U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Black alone
Total 7102 27.6 44.0 44.0 43.6

Age
15 to 24 years 759 51.3 54.9 54.9 54.1
25 to 44 years 2509 23.1 28.9 28.9 28.4
45 to 54 years 1413 29.2 38.2 38.2 37.9
55 to 64 years 1147 25.3 46.8 46.8 46.6
65 years and over 1273 22.6 71.0 71.0 71.0

Region
Northeast 1286 25.6 44.4 44.4 44.1
Midwest 1321 27.8 44.4 44.4 43.9
South 3792 28.0 43.3 43.3 43.0
West 703 28.6 45.8 45.8 45.8

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 7068 27.2 43.7 43.7 43.4
18 to 24 years old 725 49.0 52.8 52.8 51.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 96 79.3 81.8 81.8 81.8
25 years old and over 6343 24.7 42.6 42.6 42.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1132 43.1 74.5 74.5 74.1
  High school graduate, no college 2214 28.8 46.5 46.5 46.2
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1671 17.9 34.7 34.7 34.5
  Bachelor's degree or more 1327 10.9 19.1 19.1 18.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 5704 27.3 36.9 36.9 36.5
Worked at full-time jobs 3419 6.1 7.8 7.8 7.3
  50 to 52 weeks 2803 2.0 2.2 2.2 1.9
Worked at part-time jobs 606 37.8 47.8 47.8 47.4
Did not work 1680 66.7 92.0 92.0 92.0

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 618 59.3 95.7 95.7 95.5
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 88 64.8 90.9 90.9 90.2
      SSI 549 57.3 96.7 96.7 96.5
  Food stamps 1050 60.6 84.8 84.8 84.2
  Housing assistance 867 49.1 79.5 79.5 79.4
  Energy assistance 410 56.8 84.4 84.4 84.4
  Food stamps and cash assistance 332 69.4 96.3 96.3 96.3

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 2948 6.4 13.6 13.6 12.8
  Medicare 1729 28.3 78.4 78.4 78.4
      Also Medicaid 533 41.4 93.4 93.4 93.4
  Medicaid 1191 55.4 87.7 87.7 87.5
Not covered by: Health insurance 1874 42.5 48.5 48.5 48.5

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Black alone
Total 44.5 44.1 44.1 44.2 30.0

Age
15 to 24 years 57.4 55.3 55.3 55.3 51.2
25 to 44 years 28.8 28.5 28.4 28.6 23.9
45 to 54 years 39.1 39.0 39.0 39.2 31.7
55 to 64 years 46.9 47.0 47.0 46.9 29.7
65 years and over 71.3 71.2 71.2 71.3 27.4

Region
Northeast 44.9 44.8 44.8 44.9 29.3
Midwest 45.0 44.5 44.5 44.7 29.7
South 43.8 43.3 43.3 43.3 29.3
West 46.1 46.4 46.4 46.4 34.8

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 44.2 43.8 43.8 43.9 29.6
18 to 24 years old 55.4 53.2 53.2 53.2 48.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 81.8 81.8 81.8 81.8 79.3
25 years old and over 42.9 42.8 42.7 42.9 27.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 74.7 74.3 74.3 74.3 49.4
  High school graduate, no college 47.1 46.8 46.7 46.8 31.7
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 34.9 35.1 35.1 35.0 19.8
  Bachelor's degree or more 18.9 18.9 18.9 19.3 11.0

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 37.3 37.0 37.0 37.1 29.2
Worked at full-time jobs 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.9 6.1
  50 to 52 weeks 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Worked at part-time jobs 51.3 48.4 48.4 48.4 39.8
Did not work 92.0 92.4 92.4 92.4 72.4

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 95.7 95.8 95.8 95.8 86.7
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 90.2 90.2 90.2 90.2 85.3
      SSI 96.8 96.8 96.8 96.8 87.4
  Food stamps 85.7 84.6 84.5 84.6 66.8
  Housing assistance 80.5 79.7 79.7 79.7 59.2
  Energy assistance 85.1 85.1 85.1 85.1 64.2
  Food stamps and cash assistance 96.8 96.3 96.3 96.3 87.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.2 5.9
  Medicare 78.5 78.6 78.6 78.7 34.6
      Also Medicaid 93.4 93.8 93.8 93.9 60.6
  Medicaid 87.8 87.8 87.8 88.0 69.7
Not covered by: Health insurance 50.6 49.4 49.3 49.4 43.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Black alone
Total 28.5 28.5 26.3 25.2 22.1

Age
15 to 24 years 51.2 51.2 51.2 49.6 46.6
25 to 44 years 23.2 23.2 22.3 21.1 19.4
45 to 54 years 30.4 30.4 28.0 27.1 22.7
55 to 64 years 28.4 28.4 24.3 22.5 18.5
65 years and over 23.2 23.2 19.3 19.1 15.4

