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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009-RS

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 5718 28.9 38.3 38.3 38.0

Age
15 to 24 years 913 46.2 48.6 48.6 47.7
25 to 44 years 2701 23.7 26.4 26.4 26.3
45 to 54 years 864 25.5 34.2 34.2 33.6
55 to 64 years 578 30.6 42.5 42.5 42.3
65 years and over 662 29.7 74.4 74.4 74.2

Region
Northeast 942 26.3 38.5 38.5 38.1
Midwest 482 31.0 41.3 41.3 40.5
South 2089 28.1 36.2 36.2 36.2
West 2205 30.4 39.5 39.5 39.1

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 5664 28.3 37.8 37.8 37.5
18 to 24 years old 859 43.2 45.7 45.7 44.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 239 50.1 50.4 50.4 49.7
25 years old and over 4805 25.7 36.4 36.4 36.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1652 37.6 50.6 50.6 50.4
  High school graduate, no college 1387 23.8 33.9 33.9 33.4
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 957 18.9 30.4 30.4 30.4
  Bachelor's degree or more 809 12.4 18.6 18.6 18.6

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 4880 27.0 31.9 31.9 31.5
Worked at full-time jobs 3248 9.2 10.9 10.9 10.5
  50 to 52 weeks 2479 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3
Worked at part-time jobs 712 42.9 46.4 46.4 45.5
Did not work 920 77.5 94.6 94.6 94.6

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 242 56.8 92.2 92.2 92.2
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 37 71.5 89.0 89.0 89.0
      SSI 209 54.3 92.9 92.9 92.9
  Food stamps 519 61.9 81.0 81.0 81.0
  Housing assistance 302 46.8 77.7 77.7 77.7
  Energy assistance 173 49.8 82.2 82.2 82.2
  Food stamps and cash assistance 142 65.3 94.9 94.9 94.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 1749 7.3 10.5 10.5 9.4
  Medicare 730 31.8 82.1 82.1 81.9
      Also Medicaid 259 45.2 96.4 96.4 96.4
  Medicaid 683 55.7 80.5 80.5 80.5
Not covered by: Health insurance 2662 36.3 39.9 39.9 39.9

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 39.4 39.0 38.7 38.8 30.3

Age
15 to 24 years 49.1 48.1 48.1 48.4 46.6
25 to 44 years 28.1 27.7 27.2 27.4 24.1
45 to 54 years 34.6 34.6 34.3 34.2 26.2
55 to 64 years 43.3 42.9 42.4 42.6 34.3
65 years and over 75.2 74.9 74.9 74.9 34.8

Region
Northeast 38.9 39.4 38.7 39.2 28.0
Midwest 42.8 41.0 40.9 41.7 33.8
South 37.9 37.2 36.9 36.9 29.1
West 40.4 40.0 39.9 39.8 31.6

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 38.9 38.5 38.2 38.3 29.7
18 to 24 years old 46.3 45.2 45.2 45.5 43.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 50.7 49.7 49.7 50.7 50.7
25 years old and over 37.6 37.2 36.9 37.0 27.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 52.6 52.1 51.6 51.7 40.2
  High school graduate, no college 34.9 34.7 34.3 34.6 25.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 31.1 30.9 30.7 30.7 20.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 19.3 18.9 18.5 18.5 12.5

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 33.0 32.6 32.2 32.4 27.8
Worked at full-time jobs 12.2 11.8 11.4 11.6 9.4
  50 to 52 weeks 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.4
Worked at part-time jobs 48.3 46.6 46.0 46.2 42.6
Did not work 94.6 95.0 95.0 94.9 81.3

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 93.4 93.4 93.4 93.4 83.0
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 96.7 96.7 96.7 96.7 80.4
      SSI 92.9 92.9 92.9 92.9 83.9
  Food stamps 83.2 81.6 81.6 81.8 68.1
  Housing assistance 78.8 78.7 77.8 78.2 55.7
  Energy assistance 86.0 83.5 83.5 83.5 60.8
  Food stamps and cash assistance 97.0 97.0 97.0 97.0 87.4

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.4 6.5
  Medicare 82.3 82.5 82.5 82.4 38.7
      Also Medicaid 96.4 96.4 96.4 96.4 62.0
  Medicaid 81.8 81.9 81.2 81.6 64.5
Not covered by: Health insurance 42.2 41.3 41.0 41.2 37.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 29.5 29.5 28.4 27.7 26.3

Age
15 to 24 years 46.4 46.4 46.2 46.0 45.5
25 to 44 years 24.0 24.0 23.5 23.0 22.3
45 to 54 years 25.9 25.9 24.8 23.6 21.9
55 to 64 years 33.1 33.1 29.6 28.0 25.9
65 years and over 30.8 30.8 27.5 26.5 22.8

