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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Asian alone
Total 1673 29.3 37.3 37.3 36.9

Age
15 to 24 years 287 59.7 60.7 60.7 59.6
25 to 44 years 778 19.2 21.4 21.4 21.0
45 to 54 years 203 15.9 20.7 20.7 20.7
55 to 64 years 147 34.9 40.5 40.5 40.5
65 years and over 258 33.5 70.6 70.6 70.6

Region
Northeast 404 37.4 45.6 45.6 44.5
Midwest 172 33.5 45.0 45.0 45.0
South 319 25.6 29.9 29.9 29.9
West 778 25.8 34.4 34.4 34.1

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1664 29.0 37.0 37.0 36.6
18 to 24 years old 278 58.4 59.5 59.5 58.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 11 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2
25 years old and over 1386 23.1 32.5 32.5 32.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 167 44.5 64.8 64.8 64.8
  High school graduate, no college 230 22.7 40.0 40.0 39.9
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 223 30.2 41.2 41.2 41.2
  Bachelor's degree or more 765 16.4 20.7 20.7 20.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1372 26.7 29.5 29.5 29.0
Worked at full-time jobs 876 6.6 7.2 7.2 7.0
  50 to 52 weeks 724 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Worked at part-time jobs 178 40.9 45.3 45.3 42.7
Did not work 318 74.2 82.0 82.0 82.0

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 64 74.9 100.0 100.0 100.0
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
      SSI 58 72.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
  Food stamps 67 68.4 89.2 89.2 89.2
  Housing assistance 76 56.7 89.0 89.0 89.0
  Energy assistance 24 56.6 82.7 82.7 82.7
  Food stamps and cash assistance 25 90.3 100.0 100.0 100.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 774 8.0 11.1 11.1 10.3
  Medicare 269 32.9 74.3 74.3 74.3
      Also Medicaid 72 64.7 95.9 95.9 95.9
  Medicaid 177 67.5 85.3 85.3 85.3
Not covered by: Health insurance 395 45.0 47.1 47.1 47.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Asian alone
Total 37.2 37.1 37.1 37.1 29.9

Age
15 to 24 years 59.6 59.6 59.6 59.6 58.6
25 to 44 years 21.3 21.0 21.0 21.0 19.1
45 to 54 years 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6 16.8
55 to 64 years 40.5 40.5 39.8 39.8 34.3
65 years and over 70.7 71.2 71.2 71.2 38.3

Region
Northeast 45.0 44.5 44.5 44.5 37.3
Midwest 45.0 45.5 45.5 45.5 34.2
South 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 26.2
West 34.2 34.2 34.1 34.1 26.6

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 36.9 36.8 36.7 36.7 29.5
18 to 24 years old 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.3 57.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2
25 years old and over 32.6 32.5 32.4 32.4 23.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 64.8 65.0 65.0 65.0 47.9
  High school graduate, no college 39.9 40.3 40.3 40.3 23.7
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 41.2 41.2 40.8 40.8 31.6
  Bachelor's degree or more 20.8 20.5 20.5 20.5 16.5

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 29.3 29.2 29.1 29.1 26.5
Worked at full-time jobs 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 6.6
  50 to 52 weeks 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Worked at part-time jobs 43.8 42.6 42.0 42.0 37.6
Did not work 82.0 82.0 82.0 82.0 74.9

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 96.8
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
      SSI 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 96.4
  Food stamps 89.2 89.2 89.2 89.2 72.0
  Housing assistance 89.0 89.0 87.7 87.7 63.5
  Energy assistance 82.7 82.7 82.7 82.7 72.1
  Food stamps and cash assistance 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 10.5 10.3 10.1 10.1 7.0
  Medicare 74.4 74.8 74.8 74.8 37.5
      Also Medicaid 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.9 81.0
  Medicaid 85.3 85.3 85.3 85.3 75.2
Not covered by: Health insurance 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1 45.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Asian alone
Total 29.4 29.4 28.0 27.6 26.5

Age
15 to 24 years 58.6 58.6 58.6 57.7 57.7
25 to 44 years 19.1 19.1 18.8 18.8 18.5
45 to 54 years 16.8 16.8 16.8 15.3 15.3
55 to 64 years 33.7 33.7 33.6 32.6 32.6
65 years and over 35.8 35.8 27.4 27.4 21.3

