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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 37757 16.7 35.9 35.9 35.5

Age
15 to 24 years 4618 36.8 40.0 40.0 39.1
25 to 44 years 11239 14.0 18.6 18.6 18.2
45 to 54 years 6024 17.7 26.8 26.8 26.4
55 to 64 years 5735 16.7 31.2 31.2 30.9
65 years and over 10141 10.0 61.3 61.3 61.1

Region
Northeast 7192 14.9 35.9 35.9 35.3
Midwest 9824 17.0 37.0 37.0 36.5
South 12194 16.8 36.0 36.0 35.9
West 8546 17.9 34.5 34.5 34.1

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 37652 16.5 35.7 35.7 35.3
18 to 24 years old 4513 35.5 38.7 38.7 37.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 323 69.9 71.7 71.7 69.5
25 years old and over 33139 13.9 35.3 35.3 35.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3294 25.8 69.4 69.4 69.1
  High school graduate, no college 10205 16.7 44.8 44.8 44.3
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 9008 14.1 33.8 33.8 33.5
  Bachelor's degree or more 10632 7.5 17.0 17.0 16.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 27009 18.1 25.6 25.6 25.1
Worked at full-time jobs 18241 4.6 6.6 6.6 6.1
  50 to 52 weeks 14829 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.8
Worked at part-time jobs 3701 31.5 39.1 39.1 38.3
Did not work 5067 56.7 84.1 84.1 84.1

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1221 54.7 93.7 93.7 93.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 139 66.8 88.8 88.8 88.8
      SSI 1116 53.4 94.5 94.5 94.1
  Food stamps 2181 57.8 85.7 85.7 85.7
  Housing assistance 1584 40.0 85.2 85.2 85.0
  Energy assistance 1253 36.4 81.7 81.7 81.6
  Food stamps and cash assistance 616 70.1 96.8 96.8 96.8

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 17488 4.4 11.5 11.5 10.7
  Medicare 11152 11.8 65.3 65.3 65.1
      Also Medicaid 1587 30.4 86.2 86.2 86.2
  Medicaid 3331 44.2 79.4 79.4 79.2
Not covered by: Health insurance 6881 34.3 41.4 41.4 41.4

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 36.0 35.9 35.8 35.9 17.6

Age
15 to 24 years 40.2 39.3 39.3 39.4 36.7
25 to 44 years 18.7 18.5 18.3 18.4 14.4
45 to 54 years 26.8 26.8 26.6 26.8 19.4
55 to 64 years 31.3 31.6 31.3 31.6 18.7
65 years and over 61.6 61.5 61.5 61.6 10.9

Region
Northeast 35.7 35.7 35.6 35.8 15.9
Midwest 37.0 36.9 36.7 37.0 17.8
South 36.4 36.2 36.1 36.1 17.7
West 34.7 34.6 34.4 34.5 18.8

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 35.9 35.8 35.6 35.8 17.4
18 to 24 years old 38.8 37.9 37.9 38.0 35.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 72.2 69.5 69.5 70.2 68.6
25 years old and over 35.5 35.5 35.3 35.5 15.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 69.4 69.4 69.2 69.4 28.8
  High school graduate, no college 44.8 44.8 44.7 44.9 18.1
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 34.1 34.0 33.9 34.1 14.9
  Bachelor's degree or more 17.1 17.2 16.9 17.1 7.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 25.7 25.5 25.3 25.5 19.0
Worked at full-time jobs 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.4 4.5
  50 to 52 weeks 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Worked at part-time jobs 40.3 39.5 38.8 39.1 32.4
Did not work 84.1 84.3 84.3 84.5 61.6

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 93.7 93.4 93.3 93.5 83.5
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 88.8 88.8 88.8 88.8 81.4
      SSI 94.5 94.1 94.1 94.3 84.3
  Food stamps 86.0 85.8 85.5 85.6 64.2
  Housing assistance 85.2 85.4 85.4 85.5 47.5
  Energy assistance 82.1 81.8 81.8 81.8 43.5
  Food stamps and cash assistance 96.8 96.8 96.8 96.8 91.8

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 10.9 10.9 10.9 11.0 4.1
  Medicare 65.7 65.6 65.6 65.7 13.8
      Also Medicaid 87.0 86.7 86.7 86.9 43.2
  Medicaid 79.6 79.8 79.5 79.6 54.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 42.6 42.1 41.7 42.0 34.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 17.1 17.1 16.0 15.6 14.5

Age
15 to 24 years 36.7 36.6 36.3 35.8 35.1
25 to 44 years 14.1 14.1 13.6 13.1 12.3
45 to 54 years 18.9 18.9 17.2 16.3 14.5
55 to 64 years 17.8 17.8 15.8 15.1 13.8
65 years and over 10.0 10.0 9.0 8.9 7.7

Region
Northeast 15.1 15.1 13.5 12.5 11.5
Midwest 17.3 17.3 16.5 16.1 14.5
South 17.2 17.2 16.3 16.2 15.2
West 18.2 18.2 17.3 16.7 16.0

