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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Asian alone or in combination
Total 1826 28.8 36.5 36.5 36.1

Age
15 to 24 years 330 58.4 59.5 59.5 58.5
25 to 44 years 863 18.8 20.8 20.8 20.4
45 to 54 years 216 15.1 19.7 19.7 19.5
55 to 64 years 156 33.6 41.4 41.4 41.2
65 years and over 262 33.1 69.7 69.7 69.7

Region
Northeast 420 38.1 46.0 46.0 45.0
Midwest 186 32.4 43.4 43.4 43.4
South 348 25.5 29.5 29.5 29.5
West 872 24.9 33.1 33.1 32.8

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1814 28.4 36.0 36.0 35.6
18 to 24 years old 318 56.8 57.9 57.9 56.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 15 78.8 83.0 83.0 83.0
25 years old and over 1497 22.3 31.4 31.4 31.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 171 44.1 64.4 64.4 64.4
  High school graduate, no college 246 22.7 39.1 39.1 38.8
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 258 28.8 39.2 39.2 39.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 822 15.6 19.8 19.8 19.4

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1513 26.0 28.9 28.9 28.4
Worked at full-time jobs 983 6.9 7.5 7.5 7.3
  50 to 52 weeks 810 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Worked at part-time jobs 193 39.7 44.0 44.0 41.4
Did not work 337 74.2 82.8 82.8 82.8

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 66 73.9 99.2 99.2 99.2
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2
      SSI 59 71.3 99.6 99.6 99.6
  Food stamps 72 69.9 89.1 89.1 89.1
  Housing assistance 81 56.5 86.8 86.8 86.8
  Energy assistance 25 56.0 81.9 81.9 81.9
  Food stamps and cash assistance 26 88.9 98.0 98.0 98.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 865 7.8 11.0 11.0 10.1
  Medicare 278 32.0 72.7 72.7 72.7
      Also Medicaid 72 64.5 95.5 95.5 95.5
  Medicaid 194 65.4 82.0 82.0 82.0
Not covered by: Health insurance 420 45.3 47.3 47.3 47.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Asian alone or in combination
Total 36.3 36.3 36.2 36.2 29.3

Age
15 to 24 years 58.5 58.5 58.5 58.5 57.6
25 to 44 years 20.7 20.5 20.5 20.5 18.7
45 to 54 years 20.6 20.6 20.4 20.4 15.8
55 to 64 years 41.2 41.2 40.5 40.5 32.8
65 years and over 69.8 70.3 70.3 70.3 37.8

Region
Northeast 45.5 44.9 44.9 44.9 38.0
Midwest 43.4 43.9 43.9 43.9 33.5
South 30.1 30.1 30.1 30.1 26.1
West 32.9 33.0 32.8 32.8 25.5

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 35.9 35.8 35.8 35.8 28.8
18 to 24 years old 56.9 56.9 56.9 56.9 56.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 83.0 83.0 83.0 83.0 83.0
25 years old and over 31.4 31.4 31.3 31.3 23.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 64.4 64.6 64.6 64.6 47.4
  High school graduate, no college 39.1 39.4 39.3 39.3 23.6
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 39.1 39.1 38.7 38.7 29.8
  Bachelor's degree or more 19.9 19.6 19.6 19.6 15.8

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 28.7 28.6 28.5 28.5 25.8
Worked at full-time jobs 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 6.9
  50 to 52 weeks 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Worked at part-time jobs 42.4 41.3 40.8 40.8 36.5
Did not work 82.8 82.8 82.8 82.8 74.9

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 99.2 99.2 99.2 99.2 96.1
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2
      SSI 99.6 99.6 99.6 99.6 96.1
  Food stamps 89.1 89.1 89.1 89.1 73.2
  Housing assistance 87.2 87.2 85.9 85.9 62.9
  Energy assistance 81.9 81.9 81.9 81.9 71.4
  Food stamps and cash assistance 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 10.4 10.2 10.0 10.0 6.8
  Medicare 72.8 73.2 73.2 73.2 36.5
      Also Medicaid 95.5 95.5 95.5 95.5 80.7
  Medicaid 82.0 82.0 82.0 82.0 72.8
Not covered by: Health insurance 47.4 47.4 47.4 47.4 45.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Asian alone or in combination
Total 28.9 28.9 27.6 27.2 26.2

Age
15 to 24 years 57.6 57.6 57.4 56.6 56.6
25 to 44 years 18.7 18.7 18.4 18.4 18.1
45 to 54 years 15.8 15.8 15.8 14.4 14.4
55 to 64 years 32.2 32.2 32.1 31.2 31.2
65 years and over 35.3 35.3 27.1 27.1 21.1

