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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 37757 18.4 37.0 37.0 36.6

Age
15 to 24 years 4618 38.9 41.9 41.9 41.1
25 to 44 years 11239 15.2 19.2 19.2 18.8
45 to 54 years 6024 19.1 27.3 27.3 27.0
55 to 64 years 5735 17.8 31.8 31.8 31.6
65 years and over 10141 12.5 63.0 63.0 62.8

Region
Northeast 7192 16.5 36.7 36.7 36.1
Midwest 9824 18.7 38.3 38.3 37.7
South 12194 18.8 37.1 37.1 37.0
West 8546 19.2 35.5 35.5 35.2

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 37652 18.2 36.8 36.8 36.4
18 to 24 years old 4513 37.6 40.6 40.6 39.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 323 74.1 75.7 75.7 74.7
25 years old and over 33139 15.5 36.3 36.3 36.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 3294 30.2 70.6 70.6 70.3
  High school graduate, no college 10205 18.7 45.9 45.9 45.4
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 9008 15.3 34.8 34.8 34.6
  Bachelor's degree or more 10632 8.2 17.6 17.6 17.4

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 27009 19.4 26.4 26.4 26.0
Worked at full-time jobs 18241 5.2 7.0 7.0 6.5
  50 to 52 weeks 14829 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.1
Worked at part-time jobs 3701 34.6 42.1 42.1 41.4
Did not work 5067 59.4 84.6 84.6 84.6

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1221 62.5 94.4 94.4 94.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 139 73.4 88.8 88.8 88.8
      SSI 1116 62.0 95.3 95.3 94.9
  Food stamps 2181 64.1 86.7 86.7 86.6
  Housing assistance 1584 45.1 85.9 85.9 85.7
  Energy assistance 1253 43.9 82.7 82.7 82.6
  Food stamps and cash assistance 616 79.4 96.8 96.8 96.8

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 17488 4.7 12.1 12.1 11.3
  Medicare 11152 14.7 67.0 67.0 66.9
      Also Medicaid 1587 39.6 87.6 87.6 87.5
  Medicaid 3331 50.1 80.4 80.4 80.2
Not covered by: Health insurance 6881 36.3 42.8 42.8 42.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 37.7 37.4 37.3 37.6 19.6

Age
15 to 24 years 43.7 42.0 42.0 42.9 39.9
25 to 44 years 20.1 19.6 19.5 19.7 15.9
45 to 54 years 28.0 27.8 27.7 28.0 21.2
55 to 64 years 32.4 32.5 32.4 32.5 20.1
65 years and over 63.1 63.4 63.4 63.5 13.2

Region
Northeast 37.0 36.9 36.8 37.0 17.7
Midwest 39.0 38.5 38.5 38.8 19.7
South 38.1 37.8 37.7 38.0 19.9
West 36.1 35.8 35.8 36.0 20.6

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 37.5 37.2 37.1 37.4 19.4
18 to 24 years old 42.4 40.7 40.7 41.6 38.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 77.3 75.3 75.3 77.3 75.4
25 years old and over 36.8 36.7 36.6 36.8 16.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 71.3 71.3 71.2 71.4 33.0
  High school graduate, no college 46.5 46.3 46.3 46.5 20.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 35.4 35.2 35.1 35.4 16.5
  Bachelor's degree or more 18.1 18.1 18.0 18.1 8.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 27.3 26.8 26.7 27.0 20.8
Worked at full-time jobs 7.8 7.3 7.2 7.4 5.6
  50 to 52 weeks 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.4
Worked at part-time jobs 45.1 43.6 43.4 44.4 36.9
Did not work 84.6 84.7 84.7 84.8 63.8

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 94.4 94.1 94.1 94.3 86.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 88.8 88.8 88.8 88.8 81.4
      SSI 95.3 94.9 94.9 95.2 87.1
  Food stamps 87.8 87.2 86.8 87.4 69.2
  Housing assistance 86.5 86.2 86.2 86.4 51.3
  Energy assistance 83.5 83.5 83.1 83.6 49.3
  Food stamps and cash assistance 96.8 96.8 96.8 96.8 93.6

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 11.7 11.7 11.6 11.7 4.6
  Medicare 67.1 67.5 67.5 67.5 16.4
      Also Medicaid 87.7 87.9 87.9 87.9 49.5
  Medicaid 80.9 80.9 80.8 81.0 58.7
Not covered by: Health insurance 46.4 44.6 44.4 45.2 38.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 19.0 19.0 18.2 17.6 16.7

Age
15 to 24 years 39.8 39.8 39.8 39.1 38.4
25 to 44 years 15.7 15.7 15.4 14.7 14.1
45 to 54 years 20.4 20.4 18.8 18.0 16.6
55 to 64 years 19.2 19.2 17.3 16.5 15.6
65 years and over 12.3 12.3 11.7 11.4 10.2

Region
Northeast 16.8 16.8 15.5 14.2 13.1
Midwest 19.2 19.2 18.6 18.1 16.9
South 19.5 19.5 18.8 18.5 17.6
West 19.9 19.9 19.1 18.7 17.9