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 16.9 16.9 15.8 15.3 14.2
18 to 24 years old 35.3 35.2 34.9 34.4 33.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 68.6 68.6 68.5 66.2 61.6
25 years old and over 14.3 14.3 13.2 12.7 11.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 27.2 27.2 23.6 21.9 18.1
  High school graduate, no college 17.2 17.2 15.8 15.2 13.9
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 14.4 14.4 13.6 13.2 12.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 7.7 7.7 7.2 7.2 7.0

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 18.6 18.6 17.5 16.9 15.8
Worked at full-time jobs 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3
  50 to 52 weeks 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Worked at part-time jobs 32.0 32.0 31.1 30.2 28.7
Did not work 59.4 59.4 54.5 51.9 48.0

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 76.8 76.8 46.6 37.3 22.7
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 77.9 77.9 59.1 54.9 33.9
      SSI 77.1 77.1 44.8 35.2 20.9
  Food stamps 59.6 59.6 52.1 47.5 33.3
  Housing assistance 39.3 39.3 31.4 25.5 10.2
  Energy assistance 41.7 41.7 34.2 31.1 22.6
  Food stamps and cash assistance 85.5 85.5 59.8 48.4 24.2

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.7
  Medicare 11.9 11.9 9.8 9.7 7.9
      Also Medicaid 34.9 34.9 21.3 20.6 12.1
  Medicaid 50.4 50.4 40.0 34.5 26.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 34.8 34.8 34.7 34.7 33.9

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 13.5 14.9 17.0 16.9 16.9

Age
15 to 24 years 35.1 35.5 37.1 37.1 37.1
25 to 44 years 12.5 12.9 14.5 14.2 14.2
45 to 54 years 13.8 15.1 18.2 18.0 18.0
55 to 64 years 11.9 14.4 17.1 16.9 16.9
65 years and over 5.4 7.9 10.0 10.0 10.0

Region
Northeast 10.5 12.0 15.1 15.0 15.0
Midwest 13.7 14.8 17.4 17.3 17.3
South 14.1 15.4 17.1 17.0 16.9
West 14.8 16.5 18.1 18.0 18.0

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 13.2 14.7 16.8 16.7 16.7
18 to 24 years old 33.7 34.1 35.7 35.7 35.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 61.6 64.5 70.6 70.6 70.6
25 years old and over 10.5 12.0 14.2 14.1 14.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 15.0 19.3 26.1 25.9 25.9
  High school graduate, no college 12.2 14.4 17.1 16.9 16.9
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 11.4 12.5 14.3 14.2 14.2
  Bachelor's degree or more 6.6 7.0 7.8 7.6 7.6

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 15.3 16.3 18.5 18.3 18.3
Worked at full-time jobs 4.3 4.3 4.9 4.8 4.8
  50 to 52 weeks 1.8 1.7 2.1 1.9 1.9
Worked at part-time jobs 27.6 29.4 32.8 32.0 31.9
Did not work 46.1 50.1 56.9 56.9 56.9

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 20.2 28.6 54.7 54.7 54.6
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 34.1 40.4 66.8 66.6 66.6
      SSI 18.1 26.7 53.4 53.4 53.3
  Food stamps 30.5 35.5 58.0 57.8 57.7
  Housing assistance 10.2 10.6 40.4 40.4 40.4
  Energy assistance 20.1 23.4 36.6 36.6 36.6
  Food stamps and cash assistance 21.2 28.6 70.1 70.1 70.1

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 3.5 3.8 4.5 4.5 4.5
  Medicare 5.9 8.5 11.8 11.8 11.8
      Also Medicaid 11.2 14.4 30.6 30.6 30.6
  Medicaid 24.8 30.2 44.6 44.4 44.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 32.9 33.9 35.3 34.7 34.7

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 6319 13550 13550 13407 13607 13566 13514

Age
15 to 24 years 1701 1849 1849 1807 1856 1814 1814
25 to 44 years 1579 2088 2088 2047 2103 2084 2059
45 to 54 years 1068 1613 1613 1590 1613 1614 1604
55 to 64 years 956 1789 1789 1770 1792 1814 1796
65 years and over 1014 6212 6212 6193 6243 6241 6241

Region
Northeast 1069 2582 2582 2536 2568 2569 2558
Midwest 1671 3632 3632 3584 3635 3622 3610
South 2049 4387 4387 4373 4436 4419 4404
West 1529 2948 2948 2913 2969 2956 2942

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 6218 13448 13448 13304 13504 13463 13411
18 to 24 years old 1600 1747 1747 1704 1753 1711 1711
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 226 231 231 225 233 225 225
25 years old and over 4618 11701 11701 11600 11751 11752 11700
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 850 2287 2287 2277 2287 2286 2281
  High school graduate, no college 1707 4568 4568 4524 4573 4570 4562
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1267 3041 3041 3017 3070 3065 3055
  Bachelor's degree or more 794 1805 1805 1782 1821 1831 1802

