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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Black alone or in combination
Total 7368 27.5 43.8 43.8 43.5

Age
15 to 24 years 809 51.9 55.6 55.6 54.8
25 to 44 years 2625 22.9 28.6 28.6 28.2
45 to 54 years 1450 29.1 38.3 38.3 38.0
55 to 64 years 1182 25.0 46.6 46.6 46.5
65 years and over 1301 22.4 70.9 70.9 70.9

Region
Northeast 1346 25.6 44.3 44.3 44.0
Midwest 1380 28.2 44.5 44.5 44.1
South 3875 27.6 43.0 43.0 42.6
West 766 29.4 46.2 46.2 46.2

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 7329 27.1 43.5 43.5 43.2
18 to 24 years old 770 49.5 53.3 53.3 52.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 103 78.7 81.7 81.7 81.7
25 years old and over 6558 24.5 42.4 42.4 42.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1152 43.2 74.5 74.5 74.0
  High school graduate, no college 2261 28.8 46.6 46.6 46.3
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1761 17.8 34.8 34.8 34.7
  Bachelor's degree or more 1384 10.5 18.4 18.4 18.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 5926 27.2 36.8 36.8 36.5
Worked at full-time jobs 3552 6.0 7.8 7.8 7.4
  50 to 52 weeks 2903 2.0 2.2 2.2 1.9
Worked at part-time jobs 649 38.9 48.7 48.7 48.3
Did not work 1725 66.3 91.9 91.9 91.9

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 638 59.1 95.6 95.6 95.4
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 98 67.8 91.8 91.8 91.2
      SSI 561 56.5 96.5 96.5 96.3
  Food stamps 1076 60.8 84.9 84.9 84.3
  Housing assistance 886 48.8 79.8 79.8 79.7
  Energy assistance 418 56.7 84.7 84.7 84.7
  Food stamps and cash assistance 343 69.7 96.0 96.0 96.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 3046 6.4 13.4 13.4 12.7
  Medicare 1767 28.0 78.3 78.3 78.3
      Also Medicaid 539 41.2 93.5 93.5 93.5
  Medicaid 1238 55.2 87.3 87.3 87.1
Not covered by: Health insurance 1959 42.0 48.1 48.1 48.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Black alone or in combination
Total 44.4 44.0 43.9 44.0 29.9

Age
15 to 24 years 57.9 55.9 55.9 55.9 51.9
25 to 44 years 28.7 28.3 28.2 28.4 23.8
45 to 54 years 39.2 39.1 39.1 39.2 31.8
55 to 64 years 46.7 46.8 46.8 46.7 29.3
65 years and over 71.1 71.1 71.1 71.2 27.1

Region
Northeast 44.8 44.7 44.7 44.8 29.3
Midwest 45.3 44.6 44.6 44.8 30.3
South 43.4 43.0 42.9 43.0 29.0
West 46.5 46.7 46.7 46.7 35.1

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 44.1 43.7 43.6 43.7 29.6
18 to 24 years old 55.8 53.7 53.7 53.7 49.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 81.7 81.7 81.7 81.7 79.3
25 years old and over 42.7 42.5 42.5 42.6 27.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 74.7 74.2 74.2 74.3 49.5
  High school graduate, no college 47.3 46.8 46.8 46.9 31.7
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 35.0 35.2 35.2 35.2 20.0
  Bachelor's degree or more 18.2 18.2 18.2 18.6 10.6

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 37.3 36.9 36.9 37.0 29.2
Worked at full-time jobs 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.9 6.0
  50 to 52 weeks 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Worked at part-time jobs 52.4 49.3 49.3 49.3 41.2
Did not work 91.9 92.3 92.3 92.3 72.2

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 95.6 95.7 95.7 95.7 86.9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 91.2 91.2 91.2 91.2 86.8
      SSI 96.6 96.6 96.6 96.6 87.4
  Food stamps 85.7 84.7 84.6 84.7 67.0
  Housing assistance 80.9 80.1 80.1 80.1 58.9
  Energy assistance 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4 64.1
  Food stamps and cash assistance 96.5 96.0 96.0 96.0 87.8

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 12.9 12.9 12.9 13.0 5.9
  Medicare 78.4 78.5 78.5 78.6 34.4
      Also Medicaid 93.5 93.9 93.9 93.9 60.9
  Medicaid 87.3 87.4 87.4 87.5 69.7
Not covered by: Health insurance 50.2 48.9 48.8 48.9 42.5

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Black alone or in combination
Total 28.5 28.5 26.3 25.1 22.1

Age
15 to 24 years 51.9 51.9 51.8 50.0 47.2
25 to 44 years 23.1 23.1 22.1 20.9 19.2
45 to 54 years 30.5 30.5 28.0 27.0 22.7
55 to 64 years 28.0 28.0 24.0 22.3 18.3
65 years and over 22.9 22.9 19.1 18.8 15.2

