U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
All Races
Total 53079 20.0 37.3 37.3 36.9

Age
15 to 24 years 6701 40.9 44.0 44.0 43.1
25 to 44 years 17536 17.2 21.6 21.6 21.2
45 to 54 years 8647 20.5 29.3 29.3 28.9
55 to 64 years 7743 19.4 34.7 34.7 34.4
65 years and over 12453 12.7 63.1 63.1 62.9

Region
Northeast 9851 18.0 37.5 37.5 36.9
Midwest 11972 19.1 38.1 38.1 37.6
South 18655 20.6 37.4 37.4 37.3
West 12602 21.4 36.2 36.2 35.8

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 52868 19.7 37.1 37.1 36.7
18 to 24 years old 6490 39.0 42.2 42.2 41.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 686 64.8 66.3 66.3 65.0
25 years old and over 46378 17.0 36.3 36.3 36.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 6328 32.5 65.4 65.4 65.0
  High school graduate, no college 14247 19.5 43.9 43.9 43.5
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 12120 15.4 33.8 33.8 33.5
  Bachelor's degree or more 13683 8.5 17.3 17.3 17.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 39659 20.9 28.2 28.2 27.8
Worked at full-time jobs 26209 5.5 7.3 7.3 6.8
  50 to 52 weeks 21159 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.2
Worked at part-time jobs 5294 34.2 41.5 41.5 40.6
Did not work 8156 62.0 87.0 87.0 87.0

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 2213 56.4 94.1 94.1 93.9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 289 66.6 88.1 88.1 87.9
      SSI 1983 54.8 95.2 95.2 94.9
  Food stamps 3932 59.5 84.8 84.8 84.6
  Housing assistance 2884 43.8 82.6 82.6 82.4
  Energy assistance 1894 42.7 82.5 82.5 82.4
  Food stamps and cash assistance 1157 69.5 96.0 96.0 96.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 23313 5.0 11.7 11.7 10.8
  Medicare 14037 15.2 67.9 67.9 67.8
      Also Medicaid 2485 35.1 89.1 89.1 89.1
  Medicaid 5533 49.0 81.6 81.6 81.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 12012 36.3 42.3 42.3 42.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
All Races
Total 37.6 37.4 37.3 37.4 21.1

Age
15 to 24 years 44.4 43.4 43.4 43.5 40.8
25 to 44 years 21.9 21.7 21.4 21.6 17.6
45 to 54 years 29.5 29.5 29.3 29.5 22.2
55 to 64 years 34.9 35.1 34.8 35.1 21.9
65 years and over 63.4 63.4 63.4 63.5 14.4

Region
Northeast 37.5 37.5 37.3 37.5 19.4
Midwest 38.3 38.0 37.9 38.2 20.2
South 38.0 37.7 37.6 37.6 21.6
West 36.6 36.4 36.3 36.3 22.7

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 37.4 37.2 37.0 37.2 20.8
18 to 24 years old 42.7 41.6 41.6 41.7 39.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 66.6 65.0 65.0 65.7 64.4
25 years old and over 36.6 36.6 36.4 36.5 18.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 66.0 65.7 65.5 65.6 36.1
  High school graduate, no college 44.2 44.1 44.0 44.1 21.2
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 34.1 34.1 34.0 34.1 16.4
  Bachelor's degree or more 17.5 17.5 17.2 17.4 8.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 28.5 28.3 28.1 28.3 22.0
Worked at full-time jobs 7.4 7.3 7.1 7.3 5.4
  50 to 52 weeks 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.1
Worked at part-time jobs 43.1 41.7 41.1 41.4 35.0
Did not work 87.0 87.2 87.2 87.3 66.8

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 94.3 94.1 94.1 94.2 84.5
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 88.8 88.8 88.8 88.8 81.3
      SSI 95.2 95.0 95.0 95.1 85.4
  Food stamps 85.5 84.9 84.7 84.8 65.7
  Housing assistance 83.0 82.8 82.7 82.9 52.2
  Energy assistance 83.2 82.8 82.8 82.8 50.4
  Food stamps and cash assistance 96.4 96.3 96.3 96.3 89.8

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.1 4.6
  Medicare 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.4 18.1
      Also Medicaid 89.6 89.6 89.6 89.7 50.0
  Medicaid 81.9 82.0 81.8 81.9 59.9
Not covered by: Health insurance 43.9 43.2 42.8 43.0 36.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
All Races
Total 20.4 20.4 19.2 18.6 17.2

Age
15 to 24 years 40.8 40.7 40.5 39.8 38.9
25 to 44 years 17.3 17.3 16.7 16.1 15.2
45 to 54 years 21.5 21.5 19.8 18.8 16.6
55 to 64 years 20.9 20.9 18.5 17.5 15.8
65 years and over 13.0 13.0 11.4 11.2 9.6

Region
Northeast 18.5 18.5 16.6 15.3 13.8
Midwest 19.5 19.5 18.6 18.1 16.3
South 20.9 20.9 20.0 19.6 18.3
West 22.2 22.1 20.8 20.1 19.2