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 4884 6905 6905 6786 6929 6896 6843
Worked at full-time jobs 846 1196 1196 1108 1175 1162 1136
  50 to 52 weeks 273 303 303 273 301 289 276
Worked at part-time jobs 1164 1448 1448 1416 1493 1461 1435
Did not work 2874 4261 4261 4261 4261 4273 4273

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 668 1144 1144 1140 1144 1140 1140
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 93 124 124 124 124 124 124
      SSI 596 1055 1055 1050 1055 1051 1050
  Food stamps 1260 1870 1870 1868 1876 1872 1865
  Housing assistance 634 1349 1349 1346 1349 1352 1352
  Energy assistance 456 1024 1024 1022 1028 1025 1025
  Food stamps and cash assistance 431 596 596 596 596 596 596

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 761 2007 2007 1863 1901 1909 1899
  Medicare 1314 7283 7283 7262 7324 7321 7321
      Also Medicaid 482 1368 1368 1368 1380 1376 1376
  Medicaid 1473 2643 2643 2637 2652 2656 2648
Not covered by: Health insurance 2363 2852 2852 2852 2928 2898 2867

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 13569 6662 6448 6447 6058 5875

Age
15 to 24 years 1818 1693 1693 1692 1677 1653
25 to 44 years 2071 1618 1582 1582 1523 1471
45 to 54 years 1617 1171 1138 1138 1036 980
55 to 64 years 1815 1074 1021 1021 906 865
65 years and over 6247 1105 1014 1014 916 906

Region
Northeast 2573 1142 1090 1090 971 896
Midwest 3640 1750 1698 1698 1619 1585
South 4407 2162 2103 2103 1993 1970
West 2950 1608 1558 1557 1475 1425

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 13466 6561 6347 6346 5957 5776
18 to 24 years old 1716 1593 1593 1591 1576 1554
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 227 221 221 221 221 214
25 years old and over 11750 4968 4755 4755 4381 4222
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2285 950 897 897 777 720
  High school graduate, no college 4581 1850 1750 1750 1611 1552
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 3069 1340 1294 1294 1229 1188
  Bachelor's degree or more 1816 829 814 814 764 762

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 6892 5142 5020 5020 4730 4562
Worked at full-time jobs 1163 824 824 824 818 815
  50 to 52 weeks 284 261 261 261 257 257
Worked at part-time jobs 1448 1198 1185 1185 1151 1118
Did not work 4280 3120 3011 3011 2762 2629

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1143 1020 938 938 569 456
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 124 113 109 109 82 77
      SSI 1053 941 860 860 500 393
  Food stamps 1866 1399 1300 1300 1137 1035
  Housing assistance 1354 752 622 622 497 404
  Energy assistance 1025 546 522 522 428 390
  Food stamps and cash assistance 596 565 526 526 368 298

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 1918 714 705 703 678 675
  Medicare 7330 1542 1328 1328 1092 1080
      Also Medicaid 1379 685 553 553 338 326
  Medicaid 2652 1810 1679 1679 1331 1148
Not covered by: Health insurance 2889 2391 2391 2391 2389 2389

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 5464 5084 5621 6434 6381 6376

Age
15 to 24 years 1621 1619 1639 1713 1713 1713
25 to 44 years 1387 1404 1448 1628 1592 1591
45 to 54 years 876 832 908 1096 1086 1086
55 to 64 years 794 685 823 979 972 968
65 years and over 786 544 802 1018 1018 1018

Region
Northeast 824 758 867 1089 1078 1078
Midwest 1422 1342 1458 1707 1697 1696
South 1851 1717 1883 2088 2067 2064
West 1366 1267 1413 1550 1539 1538

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 5364 4985 5520 6333 6280 6276
18 to 24 years old 1521 1520 1538 1612 1612 1612
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 199 199 208 228 228 228
25 years old and over 3843 3465 3982 4721 4668 4663
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 596 493 636 859 853 853
  High school graduate, no college 1413 1247 1468 1740 1727 1726
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1090 1025 1130 1292 1283 1280
  Bachelor's degree or more 743 700 749 829 804 804

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 4277 4140 4411 4996 4943 4938
Worked at full-time jobs 783 785 785 900 877 877
  50 to 52 weeks 247 264 248 304 288 288
Worked at part-time jobs 1063 1021 1088 1213 1183 1179
Did not work 2432 2333 2537 2883 2883 2883

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 277 247 349 668 668 667
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 47 48 56 93 93 93
      SSI 233 202 298 596 596 596
  Food stamps 727 666 775 1264 1261 1258
  Housing assistance 162 162 168 639 639 639
  Energy assistance 284 252 293 459 458 458
  Food stamps and cash assistance 149 130 176 431 431 431

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 654 615 659 784 781 781
  Medicare 881 659 946 1321 1321 1318
      Also Medicaid 192 178 229 485 485 485
  Medicaid 878 825 1007 1487 1478 1478
Not covered by: Health insurance 2332 2262 2332 2428 2389 2389

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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