U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
White alone
Total 43010 18.2 36.1 36.1 35.8

Age
15 to 24 years 5421 38.1 41.1 41.1 40.2
25 to 44 years 13729 15.8 20.0 20.0 19.7
45 to 54 years 6812 18.6 27.6 27.6 27.2
55 to 64 years 6280 17.8 32.1 32.1 31.8
65 years and over 10767 11.1 62.0 62.0 61.8

Region
Northeast 7994 15.8 36.0 36.0 35.4
Midwest 10274 17.6 37.1 37.1 36.6
South 14179 18.4 36.0 36.0 35.9
West 10564 20.3 35.5 35.5 35.1

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 42859 17.9 35.9 35.9 35.6
18 to 24 years old 5270 36.5 39.5 39.5 38.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 547 61.8 62.8 62.8 61.3
25 years old and over 37589 15.3 35.4 35.4 35.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4853 29.5 63.4 63.4 63.1
  High school graduate, no college 11505 17.6 43.6 43.6 43.2
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 9877 14.4 33.3 33.3 33.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 11353 7.7 17.0 17.0 16.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 31488 19.3 26.4 26.4 26.0
Worked at full-time jobs 21244 5.3 7.1 7.1 6.7
  50 to 52 weeks 17132 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.2
Worked at part-time jobs 4341 33.3 40.3 40.3 39.4
Did not work 5903 59.7 85.5 85.5 85.5

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1423 54.8 93.4 93.4 93.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 163 65.9 87.9 87.9 87.9
      SSI 1299 53.6 94.3 94.3 93.9
  Food stamps 2643 58.7 85.0 85.0 85.0
  Housing assistance 1853 41.1 84.0 84.0 83.9
  Energy assistance 1392 37.3 81.5 81.5 81.4
  Food stamps and cash assistance 732 69.5 96.5 96.5 96.5

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 19096 4.6 11.4 11.4 10.5
  Medicare 11838 12.9 66.3 66.3 66.1
      Also Medicaid 1822 32.3 87.5 87.5 87.5
  Medicaid 3925 45.9 79.6 79.6 79.5
Not covered by: Health insurance 9354 34.8 40.9 40.9 40.9

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
White alone
Total 36.4 36.3 36.1 36.3 19.1

Age
15 to 24 years 41.3 40.4 40.4 40.5 38.0
25 to 44 years 20.4 20.2 19.9 20.0 16.1
45 to 54 years 27.6 27.6 27.4 27.6 20.2
55 to 64 years 32.3 32.6 32.2 32.5 20.0
65 years and over 62.4 62.3 62.3 62.4 12.2

Region
Northeast 35.9 36.0 35.8 36.0 16.8
Midwest 37.2 37.0 36.9 37.2 18.5
South 36.5 36.3 36.2 36.2 19.3
West 35.9 35.7 35.5 35.6 21.2

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 36.2 36.1 35.9 36.0 18.9
18 to 24 years old 39.8 38.8 38.8 38.9 36.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 63.3 61.3 61.3 62.1 61.2
25 years old and over 35.7 35.7 35.5 35.6 16.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 64.1 63.8 63.6 63.7 32.3
  High school graduate, no college 43.8 43.7 43.6 43.8 19.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 33.7 33.6 33.5 33.6 15.2
  Bachelor's degree or more 17.2 17.3 17.0 17.1 8.0

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 26.7 26.5 26.3 26.4 20.3
Worked at full-time jobs 7.3 7.1 6.9 7.1 5.2
  50 to 52 weeks 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Worked at part-time jobs 41.6 40.6 39.9 40.3 34.0
Did not work 85.5 85.8 85.8 85.9 64.4

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 93.6 93.3 93.3 93.5 83.2
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 89.7 89.7 89.7 89.7 79.6
      SSI 94.3 94.0 93.9 94.2 84.1
  Food stamps 85.6 85.2 84.9 85.0 64.8
  Housing assistance 84.2 84.4 84.2 84.4 48.5
  Energy assistance 82.2 81.8 81.7 81.7 44.7
  Food stamps and cash assistance 96.9 96.9 96.9 96.9 90.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 10.8 10.8 10.7 10.8 4.3
  Medicare 66.6 66.6 66.6 66.7 15.2
      Also Medicaid 88.1 87.9 87.9 88.1 45.3
  Medicaid 80.1 80.2 79.9 80.0 55.7
Not covered by: Health insurance 42.4 41.8 41.4 41.7 35.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
White alone
Total 18.5 18.5 17.5 17.0 15.9

Age
15 to 24 years 37.9 37.9 37.6 37.2 36.5
25 to 44 years 15.8 15.8 15.3 14.9 14.1
45 to 54 years 19.7 19.7 18.1 17.1 15.4
55 to 64 years 19.1 19.1 17.0 16.1 14.8
65 years and over 11.2 11.2 10.1 9.9 8.6

Region
Northeast 16.0 16.0 14.4 13.2 12.1
Midwest 17.9 17.9 17.1 16.7 15.1
South 18.8 18.8 18.0 17.8 16.8
West 20.7 20.6 19.7 19.1 18.2

