U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Black alone
Total 7102 31.1 45.4 45.4 44.9

Age
15 to 24 years 759 54.0 57.9 57.9 57.4
25 to 44 years 2509 24.5 29.6 29.6 29.0
45 to 54 years 1413 31.7 40.3 40.3 39.5
55 to 64 years 1147 29.9 47.7 47.7 47.6
65 years and over 1273 30.9 72.7 72.7 72.7

Region
Northeast 1286 30.3 46.2 46.2 45.5
Midwest 1321 30.9 46.0 46.0 45.2
South 3792 31.0 44.7 44.7 44.3
West 703 33.3 46.6 46.6 46.6

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 7068 30.8 45.1 45.1 44.7
18 to 24 years old 725 51.9 55.9 55.9 55.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 96 80.4 82.9 82.9 81.8
25 years old and over 6343 28.4 43.9 43.9 43.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1132 50.7 75.7 75.7 75.2
  High school graduate, no college 2214 32.7 48.0 48.0 47.7
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 1671 20.5 36.4 36.4 35.7
  Bachelor's degree or more 1327 11.9 19.3 19.3 19.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 5704 29.7 38.2 38.2 37.6
Worked at full-time jobs 3419 7.0 8.8 8.8 8.0
  50 to 52 weeks 2803 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.4
Worked at part-time jobs 606 41.9 52.5 52.5 51.6
Did not work 1680 71.6 92.8 92.8 92.8

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 618 68.1 96.6 96.6 96.4
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 88 67.0 90.9 90.9 90.2
      SSI 549 67.1 97.6 97.6 97.5
  Food stamps 1050 68.3 86.5 86.5 86.0
  Housing assistance 867 56.9 81.3 81.3 81.1
  Energy assistance 410 66.9 86.3 86.3 85.6
  Food stamps and cash assistance 332 75.6 97.5 97.5 97.5

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 2948 7.4 14.3 14.3 13.3
  Medicare 1729 36.9 79.7 79.7 79.7
      Also Medicaid 533 54.5 94.0 94.0 94.0
  Medicaid 1191 63.9 88.7 88.7 88.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 1874 45.3 50.8 50.8 50.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Black alone
Total 46.2 45.6 45.5 45.8 33.1

Age
15 to 24 years 59.7 58.4 58.4 58.9 54.7
25 to 44 years 30.8 29.7 29.5 30.0 25.8
45 to 54 years 40.5 40.3 40.2 40.2 33.8
55 to 64 years 48.3 48.4 48.4 48.4 33.2
65 years and over 72.7 72.9 72.9 73.0 33.8

Region
Northeast 46.6 46.1 46.1 46.8 32.7
Midwest 46.1 46.1 45.9 46.3 32.9
South 45.8 45.0 45.0 45.1 32.7
West 47.2 46.8 46.6 46.8 36.6

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 45.9 45.4 45.3 45.5 32.8
18 to 24 years old 57.8 56.4 56.4 56.9 52.6
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 82.0 81.8 81.8 82.0 79.5
25 years old and over 44.5 44.1 44.0 44.2 30.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 76.6 75.6 75.5 75.7 54.9
  High school graduate, no college 48.7 48.2 48.0 48.2 34.7
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 37.1 36.8 36.7 37.2 22.9
  Bachelor's degree or more 19.7 19.6 19.6 19.7 12.3

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 39.1 38.4 38.3 38.6 31.6
Worked at full-time jobs 9.8 9.0 8.8 9.2 7.4
  50 to 52 weeks 3.5 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.8
Worked at part-time jobs 55.9 52.6 52.3 53.3 45.0
Did not work 92.8 93.2 93.2 93.2 76.0

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 96.8 96.6 96.6 97.0 88.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 92.3 90.2 90.2 92.3 87.5
      SSI 97.6 97.8 97.8 97.8 88.6
  Food stamps 86.9 86.4 85.9 86.4 73.0
  Housing assistance 82.2 81.9 81.9 81.8 63.6
  Energy assistance 86.0 86.5 86.5 86.5 71.2
  Food stamps and cash assistance 98.0 97.5 97.5 98.0 89.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 13.9 14.1 14.1 14.0 7.0
  Medicare 79.9 80.0 80.0 80.1 41.4
      Also Medicaid 94.0 94.1 94.1 94.4 67.4
  Medicaid 88.9 88.8 88.7 89.1 74.2
Not covered by: Health insurance 53.6 51.7 51.5 52.2 46.5

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Black alone
Total 31.4 31.4 29.7 28.3 25.2

Age
15 to 24 years 54.7 54.7 54.7 53.0 50.2
25 to 44 years 24.8 24.8 23.9 22.6 21.2
45 to 54 years 32.7 32.7 30.4 28.8 24.4
55 to 64 years 31.6 31.6 29.0 26.2 21.9
65 years and over 29.0 29.0 26.0 25.9 22.0