Region
Northeast 27.1 27.1 23.6 21.5 17.8
Midwest 28.0 28.0 26.8 25.9 22.4
South 28.0 28.0 26.6 25.8 22.9
West 34.0 34.0 28.6 27.1 24.9

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 28.1 28.1 26.0 24.8 21.7
18 to 24 years old 48.9 48.9 48.9 47.2 44.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 79.3 79.3 79.3 70.2 66.1
25 years old and over 25.7 25.7 23.3 22.3 19.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 45.2 45.2 39.2 37.3 30.3
  High school graduate, no college 30.1 30.1 27.6 26.4 22.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 18.7 18.7 17.0 16.0 14.0
  Bachelor's degree or more 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.4 10.0

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 28.3 28.3 26.5 25.2 22.2
Worked at full-time jobs 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.1
  50 to 52 weeks 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.5
Worked at part-time jobs 39.0 39.0 37.8 37.4 33.0
Did not work 69.6 69.6 64.3 60.2 53.2

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 79.3 79.3 55.1 45.6 31.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 85.3 85.3 63.6 59.3 47.4
      SSI 79.0 79.0 52.6 42.1 27.7
  Food stamps 61.9 61.9 55.7 50.8 35.5
  Housing assistance 51.4 51.4 42.4 38.1 20.0
  Energy assistance 57.9 57.9 52.0 47.2 35.8
  Food stamps and cash assistance 82.9 82.9 64.0 52.9 32.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.2 4.9
  Medicare 28.5 28.5 23.5 23.3 17.5
      Also Medicaid 48.3 48.3 32.9 32.3 22.7
  Medicaid 64.2 64.2 51.8 45.1 35.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 43.1 43.1 43.1 43.1 40.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Black alone
Total 20.7 23.1 28.1 27.9 27.8

Age
15 to 24 years 46.4 49.2 52.3 52.3 52.0
25 to 44 years 19.1 20.1 23.7 23.4 23.4
45 to 54 years 21.8 23.6 29.7 29.6 29.6
55 to 64 years 16.9 19.3 25.5 25.3 25.3
65 years and over 10.8 16.0 22.6 22.6 22.6

Region
Northeast 17.2 19.5 26.6 26.6 26.6
Midwest 22.1 23.2 28.6 28.2 28.2
South 20.9 23.7 28.2 28.1 28.0
West 23.4 25.8 28.9 28.9 28.9

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 20.3 22.7 27.7 27.5 27.5
18 to 24 years old 43.8 46.8 50.1 50.1 49.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 66.1 75.4 80.4 80.4 80.4
25 years old and over 17.6 19.9 25.2 25.0 25.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 26.6 31.4 43.3 43.2 43.2
  High school graduate, no college 21.1 23.9 29.4 29.2 29.2
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 13.7 14.6 18.5 18.2 18.2
  Bachelor's degree or more 9.2 10.2 10.9 10.9 10.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 21.5 23.2 27.8 27.6 27.6
Worked at full-time jobs 5.0 5.2 6.7 6.5 6.5
  50 to 52 weeks 1.4 1.5 2.3 2.2 2.2
Worked at part-time jobs 31.5 33.4 38.9 38.3 38.3
Did not work 51.5 55.9 66.8 66.8 66.7

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 28.1 36.3 59.3 59.3 59.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 45.4 49.6 64.8 64.8 64.8
      SSI 24.4 33.0 57.3 57.3 57.3
  Food stamps 33.9 38.3 61.6 61.3 61.3
  Housing assistance 20.0 20.8 49.9 49.5 49.5
  Energy assistance 31.7 37.3 57.9 57.5 57.5
  Food stamps and cash assistance 29.3 37.0 69.4 69.4 69.4

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.7 5.0 6.7 6.6 6.6
  Medicare 13.3 18.5 28.3 28.3 28.3
      Also Medicaid 17.5 23.4 41.4 41.4 41.4
  Medicaid 32.2 40.0 55.6 55.6 55.6
Not covered by: Health insurance 40.0 40.8 43.5 43.1 43.1

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Black alone
Total 1959 3122 3122 3098 3158 3132 3131

Age
15 to 24 years 390 417 417 411 436 420 420
25 to 44 years 580 724 724 713 724 715 713
45 to 54 years 412 540 540 536 553 552 552
55 to 64 years 290 537 537 535 538 540 540
65 years and over 287 904 904 904 907 906 906

Region
Northeast 330 570 570 567 578 576 576
Midwest 368 587 587 580 594 588 588
South 1060 1643 1643 1630 1661 1643 1641
West 201 322 322 322 324 326 326

