U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
All Races
Total 53079 22.0 38.5 38.5 38.1

Age
15 to 24 years 6701 43.0 45.9 45.9 45.1
25 to 44 years 17536 18.4 22.5 22.5 22.0
45 to 54 years 8647 22.0 30.1 30.1 29.7
55 to 64 years 7743 21.2 35.5 35.5 35.3
65 years and over 12453 16.2 64.8 64.8 64.6

Region
Northeast 9851 20.2 38.5 38.5 38.0
Midwest 11972 21.1 39.5 39.5 38.9
South 18655 22.8 38.7 38.7 38.5
West 12602 23.1 37.2 37.2 37.0

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 52868 21.7 38.3 38.3 37.9
18 to 24 years old 6490 41.2 44.2 44.2 43.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 686 67.5 68.9 68.9 68.0
25 years old and over 46378 19.0 37.4 37.4 37.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 6328 37.5 66.9 66.9 66.6
  High school graduate, no college 14247 21.9 45.2 45.2 44.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 12120 16.8 35.0 35.0 34.7
  Bachelor's degree or more 13683 9.2 18.0 18.0 17.7

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 39659 22.5 29.3 29.3 28.8
Worked at full-time jobs 26209 6.2 8.0 8.0 7.5
  50 to 52 weeks 21159 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.5
Worked at part-time jobs 5294 37.6 44.8 44.8 44.1
Did not work 8156 65.0 87.5 87.5 87.5

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 2213 65.0 95.0 95.0 94.7
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 289 70.9 89.1 89.1 88.8
      SSI 1983 64.2 96.0 96.0 95.7
  Food stamps 3932 66.2 86.1 86.1 85.9
  Housing assistance 2884 50.4 83.7 83.7 83.5
  Energy assistance 1894 50.8 83.9 83.9 83.7
  Food stamps and cash assistance 1157 77.8 96.6 96.6 96.6

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 23313 5.4 12.2 12.2 11.4
  Medicare 14037 19.2 69.6 69.6 69.4
      Also Medicaid 2485 45.6 90.2 90.2 90.1
  Medicaid 5533 55.6 82.7 82.7 82.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 12012 38.5 44.1 44.1 44.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
All Races
Total 39.4 38.9 38.8 39.1 23.4

Age
15 to 24 years 47.7 45.9 45.9 46.9 44.0
25 to 44 years 23.7 22.9 22.8 23.1 19.3
45 to 54 years 30.9 30.6 30.5 30.7 24.0
55 to 64 years 36.1 36.2 36.1 36.2 23.6
65 years and over 64.9 65.2 65.2 65.3 17.4

Region
Northeast 39.0 38.7 38.6 38.9 21.7
Midwest 40.1 39.8 39.7 40.0 22.3
South 39.9 39.4 39.3 39.6 24.1
West 38.1 37.6 37.6 37.7 24.5

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 39.1 38.7 38.6 38.9 23.1
18 to 24 years old 46.0 44.2 44.2 45.2 42.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 71.2 68.5 68.5 70.7 69.3
25 years old and over 38.2 37.9 37.8 38.0 20.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 68.1 67.4 67.3 67.5 40.6
  High school graduate, no college 46.0 45.8 45.7 45.9 23.4
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 35.6 35.3 35.2 35.5 18.2
  Bachelor's degree or more 18.4 18.4 18.3 18.4 9.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 30.4 29.7 29.6 29.9 23.9
Worked at full-time jobs 9.0 8.4 8.2 8.6 6.7
  50 to 52 weeks 3.6 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.9
Worked at part-time jobs 48.0 45.9 45.7 46.7 39.7
Did not work 87.5 87.7 87.7 87.8 69.2

