U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
White alone or in combination
Total 43649 18.3 36.2 36.2 35.8

Age
15 to 24 years 5541 38.4 41.4 41.4 40.5
25 to 44 years 13970 15.8 20.1 20.1 19.7
45 to 54 years 6924 18.7 27.6 27.6 27.2
55 to 64 years 6364 17.8 32.2 32.2 31.9
65 years and over 10850 11.1 62.0 62.0 61.8

Region
Northeast 8089 16.0 36.2 36.2 35.5
Midwest 10389 17.6 37.1 37.1 36.6
South 14357 18.4 36.0 36.0 35.9
West 10814 20.4 35.5 35.5 35.1

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 43492 18.0 36.0 36.0 35.6
18 to 24 years old 5384 36.7 39.8 39.8 38.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 553 61.7 62.9 62.9 61.3
25 years old and over 38108 15.4 35.4 35.4 35.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4923 29.6 63.4 63.4 63.1
  High school graduate, no college 11631 17.6 43.6 43.6 43.1
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 10058 14.5 33.4 33.4 33.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 11496 7.7 17.0 17.0 16.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 32026 19.4 26.5 26.5 26.1
Worked at full-time jobs 21575 5.3 7.2 7.2 6.7
  50 to 52 weeks 17386 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.2
Worked at part-time jobs 4436 33.5 40.5 40.5 39.6
Did not work 6014 59.7 85.7 85.7 85.7

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1470 54.6 93.3 93.3 93.0
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 175 64.8 86.9 86.9 86.9
      SSI 1336 53.5 94.3 94.3 94.0
  Food stamps 2714 58.8 84.9 84.9 84.9
  Housing assistance 1890 41.0 83.9 83.9 83.7
  Energy assistance 1421 37.8 81.8 81.8 81.7
  Food stamps and cash assistance 760 69.0 96.0 96.0 96.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 19374 4.6 11.4 11.4 10.6
  Medicare 11950 13.0 66.3 66.3 66.1
      Also Medicaid 1851 32.6 87.7 87.7 87.7
  Medicaid 4026 46.0 79.5 79.5 79.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 9515 34.8 40.9 40.9 40.9

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
White alone or in combination
Total 36.5 36.3 36.1 36.3 19.3

Age
15 to 24 years 41.6 40.7 40.7 40.8 38.3
25 to 44 years 20.5 20.3 20.0 20.1 16.2
45 to 54 years 27.7 27.7 27.5 27.7 20.3
55 to 64 years 32.4 32.7 32.4 32.7 20.1
65 years and over 62.3 62.3 62.3 62.4 12.3

Region
Northeast 36.0 36.1 35.9 36.1 17.1
Midwest 37.2 37.0 36.9 37.2 18.5
South 36.6 36.4 36.2 36.2 19.4
West 35.9 35.7 35.5 35.6 21.4

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 36.2 36.1 35.9 36.1 19.0
18 to 24 years old 40.0 39.1 39.1 39.2 36.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 63.3 61.3 61.3 62.2 61.2
25 years old and over 35.7 35.7 35.5 35.6 16.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 64.0 63.8 63.6 63.7 32.5
  High school graduate, no college 43.8 43.7 43.6 43.8 19.1
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 33.7 33.6 33.5 33.7 15.3
  Bachelor's degree or more 17.2 17.2 17.0 17.1 8.0

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 26.8 26.6 26.4 26.6 20.4
Worked at full-time jobs 7.3 7.1 7.0 7.1 5.2
  50 to 52 weeks 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Worked at part-time jobs 41.8 40.8 40.1 40.4 34.2
Did not work 85.7 85.9 85.9 86.1 64.5

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 93.5 93.2 93.2 93.4 83.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 88.6 88.6 88.6 88.6 78.7
      SSI 94.4 94.0 94.0 94.2 84.5
  Food stamps 85.5 85.1 84.8 84.9 65.1
  Housing assistance 84.1 84.2 84.1 84.3 48.6
  Energy assistance 82.5 82.1 82.0 82.0 45.4
  Food stamps and cash assistance 96.4 96.4 96.4 96.4 90.6

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.9 4.3
  Medicare 66.6 66.6 66.6 66.7 15.3
      Also Medicaid 88.3 88.1 88.1 88.3 45.9
  Medicaid 79.9 80.1 79.8 79.9 56.0
Not covered by: Health insurance 42.4 41.8 41.4 41.7 35.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
White alone or in combination
Total 18.7 18.7 17.6 17.1 16.0

Age
15 to 24 years 38.3 38.2 37.9 37.5 36.8
25 to 44 years 15.9 15.9 15.4 14.9 14.2
45 to 54 years 19.8 19.8 18.1 17.2 15.5
55 to 64 years 19.1 19.1 17.0 16.2 14.9
65 years and over 11.2 11.2 10.1 9.9 8.6

Region
Northeast 16.3 16.3 14.6 13.4 12.3
Midwest 18.0 18.0 17.1 16.7 15.1
South 18.9 18.9 18.0 17.8 16.9
West 20.8 20.8 19.8 19.2 18.4

