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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Asian alone
Total 1673 27.0 35.8 35.8 35.3

Age
15 to 24 years 287 57.3 59.4 59.4 58.4
25 to 44 years 778 18.6 20.5 20.5 20.0
45 to 54 years 203 14.3 18.3 18.3 18.3
55 to 64 years 147 30.5 37.7 37.7 35.8
65 years and over 258 26.4 68.7 68.7 68.7

Region
Northeast 404 33.4 42.1 42.1 41.0
Midwest 172 33.2 43.7 43.7 42.7
South 319 24.4 29.9 29.9 29.9
West 778 23.3 33.2 33.2 32.9

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1664 26.6 35.5 35.5 34.9
18 to 24 years old 278 55.9 58.1 58.1 57.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 11 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2
25 years old and over 1386 20.7 30.9 30.9 30.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 167 35.8 62.6 62.6 62.6
  High school graduate, no college 230 20.8 36.8 36.8 36.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 223 28.7 40.3 40.3 39.9
  Bachelor's degree or more 765 15.0 19.5 19.5 19.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1372 25.2 28.1 28.1 27.4
Worked at full-time jobs 876 6.1 6.5 6.5 6.3
  50 to 52 weeks 724 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Worked at part-time jobs 178 35.8 39.5 39.5 35.2
Did not work 318 72.0 81.2 81.2 81.2

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 64 50.3 100.0 100.0 100.0
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 96.8 100.0 100.0 100.0
      SSI 58 44.8 100.0 100.0 100.0
  Food stamps 67 57.4 85.8 85.8 85.8
  Housing assistance 76 46.0 89.0 89.0 87.7
  Energy assistance 24 45.0 77.4 77.4 77.4
  Food stamps and cash assistance 25 73.3 100.0 100.0 100.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 774 7.9 10.7 10.7 9.5
  Medicare 269 25.8 71.0 71.0 71.0
      Also Medicaid 72 43.5 92.7 92.7 92.7
  Medicaid 177 55.5 82.8 82.8 82.8
Not covered by: Health insurance 395 43.7 45.8 45.8 45.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Asian alone
Total 36.2 35.8 35.6 35.6 27.9

Age
15 to 24 years 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.4 57.1
25 to 44 years 20.7 20.3 20.3 20.3 18.4
45 to 54 years 20.7 20.1 19.1 19.1 14.3
55 to 64 years 39.8 37.0 35.8 35.8 29.6
65 years and over 68.8 69.2 69.2 69.3 33.7

Region
Northeast 42.7 41.6 41.6 41.6 33.9
Midwest 45.0 44.2 44.2 44.2 32.2
South 29.9 30.5 29.9 29.9 24.4
West 33.6 33.2 32.9 33.0 25.3

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 35.9 35.5 35.2 35.3 27.5
18 to 24 years old 57.1 57.1 57.1 57.1 55.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2
25 years old and over 31.7 31.1 30.9 30.9 21.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 64.8 63.9 63.9 63.9 42.2
  High school graduate, no college 37.9 37.3 37.3 37.5 21.7
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 40.7 40.7 39.9 39.9 29.8
  Bachelor's degree or more 19.9 19.4 19.1 19.1 15.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 28.6 28.0 27.7 27.7 25.0
Worked at full-time jobs 7.0 6.9 6.5 6.5 5.9
  50 to 52 weeks 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.5 2.5
Worked at part-time jobs 40.8 36.5 36.5 36.5 31.6
Did not work 81.2 81.2 81.2 81.2 73.8

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 88.2
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
      SSI 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 86.8
  Food stamps 89.2 89.2 89.2 89.2 67.4
  Housing assistance 87.7 87.7 87.7 87.7 62.0
  Energy assistance 82.7 77.4 77.4 77.4 66.9
  Food stamps and cash assistance 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 9.8 9.5 9.5 9.6 6.7
  Medicare 72.6 72.9 72.9 73.1 32.9
      Also Medicaid 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.9 69.0
  Medicaid 84.1 84.1 84.1 84.1 69.1
Not covered by: Health insurance 47.0 45.8 45.8 45.8 43.7

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Asian alone
Total 27.8 27.8 26.1 25.5 24.6

Age
15 to 24 years 57.1 57.1 56.3 56.2 56.2
25 to 44 years 18.4 18.4 18.2 17.9 17.6
45 to 54 years 14.3 14.3 14.3 12.8 12.8
55 to 64 years 29.6 29.6 28.6 27.5 26.5
65 years and over 33.4 33.4 24.6 23.2 18.5

