U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Black alone or in combination
Total 7368 31.0 45.2 45.2 44.8

Age
15 to 24 years 809 54.5 58.4 58.4 57.9
25 to 44 years 2625 24.5 29.4 29.4 28.8
45 to 54 years 1450 31.5 40.3 40.3 39.6
55 to 64 years 1182 29.4 47.5 47.5 47.3
65 years and over 1301 30.5 72.5 72.5 72.5

Region
Northeast 1346 30.1 46.0 46.0 45.4
Midwest 1380 31.5 46.3 46.3 45.6
South 3875 30.6 44.3 44.3 43.9
West 766 33.7 46.9 46.9 46.9

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 7329 30.6 44.9 44.9 44.5
18 to 24 years old 770 52.2 56.3 56.3 55.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 103 79.7 82.7 82.7 81.7
25 years old and over 6558 28.1 43.6 43.6 43.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1152 50.8 75.6 75.6 75.1
  High school graduate, no college 2261 32.8 48.1 48.1 47.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1761 20.4 36.5 36.5 35.8
  Bachelor's degree or more 1384 11.5 18.6 18.6 18.5

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 5926 29.6 38.1 38.1 37.6
Worked at full-time jobs 3552 6.9 8.7 8.7 8.0
  50 to 52 weeks 2903 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.3
Worked at part-time jobs 649 43.4 53.6 53.6 52.7
Did not work 1725 71.2 92.7 92.7 92.7

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 638 67.9 96.5 96.5 96.2
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 98 70.3 91.8 91.8 91.2
      SSI 561 66.5 97.4 97.4 97.3
  Food stamps 1076 68.5 86.5 86.5 86.0
  Housing assistance 886 56.6 81.6 81.6 81.5
  Energy assistance 418 66.8 86.5 86.5 85.8
  Food stamps and cash assistance 343 75.9 97.1 97.1 97.1

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 3046 7.3 14.2 14.2 13.2
  Medicare 1767 36.4 79.5 79.5 79.5
      Also Medicaid 539 54.3 94.1 94.1 94.1
  Medicaid 1238 63.7 88.2 88.2 87.9
Not covered by: Health insurance 1959 44.9 50.5 50.5 50.5

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Black alone or in combination
Total 46.0 45.5 45.4 45.7 33.0

Age
15 to 24 years 60.3 58.8 58.8 59.5 55.4
25 to 44 years 30.6 29.5 29.3 29.8 25.8
45 to 54 years 40.6 40.3 40.2 40.3 33.8
55 to 64 years 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1 32.6
65 years and over 72.5 72.7 72.7 72.8 33.4

Region
Northeast 46.4 46.0 46.0 46.6 32.6
Midwest 46.5 46.4 46.2 46.7 33.7
South 45.4 44.6 44.6 44.7 32.3
West 47.6 47.1 46.9 47.1 36.7

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 45.7 45.2 45.1 45.4 32.7
18 to 24 years old 58.3 56.7 56.7 57.4 53.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 81.9 81.7 81.7 81.9 79.5
25 years old and over 44.3 43.8 43.7 44.0 30.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 76.5 75.6 75.5 75.6 54.8
  High school graduate, no college 48.8 48.3 48.2 48.3 34.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 37.2 36.9 36.8 37.2 22.9
  Bachelor's degree or more 19.0 18.9 18.9 19.0 11.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 39.0 38.3 38.2 38.5 31.5
Worked at full-time jobs 9.8 8.9 8.8 9.2 7.3
  50 to 52 weeks 3.5 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8
Worked at part-time jobs 56.7 53.7 53.4 54.3 46.6
Did not work 92.7 93.0 93.0 93.0 75.7

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 96.7 96.5 96.5 96.8 88.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 93.1 91.2 91.2 93.1 88.7
      SSI 97.4 97.6 97.6 97.6 88.6
  Food stamps 87.1 86.5 86.0 86.5 73.1
  Housing assistance 82.5 82.2 82.2 82.1 63.2
  Energy assistance 86.2 86.8 86.8 86.8 70.9
  Food stamps and cash assistance 97.7 97.1 97.1 97.7 89.8

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 13.8 14.0 13.9 13.9 7.0
  Medicare 79.7 79.8 79.8 79.9 41.1
      Also Medicaid 94.1 94.1 94.1 94.5 67.6
  Medicaid 88.5 88.3 88.2 88.6 74.1
Not covered by: Health insurance 53.2 51.3 51.1 51.8 46.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Black alone or in combination
Total 31.4 31.4 29.6 28.2 25.2

Age
15 to 24 years 55.3 55.3 55.3 53.4 50.8
25 to 44 years 24.9 24.9 23.9 22.6 21.2
45 to 54 years 32.7 32.7 30.3 28.7 24.3
55 to 64 years 31.1 31.1 28.6 25.9 21.7
65 years and over 28.5 28.5 25.6 25.5 21.7

