U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Asian alone or in combination
Total 1826 26.7 35.1 35.1 34.4

Age
15 to 24 years 330 56.3 58.3 58.3 57.5
25 to 44 years 863 18.2 20.0 20.0 19.3
45 to 54 years 216 13.7 17.4 17.4 17.2
55 to 64 years 156 29.4 38.7 38.7 36.7
65 years and over 262 26.1 67.8 67.8 67.8

Region
Northeast 420 34.3 42.7 42.7 41.0
Midwest 186 32.2 42.3 42.3 41.3
South 348 24.4 29.5 29.5 29.5
West 872 22.7 32.1 32.1 31.7

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1814 26.2 34.6 34.6 34.0
18 to 24 years old 318 54.6 56.7 56.7 55.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 15 78.8 83.0 83.0 83.0
25 years old and over 1497 20.1 30.0 30.0 29.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 171 35.6 62.2 62.2 62.2
  High school graduate, no college 246 21.0 36.1 36.1 35.2
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 258 27.4 38.5 38.5 37.0
  Bachelor's degree or more 822 14.3 18.7 18.7 18.3

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1513 24.7 27.6 27.6 26.8
Worked at full-time jobs 983 6.4 6.9 6.9 6.4
  50 to 52 weeks 810 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Worked at part-time jobs 193 35.0 38.6 38.6 34.5
Did not work 337 72.2 82.1 82.1 82.1

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 66 50.0 99.2 99.2 99.2
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 93.1 96.2 96.2 96.2
      SSI 59 44.9 99.6 99.6 99.6
  Food stamps 72 59.7 86.0 86.0 86.0
  Housing assistance 81 46.4 86.8 86.8 85.5
  Energy assistance 25 44.5 76.6 76.6 76.6
  Food stamps and cash assistance 26 72.7 98.0 98.0 98.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 865 7.7 10.6 10.6 9.2
  Medicare 278 25.1 69.5 69.5 69.5
      Also Medicaid 72 43.3 92.4 92.4 92.4
  Medicaid 194 54.5 79.7 79.7 79.7
Not covered by: Health insurance 420 44.1 46.1 46.1 46.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Asian alone or in combination
Total 35.4 35.0 34.8 34.8 27.5

Age
15 to 24 years 57.5 57.5 57.5 57.5 56.3
25 to 44 years 20.2 19.9 19.9 19.9 18.1
45 to 54 years 19.5 18.9 18.0 18.0 13.5
55 to 64 years 40.5 37.9 36.7 36.7 28.4
65 years and over 68.0 68.3 68.3 68.4 33.3

Region
Northeast 43.2 42.1 42.1 42.1 34.8
Midwest 43.4 42.7 42.7 42.7 31.6
South 29.5 30.1 29.5 29.5 24.4
West 32.3 32.0 31.7 31.8 24.4

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 35.0 34.6 34.4 34.4 27.0
18 to 24 years old 55.8 55.8 55.8 55.8 54.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 83.0 83.0 83.0 83.0 83.0
25 years old and over 30.6 30.1 29.8 29.9 21.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 64.4 63.5 63.5 63.5 41.9
  High school graduate, no college 37.0 36.4 36.4 36.6 21.7
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 38.7 38.7 37.9 37.9 28.3
  Bachelor's degree or more 19.1 18.6 18.3 18.3 14.5

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 28.0 27.5 27.3 27.3 24.5
Worked at full-time jobs 7.3 7.2 6.8 6.8 6.3
  50 to 52 weeks 3.3 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.8
Worked at part-time jobs 39.7 35.7 35.7 35.7 30.9
Did not work 82.1 82.1 82.1 82.1 73.9

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 99.2 99.2 99.2 99.2 87.8
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2
      SSI 99.6 99.6 99.6 99.6 86.8
  Food stamps 89.1 89.1 89.1 89.1 69.0
  Housing assistance 85.5 85.5 85.5 85.5 61.4
  Energy assistance 81.9 76.6 76.6 76.6 66.2
  Food stamps and cash assistance 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 9.7 9.5 9.5 9.5 6.6
  Medicare 71.1 71.4 71.4 71.5 32.0
      Also Medicaid 95.5 95.5 95.5 95.5 68.8
  Medicaid 80.9 80.9 80.9 80.9 67.2
Not covered by: Health insurance 47.2 46.1 46.1 46.1 44.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Asian alone or in combination
Total 27.5 27.5 25.9 25.3 24.4

Age
15 to 24 years 56.3 56.3 55.4 55.3 55.3
25 to 44 years 18.1 18.1 17.8 17.6 17.3
45 to 54 years 13.5 13.5 13.5 12.1 12.1
55 to 64 years 28.4 28.4 27.4 26.4 25.5
65 years and over 33.0 33.0 24.3 23.0 18.4