Region
Northeast 33.9 33.9 31.9 31.2 30.1
Midwest 32.2 32.2 32.2 32.2 31.1
South 24.4 24.4 23.9 23.9 22.9
West 25.2 25.2 22.7 21.7 20.9

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 27.5 27.5 25.7 25.1 24.2
18 to 24 years old 55.7 55.7 54.9 54.9 54.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2
25 years old and over 21.8 21.8 19.9 19.1 18.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 42.0 42.0 35.6 32.7 26.7
  High school graduate, no college 21.6 21.6 19.3 17.9 17.9
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 29.8 29.8 28.3 27.1 26.4
  Bachelor's degree or more 15.1 15.1 14.2 14.2 13.7

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 25.0 25.0 24.6 24.1 23.8
Worked at full-time jobs 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7
  50 to 52 weeks 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Worked at part-time jobs 31.6 31.6 31.6 30.9 30.9
Did not work 73.8 73.8 72.0 70.8 69.8

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 88.2 88.2 43.6 41.1 23.6
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 100.0 100.0 96.8 96.8 75.1
      SSI 86.8 86.8 37.3 34.5 17.6
  Food stamps 66.8 66.8 54.3 48.5 36.6
  Housing assistance 62.0 62.0 40.5 35.8 18.4
  Energy assistance 66.9 66.9 45.0 37.7 36.6
  Food stamps and cash assistance 100.0 100.0 66.5 60.0 29.3

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.4
  Medicare 32.6 32.6 24.0 22.7 19.0
      Also Medicaid 68.5 68.5 36.9 31.9 25.5
  Medicaid 68.9 68.9 52.9 46.8 41.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 43.7 43.7 43.7 43.7 43.7

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Asian alone
Total 23.6 25.1 27.3 27.0 27.0

Age
15 to 24 years 56.2 56.3 57.4 57.4 57.4
25 to 44 years 17.7 17.9 18.6 18.6 18.6
45 to 54 years 10.0 14.3 15.3 14.3 14.3
55 to 64 years 26.5 27.6 33.3 30.5 30.5
65 years and over 14.2 19.0 26.4 26.4 26.4

Region
Northeast 29.1 30.4 34.0 33.4 33.4
Midwest 32.7 31.1 33.2 33.2 33.2
South 22.8 22.9 25.0 24.4 24.4
West 19.0 21.8 23.5 23.3 23.3

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 23.2 24.7 26.9 26.6 26.6
18 to 24 years old 54.9 54.9 56.0 56.0 56.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2
25 years old and over 16.8 18.6 21.1 20.7 20.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 23.9 28.7 35.8 35.8 35.8
  High school graduate, no college 17.2 18.4 20.8 20.8 20.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 25.9 27.5 29.5 28.7 28.7
  Bachelor's degree or more 12.5 13.9 15.6 15.0 15.0

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 23.4 24.3 25.7 25.3 25.3
Worked at full-time jobs 5.5 5.9 6.6 6.1 6.1
  50 to 52 weeks 2.3 2.5 3.0 2.5 2.5
Worked at part-time jobs 32.1 31.6 37.1 35.8 35.8
Did not work 68.0 71.0 72.0 72.0 72.0

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 20.9 25.4 50.3 50.3 50.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 75.1 75.1 96.8 96.8 96.8
      SSI 14.5 19.6 44.8 44.8 44.8
  Food stamps 33.2 36.9 57.4 57.4 57.4
  Housing assistance 18.4 18.4 46.0 46.0 46.0
  Energy assistance 19.9 43.8 45.0 45.0 45.0
  Food stamps and cash assistance 29.3 29.3 73.3 73.3 73.3

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.5 6.4 7.9 7.9 7.9
  Medicare 14.8 19.4 25.8 25.8 25.8
      Also Medicaid 19.8 27.1 43.5 43.5 43.5
  Medicaid 39.1 46.0 55.5 55.5 55.5
Not covered by: Health insurance 43.0 43.7 44.3 43.7 43.7

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Asian alone
Total 451 599 599 590 606 599 595

Age
15 to 24 years 164 170 170 168 168 168 168
25 to 44 years 145 159 159 156 161 158 158
45 to 54 years 29 37 37 37 42 41 39
55 to 64 years 45 55 55 53 59 54 53
65 years and over 68 177 177 177 177 178 178

Region
Northeast 135 170 170 166 173 168 168
Midwest 57 75 75 73 77 76 76
South 78 95 95 95 95 97 95
West 181 259 259 256 261 258 256

