U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
White alone
Total 43010 19.9 37.3 37.3 37.0

Age
15 to 24 years 5421 40.2 43.0 43.0 42.2
25 to 44 years 13729 17.0 20.9 20.9 20.6
45 to 54 years 6812 20.0 28.2 28.2 27.8
55 to 64 years 6280 19.1 32.8 32.8 32.6
65 years and over 10767 14.0 63.7 63.7 63.5

Region
Northeast 7994 17.5 36.9 36.9 36.4
Midwest 10274 19.4 38.5 38.5 37.9
South 14179 20.4 37.2 37.2 37.1
West 10564 21.7 36.6 36.6 36.3

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 42859 19.7 37.1 37.1 36.7
18 to 24 years old 5270 38.6 41.4 41.4 40.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 547 65.0 66.0 66.0 65.1
25 years old and over 37589 17.0 36.5 36.5 36.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 4853 33.9 65.1 65.1 64.8
  High school graduate, no college 11505 19.6 44.8 44.8 44.3
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 9877 15.6 34.4 34.4 34.2
  Bachelor's degree or more 11353 8.4 17.7 17.7 17.5

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 31488 20.7 27.4 27.4 27.0
Worked at full-time jobs 21244 6.0 7.8 7.8 7.4
  50 to 52 weeks 17132 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.5
Worked at part-time jobs 4341 36.5 43.4 43.4 42.7
Did not work 5903 62.3 86.0 86.0 86.0

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1423 62.7 94.3 94.3 94.0
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 163 71.6 89.7 89.7 89.7
      SSI 1299 62.2 95.1 95.1 94.8
  Food stamps 2643 65.1 86.2 86.2 86.1
  Housing assistance 1853 47.2 84.9 84.9 84.7
  Energy assistance 1392 44.9 82.8 82.8 82.7
  Food stamps and cash assistance 732 78.5 96.9 96.9 96.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 19096 4.9 11.9 11.9 11.2
  Medicare 11838 16.2 68.0 68.0 67.8
      Also Medicaid 1822 41.8 88.7 88.7 88.6
  Medicaid 3925 51.8 80.8 80.8 80.5
Not covered by: Health insurance 9354 36.9 42.6 42.6 42.6

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
White alone
Total 38.2 37.8 37.7 38.0 21.2

Age
15 to 24 years 44.9 43.0 43.0 44.0 41.2
25 to 44 years 22.2 21.5 21.4 21.6 17.9
45 to 54 years 29.1 28.7 28.5 28.8 22.0
55 to 64 years 33.4 33.5 33.4 33.5 21.4
65 years and over 63.8 64.1 64.1 64.2 14.8

Region
Northeast 37.3 37.1 37.0 37.2 18.8
Midwest 39.2 38.7 38.6 39.0 20.4
South 38.5 38.0 37.9 38.3 21.7
West 37.6 37.0 37.0 37.2 23.1

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 38.0 37.6 37.5 37.8 20.9
18 to 24 years old 43.4 41.5 41.5 42.5 39.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 68.3 65.7 65.7 67.7 66.5
25 years old and over 37.3 37.0 36.9 37.1 18.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 66.4 65.7 65.6 65.8 36.7
  High school graduate, no college 45.6 45.4 45.4 45.6 21.1
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 35.1 34.8 34.7 35.0 16.8
  Bachelor's degree or more 18.2 18.1 18.1 18.1 9.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 28.6 27.9 27.8 28.1 22.1
Worked at full-time jobs 8.9 8.2 8.1 8.4 6.5
  50 to 52 weeks 3.6 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.9
Worked at part-time jobs 46.7 44.7 44.6 45.6 38.6
Did not work 86.0 86.2 86.2 86.2 66.5

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 94.4 94.0 94.0 94.2 86.0
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 89.7 89.7 89.7 89.7 79.6
      SSI 95.1 94.8 94.8 95.0 87.2
  Food stamps 87.3 86.6 86.4 86.9 70.0
  Housing assistance 85.5 85.2 85.2 85.5 53.3
  Energy assistance 83.7 83.6 83.2 83.6 50.5
  Food stamps and cash assistance 96.9 96.9 96.9 96.9 92.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.6 4.8
  Medicare 68.1 68.3 68.3 68.4 18.0
      Also Medicaid 88.8 89.0 89.0 89.0 52.0
  Medicaid 81.3 81.2 81.1 81.3 60.1
Not covered by: Health insurance 46.6 44.5 44.3 45.1 39.0

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
White alone
Total 20.6 20.6 19.7 19.1 18.1

Age
15 to 24 years 41.2 41.2 41.1 40.5 39.8
25 to 44 years 17.6 17.6 17.3 16.6 16.0
45 to 54 years 21.2 21.2 19.7 18.9 17.5
55 to 64 years 20.5 20.5 18.5 17.6 16.7
65 years and over 13.6 13.6 12.8 12.6 11.2

Region
Northeast 17.7 17.7 16.4 15.0 13.9
Midwest 20.0 20.0 19.3 18.7 17.6
South 21.2 21.2 20.6 20.2 19.4
West 22.5 22.5 21.6 21.1 20.2