Region
Northeast 30.0 30.0 27.1 24.2 20.8
Midwest 32.0 32.0 30.6 29.4 25.9
South 30.9 30.9 29.5 28.7 25.9
West 35.3 35.3 33.0 30.5 28.2

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 31.0 31.0 29.3 27.9 24.8
18 to 24 years old 53.1 53.1 53.0 51.3 48.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 79.5 79.5 78.9 70.5 68.6
25 years old and over 28.4 28.4 26.5 25.1 22.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 50.3 50.3 45.7 43.5 36.7
  High school graduate, no college 32.9 32.9 31.3 29.5 25.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 21.7 21.7 19.5 18.5 16.7
  Bachelor's degree or more 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.1 10.5

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 30.5 30.5 29.0 27.3 24.6
Worked at full-time jobs 7.3 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.3
  50 to 52 weeks 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.2
Worked at part-time jobs 45.8 45.8 44.1 43.4 38.8
Did not work 72.6 72.6 68.4 63.3 56.7

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 82.9 82.9 62.9 52.3 36.5
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 88.7 88.7 70.3 63.6 50.0
      SSI 82.5 82.5 60.7 49.0 32.9
  Food stamps 67.3 67.3 61.8 56.0 41.9
  Housing assistance 55.8 55.8 48.6 42.5 23.6
  Energy assistance 63.4 63.4 59.6 53.1 41.5
  Food stamps and cash assistance 87.9 87.9 70.6 59.8 37.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.4 5.7
  Medicare 34.2 34.2 29.9 29.4 23.8
      Also Medicaid 55.6 55.6 42.5 40.6 29.9
  Medicaid 68.9 68.9 58.8 50.3 40.6
Not covered by: Health insurance 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1 43.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Black alone or in combination
Total 23.3 26.3 32.1 31.7 31.7

Age
15 to 24 years 50.5 52.8 56.0 56.0 56.0
25 to 44 years 20.9 22.2 25.8 25.2 25.2
45 to 54 years 23.5 25.3 32.6 32.3 32.3
55 to 64 years 19.7 22.7 30.6 30.1 30.1
65 years and over 14.3 22.7 30.7 30.7 30.4

Region
Northeast 19.6 22.7 31.3 31.3 31.3
Midwest 25.2 26.7 32.3 32.2 32.2
South 23.4 26.8 31.8 31.3 31.2
West 26.2 29.2 34.3 33.9 33.9

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 22.9 25.9 31.7 31.4 31.3
18 to 24 years old 48.3 50.4 53.8 53.8 53.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 68.6 75.2 79.9 79.9 79.9
25 years old and over 20.0 23.1 29.1 28.8 28.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 32.2 38.2 51.8 51.3 50.9
  High school graduate, no college 23.2 27.4 34.1 33.6 33.6
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 15.8 17.2 21.3 21.1 21.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 9.8 10.9 12.0 11.8 11.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 23.8 25.6 30.9 30.5 30.5
Worked at full-time jobs 6.2 6.4 8.4 8.0 8.0
  50 to 52 weeks 2.3 2.3 3.8 3.5 3.5
Worked at part-time jobs 37.4 39.4 46.9 45.4 45.4
Did not work 55.0 60.0 71.3 71.3 71.3

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 33.7 41.8 68.0 67.9 67.9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 48.2 55.6 70.9 70.3 70.3
      SSI 30.0 38.3 66.5 66.5 66.5
  Food stamps 39.3 44.8 69.6 68.9 68.6
  Housing assistance 23.6 24.5 57.7 57.1 57.1
  Energy assistance 35.8 43.5 68.4 67.9 67.7
  Food stamps and cash assistance 34.4 42.7 75.9 75.9 75.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 5.4 5.9 8.2 8.0 8.0
  Medicare 17.9 25.5 36.7 36.5 36.3
      Also Medicaid 24.6 31.7 54.7 54.3 54.3
  Medicaid 37.2 45.4 64.3 64.0 64.0
Not covered by: Health insurance 42.7 43.8 46.8 46.1 46.1

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Black alone or in combination
Total 2285 3333 3333 3302 3391 3351 3344

Age
15 to 24 years 441 472 472 469 488 476 476
25 to 44 years 643 772 772 757 804 775 770
45 to 54 years 457 584 584 574 588 585 583
55 to 64 years 348 562 562 559 568 569 569
65 years and over 396 943 943 943 943 946 946

Region
Northeast 405 619 619 611 624 619 619
Midwest 435 638 638 629 642 640 637
South 1186 1716 1716 1702 1761 1730 1729
West 258 359 359 359 365 361 359