Region
Northeast 27.3 27.3 23.7 21.7 18.0
Midwest 28.6 28.6 27.3 26.2 22.7
South 27.7 27.7 26.3 25.5 22.7
West 34.2 34.2 29.2 27.7 25.6

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 28.1 28.1 25.9 24.8 21.7
18 to 24 years old 49.4 49.4 49.4 47.7 44.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 79.3 79.3 78.7 70.3 66.1
25 years old and over 25.6 25.6 23.2 22.1 19.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 45.3 45.3 39.4 37.4 30.6
  High school graduate, no college 30.1 30.1 27.6 26.3 22.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 18.9 18.9 17.0 16.0 14.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.0 9.7

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 28.3 28.3 26.4 25.1 22.2
Worked at full-time jobs 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.0
  50 to 52 weeks 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.5
Worked at part-time jobs 40.4 40.4 38.9 38.5 34.4
Did not work 69.5 69.5 64.0 60.0 53.1

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 79.7 79.7 55.0 45.5 31.7
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 86.8 86.8 66.6 60.7 50.0
      SSI 79.2 79.2 51.9 41.5 27.4
  Food stamps 62.3 62.3 56.2 51.1 35.9
  Housing assistance 51.1 51.1 42.2 37.7 19.7
  Energy assistance 57.9 57.9 51.9 47.1 35.9
  Food stamps and cash assistance 83.0 83.0 64.5 53.1 33.8

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.2 4.9
  Medicare 28.3 28.3 23.2 23.0 17.3
      Also Medicaid 48.7 48.7 32.9 32.3 22.8
  Medicaid 64.4 64.4 51.9 45.0 35.7
Not covered by: Health insurance 42.5 42.5 42.5 42.5 40.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Black alone or in combination
Total 20.8 23.1 28.0 27.8 27.8

Age
15 to 24 years 46.9 49.9 52.9 52.9 52.6
25 to 44 years 19.1 20.0 23.5 23.2 23.2
45 to 54 years 21.8 23.6 29.6 29.5 29.5
55 to 64 years 16.6 19.1 25.2 25.0 25.0
65 years and over 10.5 15.8 22.4 22.4 22.4

Region
Northeast 17.3 19.8 26.5 26.5 26.5
Midwest 22.3 23.6 29.0 28.6 28.6
South 20.7 23.4 27.8 27.7 27.6
West 24.3 26.5 29.6 29.6 29.6

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 20.4 22.7 27.6 27.5 27.4
18 to 24 years old 44.5 47.4 50.5 50.5 50.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 66.1 74.8 79.7 79.7 79.7
25 years old and over 17.5 19.8 24.9 24.8 24.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 26.9 31.6 43.5 43.3 43.3
  High school graduate, no college 20.9 23.8 29.5 29.2 29.2
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 13.9 14.7 18.4 18.1 18.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 8.8 9.8 10.5 10.5 10.5

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 21.5 23.1 27.7 27.5 27.5
Worked at full-time jobs 5.0 5.2 6.6 6.4 6.4
  50 to 52 weeks 1.5 1.5 2.3 2.2 2.2
Worked at part-time jobs 32.8 34.8 40.0 39.4 39.4
Did not work 51.4 55.7 66.5 66.5 66.4

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 28.6 36.6 59.1 59.1 59.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 48.2 52.7 67.8 67.8 67.8
      SSI 24.2 32.7 56.5 56.5 56.5
  Food stamps 34.4 38.7 61.9 61.6 61.6
  Housing assistance 19.7 20.5 49.8 49.4 49.4
  Energy assistance 31.5 37.5 57.8 57.3 57.3
  Food stamps and cash assistance 30.3 37.9 69.7 69.7 69.7

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.7 5.1 6.7 6.6 6.6
  Medicare 13.1 18.3 28.0 28.0 28.0
      Also Medicaid 17.3 23.4 41.2 41.2 41.2
  Medicaid 32.5 40.3 55.6 55.6 55.6
Not covered by: Health insurance 39.5 40.3 43.0 42.5 42.5

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Black alone or in combination
Total 2028 3229 3229 3206 3268 3240 3238

Age
15 to 24 years 420 450 450 444 469 453 453
25 to 44 years 600 751 751 740 754 742 740
45 to 54 years 422 555 555 551 568 567 567
55 to 64 years 295 551 551 549 551 553 553
65 years and over 291 922 922 922 926 925 925

Region
Northeast 345 596 596 592 603 601 601
Midwest 389 615 615 608 625 616 616
South 1069 1665 1665 1652 1683 1665 1663
West 225 354 354 354 356 358 358

