69 65
South 71 94 94 91 100 91 82
West 138 257 257 251 262 259 238

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 74 124 124 117 122 117 107
High school graduate, no college 88 142 142 136 145 135 123
College: Less than bachelor's degree 86 121 121 117 121 123 116
Bachelor's degree or more 111 171 171 169 175 172 159

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 301 393 393 374 396 379 340
Worked at full-time jobs 85 109 109 101 109 102 83
  50 to 52 weeks 45 55 55 50 56 49 36
Worked at part-time jobs 58 72 72 65 74 68 56
Did not work 159 212 212 209 214 209 200

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 266 435 435 427 442 433 416
  Householder 15 to 64 years 216 285 285 278 291 282 267
  Householder 65 years and over 51 150 150 149 151 151 149
One worker 86 115 115 105 114 106 81
Two workers or more 7 8 8 6 6 8 8

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 30 88 88 85 85 87 81
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 17 27 27 27 27 28 26
      SSI 13 61 61 58 58 59 56
  Food stamps 101 129 129 124 129 126 116
  Housing assistance 36 51 51 51 51 51 48
  Energy assistance 23 34 34 33 34 33 28
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 115 145 145 137 144 139 114
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 20 40 40 37 37 39 36

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 78 111 111 91 97 95 82
  Medicare 77 225 225 222 224 226 216
  Medicaid 185 277 277 268 274 269 235
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
102 110 110 110 121 114 108
  Health insurance 68 75 75 75 81 78 72
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 43 100 100 97 98 98 91

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Asian alone or in combination
All families 503 329 323 323 297 289

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 36 32 32 32 32 32
25 to 44 years 158 133 132 132 127 121
45 to 54 years 73 60 60 60 57 54
55 to 64 years 68 37 36 36 32 32
65 years and over 167 67 62 62 50 50

Type of Family
Married-couple families 351 208 204 204 192 186
  With related children
    under 18
150 117 117 117 112 109
  With related children
    under 6
81 74 74 74 72 71
Male householder,
    no wife present
48 36 34 34 32 32
Female householder,
    no husband present
103 85 85 85 73 71
  With related children
    under 18
65 57 57 57 51 49
  With related children
    under 6
21 20 20 20 19 19

Region
Northeast 117 78 76 76 75 73
Midwest 64 57 55 55 51 50
South 83 64 64 64 60 56
West 238 131 129 129 112 110

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 111 72 70 70 61 61
High school graduate, no college 121 72 69 69 66 61
College: Less than bachelor's degree 116 84 84 84 77 75
Bachelor's degree or more 155 101 99 99 93 91

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 335 263 260 260 247 239
Worked at full-time jobs 80 59 59 59 58 53
  50 to 52 weeks 34 26 26 26 26 25
Worked at part-time jobs 54 46 44 44 44 42
Did not work 200 158 158 158 146 144

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 416 268 264 264 243 237
  Householder 15 to 64 years 267 209 209 209 198 192
  Householder 65 years and over 149 59 55 55 45 45
One worker 79 54 52 52 48 46
Two workers or more 8 6 6 6 6 6

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 79 55 51 51 25 23
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 25 20 20 20 12 12
      SSI 54 35 31 31 13 11
  Food stamps 109 92 88 88 79 73
  Housing assistance 52 34 30 30 29 29
  Energy assistance 25 19 19 19 17 17
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 114 93 92 92 83 78
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 34 28 24 24 15 13

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 82 46 46 46 46 45
  Medicare 218 82 76 76 63 63
  Medicaid 235 172 168 168 143 135
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
106 97 97 97 96 96
  Health insurance 70 65 65 65 64 64
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 91 48 44 44 31 31

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Asian alone or in combination
All families 257 240 263 365 314 314

Age of Householder
15 to 24 years 25 25 25 35 32 32
25 to 44 years 109 113 113 161 133 133
45 to 54 years 52 47 52 76 64 64
55 to 64 years 26 25 28 34 32 32
65 years and over 45 30 46 60 54 54

Type of Family
Married-couple families 162 151 166 243 202 202
  With related children
    under 18
91 96 92 155 116 116
  With related children
    under 6
59 67 59 96 72 72
Male householder,
    no wife present
29 26 31 37 34 34
Female householder,
    no husband present
66 64 66 85 78 78
  With related children
    under 18
44 42 44 63 55 55
  With related children
    under 6
17 17 17 22 21 21

Region
Northeast 61 61 61 91 79 79
Midwest 46 44 46 60 55 55
South 46 42 50 73 60 60
West 104 94 107 142 121 121

Educational Attainment
Less than 12th grade, no diploma 47 38 47 75 63 63
High school graduate, no college 57 58 59 88 72 72
College: Less than bachelor's degree 67 66 67 88 79 79
Bachelor's degree or more 86 78 90 115 100 100

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 15 to 64 years 212 211 218 306 260 260
Worked at full-time jobs 50 48 50 85 67 67
  50 to 52 weeks 22 22 22 43 30 30
Worked at part-time jobs 30 31 34 59 45 45
Did not work 132 131 134 161 148 148

Number of Year-Round Full-Time Workers in the Family
No workers 212 195 216 268 248 248
  Householder 15 to 64 years 172 168 176 216 201 201
  Householder 65 years and over 40 26 40 53 47 47
One worker 39 37 41 86 58 58
Two workers or more 6 9 6 11 8 8

Program Participation Status of Family Members
One or more members received:
  Cash assistance 16 14 16 30 27 27
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 6 6 6 17 14 14
      SSI 10 8 10 13 13 13
  Food stamps 48 51 51 101 83 83
  Housing assistance 23 23 23 36 30 30
  Energy assistance 12 10 12 23 17 17
  Free or reduced-price school lunches 61 67 61 114 87 87
Family received
  both food stamps and cash assistance 10 10 10 20 17 17

Health Insurance Coverage
One or more members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan 38 37 38 81 60 60
  Medicare 54 42 58 81 70 70
  Medicaid 109 110 111 185 150 150
No members covered by:
  Employer-provided plan or Medicare or
      Medicaid
92 85 92 103 96 96
  Health insurance 61 53 61 70 64 64
Family received
  Medicare and Medicaid 24 24 25 43 34 34

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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