U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


There is also additional background information for this table group.

Contents for Table

Table 4. Percent of Unrelated Individuals in Poverty, by Definition of Income and Selected Characteristics: 2009

    Percent Below Poverty Level
  Before taxes
  Money income  
Population Total
(thousands)
Excluding capital gains (current measure)
Definition 1
Definition 1 less government transfers
Definition 2
Definition 2 plus capital gains (4)
Definition 3
Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
Definition 4
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 5718 31.5 40.0 40.0 39.7

Age
15 to 24 years 913 48.3 50.5 50.5 49.7
25 to 44 years 2701 25.1 28.4 28.4 28.3
45 to 54 years 864 27.4 35.4 35.4 35.0
55 to 64 years 578 33.3 43.7 43.7 43.7
65 years and over 662 38.2 75.9 75.9 75.6

Region
Northeast 942 29.5 39.9 39.9 39.5
Midwest 482 34.3 44.0 44.0 43.1
South 2089 30.8 38.2 38.2 38.1
West 2205 32.5 40.9 40.9 40.7

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 5664 30.9 39.5 39.5 39.2
18 to 24 years old 859 45.4 47.7 47.7 46.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 239 52.3 52.5 52.5 51.4
25 years old and over 4805 28.3 38.0 38.0 37.9
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 1652 41.8 53.1 53.1 52.9
  High school graduate, no college 1387 26.6 35.3 35.3 35.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 957 19.8 31.5 31.5 31.5
  Bachelor's degree or more 809 13.8 19.5 19.5 19.4

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 4880 28.8 33.6 33.6 33.4
Worked at full-time jobs 3248 10.5 12.6 12.6 12.4
  50 to 52 weeks 2479 4.8 5.0 5.0 4.9
Worked at part-time jobs 712 46.7 49.8 49.8 49.3
Did not work 920 79.4 95.1 95.1 95.1

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 242 65.6 93.9 93.9 93.9
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 37 71.5 96.7 96.7 96.7
      SSI 209 64.5 93.5 93.5 93.5
  Food stamps 519 69.7 83.5 83.5 83.2
  Housing assistance 302 59.8 78.8 78.8 78.8
  Energy assistance 173 58.2 86.0 86.0 86.0
  Food stamps and cash assistance 142 73.3 97.0 97.0 97.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 1749 7.5 10.7 10.7 9.8
  Medicare 730 40.5 83.4 83.4 83.1
      Also Medicaid 259 57.5 96.5 96.5 96.5
  Medicaid 683 62.1 82.2 82.2 82.0
Not covered by: Health insurance 2662 38.6 42.4 42.4 42.4

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes
Definition 5
Definition 5 less Federal income taxes
Definition 6
Definition 6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
Definition 7
Definition 7 less state income taxes
Definition 8
Definition 8 plus nonmeans- tested government cash transfers (5)
Definition 9
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 42.3 40.7 40.7 41.1 33.3

Age
15 to 24 years 52.9 50.1 50.1 51.8 50.1
25 to 44 years 31.5 29.9 29.7 30.1 26.6
45 to 54 years 37.3 35.9 35.7 35.9 28.3
55 to 64 years 44.6 44.2 44.2 44.3 36.2
65 years and over 75.7 75.7 75.7 75.7 41.7

Region
Northeast 41.7 40.0 39.9 40.6 31.6
Midwest 45.2 44.0 44.0 44.7 37.8
South 40.9 39.4 39.3 40.0 32.6
West 43.2 41.6 41.6 41.7 33.8

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 41.8 40.2 40.2 40.6 32.7
18 to 24 years old 50.3 47.3 47.3 49.1 47.3
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 56.8 52.0 52.0 55.4 55.4
25 years old and over 40.2 39.0 38.9 39.1 30.1
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 55.8 53.7 53.6 53.8 44.5
  High school graduate, no college 38.5 37.5 37.5 37.8 28.5
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 32.8 31.8 31.8 31.9 21.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 20.1 19.9 19.5 19.9 14.3