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 95.1 94.8 94.8 95.0 86.9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 89.5 88.8 88.8 89.5 82.2
      SSI 96.0 95.8 95.8 96.0 88.0
  Food stamps 87.1 86.4 86.1 86.6 71.0
  Housing assistance 84.4 84.1 84.0 84.2 56.6
  Energy assistance 84.6 84.5 84.3 84.6 56.3
  Food stamps and cash assistance 96.8 96.6 96.6 96.8 91.6

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 11.8 11.8 11.8 11.9 5.2
  Medicare 69.7 70.0 70.0 70.0 21.5
      Also Medicaid 90.2 90.4 90.4 90.5 56.7
  Medicaid 83.1 83.0 82.9 83.1 64.2
Not covered by: Health insurance 47.7 45.7 45.5 46.3 40.4

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
All Races
Total 22.6 22.6 21.6 20.9 19.6

Age
15 to 24 years 43.9 43.9 43.8 43.1 42.2
25 to 44 years 19.0 19.0 18.5 17.8 17.1
45 to 54 years 23.2 23.2 21.6 20.6 18.7
55 to 64 years 22.6 22.6 20.6 19.4 18.0
65 years and over 15.7 15.7 14.5 14.3 12.6

Region
Northeast 20.4 20.4 18.8 17.3 15.7
Midwest 21.7 21.7 20.9 20.3 18.9
South 23.5 23.5 22.7 22.3 21.0
West 23.9 23.9 22.8 22.2 21.2

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 22.3 22.3 21.3 20.6 19.3
18 to 24 years old 42.2 42.2 42.1 41.3 40.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 69.3 69.3 69.1 66.4 63.8
25 years old and over 19.5 19.5 18.4 17.7 16.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 38.1 38.1 35.3 33.5 29.7
  High school graduate, no college 22.4 22.4 21.2 20.2 18.6
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 17.6 17.6 16.6 16.1 15.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 9.6 9.6 9.3 9.1 8.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 23.4 23.4 22.5 21.6 20.4
Worked at full-time jobs 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.3
  50 to 52 weeks 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7
Worked at part-time jobs 39.3 39.3 38.7 37.5 36.0
Did not work 66.9 66.9 62.9 59.7 55.8

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 81.0 81.0 58.3 48.0 34.5
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 79.8 79.8 67.6 62.6 49.2
      SSI 81.5 81.5 56.9 45.6 32.0
  Food stamps 66.0 66.0 60.9 55.5 43.1
  Housing assistance 49.4 49.4 42.5 36.2 19.1
  Energy assistance 52.2 52.2 46.3 42.6 34.2
  Food stamps and cash assistance 86.6 86.6 69.5 57.8 38.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7
  Medicare 18.6 18.6 16.4 16.0 13.6
      Also Medicaid 47.6 47.6 35.8 33.7 24.7
  Medicaid 60.2 60.2 51.5 44.6 37.3
Not covered by: Health insurance 40.4 40.4 40.3 40.3 39.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
All Races
Total 18.2 20.2 22.9 22.7 22.6

Age
15 to 24 years 42.1 42.9 44.5 44.5 44.5
25 to 44 years 17.2 17.6 19.6 19.2 19.2
45 to 54 years 17.4 19.3 23.2 22.8 22.7
55 to 64 years 16.2 18.8 21.9 21.7 21.7
65 years and over 8.7 13.0 16.3 16.3 16.2

Region
Northeast 14.7 16.7 21.3 21.0 20.9
Midwest 17.9 19.4 22.0 21.8 21.8
South 19.2 21.5 23.7 23.5 23.5
West 19.9 21.8 23.8 23.6 23.5

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 17.9 19.9 22.6 22.4 22.3
18 to 24 years old 40.4 41.2 42.8 42.8 42.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 63.8 65.8 70.3 70.3 70.3
25 years old and over 14.8 16.9 19.8 19.5 19.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 25.6 31.0 38.6 38.1 38.1
  High school graduate, no college 16.7 19.3 22.9 22.6 22.5
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 14.1 15.6 17.5 17.3 17.3
  Bachelor's degree or more 8.3 9.0 9.8 9.7 9.6