Region
Northeast 36.9 36.9 35.5 35.4 33.3
Midwest 33.5 33.5 32.4 32.4 31.5
South 25.8 25.8 25.4 25.4 24.5
West 25.3 25.3 23.6 22.8 22.2

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 28.4 28.4 27.1 26.7 25.7
18 to 24 years old 56.0 56.0 55.8 55.0 55.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 83.0 83.0 78.8 78.8 78.8
25 years old and over 22.6 22.6 21.0 20.7 19.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 44.8 44.8 39.2 38.3 30.7
  High school graduate, no college 23.3 23.3 21.8 20.8 20.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 29.0 29.0 27.6 27.3 26.6
  Bachelor's degree or more 15.8 15.8 14.9 14.9 14.7

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 25.8 25.8 25.6 25.1 24.9
Worked at full-time jobs 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
  50 to 52 weeks 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Worked at part-time jobs 36.5 36.5 36.5 35.9 35.8
Did not work 74.6 74.6 74.0 72.1 71.5

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 92.7 92.7 55.9 49.9 31.6
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2
      SSI 92.3 92.3 51.1 44.5 23.9
  Food stamps 68.4 68.4 59.9 59.5 41.3
  Housing assistance 61.4 61.4 43.0 41.3 23.9
  Energy assistance 71.4 71.4 49.7 43.5 41.4
  Food stamps and cash assistance 98.0 98.0 74.5 73.5 33.2

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.6
  Medicare 33.9 33.9 26.1 26.1 20.4
      Also Medicaid 72.8 72.8 43.1 43.1 28.6
  Medicaid 69.9 69.9 57.5 53.6 46.9
Not covered by: Health insurance 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Asian alone or in combination
Total 24.8 26.7 29.0 29.0 29.0

Age
15 to 24 years 56.3 57.3 58.3 58.3 58.3
25 to 44 years 17.9 18.1 18.8 18.8 18.8
45 to 54 years 11.7 15.8 16.5 16.3 16.3
55 to 64 years 28.9 31.2 33.9 33.6 33.6
65 years and over 16.1 22.6 33.1 33.1 33.1

Region
Northeast 31.8 33.6 38.1 38.1 38.1
Midwest 32.0 31.5 32.4 32.4 32.4
South 23.0 24.5 26.1 26.1 26.1
West 20.5 23.3 25.1 25.0 25.0

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 24.3 26.2 28.5 28.5 28.5
18 to 24 years old 54.7 55.7 56.7 56.7 56.7
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 78.8 78.8 78.8 78.8 78.8
25 years old and over 17.8 20.0 22.6 22.5 22.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 28.0 32.1 44.4 44.1 44.1
  High school graduate, no college 17.7 20.4 22.9 22.7 22.7
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 24.5 27.0 29.0 29.0 29.0
  Bachelor's degree or more 13.6 15.1 15.9 15.9 15.9

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 24.1 25.3 26.3 26.2 26.2
Worked at full-time jobs 6.2 6.8 7.2 7.1 7.1
  50 to 52 weeks 3.1 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.7
Worked at part-time jobs 35.5 36.5 39.9 39.6 39.6
Did not work 69.8 72.8 74.2 74.2 74.2

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 28.9 39.8 73.9 73.9 73.9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2
      SSI 20.9 33.2 71.3 71.3 71.3
  Food stamps 38.1 42.2 69.9 69.9 69.9
  Housing assistance 23.9 23.9 56.5 56.5 56.5
  Energy assistance 24.9 48.5 56.0 56.0 56.0
  Food stamps and cash assistance 33.2 33.2 88.9 88.9 88.9

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.2 6.6 7.9 7.8 7.8
  Medicare 15.7 21.8 32.0 32.0 32.0
      Also Medicaid 22.9 33.6 64.5 64.5 64.5
  Medicaid 44.8 51.9 65.4 65.4 65.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 45.0 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Asian alone or in combination
Total 527 666 666 658 664 663 661

Age
15 to 24 years 193 196 196 193 193 193 193
25 to 44 years 162 180 180 176 179 177 177
45 to 54 years 33 42 42 42 44 44 44
55 to 64 years 52 64 64 64 64 64 63
65 years and over 87 183 183 183 183 184 184

Region
Northeast 160 193 193 189 191 189 189
Midwest 60 81 81 81 81 82 82
South 89 103 103 103 105 105 105
West 217 289 289 286 287 288 286