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 20.1 20.1 18.9 18.3 16.9
18 to 24 years old 39.0 38.9 38.6 38.0 37.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 64.4 64.4 64.3 61.8 58.5
25 years old and over 17.5 17.5 16.2 15.5 14.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 34.1 34.1 30.4 28.7 24.7
  High school graduate, no college 20.2 20.2 18.6 17.9 16.2
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 15.8 15.8 14.9 14.3 13.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 8.6 8.6 8.1 8.1 7.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 21.5 21.5 20.3 19.6 18.3
Worked at full-time jobs 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.0
  50 to 52 weeks 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Worked at part-time jobs 34.6 34.6 33.8 32.9 31.1
Did not work 64.7 64.7 59.9 57.0 52.5

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 77.8 77.8 49.8 40.6 26.4
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 78.9 78.9 62.0 57.5 40.0
      SSI 78.0 78.0 47.6 37.7 23.9
  Food stamps 61.4 61.4 54.5 49.7 35.8
  Housing assistance 44.7 44.7 36.1 30.2 14.3
  Energy assistance 47.5 47.5 39.7 36.0 26.9
  Food stamps and cash assistance 84.2 84.2 61.2 50.1 28.2

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
  Medicare 15.5 15.5 12.7 12.5 10.1
      Also Medicaid 41.0 41.0 26.3 25.1 16.5
  Medicaid 55.9 55.9 45.2 39.3 31.2
Not covered by: Health insurance 36.8 36.8 36.8 36.8 35.7

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
All Races
Total 16.2 17.7 20.3 20.2 20.2

Age
15 to 24 years 38.9 39.6 41.3 41.3 41.2
25 to 44 years 15.3 15.7 17.7 17.3 17.3
45 to 54 years 15.8 17.3 21.0 20.8 20.8
55 to 64 years 14.0 16.5 19.8 19.6 19.6
65 years and over 6.8 9.8 12.8 12.8 12.8

Region
Northeast 13.0 14.6 18.4 18.3 18.3
Midwest 15.6 16.8 19.7 19.4 19.4
South 17.0 18.6 20.9 20.7 20.7
West 18.0 19.8 21.7 21.5 21.5

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 15.9 17.4 20.0 19.9 19.9
18 to 24 years old 37.1 37.8 39.5 39.5 39.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 58.5 61.4 65.7 65.7 65.7
25 years old and over 12.9 14.6 17.3 17.1 17.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 21.6 25.8 32.9 32.7 32.7
  High school graduate, no college 14.6 16.8 20.0 19.8 19.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 12.5 13.6 15.7 15.6 15.6
  Bachelor's degree or more 7.4 7.9 8.8 8.6 8.6

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 17.8 18.8 21.4 21.2 21.1
Worked at full-time jobs 5.0 5.1 5.9 5.7 5.7
  50 to 52 weeks 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.3 2.3
Worked at part-time jobs 30.2 31.8 35.6 34.7 34.6
Did not work 50.7 54.7 62.1 62.1 62.1

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 23.3 32.0 56.4 56.4 56.4
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 38.4 47.2 66.6 66.5 66.5
      SSI 20.6 29.2 54.8 54.8 54.8
  Food stamps 33.4 38.2 59.9 59.8 59.7
  Housing assistance 14.3 14.9 44.3 44.2 44.2
  Energy assistance 23.9 28.3 43.1 43.0 43.0
  Food stamps and cash assistance 24.7 32.9 69.5 69.5 69.5

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.0 4.2 5.1 5.1 5.1
  Medicare 7.6 10.8 15.3 15.3 15.3
      Also Medicaid 14.1 18.6 35.2 35.2 35.2
  Medicaid 29.0 35.2 49.4 49.2 49.2
Not covered by: Health insurance 35.0 35.7 37.3 36.8 36.8

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
All Races
Total 10601 19803 19803 19603 19967 19867 19791

Age
15 to 24 years 2738 2947 2947 2887 2974 2907 2907
25 to 44 years 3012 3780 3780 3716 3842 3797 3758
45 to 54 years 1769 2530 2530 2498 2551 2550 2536
55 to 64 years 1500 2689 2689 2663 2701 2718 2696
65 years and over 1581 7859 7859 7838 7898 7894 7894

Region
Northeast 1777 3693 3693 3630 3690 3689 3671
Midwest 2292 4565 4565 4503 4585 4554 4541
South 3835 6980 6980 6952 7082 7035 7010
West 2697 4566 4566 4517 4609 4588 4569

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 10397 19597 19597 19397 19761 19661 19585
18 to 24 years old 2534 2741 2741 2681 2768 2701 2701
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 445 454 454 446 457 446 446
25 years old and over 7863 16857 16857 16716 16993 16959 16884
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2055 4135 4135 4116 4175 4158 4146
  High school graduate, no college 2784 6256 6256 6197 6293 6277 6262
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1866 4097 4097 4063 4135 4130 4116
  Bachelor's degree or more 1157 2369 2369 2339 2390 2394 2359

