U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
White alone or in combination
Total 43649 20.1 37.3 37.3 37.0

Age
15 to 24 years 5541 40.4 43.2 43.2 42.5
25 to 44 years 13970 17.1 21.0 21.0 20.6
45 to 54 years 6924 20.1 28.2 28.2 27.9
55 to 64 years 6364 19.1 33.0 33.0 32.7
65 years and over 10850 14.0 63.7 63.7 63.5

Region
Northeast 8089 17.7 37.0 37.0 36.5
Midwest 10389 19.4 38.5 38.5 37.9
South 14357 20.5 37.3 37.3 37.1
West 10814 21.8 36.6 36.6 36.3

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 43492 19.8 37.1 37.1 36.8
18 to 24 years old 5384 38.8 41.7 41.7 40.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 553 64.9 65.9 65.9 65.1
25 years old and over 38108 17.1 36.5 36.5 36.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4923 34.0 65.0 65.0 64.8
  High school graduate, no college 11631 19.7 44.8 44.8 44.3
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 10058 15.7 34.5 34.5 34.2
  Bachelor's degree or more 11496 8.4 17.6 17.6 17.4

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 32026 20.8 27.5 27.5 27.1
Worked at full-time jobs 21575 6.0 7.8 7.8 7.4
  50 to 52 weeks 17386 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.5
Worked at part-time jobs 4436 36.7 43.6 43.6 42.9
Did not work 6014 62.4 86.2 86.2 86.2

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1470 62.6 94.2 94.2 93.9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 175 70.8 88.6 88.6 88.6
      SSI 1336 62.1 95.1 95.1 94.8
  Food stamps 2714 65.2 86.1 86.1 86.0
  Housing assistance 1890 47.1 84.7 84.7 84.6
  Energy assistance 1421 45.3 83.1 83.1 83.0
  Food stamps and cash assistance 760 78.1 96.4 96.4 96.4

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 19374 4.9 12.0 12.0 11.2
  Medicare 11950 16.3 68.0 68.0 67.8
      Also Medicaid 1851 42.1 88.9 88.9 88.8
  Medicaid 4026 51.9 80.6 80.6 80.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 9515 36.9 42.6 42.6 42.6

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
White alone or in combination
Total 38.3 37.8 37.7 38.0 21.3

Age
15 to 24 years 45.1 43.3 43.3 44.3 41.5
25 to 44 years 22.3 21.6 21.4 21.7 18.0
45 to 54 years 29.1 28.7 28.6 28.9 22.1
55 to 64 years 33.6 33.6 33.5 33.6 21.4
65 years and over 63.8 64.1 64.1 64.2 14.9

Region
Northeast 37.5 37.2 37.1 37.3 19.0
Midwest 39.2 38.7 38.7 39.0 20.6
South 38.5 38.0 37.9 38.3 21.8
West 37.6 37.0 37.0 37.2 23.3

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 38.0 37.6 37.5 37.8 21.1
18 to 24 years old 43.6 41.7 41.7 42.8 39.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 68.2 65.7 65.7 67.6 66.5
25 years old and over 37.2 37.0 36.9 37.1 18.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 66.4 65.7 65.6 65.8 36.8
  High school graduate, no college 45.6 45.4 45.3 45.6 21.2
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 35.1 34.8 34.7 35.0 16.9
  Bachelor's degree or more 18.2 18.1 18.0 18.1 9.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 28.7 28.0 27.9 28.2 22.3
Worked at full-time jobs 8.9 8.2 8.1 8.4 6.5
  50 to 52 weeks 3.6 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.9
Worked at part-time jobs 46.9 44.9 44.7 45.8 38.9
Did not work 86.2 86.3 86.3 86.4 66.7