Region
Northeast 26.5 26.5 24.8 22.4 20.4
Midwest 33.5 33.5 30.8 30.3 29.7
South 28.4 28.4 28.0 27.7 26.6
West 31.1 31.1 29.9 29.3 27.9

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 28.9 28.9 27.8 27.1 25.7
18 to 24 years old 43.4 43.4 43.2 43.0 42.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 50.7 50.7 50.4 50.2 48.5
25 years old and over 26.3 26.3 25.0 24.2 22.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 38.8 38.8 36.7 35.5 33.0
  High school graduate, no college 24.6 24.6 23.5 22.5 21.3
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 19.3 19.3 18.4 18.1 16.5
  Bachelor's degree or more 12.3 12.3 11.8 11.4 11.4

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 27.5 27.5 26.6 25.9 24.9
Worked at full-time jobs 9.4 9.4 9.2 9.2 8.8
  50 to 52 weeks 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.1
Worked at part-time jobs 42.6 42.6 42.6 41.6 40.4
Did not work 79.8 79.8 75.7 72.9 69.5

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 76.0 76.0 51.0 39.8 29.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 75.3 75.3 67.9 62.3 38.9
      SSI 75.9 75.9 47.6 35.4 27.2
  Food stamps 64.7 64.7 58.2 53.3 42.0
  Housing assistance 49.9 49.9 40.4 30.2 18.7
  Energy assistance 57.6 57.6 44.6 41.2 33.1
  Food stamps and cash assistance 80.9 80.9 57.2 45.7 28.6

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
  Medicare 33.1 33.1 27.3 26.3 21.7
      Also Medicaid 52.7 52.7 36.5 33.9 26.2
  Medicaid 61.0 61.0 52.7 46.6 40.5
Not covered by: Health insurance 37.1 37.1 37.0 37.0 36.2

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 25.7 26.9 29.6 29.3 29.3

Age
15 to 24 years 45.4 45.8 46.9 46.9 46.9
25 to 44 years 22.6 22.5 24.4 23.9 23.9
45 to 54 years 21.3 22.5 26.2 25.9 25.9
55 to 64 years 23.6 27.5 31.1 30.8 30.8
65 years and over 18.6 23.9 30.1 30.1 30.1

Region
Northeast 20.2 21.4 27.0 27.0 27.0
Midwest 29.6 30.3 33.2 32.0 32.0
South 25.5 27.0 28.8 28.5 28.5
West 27.4 28.4 30.7 30.5 30.5

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 25.0 26.2 29.0 28.7 28.7
18 to 24 years old 42.3 42.8 44.0 44.0 44.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 48.5 49.4 51.6 51.6 51.6
25 years old and over 21.9 23.3 26.3 26.0 26.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 31.1 33.8 38.3 38.0 38.0
  High school graduate, no college 20.8 21.8 24.8 24.3 24.3
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 17.0 17.3 19.2 19.1 19.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 11.1 11.4 12.7 12.4 12.4

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 24.7 25.3 27.7 27.3 27.3
Worked at full-time jobs 9.1 8.8 9.8 9.6 9.6
  50 to 52 weeks 4.3 4.1 4.5 4.3 4.3
Worked at part-time jobs 40.0 40.8 44.4 43.3 43.3
Did not work 68.0 71.7 77.6 77.6 77.6

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 25.1 35.6 56.8 56.8 56.8
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 38.9 63.8 71.5 71.5 71.5
      SSI 22.6 30.6 54.3 54.3 54.3
  Food stamps 40.6 45.3 62.3 62.3 62.3
  Housing assistance 18.7 19.2 47.7 47.3 47.3
  Energy assistance 30.2 36.4 49.8 49.8 49.8
  Food stamps and cash assistance 25.0 37.6 65.3 65.3 65.3

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.1 6.4 7.3 7.3 7.3
  Medicare 17.2 23.9 32.0 32.0 32.0
      Also Medicaid 21.0 28.9 45.2 45.2 45.2
  Medicaid 38.1 43.7 56.6 56.2 56.2
Not covered by: Health insurance 36.3 36.2 37.4 37.0 37.0

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 1655 2191 2191 2173 2255 2229 2212

Age
15 to 24 years 422 444 444 436 449 440 440
25 to 44 years 639 713 713 710 760 747 735
45 to 54 years 221 295 295 291 299 299 296
55 to 64 years 177 246 246 244 250 248 245
65 years and over 196 493 493 491 497 496 496

Region
Northeast 248 363 363 359 367 371 365
Midwest 149 199 199 195 206 198 197
South 587 757 757 757 791 777 771
West 671 872 872 862 891 883 879