Region
Northeast 30.0 30.0 27.1 24.2 20.6
Midwest 31.2 31.2 29.8 28.8 25.3
South 31.2 31.2 29.9 29.1 26.3
West 35.3 35.3 32.8 30.2 27.7

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 31.1 31.1 29.3 27.9 24.8
18 to 24 years old 52.5 52.5 52.5 50.8 47.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 79.5 79.5 79.5 70.5 68.5
25 years old and over 28.6 28.6 26.7 25.3 22.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 50.2 50.2 45.6 43.5 36.6
  High school graduate, no college 32.8 32.8 31.1 29.4 25.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 21.6 21.6 19.6 18.5 16.7
  Bachelor's degree or more 12.0 12.0 12.0 11.5 10.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 30.6 30.6 29.0 27.4 24.5
Worked at full-time jobs 7.4 7.4 7.1 7.0 6.4
  50 to 52 weeks 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.2
Worked at part-time jobs 44.2 44.2 42.8 42.1 37.2
Did not work 72.8 72.8 68.7 63.5 56.9

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 82.6 82.6 62.9 52.3 36.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 87.5 87.5 67.0 61.8 47.4
      SSI 82.4 82.4 61.3 49.4 33.1
  Food stamps 67.1 67.1 61.4 55.9 41.6
  Housing assistance 56.2 56.2 48.8 43.0 23.8
  Energy assistance 63.5 63.5 59.6 53.2 41.4
  Food stamps and cash assistance 88.0 88.0 70.1 59.6 37.2

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.4 5.7
  Medicare 34.5 34.5 30.4 29.8 24.1
      Also Medicaid 55.2 55.2 42.6 40.7 29.9
  Medicaid 68.8 68.8 58.8 50.5 40.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 46.5 46.5 46.5 46.5 44.2

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Black alone
Total 23.3 26.3 32.2 31.8 31.8

Age
15 to 24 years 50.0 52.0 55.5 55.5 55.5
25 to 44 years 20.9 22.2 25.8 25.3 25.3
45 to 54 years 23.5 25.3 32.8 32.5 32.5
55 to 64 years 20.1 23.0 31.1 30.5 30.5
65 years and over 14.6 23.0 31.1 31.1 30.7

Region
Northeast 19.5 22.6 31.5 31.5 31.5
Midwest 24.6 26.0 31.5 31.5 31.5
South 23.6 27.2 32.3 31.8 31.7
West 25.5 28.7 33.9 33.6 33.6

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 22.9 25.9 31.8 31.5 31.5
18 to 24 years old 47.6 49.8 53.4 53.4 53.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 68.5 75.6 80.6 80.6 80.6
25 years old and over 20.1 23.2 29.4 29.0 28.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 32.0 37.9 51.8 51.3 50.9
  High school graduate, no college 23.2 27.3 34.0 33.5 33.5
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 15.7 17.2 21.4 21.3 21.3
  Bachelor's degree or more 10.2 11.3 12.5 12.2 12.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 23.8 25.6 31.0 30.6 30.6
Worked at full-time jobs 6.2 6.4 8.4 8.0 8.0
  50 to 52 weeks 2.2 2.2 3.8 3.5 3.5
Worked at part-time jobs 36.0 37.7 45.7 44.1 44.1
Did not work 55.2 60.2 71.7 71.7 71.7

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 33.2 41.3 68.2 68.1 68.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 45.4 51.3 67.7 67.0 67.0
      SSI 30.1 38.5 67.1 67.1 67.1
  Food stamps 38.9 44.4 69.3 68.7 68.4
  Housing assistance 23.8 24.7 58.0 57.3 57.3
  Energy assistance 36.1 43.3 68.6 68.1 67.9
  Food stamps and cash assistance 33.6 41.5 75.6 75.6 75.6

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 5.3 5.9 8.3 8.1 8.1
  Medicare 18.3 25.8 37.1 37.0 36.8
      Also Medicaid 24.8 31.8 54.9 54.5 54.5
  Medicaid 37.0 45.1 64.4 64.2 64.2
Not covered by: Health insurance 43.0 44.2 47.3 46.5 46.5

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Black alone
Total 2209 3223 3223 3191 3278 3240 3233

Age
15 to 24 years 410 440 440 436 453 443 443
25 to 44 years 616 742 742 727 773 746 740
45 to 54 years 447 569 569 558 573 569 568
55 to 64 years 343 548 548 546 554 555 555
65 years and over 393 925 925 925 925 927 927

Region
Northeast 389 594 594 586 599 593 593
Midwest 408 607 607 598 609 609 606
South 1177 1694 1694 1680 1739 1708 1707
West 234 327 327 327 332 329 327