Region
Northeast 34.8 34.8 32.9 32.1 31.1
Midwest 31.6 31.6 31.3 31.3 30.3
South 24.4 24.4 24.0 24.0 23.1
West 24.3 24.3 22.1 21.2 20.4

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 27.0 27.0 25.4 24.8 23.9
18 to 24 years old 54.6 54.6 53.7 53.6 53.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 83.0 83.0 78.8 78.8 78.8
25 years old and over 21.1 21.1 19.3 18.6 17.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 41.6 41.6 35.4 32.5 26.4
  High school graduate, no college 21.6 21.6 19.4 18.2 18.2
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 28.3 28.3 26.9 25.9 25.3
  Bachelor's degree or more 14.5 14.5 13.6 13.6 13.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 24.5 24.5 24.1 23.6 23.3
Worked at full-time jobs 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.0 6.0
  50 to 52 weeks 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Worked at part-time jobs 30.9 30.9 30.9 30.2 30.2
Did not work 73.9 73.9 72.2 71.0 69.9

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 87.8 87.8 43.5 40.7 22.9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 96.2 96.2 93.1 93.1 72.3
      SSI 86.8 86.8 37.7 34.5 17.1
  Food stamps 68.4 68.4 56.8 51.2 39.3
  Housing assistance 61.4 61.4 41.3 36.8 19.7
  Energy assistance 66.2 66.2 44.5 37.4 36.2
  Food stamps and cash assistance 98.0 98.0 66.2 59.1 27.7

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.3
  Medicare 31.7 31.7 23.4 22.1 18.5
      Also Medicaid 68.2 68.2 36.8 31.7 25.4
  Medicaid 67.0 67.0 52.1 46.4 41.2
Not covered by: Health insurance 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Asian alone or in combination
Total 23.3 24.8 27.0 26.7 26.7

Age
15 to 24 years 55.3 55.3 56.4 56.4 56.4
25 to 44 years 17.0 17.5 18.2 18.2 18.2
45 to 54 years 9.4 13.5 14.6 13.7 13.7
55 to 64 years 25.5 26.4 32.1 29.4 29.4
65 years and over 14.1 18.8 26.1 26.1 26.1

Region
Northeast 29.6 31.4 34.9 34.3 34.3
Midwest 31.8 30.3 32.2 32.2 32.2
South 23.0 23.1 25.0 24.4 24.4
West 18.7 21.2 22.9 22.7 22.7

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 22.8 24.3 26.5 26.2 26.2
18 to 24 years old 53.6 53.6 54.7 54.7 54.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 78.8 78.8 78.8 78.8 78.8
25 years old and over 16.3 18.1 20.5 20.1 20.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 23.6 28.3 35.6 35.6 35.6
  High school graduate, no college 17.5 18.6 21.0 21.0 21.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 23.9 26.3 28.2 27.4 27.4
  Bachelor's degree or more 12.0 13.3 14.9 14.3 14.3

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 22.8 23.8 25.1 24.7 24.7
Worked at full-time jobs 5.6 6.2 6.8 6.4 6.4
  50 to 52 weeks 2.6 2.8 3.3 2.9 2.9
Worked at part-time jobs 31.3 30.9 36.2 35.0 35.0
Did not work 68.2 71.0 72.2 72.2 72.2

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 20.3 24.6 50.0 50.0 50.0
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 72.3 72.3 93.1 93.1 93.1
      SSI 14.1 19.0 44.9 44.9 44.9
  Food stamps 36.1 39.6 59.7 59.7 59.7
  Housing assistance 19.7 19.7 46.4 46.4 46.4
  Energy assistance 19.7 43.3 44.5 44.5 44.5
  Food stamps and cash assistance 27.7 27.7 72.7 72.7 72.7

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.1 6.3 7.7 7.7 7.7
  Medicare 14.5 19.0 25.1 25.1 25.1
      Also Medicaid 19.7 27.0 43.3 43.3 43.3
  Medicaid 39.1 45.4 54.5 54.5 54.5
Not covered by: Health insurance 43.4 44.1 44.6 44.1 44.1

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Asian alone or in combination
Total 487 641 641 628 647 640 636

Age
15 to 24 years 186 192 192 190 190 190 190
25 to 44 years 157 173 173 167 174 171 171
45 to 54 years 30 38 38 37 42 41 39
55 to 64 years 46 60 60 57 63 59 57
65 years and over 69 178 178 178 178 179 179

Region
Northeast 144 179 179 172 182 177 177
Midwest 60 79 79 77 81 79 79
South 85 103 103 103 103 105 103
West 198 280 280 277 282 279 277