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 36.3 34.5 34.4 35.0 30.5
Worked at full-time jobs 15.5 13.8 13.7 14.3 11.8
  50 to 52 weeks 7.5 5.7 5.7 6.2 5.9
Worked at part-time jobs 54.8 50.4 50.3 51.4 48.0
Did not work 95.1 95.3 95.3 95.3 82.8

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 94.4 93.9 93.9 93.9 86.3
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 96.7 96.7 96.7 96.7 80.4
      SSI 94.1 93.5 93.5 93.5 87.7
  Food stamps 84.2 83.4 83.4 83.6 74.0
  Housing assistance 80.0 79.5 79.5 80.0 65.1
  Energy assistance 87.7 86.6 86.6 86.6 66.8
  Food stamps and cash assistance 97.0 97.0 97.0 97.0 89.5

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 10.2 10.2 10.1 10.1 6.9
  Medicare 83.3 83.2 83.2 83.2 45.7
      Also Medicaid 96.5 96.5 96.5 96.5 70.1
  Medicaid 82.6 82.3 82.3 82.4 68.8
Not covered by: Health insurance 47.3 44.2 44.1 45.1 40.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 9 plus Medicare
Definition 10
Definition 10 plus regular-price school lunches
Definition 11
Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
Definition 12
Definition 12 plus Medicaid
Definition 13
Definition 13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
Definition 14
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 32.3 32.3 31.2 30.4 29.2

Age
15 to 24 years 50.0 50.0 49.7 49.5 48.9
25 to 44 years 26.4 26.4 25.9 25.4 24.6
45 to 54 years 27.9 27.9 27.0 25.7 24.3
55 to 64 years 35.0 35.0 31.8 29.5 28.5
65 years and over 35.2 35.2 31.9 31.6 27.9

Region
Northeast 28.7 28.7 27.0 24.8 23.1
Midwest 36.6 36.6 33.7 33.2 32.5
South 31.9 31.9 31.5 31.2 30.1
West 33.2 33.2 32.1 31.5 30.2

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 31.7 31.7 30.6 29.8 28.6
18 to 24 years old 47.2 47.2 46.9 46.6 46.0
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 55.4 55.4 55.1 54.5 53.0
25 years old and over 28.9 28.9 27.6 26.8 25.5
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 42.2 42.2 40.4 39.0 36.6
  High school graduate, no college 27.5 27.5 26.3 25.5 24.4
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 20.7 20.7 19.3 19.1 18.3
  Bachelor's degree or more 14.1 14.1 13.7 13.4 13.2

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 30.1 30.1 29.3 28.4 27.6
Worked at full-time jobs 11.8 11.8 11.6 11.5 11.0
  50 to 52 weeks 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.4
Worked at part-time jobs 47.9 47.9 47.9 46.5 45.4
Did not work 80.9 80.9 77.1 74.3 72.2

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 80.1 80.1 55.7 44.9 37.0
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 75.3 75.3 67.9 62.3 53.7
      SSI 80.6 80.6 53.1 41.3 33.7
  Food stamps 68.0 68.0 62.1 56.9 47.9
  Housing assistance 54.1 54.1 45.0 36.6 22.1
  Energy assistance 64.1 64.1 51.9 47.6 41.6
  Food stamps and cash assistance 82.0 82.0 60.4 46.8 38.0

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.6
  Medicare 37.4 37.4 31.4 31.1 27.1
      Also Medicaid 59.3 59.3 42.5 41.7 34.9
  Medicaid 64.7 64.7 56.6 50.4 45.9
Not covered by: Health insurance 40.8 40.8 40.7 40.7 39.8

 

  Percent Below Poverty Level
After taxes
Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
Definition 15
Definition 14 less medical programs
Definition 14a
Money Income after Taxes Without EIC
Definition 1a
Money Income after Taxes With EIC
Definition 1b
Money Income after Taxes With EIC plus Economic Recovery Payment (6)
Definition 1c
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 28.4 29.7 33.0 32.6 32.6