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 18.8 18.8 18.0 17.4 16.4
18 to 24 years old 38.5 38.5 38.4 37.7 37.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 75.4 75.4 75.3 72.7 69.0
25 years old and over 16.1 16.1 15.2 14.6 13.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 31.3 31.3 28.6 26.7 23.4
  High school graduate, no college 19.1 19.1 18.0 17.2 16.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 16.0 16.0 15.3 14.9 14.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 8.6 8.6 8.2 8.1 7.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 20.3 20.3 19.4 18.7 17.9
Worked at full-time jobs 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4
  50 to 52 weeks 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Worked at part-time jobs 36.5 36.5 35.9 34.6 33.6
Did not work 61.6 61.6 57.4 54.6 51.2

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 79.9 79.9 56.0 45.4 32.5
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 77.9 77.9 67.6 62.9 47.5
      SSI 80.5 80.5 54.9 43.5 30.7
  Food stamps 64.6 64.6 59.7 54.0 42.0
  Housing assistance 44.6 44.6 38.6 32.3 15.8
  Energy assistance 46.0 46.0 40.4 37.9 30.5
  Food stamps and cash assistance 87.1 87.1 70.4 57.9 37.7

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.3
  Medicare 14.5 14.5 12.9 12.6 10.8
      Also Medicaid 41.6 41.6 31.5 29.1 20.7
  Medicaid 55.0 55.0 46.7 40.0 33.0
Not covered by: Health insurance 38.3 38.3 38.2 38.2 37.5

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 15.3 17.1 19.2 19.0 19.0

Age
15 to 24 years 38.3 39.0 40.4 40.4 40.4
25 to 44 years 14.2 14.6 16.3 15.9 15.9
45 to 54 years 15.2 17.2 20.2 19.8 19.7
55 to 64 years 14.0 16.3 18.4 18.3 18.3
65 years and over 6.9 10.4 12.7 12.7 12.5

Region
Northeast 12.0 13.9 17.3 17.1 17.0
Midwest 15.9 17.4 19.6 19.4 19.3
South 16.0 18.0 19.4 19.3 19.3
West 16.5 18.4 20.0 19.8 19.6

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 15.1 16.9 19.0 18.8 18.7
18 to 24 years old 37.0 37.6 39.1 39.1 39.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 69.0 70.0 76.8 76.8 76.8
25 years old and over 12.1 14.1 16.2 16.0 16.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 18.8 24.8 30.9 30.7 30.7
  High school graduate, no college 14.2 16.6 19.5 19.2 19.1
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 12.9 14.5 16.0 15.8 15.8
  Bachelor's degree or more 7.4 8.0 8.7 8.6 8.5

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 17.2 18.4 20.5 20.2 20.2
Worked at full-time jobs 5.3 5.4 6.2 5.9 5.9
  50 to 52 weeks 2.4 2.3 2.8 2.6 2.6
Worked at part-time jobs 32.6 34.5 37.3 37.0 36.8
Did not work 49.0 53.6 59.6 59.6 59.6

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 28.3 39.5 62.8 62.8 62.8
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 45.3 53.0 73.4 73.4 73.4
      SSI 26.4 38.0 62.3 62.3 62.3
  Food stamps 37.7 44.4 65.7 65.2 65.1
  Housing assistance 15.8 16.0 46.1 45.9 45.7
  Energy assistance 25.6 31.6 45.1 44.1 43.9
  Food stamps and cash assistance 32.6 42.9 80.0 80.0 80.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 4.0 4.3 5.1 5.0 5.0
  Medicare 7.9 11.6 14.9 14.9 14.7
      Also Medicaid 16.7 23.7 40.2 39.9 39.8
  Medicaid 29.7 37.4 51.1 50.8 50.8
Not covered by: Health insurance 36.4 37.5 38.7 38.2 38.2

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 6946 13954 13954 13819 14226 14109 14082

Age
15 to 24 years 1798 1934 1934 1899 2016 1937 1937
25 to 44 years 1709 2163 2163 2117 2263 2200 2187
45 to 54 years 1150 1645 1645 1625 1689 1676 1668
55 to 64 years 1019 1826 1826 1811 1860 1866 1860
65 years and over 1271 6386 6386 6367 6397 6429 6429

Region
Northeast 1183 2636 2636 2598 2659 2651 2645
Midwest 1837 3761 3761 3708 3827 3786 3778
South 2287 4527 4527 4508 4652 4608 4601
West 1639 3030 3030 3006 3088 3063 3058

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 6844 13852 13852 13716 14123 14006 13979
18 to 24 years old 1696 1831 1831 1796 1913 1835 1835
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 239 244 244 241 250 243 243
25 years old and over 5149 12020 12020 11920 12210 12171 12145
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 996 2327 2327 2316 2349 2348 2346
  High school graduate, no college 1904 4682 4682 4636 4741 4728 4721
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1383 3139 3139 3119 3191 3174 3162
  Bachelor's degree or more 867 1873 1873 1849 1928 1921 1915