Region
Northeast 36.2 36.2 34.7 34.5 32.4
Midwest 34.2 34.2 33.5 33.5 32.4
South 25.9 25.9 25.4 25.4 24.4
West 26.4 26.4 24.4 23.6 23.0

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 29.1 29.1 27.6 27.2 26.1
18 to 24 years old 57.2 57.2 57.2 56.4 56.4
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2
25 years old and over 23.4 23.4 21.7 21.4 20.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 45.3 45.3 39.5 38.6 31.2
  High school graduate, no college 23.4 23.4 21.8 20.8 19.9
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 30.6 30.6 29.1 28.7 27.9
  Bachelor's degree or more 16.5 16.5 15.6 15.6 15.4

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 26.4 26.4 26.3 25.7 25.6
Worked at full-time jobs 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
  50 to 52 weeks 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Worked at part-time jobs 37.6 37.6 37.6 37.0 36.9
Did not work 74.6 74.6 73.9 72.0 71.5

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 93.3 93.3 56.3 50.6 32.6
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
      SSI 92.5 92.5 51.2 44.8 24.6
  Food stamps 66.8 66.8 57.6 57.6 38.8
  Housing assistance 62.0 62.0 42.3 40.5 22.9
  Energy assistance 72.1 72.1 50.2 43.9 41.8
  Food stamps and cash assistance 100.0 100.0 75.2 75.2 35.1

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 7.0 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.7
  Medicare 34.8 34.8 26.7 26.7 20.9
      Also Medicaid 73.0 73.0 43.2 43.2 28.7
  Medicaid 72.0 72.0 58.8 54.6 47.7
Not covered by: Health insurance 45.1 45.1 45.1 45.1 45.1

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Asian alone
Total 25.1 27.1 29.5 29.5 29.5

Age
15 to 24 years 57.4 58.6 59.6 59.6 59.6
25 to 44 years 18.6 18.6 19.3 19.3 19.3
45 to 54 years 12.4 16.8 17.0 16.8 16.8
55 to 64 years 30.1 32.6 34.9 34.9 34.9
65 years and over 16.2 22.8 33.5 33.5 33.5

Region
Northeast 31.4 32.7 37.3 37.3 37.3
Midwest 32.9 32.4 33.5 33.5 33.5
South 22.8 24.4 26.2 26.2 26.2
West 21.1 24.2 25.9 25.8 25.8

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 24.7 26.7 29.1 29.1 29.1
18 to 24 years old 56.1 57.2 58.3 58.3 58.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2 79.2
25 years old and over 18.4 20.6 23.2 23.2 23.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 28.4 32.6 44.5 44.5 44.5
  High school graduate, no college 17.5 20.4 22.8 22.7 22.7
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 26.5 28.3 30.2 30.2 30.2
  Bachelor's degree or more 14.2 15.8 16.7 16.7 16.7

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 24.9 26.0 26.9 26.9 26.9
Worked at full-time jobs 6.2 6.6 6.9 6.8 6.8
  50 to 52 weeks 2.9 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.4
Worked at part-time jobs 36.6 37.6 40.8 40.8 40.8
Did not work 69.7 72.9 74.2 74.2 74.2

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 29.8 41.1 74.9 74.9 74.9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
      SSI 21.6 34.2 72.0 72.0 72.0
  Food stamps 35.3 39.7 68.4 68.4 68.4
  Housing assistance 22.9 22.9 56.7 56.7 56.7
  Energy assistance 25.2 49.0 56.6 56.6 56.6
  Food stamps and cash assistance 35.1 35.1 90.3 90.3 90.3

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.6 6.7 8.0 8.0 8.0
  Medicare 16.0 22.3 32.9 32.9 32.9
      Also Medicaid 23.0 33.7 64.7 64.7 64.7
  Medicaid 45.4 53.2 67.5 67.5 67.5
Not covered by: Health insurance 44.8 45.1 45.1 45.1 45.1

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Asian alone
Total 491 624 624 618 622 621 620

Age
15 to 24 years 171 174 174 171 171 171 171
25 to 44 years 150 166 166 163 165 163 163
45 to 54 years 32 42 42 42 44 44 44
55 to 64 years 51 60 60 60 60 60 59
65 years and over 86 182 182 182 182 183 183

Region
Northeast 151 184 184 180 182 180 180
Midwest 57 77 77 77 77 78 78
South 82 95 95 95 97 97 97
West 201 267 267 265 266 266 265