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 475 628 628 616 635 628 624
18 to 24 years old 173 180 180 177 177 177 177
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 12 13 13 13 13 13 13
25 years old and over 301 448 448 439 457 450 447
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 61 106 106 106 110 108 108
  High school graduate, no college 52 89 89 87 91 90 90
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 71 99 99 95 100 100 98
  Bachelor's degree or more 118 154 154 151 157 152 151

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 374 418 418 406 424 416 412
Worked at full-time jobs 63 67 67 63 71 71 67
  50 to 52 weeks 23 23 23 23 27 26 23
Worked at part-time jobs 68 74 74 67 76 69 69
Did not work 243 276 276 276 276 276 276

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 33 66 66 66 66 66 66
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
      SSI 27 59 59 59 59 59 59
  Food stamps 43 62 62 62 65 65 65
  Housing assistance 38 71 71 69 69 69 69
  Energy assistance 11 19 19 19 20 19 19
  Food stamps and cash assistance 19 26 26 26 26 26 26

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 67 92 92 79 84 82 82
  Medicare 70 193 193 193 198 199 199
      Also Medicaid 31 66 66 66 69 69 69
  Medicaid 106 154 154 154 157 157 157
Not covered by: Health insurance 185 194 194 194 199 194 194

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Asian alone or in combination
Total 636 502 502 502 472 461

Age
15 to 24 years 190 186 186 186 183 182
25 to 44 years 171 156 156 156 154 152
45 to 54 years 39 29 29 29 29 26
55 to 64 years 57 44 44 44 43 41
65 years and over 179 87 87 87 64 60

Region
Northeast 177 146 146 146 138 135
Midwest 79 59 59 59 58 58
South 103 85 85 85 84 84
West 277 212 212 212 192 185

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 624 490 489 489 460 449
18 to 24 years old 177 174 174 174 171 170
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 13 13 13 13 12 12
25 years old and over 447 317 316 316 289 279
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 108 71 71 71 60 56
  High school graduate, no college 90 53 53 53 48 45
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 98 73 73 73 69 67
  Bachelor's degree or more 151 119 119 119 112 112

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 412 370 370 370 364 357
Worked at full-time jobs 67 62 62 62 61 59
  50 to 52 weeks 23 23 23 23 23 23
Worked at part-time jobs 69 60 60 60 60 58
Did not work 276 249 249 249 243 239

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 66 58 58 58 29 27
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 7 7 7 7 7
      SSI 59 51 51 51 22 20
  Food stamps 65 50 50 50 41 37
  Housing assistance 69 50 50 50 34 30
  Energy assistance 19 16 16 16 11 9
  Food stamps and cash assistance 26 26 26 26 17 16

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 82 57 57 57 55 55
  Medicare 199 89 88 88 65 62
      Also Medicaid 69 49 49 49 26 23
  Medicaid 157 130 130 130 101 90
Not covered by: Health insurance 194 185 185 185 185 185

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Asian alone or in combination
Total 445 426 454 493 487 487

Age
15 to 24 years 182 182 183 186 186 186
25 to 44 years 149 147 151 157 157 157
45 to 54 years 26 20 29 31 30 30
55 to 64 years 40 40 41 50 46 46
65 years and over 48 37 49 69 69 69

Region
Northeast 131 124 132 146 144 144
Midwest 56 59 56 60 60 60
South 80 80 80 87 85 85
West 178 163 185 200 198 198

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 433 414 441 481 475 475
18 to 24 years old 170 170 170 174 174 174
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 12 12 12 12 12 12
25 years old and over 263 244 271 307 301 301
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 45 40 48 61 61 61
  High school graduate, no college 45 43 46 52 52 52
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 65 62 68 73 71 71
  Bachelor's degree or more 108 99 109 122 118 118

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 353 345 360 380 374 374
Worked at full-time jobs 59 55 61 67 63 63
  50 to 52 weeks 23 21 23 27 23 23
Worked at part-time jobs 58 60 60 70 68 68
Did not work 235 230 239 243 243 243

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 15 13 16 33 33 33
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 5 5 5 7 7 7
      SSI 10 8 11 27 27 27
  Food stamps 28 26 29 43 43 43
  Housing assistance 16 16 16 38 38 38
  Energy assistance 9 5 11 11 11 11
  Food stamps and cash assistance 7 7 7 19 19 19

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 55 53 55 67 67 67
  Medicare 52 40 53 70 70 70
      Also Medicaid 18 14 19 31 31 31
  Medicaid 80 76 88 106 106 106
Not covered by: Health insurance 185 182 185 188 185 185

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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