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 19.8 21.1 23.6 23.3 23.3
Worked at full-time jobs 6.2 6.3 7.3 7.0 7.0
  50 to 52 weeks 2.8 2.7 3.4 3.1 3.1
Worked at part-time jobs 35.1 36.8 40.5 39.8 39.8
Did not work 53.7 58.2 65.2 65.2 65.2

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 30.4 40.6 65.1 65.1 65.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 46.5 54.9 71.1 70.9 70.9
      SSI 27.8 38.4 64.4 64.4 64.4
  Food stamps 39.5 45.6 67.5 67.0 66.8
  Housing assistance 19.1 19.6 51.4 51.1 51.0
  Energy assistance 29.0 35.9 52.0 51.2 51.0
  Food stamps and cash assistance 33.5 42.8 78.1 78.1 78.1

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.5 4.8 5.8 5.7 5.7
  Medicare 10.0 14.6 19.4 19.4 19.2
      Also Medicaid 19.9 27.5 46.1 45.9 45.8
  Medicaid 33.9 41.7 56.4 56.1 56.1
Not covered by: Health insurance 38.5 39.3 40.9 40.3 40.3

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
All Races
Total 11678 20436 20436 20244 20895 20653 20614

Age
15 to 24 years 2880 3073 3073 3025 3194 3076 3076
25 to 44 years 3234 3937 3937 3866 4150 4015 3993
45 to 54 years 1906 2607 2607 2572 2676 2644 2634
55 to 64 years 1639 2749 2749 2731 2795 2800 2794
65 years and over 2019 8070 8070 8049 8081 8118 8118

Region
Northeast 1994 3797 3797 3741 3843 3808 3801
Midwest 2525 4731 4731 4663 4805 4759 4747
South 4253 7216 7216 7181 7442 7342 7331
West 2907 4693 4693 4660 4806 4744 4735

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 11473 20230 20230 20038 20689 20447 20408
18 to 24 years old 2675 2868 2868 2819 2988 2870 2870
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 463 472 472 467 488 470 470
25 years old and over 8798 17363 17363 17219 17701 17577 17538
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2376 4235 4235 4215 4311 4265 4260
  High school graduate, no college 3121 6434 6434 6376 6555 6518 6507
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 2037 4238 4238 4202 4314 4282 4268
  Bachelor's degree or more 1264 2456 2456 2426 2521 2512 2503

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 8920 11610 11610 11440 12047 11774 11735
Worked at full-time jobs 1624 2098 2098 1970 2369 2191 2162
  50 to 52 weeks 534 569 569 527 754 620 611
Worked at part-time jobs 1993 2374 2374 2332 2539 2428 2419
Did not work 5303 7138 7138 7138 7138 7155 7155

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1438 2101 2101 2096 2104 2098 2098
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 205 257 257 257 259 257 257
      SSI 1273 1903 1903 1898 1904 1900 1900
  Food stamps 2605 3387 3387 3380 3424 3399 3386
  Housing assistance 1454 2413 2413 2408 2433 2425 2423
  Energy assistance 963 1590 1590 1586 1602 1601 1597
  Food stamps and cash assistance 900 1118 1118 1117 1119 1117 1117

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 1251 2851 2851 2659 2755 2759 2748
  Medicare 2699 9771 9771 9748 9786 9824 9824
      Also Medicaid 1134 2242 2242 2239 2243 2246 2246
  Medicaid 3075 4573 4573 4561 4598 4591 4587
Not covered by: Health insurance 4628 5294 5294 5294 5726 5484 5467

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
All Races
Total 20765 12398 11988 11988 11462 11081

Age
15 to 24 years 3141 2946 2944 2944 2938 2885
25 to 44 years 4046 3382 3325 3325 3251 3129
45 to 54 years 2653 2076 2007 2007 1870 1783
55 to 64 years 2799 1831 1751 1751 1594 1499
65 years and over 8125 2163 1961 1961 1810 1785