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 20.3 20.3 19.5 18.9 17.9
18 to 24 years old 39.6 39.6 39.5 38.9 38.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 66.5 66.5 66.5 64.7 61.8
25 years old and over 17.6 17.6 16.7 16.1 15.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 34.7 34.7 32.4 30.6 27.6
  High school graduate, no college 20.2 20.2 19.0 18.2 17.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 16.3 16.3 15.5 15.2 14.4
  Bachelor's degree or more 8.8 8.8 8.5 8.4 8.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 21.7 21.7 20.8 20.1 19.2
Worked at full-time jobs 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.2
  50 to 52 weeks 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Worked at part-time jobs 38.3 38.3 37.8 36.5 35.5
Did not work 64.3 64.3 60.2 57.4 54.2

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 79.7 79.7 55.8 45.0 32.8
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 75.4 75.4 65.7 60.9 45.9
      SSI 80.5 80.5 54.8 43.2 31.2
  Food stamps 65.2 65.2 60.2 54.7 43.1
  Housing assistance 45.8 45.8 39.6 32.9 16.7
  Energy assistance 47.4 47.4 41.1 38.3 31.1
  Food stamps and cash assistance 86.2 86.2 68.8 55.9 37.6

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
  Medicare 15.8 15.8 13.9 13.6 11.7
      Also Medicaid 43.7 43.7 32.9 30.7 22.5
  Medicaid 56.3 56.3 48.1 41.5 34.9
Not covered by: Health insurance 39.0 39.0 38.9 38.9 38.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
White alone
Total 16.9 18.6 20.8 20.6 20.6

Age
15 to 24 years 39.8 40.4 41.8 41.8 41.8
25 to 44 years 16.2 16.5 18.2 17.8 17.8
45 to 54 years 16.3 18.1 21.2 20.8 20.7
55 to 64 years 15.0 17.5 19.7 19.6 19.6
65 years and over 7.8 11.5 14.1 14.1 14.0

Region
Northeast 12.8 14.6 18.5 18.2 18.2
Midwest 16.6 18.1 20.3 20.1 20.1
South 17.8 19.8 21.2 21.1 21.1
West 19.0 20.7 22.6 22.3 22.2

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 16.6 18.4 20.6 20.4 20.3
18 to 24 years old 38.2 38.8 40.2 40.2 40.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 61.8 63.0 67.7 67.7 67.7
25 years old and over 13.6 15.5 17.8 17.6 17.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 23.8 28.9 35.0 34.6 34.5
  High school graduate, no college 15.3 17.6 20.6 20.3 20.2
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 13.3 14.8 16.3 16.1 16.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 7.7 8.3 9.0 8.9 8.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 18.7 19.8 21.9 21.6 21.6
Worked at full-time jobs 6.1 6.2 7.0 6.7 6.7
  50 to 52 weeks 2.9 2.8 3.3 3.0 3.0
Worked at part-time jobs 34.6 36.4 39.4 38.9 38.8
Did not work 52.1 56.5 62.5 62.5 62.5

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 28.5 39.3 62.9 62.9 62.9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 44.0 52.5 71.6 71.6 71.6
      SSI 26.7 37.8 62.5 62.5 62.5
  Food stamps 39.1 45.5 66.5 66.1 65.9
  Housing assistance 16.7 17.0 48.2 48.0 47.8
  Energy assistance 26.1 32.3 46.0 45.1 44.8
  Food stamps and cash assistance 32.8 42.7 78.9 78.9 78.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.2 4.5 5.3 5.2 5.2
  Medicare 8.6 12.6 16.4 16.3 16.2
      Also Medicaid 17.9 25.4 42.3 42.1 42.0
  Medicaid 31.5 39.0 52.7 52.5 52.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 37.3 38.1 39.5 38.9 38.9

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
White alone
Total 8580 16044 16044 15895 16439 16241 16210

Age
15 to 24 years 2178 2330 2330 2289 2432 2331 2331
25 to 44 years 2333 2871 2871 2822 3054 2947 2931
45 to 54 years 1365 1919 1919 1895 1979 1954 1945
55 to 64 years 1198 2061 2061 2046 2101 2104 2098
65 years and over 1505 6863 6863 6842 6873 6905 6905

Region
Northeast 1402 2947 2947 2906 2984 2964 2957
Midwest 1989 3953 3953 3895 4024 3978 3969
South 2894 5279 5279 5259 5460 5386 5376
West 2294 3865 3865 3835 3971 3914 3908

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 8435 15898 15898 15749 16293 16095 16065
18 to 24 years old 2033 2184 2184 2143 2287 2186 2186
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 356 361 361 356 374 359 359
25 years old and over 6402 13713 13713 13606 14007 13910 13879
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1645 3157 3157 3144 3223 3188 3185
  High school graduate, no college 2255 5149 5149 5099 5252 5225 5218
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1544 3400 3400 3380 3464 3437 3425
  Bachelor's degree or more 958 2008 2008 1983 2067 2060 2051