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 2175 3188 3188 3157 3244 3206 3199
18 to 24 years old 376 405 405 402 419 409 409
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 77 80 80 79 79 79 79
25 years old and over 1798 2783 2783 2755 2825 2797 2790
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 574 856 856 851 867 856 854
  High school graduate, no college 723 1062 1062 1055 1077 1067 1063
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 343 609 609 596 620 615 613
  Bachelor's degree or more 158 256 256 254 261 260 260

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1697 2176 2176 2146 2232 2191 2185
Worked at full-time jobs 240 299 299 275 334 307 302
  50 to 52 weeks 72 80 80 66 98 81 80
Worked at part-time jobs 254 318 318 313 339 319 317
Did not work 1203 1559 1559 1559 1559 1565 1565

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 421 597 597 596 599 597 597
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 59 80 80 79 81 79 79
      SSI 369 536 536 535 536 537 537
  Food stamps 717 908 908 902 913 907 902
  Housing assistance 493 705 705 704 713 710 710
  Energy assistance 275 354 354 351 353 355 355
  Food stamps and cash assistance 251 324 324 324 326 324 324

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 217 423 423 392 411 416 414
  Medicare 637 1378 1378 1378 1381 1383 1383
      Also Medicaid 290 501 501 501 501 501 501
  Medicaid 761 1056 1056 1052 1059 1057 1056
Not covered by: Health insurance 850 953 953 953 1004 968 965

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Black alone
Total 3253 2351 2231 2231 2108 2008

Age
15 to 24 years 447 415 415 415 415 403
25 to 44 years 753 647 623 623 599 568
45 to 54 years 569 478 462 462 430 408
55 to 64 years 555 381 362 362 332 301
65 years and over 929 430 368 368 331 330

Region
Northeast 602 420 386 386 349 311
Midwest 612 435 412 412 394 381
South 1710 1238 1184 1184 1135 1104
West 329 257 248 248 230 212

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 3219 2317 2197 2197 2073 1974
18 to 24 years old 413 381 381 381 381 369
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 79 77 77 77 77 68
25 years old and over 2806 1936 1816 1816 1693 1606
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 856 621 568 568 516 492
  High school graduate, no college 1067 768 727 727 689 651
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 622 383 361 361 328 310
  Bachelor's degree or more 261 164 160 160 160 153

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 2202 1801 1743 1743 1657 1562
Worked at full-time jobs 314 252 252 252 244 239
  50 to 52 weeks 85 78 78 78 77 74
Worked at part-time jobs 323 273 268 268 259 255
Did not work 1565 1277 1223 1223 1154 1068

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 599 545 511 511 389 323
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 81 77 77 77 59 54
      SSI 537 487 453 453 336 271
  Food stamps 908 766 704 704 645 587
  Housing assistance 710 551 487 487 424 373
  Energy assistance 355 292 261 261 245 218
  Food stamps and cash assistance 326 299 292 292 233 198

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 414 205 198 198 194 188
  Medicare 1385 717 596 596 525 515
      Also Medicaid 503 359 294 294 227 217
  Medicaid 1061 884 819 819 700 601
Not covered by: Health insurance 977 872 872 872 872 872

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Black alone
Total 1789 1652 1867 2284 2261 2257

Age
15 to 24 years 381 379 395 421 421 421
25 to 44 years 532 524 558 648 635 635
45 to 54 years 344 332 357 463 459 459
55 to 64 years 251 230 264 356 350 350
65 years and over 280 186 293 395 395 391

Region
Northeast 266 251 291 405 405 405
Midwest 334 325 343 417 416 416
South 995 896 1031 1224 1205 1201
West 194 179 202 238 236 236

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1755 1618 1832 2250 2227 2223
18 to 24 years old 347 345 361 387 387 387
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 66 66 73 78 78 78
25 years old and over 1408 1273 1472 1863 1840 1836
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 414 362 429 586 580 576
  High school graduate, no college 570 512 605 753 741 741
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 278 263 287 358 356 356
  Bachelor's degree or more 145 136 150 165 162 162

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1400 1357 1460 1769 1746 1746
Worked at full-time jobs 219 212 220 288 275 275
  50 to 52 weeks 62 61 63 108 97 97
Worked at part-time jobs 225 218 229 277 267 267
Did not work 956 927 1011 1205 1205 1205

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 223 205 255 422 421 421
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 42 40 45 60 59 59
      SSI 182 166 211 369 369 369
  Food stamps 437 409 466 727 722 718
  Housing assistance 207 207 214 503 497 497
  Energy assistance 170 148 178 282 280 279
  Food stamps and cash assistance 124 112 138 251 251 251

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 167 157 173 244 238 238
  Medicare 416 316 447 642 640 636
      Also Medicaid 159 132 169 292 290 290
  Medicaid 481 441 537 767 765 765
Not covered by: Health insurance 828 807 828 886 872 872

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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