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 18.3 18.3 17.2 16.7 15.6
18 to 24 years old 36.3 36.3 36.0 35.6 34.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 61.2 61.2 61.1 59.7 56.3
25 years old and over 15.7 15.7 14.6 14.1 12.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 30.8 30.8 27.7 26.1 22.8
  High school graduate, no college 18.1 18.1 16.7 16.1 14.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 14.7 14.7 14.0 13.5 12.4
  Bachelor's degree or more 7.9 7.9 7.4 7.4 7.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 19.8 19.8 18.8 18.2 17.1
Worked at full-time jobs 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.9
  50 to 52 weeks 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Worked at part-time jobs 33.7 33.7 32.9 32.0 30.5
Did not work 62.3 62.3 57.5 54.9 51.1

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 76.4 76.4 46.9 37.3 23.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 75.4 75.4 58.5 54.0 30.8
      SSI 76.9 76.9 45.2 35.2 21.7
  Food stamps 60.6 60.6 53.3 48.6 34.9
  Housing assistance 40.7 40.7 32.7 26.2 11.4
  Energy assistance 42.8 42.8 34.7 31.6 23.2
  Food stamps and cash assistance 84.9 84.9 59.3 47.7 24.4

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9
  Medicare 13.1 13.1 10.8 10.6 8.6
      Also Medicaid 37.0 37.0 23.3 22.2 13.8
  Medicaid 51.9 51.9 41.8 36.2 28.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 34.4

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
White alone
Total 14.9 16.3 18.5 18.4 18.4

Age
15 to 24 years 36.5 36.9 38.4 38.4 38.4
25 to 44 years 14.3 14.6 16.3 15.9 15.9
45 to 54 years 14.7 16.0 19.1 19.0 19.0
55 to 64 years 12.9 15.5 18.3 18.1 18.1
65 years and over 6.1 8.8 11.2 11.2 11.2

Region
Northeast 11.3 12.8 16.1 16.0 16.0
Midwest 14.3 15.5 18.0 17.9 17.9
South 15.7 17.0 18.7 18.6 18.5
West 17.2 18.8 20.5 20.4 20.4

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 14.6 16.0 18.3 18.1 18.1
18 to 24 years old 34.8 35.2 36.8 36.8 36.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 56.3 58.3 62.7 62.7 62.7
25 years old and over 11.8 13.3 15.7 15.5 15.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 20.0 23.9 29.9 29.7 29.7
  High school graduate, no college 13.3 15.3 18.0 17.8 17.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 11.8 12.9 14.7 14.6 14.6
  Bachelor's degree or more 6.8 7.2 8.0 7.8 7.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 16.6 17.6 19.8 19.6 19.5
Worked at full-time jobs 5.0 4.9 5.6 5.5 5.5
  50 to 52 weeks 2.2 2.0 2.4 2.3 2.3
Worked at part-time jobs 29.6 31.2 34.7 33.8 33.7
Did not work 49.2 53.2 59.8 59.8 59.8

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 20.3 29.2 54.8 54.8 54.8
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 31.0 41.7 65.9 65.8 65.8
      SSI 18.7 27.2 53.6 53.6 53.6
  Food stamps 32.4 37.4 58.8 58.8 58.6
  Housing assistance 11.4 11.9 41.5 41.5 41.5
  Energy assistance 20.8 24.3 37.5 37.4 37.4
  Food stamps and cash assistance 21.2 29.8 69.5 69.5 69.5

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 3.7 4.0 4.7 4.7 4.7
  Medicare 6.5 9.3 13.0 13.0 12.9
      Also Medicaid 12.4 16.2 32.5 32.5 32.5
  Medicaid 26.6 32.2 46.4 46.1 46.1
Not covered by: Health insurance 33.7 34.4 35.8 35.3 35.3

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
White alone
Total 7819 15546 15546 15385 15665 15601 15532

Age
15 to 24 years 2065 2230 2230 2179 2241 2191 2191
25 to 44 years 2166 2743 2743 2699 2804 2773 2736
45 to 54 years 1270 1877 1877 1850 1880 1882 1870
55 to 64 years 1121 2017 2017 1997 2026 2045 2024
65 years and over 1197 6679 6679 6659 6715 6711 6711

Region
Northeast 1263 2881 2881 2831 2870 2876 2858
Midwest 1808 3813 3813 3761 3821 3801 3788
South 2605 5099 5099 5084 5181 5151 5130
West 2143 3754 3754 3709 3792 3773 3755

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 7675 15401 15401 15239 15520 15455 15386
18 to 24 years old 1921 2084 2084 2033 2095 2045 2045
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 338 344 344 335 346 335 335
25 years old and over 5754 13317 13317 13206 13424 13410 13341
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1431 3075 3075 3062 3108 3099 3087
  High school graduate, no college 2023 5016 5016 4966 5034 5029 5016
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1423 3291 3291 3266 3327 3319 3308
  Bachelor's degree or more 876 1935 1935 1911 1955 1963 1930