Region
Northeast 3831 2133 2005 2005 1856 1703
Midwest 4793 2670 2597 2597 2501 2428
South 7385 4502 4380 4380 4229 4151
West 4756 3094 3006 3006 2875 2799

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 20559 12193 11783 11783 11257 10879
18 to 24 years old 2935 2741 2738 2738 2732 2683
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 485 475 475 475 474 456
25 years old and over 17624 9452 9044 9044 8525 8196
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4272 2568 2413 2413 2232 2120
  High school graduate, no college 6535 3338 3188 3188 3016 2876
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 4303 2202 2133 2133 2011 1953
  Bachelor's degree or more 2514 1345 1311 1311 1266 1247

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 11871 9487 9279 9279 8904 8559
Worked at full-time jobs 2244 1744 1743 1743 1727 1708
  50 to 52 weeks 656 618 618 618 609 603
Worked at part-time jobs 2471 2101 2083 2083 2050 1985
Did not work 7157 5642 5452 5452 5127 4866

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 2102 1924 1793 1793 1291 1062
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 259 238 231 231 195 181
      SSI 1903 1746 1616 1616 1127 904
  Food stamps 3405 2792 2596 2596 2393 2181
  Housing assistance 2428 1634 1425 1425 1227 1045
  Energy assistance 1603 1067 988 988 877 807
  Food stamps and cash assistance 1119 1060 1001 1001 804 669

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 2765 1208 1191 1191 1154 1145
  Medicare 9832 3024 2614 2614 2298 2246
      Also Medicaid 2248 1409 1183 1183 890 838
  Medicaid 4599 3554 3328 3328 2851 2469
Not covered by: Health insurance 5560 4847 4847 4847 4841 4841

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
All Races
Total 10398 9674 10712 12156 12037 12013

Age
15 to 24 years 2828 2822 2877 2985 2985 2985
25 to 44 years 2995 3010 3094 3435 3367 3367
45 to 54 years 1616 1505 1670 2006 1969 1964
55 to 64 years 1393 1257 1456 1694 1681 1681
65 years and over 1567 1080 1615 2035 2035 2016

Region
Northeast 1551 1447 1641 2095 2067 2062
Midwest 2259 2144 2319 2635 2608 2607
South 3916 3579 4008 4421 4386 4382
West 2672 2504 2744 3006 2976 2963

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 10196 9472 10507 11951 11832 11808
18 to 24 years old 2625 2619 2671 2780 2780 2780
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 438 438 451 482 482 482
25 years old and over 7570 6852 7835 9171 9052 9028
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1878 1621 1964 2440 2414 2409
  High school graduate, no college 2650 2384 2755 3266 3218 3206
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1834 1707 1887 2125 2099 2099
  Bachelor's degree or more 1209 1139 1229 1340 1321 1313

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 8104 7865 8356 9372 9253 9248
Worked at full-time jobs 1649 1627 1655 1913 1827 1827
  50 to 52 weeks 579 591 582 716 660 660
Worked at part-time jobs 1905 1858 1950 2142 2109 2104
Did not work 4549 4380 4750 5317 5317 5317

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 764 673 899 1442 1441 1441
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 142 134 159 206 205 205
      SSI 635 552 761 1277 1277 1277
  Food stamps 1695 1554 1792 2655 2636 2628
  Housing assistance 550 550 564 1483 1474 1470
  Energy assistance 648 549 679 985 970 966
  Food stamps and cash assistance 439 387 495 903 903 903

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 1107 1042 1121 1352 1323 1322
  Medicare 1903 1407 2045 2726 2719 2699
      Also Medicaid 614 496 682 1146 1139 1138
  Medicaid 2065 1876 2305 3118 3105 3104
Not covered by: Health insurance 4717 4621 4717 4914 4841 4841

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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