Age
15 to 24 years 48.7 49.4 50.5 50.5 50.5
25 to 44 years 25.0 24.9 26.9 26.3 26.3
45 to 54 years 24.1 24.7 28.9 28.3 28.3
55 to 64 years 26.1 29.7 33.8 33.8 33.8
65 years and over 21.7 29.0 38.2 38.2 38.2

Region
Northeast 22.9 24.0 31.7 30.8 30.8
Midwest 32.5 33.1 36.0 36.0 36.0
South 28.8 30.5 32.3 32.2 32.2
West 29.4 30.7 33.5 33.1 33.1

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 27.7 29.1 32.4 32.0 32.0
18 to 24 years old 45.9 46.5 47.8 47.8 47.8
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 53.0 54.3 56.3 56.3 56.3
25 years old and over 24.5 26.0 29.6 29.2 29.2
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 34.5 37.6 43.5 42.8 42.8
  High school graduate, no college 23.7 24.6 28.2 28.0 28.0
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 18.4 18.8 20.6 20.1 20.1
  Bachelor's degree or more 12.8 13.2 14.4 14.1 14.1

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 27.4 28.0 30.5 30.1 30.1
Worked at full-time jobs 11.2 11.1 12.3 11.9 11.9
  50 to 52 weeks 5.5 5.5 6.3 5.9 5.9
Worked at part-time jobs 45.1 46.1 50.0 48.8 48.8
Did not work 71.0 73.8 79.7 79.7 79.7

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 31.9 40.6 65.6 65.6 65.6
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 53.7 63.8 71.5 71.5 71.5
      SSI 27.8 36.4 64.5 64.5 64.5
  Food stamps 45.8 50.0 70.2 69.8 69.8
  Housing assistance 22.1 22.6 61.0 61.0 61.0
  Energy assistance 36.4 44.8 58.2 58.2 58.2
  Food stamps and cash assistance 35.7 42.1 73.3 73.3 73.3

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 6.4 6.7 7.6 7.6 7.6
  Medicare 20.9 29.4 40.5 40.5 40.5
      Also Medicaid 26.6 37.1 57.5 57.5 57.5
  Medicaid 42.4 48.7 62.4 62.4 62.4
Not covered by: Health insurance 40.0 39.8 41.5 40.7 40.7

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4 Definition 5 Definition 6 Definition 7
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 1801 2288 2288 2273 2416 2329 2325

Age
15 to 24 years 441 461 461 454 483 457 457
25 to 44 years 678 766 766 765 852 807 804
45 to 54 years 237 306 306 302 322 310 309
55 to 64 years 193 252 252 252 257 255 255
65 years and over 253 502 502 500 501 501 501

Region
Northeast 278 376 376 373 393 377 376
Midwest 165 212 212 208 218 212 212
South 642 797 797 796 853 823 820
West 716 903 903 896 952 917 917

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1750 2237 2237 2222 2365 2278 2274
18 to 24 years old 390 410 410 403 432 406 406
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 125 125 125 123 135 124 124
25 years old and over 1360 1827 1827 1819 1932 1872 1868
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 691 877 877 875 921 887 886
  High school graduate, no college 369 490 490 486 534 520 520
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 190 302 302 302 314 304 304
  Bachelor's degree or more 111 158 158 157 163 161 158

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1406 1641 1641 1628 1770 1684 1680
Worked at full-time jobs 342 411 411 402 505 448 445
  50 to 52 weeks 120 124 124 122 187 142 142
Worked at part-time jobs 333 355 355 351 390 359 358
Did not work 731 875 875 875 875 877 877

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 158 227 227 227 228 227 227
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 27 36 36 36 36 36 36
      SSI 135 196 196 196 197 196 196
  Food stamps 362 433 433 432 437 433 433
  Housing assistance 181 238 238 238 241 240 240
  Energy assistance 100 149 149 149 151 150 150
  Food stamps and cash assistance 104 138 138 138 138 138 138

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 132 187 187 172 179 178 177
  Medicare 295 608 608 606 608 607 607
      Also Medicaid 149 250 250 250 250 250 250
  Medicaid 424 561 561 560 564 562 562
Not covered by: Health insurance 1027 1129 1129 1129 1258 1178 1175