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 94.2 93.9 93.9 94.1 86.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 88.6 88.6 88.6 88.6 79.2
      SSI 95.2 94.8 94.8 95.0 87.4
  Food stamps 87.3 86.5 86.3 86.8 70.2
  Housing assistance 85.4 85.0 85.0 85.3 53.3
  Energy assistance 84.0 83.8 83.5 83.9 51.1
  Food stamps and cash assistance 96.4 96.4 96.4 96.4 92.5

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 11.6 11.6 11.5 11.6 4.8
  Medicare 68.1 68.4 68.4 68.4 18.2
      Also Medicaid 88.9 89.1 89.1 89.1 52.5
  Medicaid 81.2 81.0 81.0 81.1 60.3
Not covered by: Health insurance 46.5 44.4 44.3 45.1 39.0

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
White alone or in combination
Total 20.7 20.7 19.9 19.2 18.2

Age
15 to 24 years 41.5 41.5 41.3 40.7 40.1
25 to 44 years 17.7 17.7 17.4 16.8 16.1
45 to 54 years 21.3 21.3 19.8 19.0 17.6
55 to 64 years 20.5 20.5 18.5 17.6 16.7
65 years and over 13.7 13.7 12.8 12.6 11.2

Region
Northeast 17.9 17.9 16.6 15.2 14.0
Midwest 20.1 20.1 19.4 18.8 17.7
South 21.3 21.3 20.6 20.3 19.5
West 22.6 22.6 21.7 21.2 20.3

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 20.4 20.4 19.6 19.0 18.0
18 to 24 years old 39.8 39.8 39.7 39.1 38.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 66.5 66.5 66.3 64.6 61.7
25 years old and over 17.7 17.7 16.7 16.1 15.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 34.8 34.8 32.5 30.8 27.8
  High school graduate, no college 20.3 20.3 19.1 18.3 17.1
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 16.4 16.4 15.6 15.2 14.4
  Bachelor's degree or more 8.8 8.8 8.5 8.4 8.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 21.8 21.8 20.9 20.2 19.3
Worked at full-time jobs 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.2
  50 to 52 weeks 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Worked at part-time jobs 38.6 38.6 38.0 36.7 35.7
Did not work 64.4 64.4 60.3 57.6 54.3

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 79.7 79.7 55.7 45.1 33.0
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 75.3 75.3 65.4 60.5 45.8
      SSI 80.5 80.5 54.7 43.3 31.3
  Food stamps 65.4 65.4 60.4 54.9 43.2
  Housing assistance 45.8 45.8 39.5 32.8 16.7
  Energy assistance 47.8 47.8 41.5 38.7 31.3
  Food stamps and cash assistance 85.7 85.7 68.6 55.9 37.6

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.5
  Medicare 15.9 15.9 14.0 13.7 11.8
      Also Medicaid 44.2 44.2 33.2 31.0 22.7
  Medicaid 56.5 56.5 48.2 41.7 35.1
Not covered by: Health insurance 39.0 39.0 38.9 38.9 38.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
White alone or in combination
Total 17.0 18.7 21.0 20.7 20.7

Age
15 to 24 years 40.0 40.6 42.0 42.0 42.0
25 to 44 years 16.2 16.6 18.3 17.9 17.9
45 to 54 years 16.4 18.1 21.3 20.8 20.8
55 to 64 years 15.0 17.4 19.7 19.6 19.6
65 years and over 7.8 11.5 14.2 14.2 14.0

Region
Northeast 13.0 14.8 18.7 18.4 18.3
Midwest 16.6 18.1 20.4 20.2 20.1
South 17.9 19.9 21.3 21.2 21.2
West 19.1 20.8 22.7 22.5 22.3