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 18.4 18.4 17.3 16.8 15.7
18 to 24 years old 36.6 36.6 36.2 35.8 35.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 61.2 61.2 61.0 59.6 56.2
25 years old and over 15.8 15.8 14.6 14.1 12.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 30.9 30.9 27.8 26.3 23.0
  High school graduate, no college 18.1 18.1 16.8 16.1 14.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 14.8 14.8 14.0 13.6 12.4
  Bachelor's degree or more 7.9 7.9 7.4 7.4 7.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 19.9 19.9 18.9 18.2 17.2
Worked at full-time jobs 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 4.9
  50 to 52 weeks 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Worked at part-time jobs 33.9 33.9 33.1 32.2 30.7
Did not work 62.4 62.4 57.6 55.0 51.1

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 76.4 76.4 46.8 37.4 23.4
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 74.8 74.8 57.9 53.4 31.6
      SSI 76.9 76.9 45.1 35.3 22.0
  Food stamps 60.8 60.8 53.5 48.8 35.2
  Housing assistance 40.8 40.8 32.7 26.1 11.5
  Energy assistance 43.3 43.3 35.2 31.9 23.7
  Food stamps and cash assistance 84.3 84.3 59.0 47.7 24.8

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.0
  Medicare 13.2 13.2 10.8 10.7 8.7
      Also Medicaid 37.5 37.5 23.6 22.4 14.0
  Medicaid 52.1 52.1 41.9 36.4 28.7
Not covered by: Health insurance 35.3 35.3 35.2 35.2 34.4

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
White alone or in combination
Total 15.0 16.4 18.6 18.5 18.5

Age
15 to 24 years 36.8 37.2 38.7 38.7 38.7
25 to 44 years 14.4 14.7 16.3 16.0 16.0
45 to 54 years 14.8 16.0 19.2 19.0 19.0
55 to 64 years 12.9 15.5 18.2 18.1 18.0
65 years and over 6.1 8.8 11.2 11.2 11.2

Region
Northeast 11.4 13.0 16.3 16.2 16.2
Midwest 14.3 15.5 18.1 17.9 17.9
South 15.8 17.1 18.8 18.6 18.6
West 17.3 18.9 20.6 20.5 20.5

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 14.7 16.1 18.3 18.2 18.2
18 to 24 years old 35.1 35.5 37.0 37.0 37.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 56.2 58.3 62.6 62.6 62.6
25 years old and over 11.8 13.4 15.7 15.5 15.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 20.2 24.1 30.1 29.8 29.8
  High school graduate, no college 13.3 15.3 18.0 17.9 17.9
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 11.8 12.9 14.7 14.6 14.6
  Bachelor's degree or more 6.8 7.3 8.1 7.8 7.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 16.7 17.7 19.9 19.6 19.6
Worked at full-time jobs 5.0 4.9 5.6 5.5 5.5
  50 to 52 weeks 2.2 2.0 2.4 2.3 2.3
Worked at part-time jobs 29.8 31.4 34.8 33.9 33.8
Did not work 49.3 53.2 59.9 59.9 59.9

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 20.8 29.5 54.6 54.6 54.6
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 31.8 42.3 64.8 64.7 64.7
      SSI 19.1 27.4 53.5 53.5 53.4
  Food stamps 32.7 37.7 59.0 58.9 58.8
  Housing assistance 11.5 11.9 41.5 41.4 41.4
  Energy assistance 21.1 24.8 38.0 37.9 37.9
  Food stamps and cash assistance 21.8 30.1 69.0 69.0 69.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 3.7 4.0 4.7 4.7 4.7
  Medicare 6.6 9.4 13.1 13.1 13.0
      Also Medicaid 12.7 16.5 32.8 32.8 32.8
  Medicaid 27.0 32.4 46.5 46.2 46.2
Not covered by: Health insurance 33.7 34.4 35.8 35.2 35.2

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
White alone or in combination
Total 7976 15792 15792 15625 15913 15845 15775

Age
15 to 24 years 2126 2295 2295 2245 2307 2256 2256
25 to 44 years 2213 2804 2804 2756 2866 2832 2795
45 to 54 years 1295 1913 1913 1885 1915 1917 1904
55 to 64 years 1134 2052 2052 2032 2062 2081 2060
65 years and over 1209 6727 6727 6708 6763 6760 6760

Region
Northeast 1293 2927 2927 2872 2914 2920 2902
Midwest 1831 3856 3856 3804 3868 3844 3831
South 2647 5166 5166 5152 5250 5220 5199
West 2206 3843 3843 3797 3881 3861 3843

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 7826 15640 15640 15473 15761 15693 15623
18 to 24 years old 1976 2143 2143 2092 2154 2104 2104
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 342 348 348 339 350 339 339
25 years old and over 5850 13497 13497 13380 13606 13589 13519
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1457 3119 3119 3105 3153 3143 3131
  High school graduate, no college 2050 5069 5069 5018 5090 5082 5069
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1455 3355 3355 3326 3389 3381 3369
  Bachelor's degree or more 888 1953 1953 1930 1974 1982 1949