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 2246 3294 3294 3263 3352 3311 3305
18 to 24 years old 402 433 433 430 449 437 437
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 82 86 86 85 85 85 85
25 years old and over 1844 2860 2860 2833 2903 2874 2868
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 585 871 871 866 882 871 869
  High school graduate, no college 742 1088 1088 1081 1104 1093 1089
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 359 643 643 630 655 649 647
  Bachelor's degree or more 159 258 258 256 263 261 261

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1756 2256 2256 2225 2314 2271 2264
Worked at full-time jobs 246 309 309 285 347 317 312
  50 to 52 weeks 74 81 81 68 102 83 81
Worked at part-time jobs 282 348 348 342 368 348 347
Did not work 1229 1598 1598 1598 1598 1605 1605

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 434 616 616 614 617 616 616
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 69 90 90 89 91 89 89
      SSI 373 546 546 545 546 547 547
  Food stamps 737 931 931 926 937 931 925
  Housing assistance 501 722 722 721 731 728 728
  Energy assistance 279 362 362 359 360 363 363
  Food stamps and cash assistance 260 333 333 333 335 333 333

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 224 432 432 401 420 425 423
  Medicare 643 1406 1406 1406 1409 1411 1411
      Also Medicaid 292 507 507 507 507 507 507
  Medicaid 789 1092 1092 1088 1096 1094 1092
Not covered by: Health insurance 879 989 989 989 1042 1004 1001

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Black alone or in combination
Total 3365 2435 2313 2313 2184 2079

Age
15 to 24 years 482 448 448 448 447 433
25 to 44 years 783 676 653 653 627 593
45 to 54 years 584 491 475 475 439 416
55 to 64 years 569 386 367 367 338 306
65 years and over 948 434 371 371 333 332

Region
Northeast 627 439 404 404 365 326
Midwest 645 465 442 442 423 406
South 1732 1251 1196 1196 1144 1114
West 361 281 271 271 253 234

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 3326 2396 2274 2274 2145 2042
18 to 24 years old 443 409 409 409 408 395
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 85 82 82 82 82 73
25 years old and over 2883 1987 1865 1865 1737 1647
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 871 632 579 579 526 502
  High school graduate, no college 1093 787 744 744 706 667
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 656 404 382 382 344 325
  Bachelor's degree or more 263 164 160 160 160 153

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 2283 1869 1810 1810 1719 1620
Worked at full-time jobs 326 261 261 261 253 246
  50 to 52 weeks 89 81 81 81 80 78
Worked at part-time jobs 352 302 297 297 287 282
Did not work 1605 1306 1252 1252 1180 1092

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 618 563 529 529 401 333
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 91 87 87 87 69 62
      SSI 547 497 463 463 340 275
  Food stamps 931 786 724 724 665 603
  Housing assistance 727 559 494 494 430 376
  Energy assistance 363 296 265 265 249 222
  Food stamps and cash assistance 335 308 301 301 242 205

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 423 212 205 205 200 195
  Medicare 1413 726 604 604 529 519
      Also Medicaid 509 364 299 299 229 219
  Medicaid 1097 917 853 853 728 623
Not covered by: Health insurance 1015 903 903 903 903 903

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Black alone or in combination
Total 1858 1718 1939 2363 2339 2335

Age
15 to 24 years 411 409 427 453 453 453
25 to 44 years 556 549 582 676 663 663
45 to 54 years 352 341 367 472 468 468
55 to 64 years 256 233 269 361 356 356
65 years and over 283 186 295 399 399 395

Region
Northeast 280 264 306 421 421 421
Midwest 358 348 369 445 444 444
South 1005 905 1040 1233 1214 1210
West 216 201 224 263 260 260

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1821 1680 1900 2324 2300 2296
18 to 24 years old 374 372 388 414 414 414
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 71 71 78 83 83 83
25 years old and over 1447 1309 1512 1909 1886 1881
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 423 371 440 597 591 587
  High school graduate, no college 584 523 620 772 760 760
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 294 278 302 375 372 372
  Bachelor's degree or more 146 136 150 166 163 163

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1455 1411 1517 1831 1808 1808
Worked at full-time jobs 225 220 226 297 283 283
  50 to 52 weeks 65 66 66 111 100 100
Worked at part-time jobs 252 243 256 304 294 294
Did not work 979 948 1035 1230 1230 1230

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 233 215 267 434 434 434
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 49 47 54 69 69 69
      SSI 184 168 215 373 373 373
  Food stamps 451 423 482 749 742 738
  Housing assistance 209 209 217 511 505 505
  Energy assistance 173 150 182 286 284 283
  Food stamps and cash assistance 130 118 146 260 260 260

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 173 164 179 250 244 244
  Medicare 420 317 451 648 646 642
      Also Medicaid 161 132 171 295 292 292
  Medicaid 502 461 563 796 792 792
Not covered by: Health insurance 857 836 857 917 903 903

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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