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 16.7 18.5 20.7 20.5 20.4
18 to 24 years old 38.4 39.0 40.4 40.4 40.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 61.7 62.9 67.5 67.5 67.5
25 years old and over 13.6 15.6 17.9 17.6 17.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 23.9 29.1 35.1 34.7 34.7
  High school graduate, no college 15.4 17.7 20.7 20.4 20.3
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 13.3 14.8 16.4 16.2 16.2
  Bachelor's degree or more 7.7 8.3 9.0 8.9 8.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 18.8 19.9 22.0 21.7 21.7
Worked at full-time jobs 6.1 6.2 7.1 6.7 6.7
  50 to 52 weeks 2.9 2.8 3.3 3.1 3.1
Worked at part-time jobs 34.8 36.5 39.6 39.1 38.9
Did not work 52.2 56.6 62.5 62.5 62.5

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 28.8 39.4 62.8 62.8 62.8
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 44.0 52.3 70.8 70.8 70.8
      SSI 26.9 37.8 62.4 62.4 62.4
  Food stamps 39.4 45.5 66.7 66.2 66.0
  Housing assistance 16.7 17.0 48.2 48.0 47.8
  Energy assistance 26.3 32.6 46.3 45.4 45.2
  Food stamps and cash assistance 33.1 42.5 78.5 78.5 78.5

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.2 4.6 5.3 5.2 5.2
  Medicare 8.6 12.7 16.5 16.4 16.3
      Also Medicaid 18.2 25.6 42.6 42.4 42.3
  Medicaid 31.8 39.2 52.8 52.5 52.5
Not covered by: Health insurance 37.3 38.1 39.5 38.9 38.9

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
White alone or in combination
Total 8756 16296 16296 16144 16696 16495 16464

Age
15 to 24 years 2239 2396 2396 2354 2502 2398 2398
25 to 44 years 2390 2935 2935 2885 3119 3012 2996
45 to 54 years 1392 1955 1955 1931 2015 1990 1981
55 to 64 years 1212 2097 2097 2082 2137 2140 2134
65 years and over 1522 6913 6913 6893 6924 6955 6955

Region
Northeast 1434 2993 2993 2950 3030 3009 3002
Midwest 2021 3999 3999 3942 4072 4024 4016
South 2940 5349 5349 5329 5530 5458 5448
West 2361 3955 3955 3924 4064 4004 3998

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 8604 16144 16144 15992 16544 16343 16312
18 to 24 years old 2087 2243 2243 2202 2350 2246 2246
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 359 365 365 360 378 363 363
25 years old and over 6517 13900 13900 13790 14194 14097 14066
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1675 3202 3202 3188 3268 3233 3229
  High school graduate, no college 2294 5205 5205 5155 5308 5282 5274
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1578 3465 3465 3443 3531 3503 3492
  Bachelor's degree or more 970 2028 2028 2004 2087 2080 2071

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 6673 8808 8808 8677 9186 8960 8929
Worked at full-time jobs 1294 1691 1691 1592 1922 1777 1752
  50 to 52 weeks 435 463 463 434 620 510 502
Worked at part-time jobs 1629 1933 1933 1902 2080 1991 1985
Did not work 3750 5183 5183 5183 5183 5192 5192

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 920 1385 1385 1381 1386 1381 1381
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 124 155 155 155 155 155 155
      SSI 830 1270 1270 1266 1271 1266 1266
  Food stamps 1769 2336 2336 2335 2368 2348 2341
  Housing assistance 890 1601 1601 1598 1613 1607 1607
  Energy assistance 643 1180 1180 1179 1193 1191 1186
  Food stamps and cash assistance 594 733 733 733 733 733 733

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 958 2319 2319 2167 2241 2241 2233
  Medicare 1945 8124 8124 8101 8136 8169 8169
      Also Medicaid 780 1645 1645 1643 1646 1649 1649
  Medicaid 2088 3246 3246 3237 3269 3263 3260
Not covered by: Health insurance 3515 4054 4054 4054 4427 4228 4215

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
White alone or in combination
Total 16591 9317 9038 9038 8664 8399