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 6087 8317 8317 8181 8397 8342 8272
Worked at full-time jobs 1119 1518 1518 1420 1541 1514 1475
  50 to 52 weeks 378 411 411 379 420 408 391
Worked at part-time jobs 1445 1749 1749 1711 1806 1764 1733
Did not work 3523 5050 5050 5050 5050 5064 5064

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 780 1329 1329 1325 1332 1328 1328
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 107 143 143 143 146 146 146
      SSI 696 1225 1225 1220 1225 1221 1220
  Food stamps 1552 2247 2247 2245 2264 2252 2245
  Housing assistance 761 1557 1557 1554 1560 1563 1561
  Energy assistance 519 1134 1134 1133 1144 1138 1137
  Food stamps and cash assistance 509 707 707 707 710 710 710

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 877 2176 2176 2014 2055 2064 2050
  Medicare 1528 7843 7843 7821 7886 7885 7884
      Also Medicaid 589 1595 1595 1595 1606 1603 1603
  Medicaid 1802 3125 3125 3119 3142 3147 3135
Not covered by: Health insurance 3257 3828 3828 3828 3967 3913 3872

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
White alone
Total 15593 8224 7975 7973 7529 7309

Age
15 to 24 years 2197 2059 2057 2056 2041 2016
25 to 44 years 2752 2212 2172 2172 2106 2042
45 to 54 years 1882 1379 1343 1343 1231 1168
55 to 64 years 2044 1258 1199 1199 1065 1014
65 years and over 6718 1317 1203 1203 1086 1069

Region
Northeast 2878 1347 1282 1282 1151 1056
Midwest 3820 1897 1843 1843 1754 1718
South 5133 2736 2666 2666 2547 2519
West 3762 2245 2183 2181 2077 2015

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 15447 8081 7831 7829 7385 7166
18 to 24 years old 2052 1915 1913 1912 1897 1874
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 340 335 335 335 334 327
25 years old and over 13395 6166 5917 5917 5488 5293
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3092 1570 1494 1494 1344 1268
  High school graduate, no college 5037 2181 2077 2077 1922 1853
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 3322 1503 1450 1450 1380 1336
  Bachelor's degree or more 1944 912 895 895 841 836

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 8327 6377 6240 6240 5915 5716
Worked at full-time jobs 1508 1101 1101 1101 1092 1088
  50 to 52 weeks 398 369 369 369 362 361
Worked at part-time jobs 1748 1477 1463 1463 1429 1390
Did not work 5071 3799 3676 3676 3394 3238

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1330 1184 1088 1088 667 530
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 146 130 123 123 95 88
      SSI 1223 1093 998 998 587 457
  Food stamps 2246 1714 1601 1601 1408 1284
  Housing assistance 1564 899 755 755 606 485
  Energy assistance 1137 623 596 596 483 439
  Food stamps and cash assistance 710 666 622 622 434 350

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 2069 816 807 806 778 774
  Medicare 7893 1796 1546 1546 1274 1255
      Also Medicaid 1606 826 674 674 424 405
  Medicaid 3140 2187 2035 2035 1640 1420
Not covered by: Health insurance 3900 3305 3305 3305 3300 3300

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
White alone
Total 6827 6415 7014 7969 7900 7896

Age
15 to 24 years 1979 1979 1999 2082 2082 2082
25 to 44 years 1938 1965 2006 2233 2185 2185
45 to 54 years 1050 1001 1087 1304 1291 1291
55 to 64 years 932 812 971 1147 1138 1134
65 years and over 927 658 951 1204 1204 1204

Region
Northeast 968 901 1020 1288 1278 1278
Midwest 1553 1473 1592 1854 1837 1837
South 2378 2223 2417 2658 2631 2627
West 1928 1819 1985 2169 2154 2153

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 6684 6272 6870 7825 7757 7752
18 to 24 years old 1836 1836 1856 1938 1938 1938
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 308 308 319 343 343 343
25 years old and over 4848 4436 5015 5887 5818 5814
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1107 973 1161 1453 1441 1441
  High school graduate, no college 1699 1528 1761 2069 2049 2048
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1223 1163 1270 1451 1441 1438
  Bachelor's degree or more 817 773 823 914 887 887

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 5384 5242 5540 6229 6160 6156
Worked at full-time jobs 1045 1055 1048 1192 1161 1161
  50 to 52 weeks 348 368 349 414 394 394
Worked at part-time jobs 1326 1283 1354 1505 1467 1462
Did not work 3014 2903 3138 3532 3532 3532

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 328 289 415 780 780 779
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 50 51 68 107 107 107
      SSI 282 243 353 696 696 696
  Food stamps 923 855 989 1555 1553 1550
  Housing assistance 212 212 220 769 768 768
  Energy assistance 323 289 338 522 521 521
  Food stamps and cash assistance 179 155 218 509 509 509

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 753 712 760 900 897 897
  Medicare 1024 771 1106 1537 1537 1533
      Also Medicaid 251 226 295 592 592 592
  Medicaid 1113 1045 1263 1820 1809 1808
Not covered by: Health insurance 3222 3157 3222 3351 3300 3300

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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