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 6531 8623 8623 8495 8996 8773 8742
Worked at full-time jobs 1270 1661 1661 1564 1889 1745 1721
  50 to 52 weeks 428 456 456 427 611 503 496
Worked at part-time jobs 1585 1884 1884 1852 2029 1941 1934
Did not work 3676 5079 5079 5079 5079 5087 5087

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 892 1342 1342 1338 1343 1338 1338
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 117 146 146 146 146 146 146
      SSI 809 1235 1235 1231 1236 1231 1231
  Food stamps 1721 2278 2278 2277 2308 2289 2282
  Housing assistance 874 1573 1573 1570 1585 1579 1579
  Energy assistance 625 1152 1152 1151 1165 1163 1158
  Food stamps and cash assistance 575 710 710 710 710 710 710

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 939 2282 2282 2133 2204 2203 2196
  Medicare 1913 8046 8046 8023 8057 8091 8091
      Also Medicaid 762 1617 1617 1615 1618 1621 1621
  Medicaid 2033 3169 3169 3161 3191 3186 3183
Not covered by: Health insurance 3455 3986 3986 3986 4357 4160 4146

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
White alone
Total 16336 9122 8850 8850 8489 8228

Age
15 to 24 years 2385 2233 2231 2231 2227 2194
25 to 44 years 2971 2451 2417 2417 2373 2286
45 to 54 years 1963 1498 1446 1446 1345 1288
55 to 64 years 2104 1345 1287 1287 1165 1105
65 years and over 6912 1594 1468 1468 1380 1355

Region
Northeast 2975 1503 1417 1417 1315 1202
Midwest 4007 2098 2050 2050 1979 1924
South 5427 3077 3010 3010 2914 2870
West 3927 2443 2373 2373 2281 2232

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 16190 8976 8705 8705 8344 8084
18 to 24 years old 2240 2088 2086 2086 2082 2050
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 370 364 364 364 364 354
25 years old and over 13950 6888 6619 6619 6262 6034
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3194 1779 1685 1685 1570 1487
  High school graduate, no college 5243 2423 2319 2319 2191 2095
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 3453 1656 1612 1612 1535 1499
  Bachelor's degree or more 2060 1030 1002 1002 965 954

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 8855 6974 6828 6828 6557 6325
Worked at full-time jobs 1786 1371 1370 1370 1363 1351
  50 to 52 weeks 530 499 499 499 492 488
Worked at part-time jobs 1979 1677 1665 1665 1642 1585
Did not work 5090 3926 3794 3794 3551 3389

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1341 1223 1135 1135 794 640
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 146 130 123 123 107 99
      SSI 1234 1133 1046 1046 711 561
  Food stamps 2296 1851 1724 1724 1592 1445
  Housing assistance 1584 987 849 849 733 609
  Energy assistance 1164 703 659 659 571 534
  Food stamps and cash assistance 710 680 631 631 504 410

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 2214 915 906 906 877 873
  Medicare 8098 2136 1865 1865 1650 1610
      Also Medicaid 1621 947 796 796 600 559
  Medicaid 3190 2359 2209 2209 1889 1628
Not covered by: Health insurance 4221 3645 3645 3645 3639 3639

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
White alone
Total 7804 7264 8019 8965 8874 8854

Age
15 to 24 years 2159 2155 2188 2265 2265 2265
25 to 44 years 2196 2222 2267 2501 2446 2446
45 to 54 years 1194 1109 1230 1443 1414 1409
55 to 64 years 1050 943 1098 1238 1231 1231
65 years and over 1205 835 1236 1519 1519 1503

Region
Northeast 1109 1027 1171 1482 1457 1452
Midwest 1808 1702 1855 2087 2062 2060
South 2752 2526 2805 3012 2997 2997
West 2136 2008 2188 2384 2359 2345

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 7660 7120 7874 8820 8729 8709
18 to 24 years old 2015 2012 2043 2120 2120 2120
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 338 338 345 370 370 370
25 years old and over 5645 5109 5831 6700 6609 6589
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1340 1153 1405 1697 1677 1676
  High school graduate, no college 1961 1765 2028 2367 2333 2321
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1419 1316 1461 1614 1592 1592
  Bachelor's degree or more 926 875 938 1023 1007 999

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 6055 5883 6232 6893 6802 6797
Worked at full-time jobs 1314 1304 1319 1497 1428 1428
  50 to 52 weeks 476 492 478 563 522 522
Worked at part-time jobs 1540 1502 1579 1710 1688 1683
Did not work 3201 3077 3335 3687 3687 3687

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 467 405 560 896 896 896
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 75 72 86 117 117 117
      SSI 405 347 491 812 812 812
  Food stamps 1139 1035 1202 1759 1746 1743
  Housing assistance 309 309 314 894 890 887
  Energy assistance 432 363 450 640 627 624
  Food stamps and cash assistance 275 241 312 578 578 578

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 857 807 864 1010 988 987
  Medicare 1388 1016 1493 1936 1931 1915
      Also Medicaid 410 327 463 771 767 765
  Medicaid 1369 1237 1532 2069 2059 2058
Not covered by: Health insurance 3565 3493 3565 3694 3639 3639

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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