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1989 3190 3190 3167 3229 3201 3199
18 to 24 years old 381 411 411 405 430 414 414
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 81 85 85 85 85 85 85
25 years old and over 1608 2779 2779 2762 2799 2787 2785
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 498 859 859 853 860 856 856
  High school graduate, no college 650 1053 1053 1047 1070 1059 1057
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 314 613 613 610 617 620 620
  Bachelor's degree or more 145 255 255 252 252 252 252

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1612 2179 2179 2160 2209 2188 2186
Worked at full-time jobs 214 277 277 261 283 276 275
  50 to 52 weeks 59 65 65 55 67 61 59
Worked at part-time jobs 253 316 316 313 340 320 320
Did not work 1144 1586 1586 1586 1586 1592 1592

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 377 610 610 609 610 610 610
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 66 90 90 89 89 89 89
      SSI 317 541 541 540 541 541 541
  Food stamps 654 913 913 907 923 912 910
  Housing assistance 433 707 707 706 716 709 709
  Energy assistance 237 354 354 354 357 357 357
  Food stamps and cash assistance 239 329 329 329 331 329 329

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 196 409 409 385 392 391 391
  Medicare 495 1383 1383 1383 1385 1388 1388
      Also Medicaid 222 504 504 504 504 506 506
  Medicaid 684 1081 1081 1078 1081 1082 1082
Not covered by: Health insurance 822 941 941 941 983 958 956

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Black alone or in combination
Total 3245 2206 2099 2099 1938 1853

Age
15 to 24 years 453 420 420 420 419 405
25 to 44 years 745 626 608 608 581 549
45 to 54 years 569 461 443 443 405 391
55 to 64 years 552 347 331 331 284 263
65 years and over 926 353 298 298 248 245

Region
Northeast 603 395 367 367 318 292
Midwest 618 417 395 395 377 361
South 1665 1125 1075 1075 1020 988
West 358 269 262 262 224 212

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 3206 2167 2060 2060 1899 1815
18 to 24 years old 414 381 381 381 380 367
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 85 82 82 82 81 73
25 years old and over 2792 1786 1679 1679 1519 1448
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 856 570 523 523 454 431
  High school graduate, no college 1060 718 681 681 624 595
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 619 352 333 333 299 283
  Bachelor's degree or more 257 147 143 143 143 139

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 2192 1728 1676 1676 1565 1488
Worked at full-time jobs 280 215 215 215 208 203
  50 to 52 weeks 59 55 55 55 53 51
Worked at part-time jobs 320 268 262 262 253 250
Did not work 1592 1246 1199 1199 1105 1034

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 610 555 509 509 351 290
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 89 85 85 85 65 59
      SSI 541 490 444 444 291 232
  Food stamps 911 721 670 670 605 550
  Housing assistance 709 522 453 453 374 334
  Energy assistance 357 268 242 242 217 197
  Food stamps and cash assistance 329 301 285 285 221 182

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 397 180 172 172 163 159
  Medicare 1390 608 501 501 410 407
      Also Medicaid 506 328 263 263 177 174
  Medicaid 1084 863 798 798 642 557
Not covered by: Health insurance 958 833 833 833 833 833

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Black alone or in combination
Total 1631 1529 1702 2064 2052 2049

Age
15 to 24 years 382 380 404 428 428 426
25 to 44 years 505 500 524 618 610 610
45 to 54 years 329 316 342 429 428 428
55 to 64 years 217 196 226 298 295 295
65 years and over 198 137 206 291 291 291

Region
Northeast 243 233 266 357 357 357
Midwest 314 308 326 400 395 395
South 879 803 907 1079 1073 1070
West 196 186 203 227 227 227

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1594 1492 1663 2025 2013 2010
18 to 24 years old 345 343 365 389 389 386
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 68 68 77 82 82 82
25 years old and over 1249 1149 1298 1636 1624 1623
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 352 310 364 501 499 499
  High school graduate, no college 515 472 539 666 660 660
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 249 244 259 324 320 320
  Bachelor's degree or more 134 122 136 145 145 145

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1317 1277 1372 1642 1630 1628
Worked at full-time jobs 179 178 184 235 227 227
  50 to 52 weeks 43 43 44 67 64 64
Worked at part-time jobs 223 213 226 260 256 256
Did not work 916 886 962 1147 1147 1145

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 202 183 234 377 377 377
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 49 47 51 66 66 66
      SSI 153 135 183 317 317 317
  Food stamps 387 370 417 666 663 663
  Housing assistance 174 174 181 441 437 437
  Energy assistance 150 132 157 241 240 240
  Food stamps and cash assistance 116 104 130 239 239 239

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 150 144 155 204 202 200
  Medicare 306 231 324 495 495 495
      Also Medicaid 123 93 126 222 222 222
  Medicaid 442 402 499 688 688 688
Not covered by: Health insurance 789 774 789 842 833 833

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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