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1925 3088 3088 3064 3123 3098 3097
18 to 24 years old 356 383 383 377 402 386 386
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 76 79 79 79 79 79 79
25 years old and over 1569 2705 2705 2688 2722 2713 2711
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 488 844 844 838 845 840 840
  High school graduate, no college 637 1030 1030 1024 1043 1036 1034
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 299 579 579 576 583 586 586
  Bachelor's degree or more 145 253 253 250 250 250 250

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1558 2103 2103 2084 2130 2112 2110
Worked at full-time jobs 210 267 267 251 273 266 265
  50 to 52 weeks 57 63 63 53 65 59 57
Worked at part-time jobs 229 290 290 287 311 293 293
Did not work 1120 1546 1546 1546 1546 1552 1552

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 367 592 592 590 592 592 592
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 57 80 80 79 79 79 79
      SSI 315 531 531 530 531 531 531
  Food stamps 637 890 890 884 899 888 887
  Housing assistance 426 689 689 688 699 692 692
  Energy assistance 233 346 346 346 349 349 349
  Food stamps and cash assistance 231 320 320 320 322 320 320

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 190 400 400 376 383 382 382
  Medicare 490 1355 1355 1355 1357 1360 1360
      Also Medicaid 220 498 498 498 498 500 500
  Medicaid 660 1044 1044 1042 1045 1046 1046
Not covered by: Health insurance 796 908 908 908 947 925 924

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Black alone
Total 3138 2127 2021 2021 1868 1788

Age
15 to 24 years 420 389 389 389 389 376
25 to 44 years 718 599 582 582 559 529
45 to 54 years 554 448 430 430 396 383
55 to 64 years 538 341 326 326 279 258
65 years and over 908 349 296 296 246 243

Region
Northeast 578 377 349 349 303 277
Midwest 590 393 370 370 354 342
South 1643 1113 1063 1063 1010 979
West 326 245 239 239 201 191

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 3103 2093 1987 1987 1834 1754
18 to 24 years old 386 355 354 354 354 342
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 79 76 76 76 76 68
25 years old and over 2718 1738 1633 1633 1480 1412
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 841 559 512 512 443 422
  High school graduate, no college 1037 702 666 666 611 584
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 585 331 313 313 283 267
  Bachelor's degree or more 256 146 142 142 142 139

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 2116 1666 1613 1613 1510 1436
Worked at full-time jobs 270 207 207 207 201 199
  50 to 52 weeks 57 53 53 53 51 50
Worked at part-time jobs 293 241 236 236 229 227
Did not work 1553 1217 1170 1170 1080 1011

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 592 536 490 490 341 282
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 79 75 75 75 56 52
      SSI 531 480 434 434 289 231
  Food stamps 888 701 650 650 585 534
  Housing assistance 692 513 446 446 367 330
  Energy assistance 349 264 238 238 213 194
  Food stamps and cash assistance 320 292 275 275 213 176

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 388 174 166 166 156 152
  Medicare 1362 599 493 493 406 403
      Also Medicaid 500 323 257 257 175 172
  Medicaid 1047 829 764 764 616 536
Not covered by: Health insurance 925 807 807 807 807 807

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Black alone
Total 1569 1470 1637 1992 1980 1978

Age
15 to 24 years 354 352 373 397 397 395
25 to 44 years 486 480 505 596 588 588
45 to 54 years 321 308 334 420 418 418
55 to 64 years 212 194 221 293 290 290
65 years and over 196 137 204 287 287 287

Region
Northeast 229 221 251 342 342 342
Midwest 296 292 307 378 372 372
South 870 794 898 1070 1064 1061
West 175 165 181 203 203 203

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1535 1436 1603 1958 1946 1944
18 to 24 years old 320 318 339 363 363 361
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 64 64 73 77 77 77
25 years old and over 1215 1118 1264 1595 1583 1583
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 343 301 356 490 489 488
  High school graduate, no college 506 466 530 652 646 646
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 233 229 244 308 304 304
  Bachelor's degree or more 133 122 135 145 145 145

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1268 1228 1322 1587 1575 1573
Worked at full-time jobs 174 172 179 228 221 221
  50 to 52 weeks 41 40 42 65 62 62
Worked at part-time jobs 200 191 202 236 232 232
Did not work 894 866 940 1123 1123 1120

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 194 174 225 367 367 367
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 42 40 44 57 57 57
      SSI 152 134 181 315 315 315
  Food stamps 372 356 402 647 643 643
  Housing assistance 173 173 180 433 429 429
  Energy assistance 147 130 153 238 236 236
  Food stamps and cash assistance 109 97 123 231 231 231

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 143 137 149 197 195 193
  Medicare 303 231 321 490 490 490
      Also Medicaid 121 93 125 220 220 220
  Medicaid 422 383 476 662 662 662
Not covered by: Health insurance 765 750 765 816 807 807

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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