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 6216 8497 8497 8356 8579 8520 8450
Worked at full-time jobs 1138 1547 1547 1444 1569 1541 1503
  50 to 52 weeks 385 417 417 385 427 414 397
Worked at part-time jobs 1485 1795 1795 1757 1856 1810 1778
Did not work 3593 5155 5155 5155 5155 5169 5169

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 803 1372 1372 1367 1375 1371 1370
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 114 152 152 152 155 155 155
      SSI 714 1260 1260 1255 1260 1256 1255
  Food stamps 1595 2305 2305 2303 2321 2309 2303
  Housing assistance 774 1585 1585 1582 1588 1592 1589
  Energy assistance 537 1162 1162 1161 1172 1166 1165
  Food stamps and cash assistance 525 730 730 730 733 733 733

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 895 2212 2212 2045 2089 2097 2084
  Medicare 1553 7919 7919 7897 7962 7961 7960
      Also Medicaid 604 1623 1623 1623 1634 1631 1631
  Medicaid 1851 3202 3202 3195 3219 3224 3212
Not covered by: Health insurance 3310 3891 3891 3891 4035 3977 3937

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
White alone or in combination
Total 15838 8404 8146 8145 7684 7459

Age
15 to 24 years 2263 2121 2120 2118 2102 2076
25 to 44 years 2813 2265 2225 2225 2154 2086
45 to 54 years 1916 1408 1370 1370 1254 1190
55 to 64 years 2080 1276 1216 1216 1079 1028
65 years and over 6766 1333 1215 1215 1095 1079

Region
Northeast 2924 1382 1316 1316 1180 1084
Midwest 3863 1926 1870 1870 1776 1739
South 5202 2783 2713 2713 2590 2562
West 3850 2313 2248 2246 2137 2075

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 15686 8253 7996 7995 7534 7311
18 to 24 years old 2110 1971 1970 1968 1951 1927
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 344 339 339 339 338 330
25 years old and over 13575 6282 6026 6026 5582 5383
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3137 1601 1522 1522 1370 1295
  High school graduate, no college 5090 2216 2109 2109 1950 1878
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 3385 1542 1487 1487 1410 1363
  Bachelor's degree or more 1963 924 908 908 853 847

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 8507 6523 6383 6383 6044 5840
Worked at full-time jobs 1538 1125 1125 1125 1113 1108
  50 to 52 weeks 405 375 375 375 368 368
Worked at part-time jobs 1793 1518 1504 1504 1467 1427
Did not work 5176 3880 3754 3754 3463 3305

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1373 1225 1123 1123 688 550
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 155 138 131 131 102 94
      SSI 1258 1128 1028 1028 602 471
  Food stamps 2304 1766 1649 1649 1452 1323
  Housing assistance 1592 919 771 771 618 494
  Energy assistance 1165 645 616 616 499 453
  Food stamps and cash assistance 733 689 641 641 449 362

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 2104 835 826 824 795 791
  Medicare 7969 1832 1575 1575 1295 1274
      Also Medicaid 1634 850 694 694 436 415
  Medicaid 3216 2254 2098 2098 1688 1464
Not covered by: Health insurance 3964 3360 3360 3360 3354 3354

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
White alone or in combination
Total 6970 6551 7160 8131 8060 8055

Age
15 to 24 years 2038 2038 2060 2143 2143 2143
25 to 44 years 1981 2006 2049 2282 2234 2234
45 to 54 years 1071 1022 1108 1330 1315 1315
55 to 64 years 945 822 983 1161 1152 1148
65 years and over 935 663 959 1215 1215 1215

Region
Northeast 995 923 1048 1318 1307 1307
Midwest 1570 1490 1609 1880 1861 1861
South 2420 2263 2460 2701 2674 2671
West 1985 1875 2043 2232 2217 2216

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 6821 6402 7009 7981 7910 7905
18 to 24 years old 1889 1889 1910 1993 1993 1993
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 311 311 322 346 346 346
25 years old and over 4932 4513 5100 5988 5917 5912
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1133 996 1187 1480 1468 1468
  High school graduate, no college 1722 1548 1783 2099 2078 2077
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1248 1185 1295 1483 1472 1468
  Bachelor's degree or more 828 784 834 926 899 899

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 5503 5355 5660 6363 6292 6287
Worked at full-time jobs 1064 1071 1067 1215 1183 1183
  50 to 52 weeks 355 375 355 421 401 401
Worked at part-time jobs 1363 1321 1392 1544 1505 1501
Did not work 3076 2964 3201 3603 3603 3603

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 344 306 433 803 803 803
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 55 56 74 114 113 113
      SSI 293 254 366 714 714 714
  Food stamps 956 889 1022 1600 1598 1595
  Housing assistance 217 217 225 784 783 783
  Energy assistance 336 300 352 539 539 539
  Food stamps and cash assistance 189 166 229 525 525 525

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 770 725 777 918 914 914
  Medicare 1040 785 1123 1561 1561 1557
      Also Medicaid 260 235 305 607 607 607
  Medicaid 1153 1086 1305 1871 1859 1859
Not covered by: Health insurance 3275 3208 3275 3407 3354 3354

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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