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1604 2140 2140 2121 2204 2178 2161
18 to 24 years old 371 393 393 385 397 389 389
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 120 120 120 119 121 119 119
25 years old and over 1233 1747 1747 1737 1807 1790 1773
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 621 836 836 832 869 860 853
  High school graduate, no college 330 470 470 464 484 481 476
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 181 291 291 290 298 295 294
  Bachelor's degree or more 100 151 151 151 156 153 149

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1317 1555 1555 1538 1613 1589 1572
Worked at full-time jobs 299 353 353 342 398 383 370
  50 to 52 weeks 106 110 110 108 121 121 117
Worked at part-time jobs 306 331 331 324 344 332 328
Did not work 713 871 871 871 871 874 874

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 137 223 223 223 226 226 226
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 27 33 33 33 36 36 36
      SSI 114 195 195 195 195 195 195
  Food stamps 321 421 421 421 432 424 424
  Housing assistance 141 235 235 235 238 237 235
  Energy assistance 86 142 142 142 149 144 144
  Food stamps and cash assistance 93 135 135 135 138 138 138

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 127 183 183 165 168 169 165
  Medicare 232 599 599 598 601 602 602
      Also Medicaid 117 250 250 250 250 250 250
  Medicaid 380 550 550 550 559 559 555
Not covered by: Health insurance 967 1061 1061 1061 1125 1100 1091

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 2220 1730 1690 1690 1625 1583

Age
15 to 24 years 442 425 424 424 422 420
25 to 44 years 740 651 647 647 636 622
45 to 54 years 296 227 224 224 214 204
55 to 64 years 246 198 191 191 171 162
65 years and over 496 230 204 204 182 176

Region
Northeast 369 263 250 250 234 211
Midwest 201 163 162 162 149 146
South 771 607 593 593 584 579
West 878 697 685 685 658 646

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 2168 1679 1639 1639 1574 1532
18 to 24 years old 391 374 373 373 371 369
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 121 121 121 121 120 120
25 years old and over 1777 1305 1266 1266 1203 1163
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 855 664 641 641 606 586
  High school graduate, no college 480 347 341 341 326 312
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 294 193 185 185 176 173
  Bachelor's degree or more 149 101 99 99 95 92

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1579 1358 1343 1343 1300 1265
Worked at full-time jobs 377 306 306 306 300 298
  50 to 52 weeks 117 109 109 109 106 106
Worked at part-time jobs 329 304 303 303 303 296
Did not work 873 748 735 735 697 671

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 226 201 184 184 123 96
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 36 30 28 28 25 23
      SSI 195 176 159 159 100 74
  Food stamps 425 354 336 336 302 277
  Housing assistance 236 168 151 151 122 91
  Energy assistance 144 105 99 99 77 71
  Food stamps and cash assistance 138 124 115 115 81 65

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 165 114 114 114 111 110
  Medicare 601 282 241 241 199 192
      Also Medicaid 250 161 137 137 95 88
  Medicaid 557 440 416 416 360 318
Not covered by: Health insurance 1096 987 987 987 984 984

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 1506 1469 1538 1692 1677 1677

Age
15 to 24 years 415 415 418 429 429 429
25 to 44 years 602 611 608 658 646 646
45 to 54 years 189 184 194 226 224 224
55 to 64 years 150 136 159 180 178 178
65 years and over 151 123 158 199 199 199

Region
Northeast 192 190 202 255 255 255
Midwest 143 143 146 160 154 154
South 555 533 563 601 594 594
West 616 603 626 677 673 673

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1455 1418 1487 1641 1626 1626
18 to 24 years old 364 363 367 378 378 378
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 116 116 118 123 123 123
25 years old and over 1091 1054 1119 1263 1248 1248
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 545 514 559 633 627 627
  High school graduate, no college 295 288 302 344 338 338
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 158 162 166 184 183 183
  Bachelor's degree or more 92 90 92 103 100 100

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1214 1205 1237 1350 1335 1335
Worked at full-time jobs 287 294 287 320 312 312
  50 to 52 weeks 103 106 103 112 107 107
Worked at part-time jobs 287 285 291 316 308 308
Did not work 640 625 659 714 714 714

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 70 61 86 137 137 137
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 15 15 24 27 27 27
      SSI 57 47 64 114 114 114
  Food stamps 218 211 235 324 324 324
  Housing assistance 56 56 58 144 143 143
  Energy assistance 57 52 63 86 86 86
  Food stamps and cash assistance 41 35 53 93 93 93

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 110 107 111 128 128 128
  Medicare 158 126 175 233 233 233
      Also Medicaid 68 54 75 117 117 117
  Medicaid 276 260 299 387 384 384
Not covered by: Health insurance 963 965 963 997 984 984

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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