Age
15 to 24 years 2455 2299 2297 2297 2291 2257
25 to 44 years 3036 2510 2477 2477 2430 2341
45 to 54 years 2000 1530 1477 1477 1372 1314
55 to 64 years 2140 1364 1304 1304 1179 1119
65 years and over 6961 1614 1484 1484 1393 1369

Region
Northeast 3020 1539 1450 1450 1345 1231
Midwest 4055 2135 2085 2085 2011 1954
South 5499 3127 3060 3060 2961 2917
West 4017 2517 2443 2443 2347 2298

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 16439 9166 8887 8887 8513 8249
18 to 24 years old 2302 2147 2145 2145 2139 2106
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 374 368 368 368 367 357
25 years old and over 14136 7018 6741 6741 6373 6143
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3239 1813 1715 1715 1600 1516
  High school graduate, no college 5299 2465 2358 2358 2227 2130
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 3518 1698 1654 1654 1570 1532
  Bachelor's degree or more 2081 1043 1015 1015 977 965

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 9044 7133 6984 6984 6702 6467
Worked at full-time jobs 1818 1399 1399 1399 1390 1376
  50 to 52 weeks 538 508 508 508 501 496
Worked at part-time jobs 2031 1725 1712 1712 1687 1630
Did not work 5194 4009 3874 3874 3625 3462

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1384 1266 1171 1171 819 663
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 155 139 132 132 115 106
      SSI 1269 1168 1075 1075 730 578
  Food stamps 2355 1904 1775 1775 1640 1489
  Housing assistance 1612 1007 866 866 746 620
  Energy assistance 1192 726 679 679 590 550
  Food stamps and cash assistance 733 704 652 652 521 425

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 2251 934 925 925 895 890
  Medicare 8175 2178 1899 1899 1678 1637
      Also Medicaid 1649 973 818 818 615 574
  Medicaid 3267 2428 2273 2273 1942 1677
Not covered by: Health insurance 4291 3708 3708 3708 3702 3702

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
White alone or in combination
Total 7965 7414 8182 9146 9054 9034

Age
15 to 24 years 2221 2217 2250 2329 2329 2329
25 to 44 years 2246 2269 2317 2559 2503 2503
45 to 54 years 1219 1133 1254 1472 1442 1437
55 to 64 years 1063 952 1110 1252 1245 1245
65 years and over 1217 843 1249 1535 1535 1520

Region
Northeast 1137 1050 1199 1513 1488 1484
Midwest 1835 1730 1882 2120 2095 2093
South 2797 2568 2850 3059 3043 3043
West 2197 2067 2250 2454 2428 2414

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 7815 7264 8030 8995 8903 8883
18 to 24 years old 2071 2067 2099 2177 2177 2177
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 342 342 348 374 374 374
25 years old and over 5744 5197 5931 6818 6726 6706
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1368 1179 1433 1727 1707 1707
  High school graduate, no college 1993 1791 2060 2406 2372 2361
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1448 1341 1490 1650 1627 1627
  Bachelor's degree or more 936 887 949 1035 1019 1011

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 6187 6009 6365 7041 6949 6944
Worked at full-time jobs 1339 1325 1343 1525 1456 1456
  50 to 52 weeks 485 500 486 572 531 531
Worked at part-time jobs 1582 1544 1621 1755 1733 1728
Did not work 3267 3140 3401 3761 3761 3761

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 485 423 579 923 923 923
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 80 77 92 124 124 124
      SSI 417 359 505 833 833 833
  Food stamps 1173 1069 1236 1809 1795 1792
  Housing assistance 315 315 320 910 907 903
  Energy assistance 445 374 463 658 645 642
  Food stamps and cash assistance 286 251 323 597 597 597

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 875 820 882 1030 1008 1006
  Medicare 1411 1033 1516 1968 1963 1947
      Also Medicaid 421 337 474 789 785 784
  Medicaid 1413 1279 1578 2125 2115 2113
Not covered by: Health insurance 3625 3551 3625 3757 3702 3702

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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