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 5248 7129 7129 7012 7377 7235 7208
Worked at full-time jobs 955 1284 1284 1194 1420 1329 1308
  50 to 52 weeks 310 334 334 307 431 363 356
Worked at part-time jobs 1281 1560 1560 1532 1671 1612 1607
Did not work 3012 4286 4286 4286 4286 4293 4293

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 764 1153 1153 1149 1153 1149 1149
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 102 124 124 124 124 124 124
      SSI 692 1064 1064 1060 1063 1060 1060
  Food stamps 1397 1890 1890 1889 1916 1901 1894
  Housing assistance 714 1361 1361 1358 1369 1365 1365
  Energy assistance 551 1037 1037 1035 1047 1046 1041
  Food stamps and cash assistance 489 596 596 596 596 596 596

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 820 2110 2110 1975 2039 2040 2033
  Medicare 1643 7476 7476 7455 7487 7522 7522
      Also Medicaid 628 1390 1390 1388 1391 1395 1395
  Medicaid 1669 2678 2678 2670 2696 2693 2691
Not covered by: Health insurance 2501 2943 2943 2943 3189 3067 3057

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 14184 7393 7178 7178 6870 6645

Age
15 to 24 years 1980 1841 1840 1840 1836 1804
25 to 44 years 2218 1789 1761 1761 1726 1651
45 to 54 years 1685 1275 1227 1227 1133 1084
55 to 64 years 1865 1150 1098 1098 993 947
65 years and over 6436 1338 1252 1252 1182 1159

Region
Northeast 2660 1270 1207 1207 1118 1024
Midwest 3812 1932 1890 1890 1830 1776
South 4638 2431 2377 2377 2289 2250
West 3074 1760 1703 1703 1633 1595

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 14081 7290 7076 7076 6767 6544
18 to 24 years old 1877 1738 1738 1738 1734 1703
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 250 243 243 243 243 235
25 years old and over 12204 5552 5338 5338 5034 4841
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 2352 1088 1031 1031 943 880
  High school graduate, no college 4742 2045 1953 1953 1841 1756
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 3189 1484 1444 1444 1375 1341
  Bachelor's degree or more 1922 935 909 909 875 865

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 7297 5617 5489 5489 5251 5055
Worked at full-time jobs 1357 1019 1019 1019 1015 1006
  50 to 52 weeks 382 358 358 358 354 350
Worked at part-time jobs 1645 1364 1352 1352 1329 1281
Did not work 4295 3234 3119 3119 2907 2768

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 1152 1052 976 976 684 554
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 124 113 109 109 94 88
      SSI 1063 973 899 899 613 485
  Food stamps 1907 1508 1410 1410 1301 1177
  Housing assistance 1369 813 706 706 611 511
  Energy assistance 1047 617 576 576 507 475
  Food stamps and cash assistance 596 576 536 536 434 356

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 2051 805 797 797 770 767
  Medicare 7529 1833 1618 1618 1439 1401
      Also Medicaid 1395 785 661 661 499 461
  Medicaid 2697 1955 1831 1831 1556 1332
Not covered by: Health insurance 3110 2635 2635 2635 2632 2632

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
White alone, not Hispanic
Total 6287 5789 6472 7251 7181 7161

Age
15 to 24 years 1775 1770 1800 1868 1868 1868
25 to 44 years 1582 1599 1646 1828 1790 1790
45 to 54 years 1001 917 1033 1215 1191 1186
55 to 64 years 897 802 938 1056 1049 1049
65 years and over 1032 702 1056 1284 1284 1269

Region
Northeast 945 864 999 1246 1229 1224
Midwest 1663 1558 1707 1927 1902 1900
South 2152 1952 2197 2371 2359 2359
West 1527 1414 1569 1707 1691 1677

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 6186 5688 6370 7149 7079 7059
18 to 24 years old 1674 1669 1698 1766 1766 1766
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 223 223 226 248 248 248
25 years old and over 4512 4020 4673 5383 5314 5294
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 771 619 819 1019 1010 1010
  High school graduate, no college 1634 1445 1698 1993 1963 1951
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1269 1165 1306 1445 1427 1427
  Bachelor's degree or more 839 790 851 927 914 906

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 4825 4656 4982 5530 5460 5455
Worked at full-time jobs 986 970 988 1128 1072 1072
  50 to 52 weeks 347 361 348 412 381 381
Worked at part-time jobs 1243 1205 1277 1382 1369 1364
Did not work 2596 2481 2717 3020 3020 3020

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 397 346 482 767 767 767
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 66 63 74 102 102 102
      SSI 342 295 424 695 695 695
  Food stamps 915 822 968 1433 1422 1419
  Housing assistance 250 250 254 730 727 723
  Energy assistance 383 321 396 566 553 550
  Food stamps and cash assistance 232 201 264 492 492 492

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 752 704 758 890 868 867
  Medicare 1207 878 1295 1665 1661 1645
      Also Medicaid 328 265 375 637 633 632
  Medicaid 1099 990 1244 1702 1693 1692
Not covered by: Health insurance 2581 2501 2581 2665 2632 2632

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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