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 8297 11203 11203 11034 11320 11235 11159
Worked at full-time jobs 1432 1913 1913 1792 1945 1911 1867
  50 to 52 weeks 464 503 503 462 518 500 477
Worked at part-time jobs 1812 2196 2196 2148 2281 2210 2178
Did not work 5054 7094 7094 7094 7094 7114 7114

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1249 2083 2083 2077 2086 2082 2081
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 192 255 255 254 257 257 257
      SSI 1086 1888 1888 1882 1888 1885 1884
  Food stamps 2341 3335 3335 3327 3364 3340 3332
  Housing assistance 1262 2382 2382 2376 2393 2389 2386
  Energy assistance 809 1562 1562 1561 1576 1568 1568
  Food stamps and cash assistance 804 1111 1111 1111 1115 1114 1114

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 1158 2717 2717 2516 2568 2574 2560
  Medicare 2137 9535 9535 9512 9583 9586 9585
      Also Medicaid 872 2214 2214 2214 2227 2226 2226
  Medicaid 2712 4513 4513 4503 4532 4539 4526
Not covered by: Health insurance 4364 5080 5080 5080 5268 5183 5141

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
All Races
Total 19863 11221 10855 10853 10205 9877

Age
15 to 24 years 2914 2734 2732 2731 2712 2670
25 to 44 years 3781 3084 3027 3027 2929 2827
45 to 54 years 2549 1919 1862 1862 1712 1628
55 to 64 years 2716 1696 1620 1620 1433 1356
65 years and over 7902 1788 1613 1613 1420 1396

Region
Northeast 3695 1915 1820 1820 1631 1504
Midwest 4577 2414 2336 2336 2223 2172
South 7015 4026 3906 3906 3729 3665
West 4576 2867 2792 2791 2622 2537

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 19657 11017 10650 10649 10001 9677
18 to 24 years old 2708 2530 2528 2527 2508 2469
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 450 442 442 442 441 424
25 years old and over 16949 8488 8122 8122 7493 7207
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4152 2285 2157 2157 1923 1817
  High school graduate, no college 6286 3016 2873 2873 2652 2549
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 4131 1989 1916 1916 1805 1737
  Bachelor's degree or more 2380 1198 1175 1175 1114 1104

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 11222 8715 8523 8523 8070 7775
Worked at full-time jobs 1907 1415 1415 1415 1397 1387
  50 to 52 weeks 485 451 451 451 441 440
Worked at part-time jobs 2193 1852 1833 1833 1789 1743
Did not work 7123 5449 5275 5275 4884 4645

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 2084 1869 1721 1721 1102 898
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 257 235 228 228 179 166
      SSI 1887 1694 1547 1547 943 748
  Food stamps 3335 2585 2415 2415 2142 1955
  Housing assistance 2390 1507 1289 1289 1040 872
  Energy assistance 1568 955 900 900 752 682
  Food stamps and cash assistance 1114 1039 974 974 708 580

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 2588 1075 1057 1056 1015 1006
  Medicare 9596 2547 2180 2180 1787 1758
      Also Medicaid 2229 1241 1018 1018 654 625
  Medicaid 4532 3315 3092 3092 2502 2174
Not covered by: Health insurance 5170 4425 4425 4425 4419 4419

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
All Races
Total 9135 8586 9410 10801 10711 10704

Age
15 to 24 years 2610 2607 2654 2765 2765 2762
25 to 44 years 2670 2690 2760 3099 3041 3041
45 to 54 years 1440 1364 1494 1814 1796 1796
55 to 64 years 1224 1081 1276 1536 1521 1516
65 years and over 1193 843 1226 1588 1588 1588

Region
Northeast 1360 1276 1437 1816 1803 1803
Midwest 1953 1870 2005 2353 2328 2328
South 3407 3169 3478 3904 3867 3861
West 2415 2271 2490 2729 2712 2711

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 8935 8385 9206 10597 10507 10500
18 to 24 years old 2409 2406 2450 2561 2561 2558
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 401 401 421 450 450 450
25 years old and over 6526 5979 6756 8037 7946 7941
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1562 1367 1634 2081 2067 2067
  High school graduate, no college 2303 2086 2391 2848 2820 2819
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1586 1516 1647 1906 1889 1885
  Bachelor's degree or more 1075 1010 1083 1201 1170 1170

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 7250 7050 7474 8484 8394 8387
Worked at full-time jobs 1317 1321 1327 1534 1488 1488
  50 to 52 weeks 418 437 420 513 485 485
Worked at part-time jobs 1648 1597 1683 1883 1838 1833
Did not work 4285 4132 4464 5068 5068 5065

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 585 516 708 1249 1249 1248
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 116 111 136 192 192 192
      SSI 474 409 578 1086 1086 1086
  Food stamps 1406 1314 1503 2357 2351 2348
  Housing assistance 413 413 429 1279 1274 1274
  Energy assistance 510 453 536 816 814 814
  Food stamps and cash assistance 326 286 380 804 804 804

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 977 925 989 1192 1185 1183
  Medicare 1411 1066 1514 2146 2146 2142
      Also Medicaid 410 350 461 875 875 875
  Medicaid 1726 1605 1949 2736 2724 2724
Not covered by: Health insurance 4293 4206 4293 4483 4419 4419

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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