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 482 615 615 609 613 612 611
18 to 24 years old 162 165 165 162 162 162 162
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
25 years old and over 320 450 450 447 451 450 449
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 74 108 108 108 108 108 108
  High school graduate, no college 52 92 92 92 92 93 93
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 68 92 92 92 92 92 91
  Bachelor's degree or more 125 158 158 155 159 157 157

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 367 404 404 398 402 400 399
Worked at full-time jobs 58 63 63 61 63 63 63
  50 to 52 weeks 22 22 22 22 24 24 24
Worked at part-time jobs 73 81 81 76 78 76 75
Did not work 236 261 261 261 261 261 261

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 48 64 64 64 64 64 64
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
      SSI 41 58 58 58 58 58 58
  Food stamps 46 60 60 60 60 60 60
  Housing assistance 43 68 68 68 68 68 67
  Energy assistance 14 20 20 20 20 20 20
  Food stamps and cash assistance 23 25 25 25 25 25 25

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 62 86 86 80 82 80 78
  Medicare 89 200 200 200 200 202 202
      Also Medicaid 46 69 69 69 69 69 69
  Medicaid 119 151 151 151 151 151 151
Not covered by: Health insurance 178 186 186 186 186 186 186

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Asian alone
Total 620 500 492 492 469 461

Age
15 to 24 years 171 168 168 168 168 166
25 to 44 years 163 149 149 149 147 146
45 to 54 years 44 34 34 34 34 31
55 to 64 years 59 50 50 50 49 48
65 years and over 183 99 92 92 71 71

Region
Northeast 180 151 146 146 140 140
Midwest 78 59 59 59 57 57
South 97 83 83 83 81 81
West 265 207 205 205 190 183

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 611 491 484 484 460 453
18 to 24 years old 162 159 159 159 159 157
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9 9 9 9 9 9
25 years old and over 449 332 324 324 301 296
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 108 80 75 75 66 64
  High school graduate, no college 93 55 54 54 50 48
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 91 71 68 68 65 64
  Bachelor's degree or more 157 127 127 127 120 120

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 399 363 362 362 360 353
Worked at full-time jobs 63 58 58 58 58 58
  50 to 52 weeks 24 24 24 24 24 24
Worked at part-time jobs 75 67 67 67 67 66
Did not work 261 238 237 237 235 229

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 64 62 60 60 36 33
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 7 7 7 7 7
      SSI 58 55 53 53 29 26
  Food stamps 60 48 45 45 38 38
  Housing assistance 67 48 47 47 32 31
  Energy assistance 20 18 18 18 12 11
  Food stamps and cash assistance 25 25 25 25 19 19

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 78 54 54 54 52 52
  Medicare 202 101 94 94 72 72
      Also Medicaid 69 58 52 52 31 31
  Medicaid 151 133 127 127 104 97
Not covered by: Health insurance 186 178 178 178 178 178

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Asian alone
Total 443 420 453 493 493 493

Age
15 to 24 years 166 165 168 171 171 171
25 to 44 years 144 144 145 150 150 150
45 to 54 years 31 25 34 35 34 34
55 to 64 years 48 44 48 51 51 51
65 years and over 55 42 59 86 86 86

Region
Northeast 131 127 132 151 151 151
Midwest 56 57 56 57 57 57
South 78 73 78 83 83 83
West 179 164 188 201 201 201

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 435 412 445 484 484 484
18 to 24 years old 157 156 159 162 162 162
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 9 9 9 9 9 9
25 years old and over 278 256 285 322 322 322
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 52 47 54 74 74 74
  High school graduate, no college 46 40 47 53 52 52
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 62 59 63 68 68 68
  Bachelor's degree or more 118 109 121 128 128 128

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 351 341 357 369 369 369
Worked at full-time jobs 58 54 58 60 60 60
  50 to 52 weeks 24 21 24 25 25 25
Worked at part-time jobs 66 65 67 73 73 73
Did not work 227 222 232 236 236 236

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 21 19 26 48 48 48
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 7 7 7 7 7 7
      SSI 14 12 20 41 41 41
  Food stamps 26 24 27 46 46 46
  Housing assistance 17 17 17 43 43 43
  Energy assistance 10 6 12 14 14 14
  Food stamps and cash assistance 9 9 9 23 23 23

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 52 51 52 62 62 62
  Medicare 56 43 60 89 89 89
      Also Medicaid 21 16 24 46 46 46
  Medicaid 84 80 94 119 119 119
Not covered by: Health insurance 178 177 178 178 178 178

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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