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 442 590 590 581 597 590 587
18 to 24 years old 155 162 162 159 159 159 159
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
25 years old and over 287 429 429 423 439 432 428
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 60 104 104 104 108 107 107
  High school graduate, no college 48 85 85 83 87 86 86
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 64 90 90 89 91 91 89
  Bachelor's degree or more 115 149 149 146 152 148 146

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 346 386 386 376 392 384 380
Worked at full-time jobs 53 57 57 55 61 61 57
  50 to 52 weeks 18 18 18 18 22 22 18
Worked at part-time jobs 64 70 70 63 73 65 65
Did not work 229 259 259 259 259 259 259

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 32 64 64 64 64 64 64
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
      SSI 26 58 58 58 58 58 58
  Food stamps 38 57 57 57 60 60 60
  Housing assistance 35 68 68 67 67 67 67
  Energy assistance 11 19 19 19 20 19 19
  Food stamps and cash assistance 18 25 25 25 25 25 25

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 61 83 83 74 76 74 74
  Medicare 69 191 191 191 196 197 197
      Also Medicaid 31 66 66 66 69 69 69
  Medicaid 98 146 146 146 149 149 149
Not covered by: Health insurance 173 181 181 181 186 181 181

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Asian alone
Total 596 467 466 466 437 426

Age
15 to 24 years 168 164 164 164 161 161
25 to 44 years 158 143 143 143 141 139
45 to 54 years 39 29 29 29 29 26
55 to 64 years 53 44 44 44 42 40
65 years and over 179 87 86 86 63 60

Region
Northeast 168 137 137 137 129 126
Midwest 76 55 55 55 55 55
South 95 78 78 78 76 76
West 256 197 196 196 177 169

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 587 458 457 457 428 418
18 to 24 years old 159 155 155 155 153 153
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9 9 9 9 9 9
25 years old and over 428 303 302 302 276 265
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 107 70 70 70 59 54
  High school graduate, no college 86 50 50 50 44 41
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 89 67 67 67 63 61
  Bachelor's degree or more 146 116 116 116 109 109

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 380 343 343 343 337 330
Worked at full-time jobs 57 52 52 52 52 50
  50 to 52 weeks 18 18 18 18 18 18
Worked at part-time jobs 65 56 56 56 56 55
Did not work 259 235 235 235 229 225

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 64 57 57 57 28 26
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 7 7 7 7 7
      SSI 58 50 50 50 21 20
  Food stamps 60 45 45 45 36 32
  Housing assistance 67 47 47 47 31 27
  Energy assistance 19 16 16 16 11 9
  Food stamps and cash assistance 25 25 25 25 17 15

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 74 52 52 52 50 50
  Medicare 197 89 88 88 65 61
      Also Medicaid 69 49 49 49 26 23
  Medicaid 149 122 122 122 94 83
Not covered by: Health insurance 181 173 173 173 173 173

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Asian alone
Total 411 394 419 457 451 451

Age
15 to 24 years 161 161 161 165 165 165
25 to 44 years 137 137 139 145 145 145
45 to 54 years 26 20 29 31 29 29
55 to 64 years 39 39 41 49 45 45
65 years and over 48 36 49 68 68 68

Region
Northeast 122 118 123 137 135 135
Midwest 53 56 53 57 57 57
South 73 73 73 80 78 78
West 163 148 170 183 181 181

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 402 386 410 448 442 442
18 to 24 years old 153 153 153 156 156 156
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9 9 9 9 9 9
25 years old and over 250 233 258 293 287 287
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 45 40 48 60 60 60
  High school graduate, no college 41 40 42 48 48 48
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 59 58 61 66 64 64
  Bachelor's degree or more 105 96 106 119 115 115

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 327 321 334 353 346 346
Worked at full-time jobs 50 48 52 57 54 54
  50 to 52 weeks 18 16 18 22 18 18
Worked at part-time jobs 55 57 56 66 64 64
Did not work 222 216 226 229 229 229

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 15 13 16 32 32 32
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 5 5 5 7 7 7
      SSI 10 8 11 26 26 26
  Food stamps 24 22 25 38 38 38
  Housing assistance 14 14 14 35 35 35
  Energy assistance 9 5 11 11 11 11
  Food stamps and cash assistance 7 7 7 18 18 18

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 50 50 50 61 61 61
  Medicare 51 40 52 69 69 69
      Also Medicaid 18 14 19 31 31 31
  Medicaid 73 69 81 98 98 98
Not covered by: Health insurance 173 170 173 175 173 173

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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