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 514 654 654 646 651 650 649
18 to 24 years old 180 184 184 181 181 181 181
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 12 13 13 13 13 13 13
25 years old and over 334 470 470 465 470 470 468
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 75 110 110 110 110 110 110
  High school graduate, no college 56 96 96 96 96 97 97
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 74 101 101 101 101 101 100
  Bachelor's degree or more 129 162 162 159 163 161 161

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 394 437 437 430 435 433 431
Worked at full-time jobs 67 74 74 71 74 74 74
  50 to 52 weeks 27 27 27 27 29 29 29
Worked at part-time jobs 77 85 85 80 82 80 79
Did not work 250 279 279 279 279 279 279

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 49 66 66 66 66 66 66
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
      SSI 42 59 59 59 59 59 59
  Food stamps 51 65 65 65 65 65 65
  Housing assistance 46 71 71 71 71 71 70
  Energy assistance 14 20 20 20 20 20 20
  Food stamps and cash assistance 23 26 26 26 26 26 26

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 67 95 95 88 90 88 87
  Medicare 89 202 202 202 203 204 204
      Also Medicaid 46 69 69 69 69 69 69
  Medicaid 127 159 159 159 159 159 159
Not covered by: Health insurance 190 199 199 199 199 199 199

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Asian alone or in combination
Total 661 535 528 528 504 496

Age
15 to 24 years 193 190 190 190 189 187
25 to 44 years 177 161 161 161 159 159
45 to 54 years 44 34 34 34 34 31
55 to 64 years 63 51 50 50 50 49
65 years and over 184 99 93 93 71 71

Region
Northeast 189 160 155 155 149 149
Midwest 82 62 62 62 60 60
South 105 91 90 90 88 88
West 286 223 221 221 206 199

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 649 523 516 516 492 484
18 to 24 years old 181 178 178 178 177 175
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 13 13 13 13 12 12
25 years old and over 468 345 338 338 314 310
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 110 81 77 77 67 65
  High school graduate, no college 97 58 57 57 54 51
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 100 77 75 75 71 70
  Bachelor's degree or more 161 130 130 130 123 123

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 431 391 390 390 387 380
Worked at full-time jobs 74 68 68 68 67 67
  50 to 52 weeks 29 29 29 29 29 29
Worked at part-time jobs 79 70 70 70 70 69
Did not work 279 252 251 251 249 243

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 66 64 61 61 37 33
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 7 7 7 7 7
      SSI 59 57 55 55 30 26
  Food stamps 65 53 50 50 43 43
  Housing assistance 70 51 50 50 35 34
  Energy assistance 20 18 18 18 12 11
  Food stamps and cash assistance 26 26 26 26 20 19

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 87 59 59 59 57 57
  Medicare 204 102 94 94 73 73
      Also Medicaid 69 58 52 52 31 31
  Medicaid 159 141 135 135 111 104
Not covered by: Health insurance 199 190 190 190 190 190

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Asian alone or in combination
Total 478 452 488 530 529 529

Age
15 to 24 years 187 186 189 192 192 192
25 to 44 years 156 154 157 163 163 163
45 to 54 years 31 25 34 36 35 35
55 to 64 years 49 45 49 53 52 52
65 years and over 55 42 59 87 87 87

Region
Northeast 140 134 141 160 160 160
Midwest 59 59 59 60 60 60
South 85 80 85 91 91 91
West 194 179 203 219 218 218

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 466 440 475 518 517 517
18 to 24 years old 175 174 177 180 180 180
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 12 12 12 12 12 12
25 years old and over 291 266 299 338 337 337
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 52 48 55 76 75 75
  High school graduate, no college 49 44 50 56 56 56
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 69 63 70 75 75 75
  Bachelor's degree or more 121 112 124 131 131 131

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 377 364 383 398 397 397
Worked at full-time jobs 67 61 67 71 70 70
  50 to 52 weeks 29 25 29 30 30 30
Worked at part-time jobs 69 68 70 77 76 76
Did not work 241 235 245 250 250 250

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 21 19 26 49 49 49
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 7 7 7 7 7
      SSI 14 12 20 42 42 42
  Food stamps 30 28 31 51 51 51
  Housing assistance 19 19 19 46 46 46
  Energy assistance 10 6 12 14 14 14
  Food stamps and cash assistance 9 9 9 23 23 23

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 57 53 57 69 68 68
  Medicare 57 44 61 89 89 89
      Also Medicaid 21 16 24 46 46 46
  Medicaid 91 87 101 127 127 127
Not covered by: Health insurance 190 189 190 190 190 190

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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