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 8 Definition 9 Definition 10 Definition 11 Definition 12 Definition 13
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 2352 1906 1845 1845 1782 1740

Age
15 to 24 years 473 458 456 456 454 452
25 to 44 years 813 718 713 713 700 687
45 to 54 years 310 245 241 241 233 222
55 to 64 years 256 209 202 202 184 170
65 years and over 501 276 233 233 211 209

Region
Northeast 383 298 270 270 255 234
Midwest 215 182 176 176 162 160
South 835 681 667 667 658 651
West 920 745 731 731 707 695

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 2301 1855 1794 1794 1731 1689
18 to 24 years old 422 407 405 405 403 401
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 132 132 132 132 132 130
25 years old and over 1880 1448 1389 1389 1328 1288
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 890 736 697 697 667 645
  High school graduate, no college 524 395 381 381 365 353
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 305 202 198 198 185 182
  Bachelor's degree or more 161 116 114 114 111 108

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1706 1487 1469 1469 1429 1388
Worked at full-time jobs 464 383 383 383 378 373
  50 to 52 weeks 155 147 147 147 144 143
Worked at part-time jobs 366 342 341 341 341 331
Did not work 877 762 745 745 709 684

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 227 208 194 194 135 109
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 36 30 28 28 25 23
      SSI 196 184 169 169 111 87
  Food stamps 434 385 353 353 323 295
  Housing assistance 241 196 163 163 136 110
  Energy assistance 150 115 111 111 90 82
  Food stamps and cash assistance 138 127 116 116 86 66

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 177 122 120 120 118 116
  Medicare 607 333 273 273 229 227
      Also Medicaid 250 182 154 154 110 108
  Medicaid 563 470 442 442 386 344
Not covered by: Health insurance 1199 1087 1087 1087 1084 1084

 

  Number Below Poverty Level
Definition 14 Definition 15 Definition 14a Definition 1a Definition 1b Definition 1c
Hispanic (of any race)
Total 1670 1622 1701 1885 1864 1864

Age
15 to 24 years 446 445 451 462 462 462
25 to 44 years 666 675 673 726 710 710
45 to 54 years 210 208 214 249 245 245
55 to 64 years 164 150 171 195 195 195
65 years and over 184 143 192 253 253 253

Region
Northeast 217 216 226 298 290 290
Midwest 157 157 160 174 174 174
South 630 601 638 675 672 672
West 666 649 677 738 729 729

Educational Attainment
Total, 18 years old and over 1619 1571 1649 1834 1813 1813
18 to 24 years old 395 394 400 410 410 410
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 127 127 130 134 134 134
25 years old and over 1224 1177 1250 1424 1402 1402
  Less than 12th grade, no diploma 605 569 622 719 708 708
  High school graduate, no college 338 329 342 391 388 388
  College: Less than bachelor's degree 175 176 180 197 193 193
  Bachelor's degree or more 107 103 107 116 114 114

Work Experience in 2009
Total, 20 to 64 years 1345 1338 1366 1490 1468 1468
Worked at full-time jobs 357 363 359 400 388 388
  50 to 52 weeks 134 137 135 156 146 146
Worked at part-time jobs 323 321 328 356 347 347
Did not work 665 653 679 733 733 733

Program Participation Status
  Received: Cash assistance 89 77 98 158 158 158
      Public assistance or welfare non-SSI 20 20 24 27 27 27
      SSI 71 58 76 135 135 135
  Food stamps 249 238 260 364 363 363
  Housing assistance 67 67 68 184 184 184
  Energy assistance 72 63 77 100 100 100
  Food stamps and cash assistance 54 51 60 104 104 104

Health Insurance Coverage
Covered by: Employer-provided plan 116 113 117 133 133 133
  Medicare 198 153 214 295 295 295
      Also Medicaid 90 69 96 149 149 149
  Medicaid 314 289 333 426 426 426
Not covered by: Health insurance 1060 1066 1060 1106 1084 1084

Race Footnotes

Income Definition Footnotes


Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Contact: Demographic Call Center Staff at 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)
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